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Regionala politika 2 decembrim eng
 

Regionala politika 2 decembrim eng

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  • Future Spatial Structure of Latvia The spatial development perspective puts emphasis on three main aspects : accessibility and mobility, settlement as the economic development, human life and work environment, spaces of national interest – unique specific territories, which are significant for the development of the whole country
  • 3.mērķis: Veicināt reģionālo un vietējo inovācijas sistēmu veidošanos, kas balstās uz teritoriju specializāciju un sadarbību starp izglītības un zinātnes institūcijām, uzņēmējiem un vietējās pārvaldes institūcijām

Regionala politika 2 decembrim eng Regionala politika 2 decembrim eng Presentation Transcript

  • Regional policy implementation practice and perspectives in Latvia Raivis Bremšmits Ilona Raugze Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development National Development Planning Department
  • Contents
    • Regional development trends in Latvia
    • Regional policy implementation practice in Latvia
    • Regional policy perspectives in Latvia untill 2020
  • Regional disparities in the European Union Latvia has the most pronounced regional disparities in the European Union Dispersion of regional GDP per inhabitant, %, 2008 (NUTS 3 regions)
  • Regional disparities – GDP and non-financial investment GDP difference in 2008: 2,5 x Non-financial investment difference in 2009: 3,4 x
    • During the growth period non-financial investments were attracted much more succesfully in developed regions (Riga)
    • There is a need for additional incentives to facilitate increase of non-financial investments in territories that are remote from capital city
  • Unemployment: lack of jobs in the regions Unemployment, 2011 Unemployment, 2010
  • Population decrease – depopulation of remote areas Over the last five years the population has increased mainly in areas surrounding the capital city Changes in population in local government territories 2006-2011
  • Unequal financial resources at disposal of local governments for development Personal income tax revenue in the local government budget per capita in 2008 Personal income tax revenue in the local government budget per capita in 2010
  • Regional policy target areas
    • Development centres ( national and regional development centres )
    Specially supported territories
  • The current tools for implementation of regional policy Target areas Support directions Source and amount of funding Development centres
    • revitalization of deprived territories in Riga
    • support to development of competitiveness, accessibility and attractiveness factors of urban environment and city-regions, facitilating revival of urban environment, entrepreneurship and development of technologies, social inclusion and urban – rural partnership
    ERDF priority 2007-2013 „Polycentric Development” Specially supported territories
    • support for development of entrepreneurship
    • tax allowances on personal income tax and enterprise income tax (special procedure for writing-off depreciation of fixed assets and special procedure for covering losses)
    Activity "Co-financing to the investments in micro and small-sized enterprises operating in the specially assisted territories“) (public funding: 30,9 M EUR)
  • Territorial aspect in EU funds Balanced Territorial Development – one of the horizontal priorities – coordination of sector and territorial priorities Territorially targeted EU funds activities (support for specially supported territories etc.) Conformity criteria/Criteria for evaluation Regional quotas Differentiation of co-financing
  • ESF investments in planning regions of Latvia 2007-2010 (mln. EUR, %)‏
  • ERDF investments for entrepreneurship in planning regions of Latvia 2007-2010 (mln. EUR, %) ‏
  • ERDF investments for infrastructure in planning regions of Latvia 2007-2010 (mln. EUR, %) ‏
  • EU funds investments having local impact, per capita (01.01.2007-01.02.2011), LVL
  • Disadvantages of the present investment planning approach
    • Investments are not concentrated in development centres – limited effect on diminishing of regional disparities
    • Investments are not based on real needs of territories - the importance of planning at local level is reduced
    • Sectoral approach dominates , municipalities and regions have to adapt to centrally determined support conditions
    • It is not possible to coordinate in time investments related to different sectors
    • Municipalities do not have the opportunity to implement activities related to different sectors in a single project using the integrated approach
    • It is not possible to timely and flexibly react and adapt to changes in local situation (availability of financing for implementation of projects etc.)
  • Spatial development perspective Latvia 2030
    • Policy directions:
    • accessibility and mobility
    • settlement as the economic development, human life and work environment
    • spaces of national interest – Baltic Sea coastal area, Eastern border area, Riga agglomeration, rural area etc.
