Spiders of West Virginia


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Virtual Field Trip... Spiders in WV

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Spiders of West Virginia

  1. 1. Spiders Found in Our State Field Trip Facilitator: Emma Gail Ronat
  2. 2. Let’s begin in our class…
  3. 3. Let’s Review What We Learned on Our Last Trip • • • • • • Spiders have 8 legs Some spiders crawl and some spiders jump Some spiders spin webs Some spiders bite Some spider bites are poisonous Some spiders go in the water to catch tadpoles • There are spiders living in California, at the beach, and in West Virginia
  4. 4. Common Traits of Spiders • Spiders have 8 legs • Some spiders spin webs
  5. 5. More Common Traits of Spiders • Spiders have two major body parts: cephalothorax (combination of the head and thorax) and abdomen • Most spiders have 8 eyes
  6. 6. Can spiders hurt us? • Most spiders found in West Virginia are harmless. • Black Widows rarely bite, but if so they are poisonous.
  7. 7. How are spiders a benefit to us? Destroy unwanted insects in garden or homes
  8. 8. Let’s begin our adventure and see what kind of spiders we might find in West Virginia!
  9. 9. Let’s travel through West Virginia and enter into Summers County where we live. We will take a look at the scenery and the woods where we might find some spiders.
  10. 10. We will be entering 5 different spider rooms today. All of these rooms contain spiders that are found in our state of West Virginia.
  11. 11. Are You Ready?
  12. 12. Let’s enter The Wolf Spider Room
  13. 13. This is an outdoor room as the Wolf Spider does not normally inhabit buildings.
  14. 14. The Wolf Spider • Largest and most common spider found in West Virginia. • The Wolf Spider’s bite is harmless. • Mainly live outdoors and rarely enter buildings. • The mommy Wolf Spider carries her babies on her back.
  15. 15. Our next room is The Orb Weaver Room
  16. 16. We will be entering another outdoor room as the Orb Weaver are most common out-of-doors.
  17. 17. The Orb Weaver • A common spider in West Virginia. • The Orb Weaver is harmless. • Construct their webs between the foliage of plants or weeds. • Annoyance to hikers as they spin their webs among weeds and plants.
  18. 18. Our third room will be The Jumping Spider Room
  19. 19. The Jumping Spider are most common outdoors but may seek shelter in buildings.
  20. 20. The Jumping Spider • Very common in West Virginia. • Considered harmless. • Stalk their prey in broad daylight, approach slowly and when near makes a sudden jump. • When disturbed, they will jump to avoid contact. • Easily recognized by the arrangement of 6 eyes and their way of jumping. • Common in well lighted areas.
  21. 21. Next, we will be entering The Crab Spider Room
  22. 22. The Crab Spider will mainly be found outdoors.
  23. 23. The Crab Spider • Easily recognized by their crablike habit of moving side ways and by the appearance of legs that resemble a crab’s legs . • Wanders and capture their prey by sneaking upon it. • Do not construct webs. • Eight eyes. • Considered harmless.
  24. 24. Our last spider room will be The Black Widow
  25. 25. The black widow commonly spins her web in dark sheltered areas away from the weather. They can be found under stones or logs, in outbuildings, in wood logs, under or in discarded cans and similar places.
  26. 26. Black Widow • Gets its name from the fact that she may kill and eat the male. • The Black Widow has a distinct red hour-glass shaped marking. • The venom of a Black Widow is highly poisonous but is quite timid and has no instinct to bite people. • If attacked will try to escape instead of biting. • However, when her web is disturbed, she may rush out and bite.
  27. 27. What if we get bit?
  28. 28. How can I tell if I have been bitten by a spider?
  29. 29. How can I tell if I was bit by a spider? • Symptoms may include – – – – – Pain at the bite area Stomach cramping Numbness Tremors In severe cases: • • • • • • nausea vomiting fainting dizziness chest pain respiratory difficulties Black Widow Bite
  30. 30. Are spiders poisonous? Most spiders found in West Virginia are not poisonous. Black Widow Spiders are the most common poisonous spider in West Virginia.
  31. 31. First Aid • Apply antiseptic to the bite area to prevent infection. • Use ice packs to localize the venom. • Go to a doctor as soon as possible. • If spider can be found, have an adult place it in alcohol and send it to the Department of Agriculture.
  32. 32. One last room…
  33. 33. Let’s enter The Daddy Long Leg Room Is it a spider?
  34. 34. Not a true spider, just a close relative. Daddy Long Leg • Often found in basement area, under porches, and in old sheds. • Feeds on plant juices and both dead and living insects. • Have no poisonous glands, so are harmless.
  35. 35. Resources • Images found at: • www.google.com • Additional Materials can be found at: – West Virginia Department of Agriculture • www.wvagriculture.org