Let’s Review What We
Learned on Our Last Trip
Spiders have 8 legs
Some spiders crawl and some spiders jump
Some spiders spin webs
Some spiders bite
Some spider bites are poisonous
Some spiders go in the water to catch
• There are spiders living in California, at the
beach, and in West Virginia
Common Traits of Spiders
• Spiders have 8 legs
• Some spiders spin webs
More Common Traits
• Spiders have two major body parts:
cephalothorax (combination of the head and thorax)
• Most spiders have 8 eyes
Can spiders hurt us?
• Most spiders found in West Virginia are
• Black Widows rarely bite, but if so they are
How are spiders a benefit to us?
Destroy unwanted insects
in garden or homes
Let’s begin our adventure
and see what kind of spiders we
might find in West Virginia!
Let’s travel through West Virginia and enter
into Summers County where we live. We
will take a look at the scenery and the
woods where we might find some spiders.
We will be entering 5 different spider rooms
today. All of these rooms contain spiders
that are found in our state of West Virginia.
This is an outdoor room as the Wolf Spider does
not normally inhabit buildings.
Largest and most common
spider found in West Virginia.
The Wolf Spider’s bite is
Mainly live outdoors and rarely
The mommy Wolf Spider carries
her babies on her back.
We will be entering another outdoor room as the
Orb Weaver are most common out-of-doors.
The Orb Weaver
A common spider in West
The Orb Weaver is harmless.
Construct their webs between
the foliage of plants or weeds.
Annoyance to hikers as they
spin their webs among weeds
Our third room will be
The Jumping Spider Room
The Jumping Spider are most common outdoors
but may seek shelter in buildings.
Very common in West Virginia.
Stalk their prey in broad
daylight, approach slowly and
when near makes a sudden
When disturbed, they will jump
to avoid contact.
Easily recognized by the
arrangement of 6 eyes and their
way of jumping.
Common in well lighted areas.
Next, we will be entering
The Crab Spider Room
The Crab Spider will mainly be found outdoors.
The Crab Spider
Easily recognized by their crablike habit of moving side ways
and by the appearance of legs
that resemble a crab’s legs .
Wanders and capture their prey
by sneaking upon it.
Do not construct webs.
The black widow commonly spins her web in dark
sheltered areas away from the weather. They can
be found under stones or logs, in outbuildings, in
wood logs, under or in discarded cans and similar
Gets its name from the fact that
she may kill and eat the male.
The Black Widow has a distinct
red hour-glass shaped marking.
The venom of a Black Widow is
highly poisonous but is quite
timid and has no instinct to bite
If attacked will try to escape
instead of biting.
However, when her web is
disturbed, she may rush out and
How can I tell if I have been
bitten by a spider?
How can I tell if I was bit
by a spider?
• Symptoms may include
Pain at the bite area
In severe cases:
Black Widow Bite
Are spiders poisonous?
Most spiders found in West Virginia are not poisonous.
Black Widow Spiders are the most common poisonous
spider in West Virginia.
• Apply antiseptic to the bite
area to prevent infection.
• Use ice packs to localize the
• Go to a doctor as soon as
• If spider can be found, have an
adult place it in alcohol and
send it to the Department of
The Daddy Long Leg Room
Is it a spider?
Not a true spider, just a
Daddy Long Leg
Often found in basement area,
under porches, and in old
Feeds on plant juices and both
dead and living insects.
Have no poisonous glands, so
• Images found at:
• Additional Materials can be found at:
– West Virginia Department of Agriculture