  • Regional policy long term results and performance indicators (Latvia 2030)
    • Increasing the pace development of lagging regions to minimize divergence from average GDP per capita of the country, facilitating diminishing of regional disparities
    • Facilitating a polycentric settlement structure, maintaining the existing proportion of urban/rural inhabitants 70%/30%
    • Limiting the decrease of population in regions
    Population density in planning regions, 2008 Population density in the territories of local governments, 2008 2030
  • Implementation of Latvia 2030 in medium - term: key statements
    • Strengthened capacity of regions and local municipalities
    • A new public investment planning system
    • Entrepreneurship and innovation
    • Wider circle of stakeholders involved in promotion of regional development (sector ministries, entrepreneurs, NGOs, local community)
  • A new system for public investment planning/provision of support for territorial development
    • Key principles:
      • Latvia 2030 target areas (support directions for territories)
    • Regional and local development programmes (investment request)
    • The “basket” of public services at each level of settlement (criteria)
    • Earmarking of public investments - territorial quotas (limiting competition between municipalities)
  • Support directions for target areas set by Latvia 2030
    • Support directions for development centres
    • Support directions for rural area
    • Support directions for Riga metropolis area
    • Support directions for Baltic Sea coastal area
    • Support directions for Eastern border area
  • Support directions for development centres
    • development of entrepreneurship/ business infrastructure for attracting investors (industrial sites, communications, resort infrastructure) according to economic specialisation of a particular territory
    • development of regional and local transport infrastructure to ensure accessibility of jobs and services to inhabitants of rural areas
    • provision of public services according to the basket of services defined for centres of national and regional significance
    • infrastructure for innovation, culture and creative industries
    Local municipalities eligible for support: National and regional development centres set by Latvia 2030
  • Support directions for rural area
      • competitiveness, productivity, modernisation, cooperation of rural entrepreneurship , promoting innovative solutions and introduction of new technologies within rural production and processing
      • diversification of rural economy , increasing employment in rural areas, production of renewable energy, craftsmanship, rural tourism
      • preservation of natural resources, traditional rural landscape, biological diversity
      • strengthening capacity of local action groups (continuation of LEADER approach)
      • provision of public services according to the basket of services defined for rural area
    • Municipalities eligible for support:
    • M unicipalities that do not contain a national or regional development centre and area of municipalities that contain a national or regional development centre that is located outside the centre
  • Support directions for Riga metropolis area
    • improvements of Riga city and Riga agglomeration transport infrastructure and public transport system
    • promoting qualitative urban environment
    • preservation and development of cultural heritage, culture and tourism infrastructure
    • development of creative industries and creative urban blocks
    • M unicipalities eligible for support:
    • Riga city and surrounding municipalities
  • Support directions for Baltic Sea coastal area
    • development of coastal business infrastructure to reduce the impact of seasonality on the economic development patterns of the area
    • development of small ports and harbours
    • development of health tourism activating the use of resort resources
    • promoting the use of renewable energy (wind and sea-water)
    • improvements of nature quality – mitigating the impact of climate change on the sea-coast, reducing coastal pollution
    • actions to improve shipping security
    • Municipalities eligible for support:
    • Municipalities on the coast of the Baltic Sea and Riga sea gulf
  • Support directions for Eastern border area
    • construction and reconstruction of transport infrastructure to promote transit through Eastern border (local roads and streets as a part of infrastructure for border-crossing, railway infrastructure (stations) etc.)
    • development of logistics infrastructure and services related to transit
    • Municipalities eligible for support:
    • Municipalities on the border with
    • Russia and Belorussia
  • The role of development programmes of municipalities and regions
    • To assess resources at disposal of territory (natural resources, infrastructure, human resources), to present a clear vision and solutions for more eff i cient use of the resources
    • To facilitate targeted planning of actions and investments (basis for drawing up the annual budget)
    • To facilitate attraction of investments from all the available sources (a basis for planning support from national budget, basis for attraction of foreign and local private investments)
    • To facilitate recognizable image of the territory (territory marketing)
  • Defining the set (“basket”) of public services to be provided at each level of settlement: justification and application
    • The Spatial Development Perspective of Sustainable Development Strategy of Latvia until 2030 defines levels of settlement (development centres)
    • The desirable set (“basket”) of services – the content of development centres
    • The desirable set of services as a basis or set of criteria for planning and providing public investments in territories of Latvia in the coming years
  • Basket of public services displays:
    • services in particular sectors (health, culture, sports, education, social care etc.) to be provided at each level of settlement
    • hierarchy of services: at higher levels of settlement more services are provided including all services available at lower levels of settlement
    • services provided in the framework of both national and local government functions
    • NB! The set (“basket”) of public services includes only those services that are suited for territorial differentiation
  • The approach used for determination of basket of public services to be provided at each level of settlement
    • Principles for determination of desirable basket of services:
      • the present location of services according to settlement structure
      • the frequency/regularity of provision of particular services according to request (services provided more frequently have to be provided at the lowest possible level of settlement)
      • the type of service (base service necessary to all groups of population or specific service necessary only to particular groups of population)
      • priorities and criteria for the amount of services and their location provided in the framework of sector policies (number of custumers required to ensure optimum availability of a service and cost-efficient operation of institution providing it)
    • Negotiations with sector ministries, Association of Local and Regional Governments
  • Earmarking of public investments (territorial quotas)
    • Purpose: to preclude unproductive competition between municipalities for public investment in implementation of territorial development support measures and to provide municipalities the opportunity to take more responsibility for development of respective territory
    • The idea of territorial quotas: to determine the amount of funding earmarked for each territory (region, municipality) for implementing investment projects planned and justified in their development programmes in the framework of territorial development support measures
    • Principles:
      • Distribution of funding between regions, earmarking more funding to lagging regions (criterion: GDP per capita in statistical regions (NUTS 3))
      • Concentration of funding in development centres (criteria: population, proportion of inhabitants living in urban areas, tax revenue, network of roads etc.)
