What did we see? <ul><li>There is some form of behavior that is not clearly understood. </li></ul><ul><li>The behavior is observed and found to be special. Questions are raised regarding the reasons for the behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>Several possible explanations are sought and related to previous knowledge. </li></ul><ul><li>A possible explanation is considered, the hypothesis. The other explanations are rejected. </li></ul><ul><li>Test the hypothesis or answer the research question </li></ul>
OBSERVATION QUESTIONING EXPERIMENTATION FORMING AND TESTING HYPOTHESIS ANALYSIS UNDERSTANDING
* Finding the source or cause of something. * Finding answers to questions. *Exploring the mundane to find new depths and connections. * Discovery of new knowledge. * The necessary way to advancement of the profession
David Nunan: “Research is a systematic process of inquiry consisting of three elements or components: 1) a question, problem or hypothesis; 2) data collection; 3) analysis and interpretation of data”.
RESEARCH TRADITIONS SECONDARY RESEARCH PRIMARY RESEARCH * Library research * Literature reviews Based on original data Qualitative Quantitive