Urbanization
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This presentation is a follow-up to the presentation entitled "Migration". It is aimed at lower school students and is inadequate for students preparing for major examinations. It looks at what ...

This presentation is a follow-up to the presentation entitled "Migration". It is aimed at lower school students and is inadequate for students preparing for major examinations. It looks at what urbanization is and what causes it.

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Urbanization Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Its Benefits and Hindrances Created and Presented by Mr. D. Gooden Teacher – Vere Technical High School
  • 2. What is Urbanization?
    • Urbanization is referred to as the migration of people in large numbers from rural to urban areas.
    • Urbanization occurs mainly because of the concentration of resources and facilities in towns and cities.
  • 3. What is Urbanization?
    • The world's cities, including Kingston and Montego Bay are growing because people are moving from rural areas in search of jobs, opportunities to improve their lives and create a better future for their children.
  • 4. Attractions to Urban Areas (Pull Factors)
  • 5. A large number of people are attracted to urban areas because of:
    • The availability of jobs
    • Proper infrastructure – roads, water, electricity etc.
    • Availability of social services – health, education, recreation, postal services and police stations.
    • A wide variety of entertainment and night life facilities
  • 6. Conditions in the Rural Areas (Push Factors)
  • 7.
    • Scarcity of jobs except in agriculture, and most people consider agricultural occupations to be low-paying, labourious, risky and menial.
    • Lack of infrastructure such as poor roads, irregular water and electricity supplies.
    • Poor facilities in education, health and security
    • Lack of entertainment and recreational facilities.
  • 8. Problems of Urbanization Pressure on resources and social services eg. water, transport, health and education.
  • 9. More unemployment .
  • 10. Increased crime rate, especially since the typical migrant may be young, unskilled or inexperienced.
  • 11. Development of slums (ghettos) due to inadequate housing. This will add to the problem of pollution.
  • 12. Traffic congestion
  • 13. Noise pollution
  • 14. High levels of stress
  • 15. Solving problems of urbanization
  • 16. Limit the size of cities by setting boundaries and controlling population size.
  • 17. Put a stop to using agricultural lands for non-agricultural purposes such as housing.
  • 18. Develop the rural areas by providing recreation, education, health care and other social services.
  • 19. Develop basic infrastructure in the rural areas eg. roads, water and electricity.
  • 20. Encourage rural population to participate in community activities and use community facilities.
  • 21. Create jobs in rural areas by building more factories to employ more people.
  • 22. Air quality worsens.
  • 23. THE END