  • Identification of the request for investment in municipalities
    • Regarding the funding necessary for:
    • implementation of the set (“basket”) of public services
    • infrastructure necessary for development of entrepreneurship
    • reconstruction of roads that connect development centres with surrounding territory of municipality
    • other needs of the specific target areas that are not related with above mentioned investments
  • Territorial and thematic approach for planning support
    • Territorial approach
    • for implementation of functions of regions and municipalities
    • for reducing regional disparities
    • for challenges relevant only in a specific regional policy target area
    • for provision of integrated support for particular territories
    • Thematic approach
    • for implementation of national level functions
    • for the entire territory of the country (to ensure uniform standards)
    • serving the national interests
    • for initiatives of „excellency”
  • Roles of stakeholders participating in investment planning
    • Sector ministries:
      • thematic support measures
      • methodological guidance for municipalities
      • assesment of requests for investment of municipalities
    • Regions
      • participation in elaboration of territorial development support measures
      • regional projects
      • facilitation of municipal cooperation
    • Municipalities
      • development programmes as requests for investments
  • Capacity and autonomy of municipalities (I)
    • To expand and diversify sources of income for munic i palities
      • to allow municipalities to determine the real estate tax rate for its territory in the framework of nationally defined tax rate range
      • to consider possibility to transfer part of the tax revenues from taxes related to entrepreneurial activity to municipal budgets
      • to revise and improve the existing municipal finance equalization system
      • to facilitate access of municipalities to financial instruments , by considering ratifying Paragraph 8 of Article 9 of the European Charter of Local Self-Government and elaborating proposals for long term conditions regarding loans for municipalities
    • To increase the role of municipalities in promoting entrepreneurship
      • amendments to the relevant legal acts to expand rights of municipality to deal with its property and simplify the procedure for lease
      • to ensure measurement of administrative burden created to entrepreneurs by municipalities , elaborating proposals for reduction of the burden
      • to provide support for creation of entrepreneurship specialist position in every region and municipality
  • Capacity and autonomy of municipalities (II)
    • To expand the set of available statistics
      • Provide municipalities statistical data for free of charge
      • To accelerate the processing of statistics according to territorial division
      • To ensure public access to statistics gathered under the National statistics programme
      • To ensure recalculation of historical data according to situation after administrative territorial reform
    • To provide operation of regional development monitoring and evaluation system
      • To elaborate indexes/indicators, adaptable to national investments, EU funds implementation in regional division
      • To provide elaboration and operation of Territorial Development Planning Information System, Regional development indicators module
      • To elaborate and implement the method for evaluation of planning documents impact on territorial development
  • Developing regional and local innovation systems
    • To elaborate and implement pilot projects so as to form an innovation systems at local and regional level
    • To promote more active involvement of municipalities in aligning education with local labor market needs
    • To qualify employees of municipalities and regions to deal with issues connected with promotion of innovation and development of clusters
    • To provide municipalities/regions support for promotion of innovative entrepreneurship , by organizing competition of best development ideas, training courses for authors of innovative business ideas, entrepreneurship days
    • To develop local and regional networks of mentors
    • To provide municipalities and regions with information about international support instruments (basically EU level instruments) for promotion of innovations at local and regional level
    • To popularize best practice examples (local, as well as international) in promotion of innovation
    • To foster creation of local identity products and promotion in market
  • Looking for your support and collaboration! i [email_address] [email_address]