Asexuality What it is -- Why it Matters

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Asexuality What it is -- Why it Matters

  1. 1. Asexuality What It Is – Why it Matters
  2. 2. What is asexual …? <ul><li>A) Autonomous reproduction </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>B) A person who is </li></ul><ul><li>generally not interested in </li></ul><ul><li>sex. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>C) A person who does not </li></ul><ul><li>experience sexual </li></ul><ul><li>attraction. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>D) Godzilla </li></ul><ul><li>Fire in the </li></ul><ul><li>hole!!! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Answer <ul><li>All of the above </li></ul>
  7. 7. Definition of Asexuality <ul><li>Asexuality : a sexual orientation </li></ul><ul><li>characteristic of people who do not </li></ul><ul><li>experience sexual attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Here are some visual representations… </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Storms </li></ul><ul><li>Model </li></ul><ul><li>(1980) </li></ul>
  9. 10. What Asexuality Is Not <ul><li>Abstinence : to reframe from engaging in a </li></ul><ul><li>particular behavior e.g. sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Celibacy : someone who does not have sex, </li></ul><ul><li>does not get married, especially because of </li></ul><ul><li>religious vows. </li></ul><ul><li>Chastity : waiting to have sex until marriage. </li></ul><ul><li>Medical/Psychological Disorder (?) </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Why now? </li></ul>
  11. 12. Constraints of Society/Conformity <ul><li>Society exerts a coercive control over the </li></ul><ul><li>behavior of individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Material conditions limit our viable options. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Urbanization <ul><li>Allows for the creation of sub-cultures, minority </li></ul><ul><li>communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Social norms weaker/promotes exchange of </li></ul><ul><li>ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>People can “vanish” in a urban environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Critical to maintaining GLBT community and for </li></ul><ul><li>later social movement. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Advent of Science <ul><li>Power of the state and the market becomes </li></ul><ul><li>greater than that of the church. </li></ul><ul><li>The Enlightenment: freedom from arbitrary </li></ul><ul><li>authority. </li></ul><ul><li>Movement toward democracy, freedom of the </li></ul><ul><li>press, freedom of speech. </li></ul>
  14. 15. Assumption Everyone is Sexual <ul><li>Informally there has been </li></ul><ul><li>an assumption of </li></ul><ul><li>inherent sexuality. </li></ul><ul><li>Evolutionary theory/ </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Selection. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Research <ul><li>Alfred Kinsey: sexuality spectrum, </li></ul><ul><li>contradiction between behavior and identity, </li></ul><ul><li>category “X.” </li></ul><ul><li>Masters & Johnson: </li></ul><ul><li>sexual response </li></ul><ul><li>cycle. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Sexual Revolution <ul><li>Contraceptives more available, effective, </li></ul><ul><li>acceptable  sex becomes divorced from </li></ul><ul><li>reproduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Hypersexuality has become the </li></ul><ul><li>expected, accepted norm. </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Internet <ul><li>Anonymity. </li></ul><ul><li>Minimally regulated. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to find information. </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking sites: blogs/forums. </li></ul>
  18. 19. <ul><li>AVEN </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Visibility and Education Network </li></ul><ul><li>(AVEN). </li></ul><ul><li>Founded in 2001 by David Jay. </li></ul><ul><li>~17,646 registered members as of: </li></ul><ul><li>3/25/2009…and counting. </li></ul>
  19. 20. David Jay <ul><li>Exposure to different identities via classmates </li></ul><ul><li>“ coming out.” </li></ul><ul><li>Used word asexual to describe </li></ul><ul><li>himself. </li></ul><ul><li>Anytown </li></ul><ul><li>Founded AVEN in 2001— </li></ul><ul><li>inspired by finding a story online. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Goals of AVEN <ul><li>Create visibility. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate exchange of ideas, provide </li></ul><ul><li>support, create an asexual </li></ul><ul><li>scene/community. </li></ul>
  21. 22. So why do asexuals need visibility? <ul><li>People don’t know that asexuality exists! </li></ul><ul><li>People think if they aren’t sexual something is wrong </li></ul><ul><li>with them and/or other people think something is </li></ul><ul><li>wrong with them. </li></ul><ul><li>Minority groups tend to be subject to discrimination, </li></ul><ul><li>prejudice and stereotyping. </li></ul><ul><li>You may meet someone, or be in a relationship with </li></ul><ul><li>someone who is asexual… </li></ul>
  22. 23. <ul><li>A little about me… </li></ul>
  23. 24. My Story <ul><li>Elementary School: Sexuality not on radar. </li></ul><ul><li>Middle School: What the hell!? </li></ul><ul><li>Late High School: Confusion. </li></ul><ul><li>College: More Confusion/Exploration  </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual (?)  Acceptance. </li></ul>
  24. 25. <ul><li>Who are asexuals? </li></ul>
  25. 26. Quick note about the polls <ul><li>Not scientific. </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary. </li></ul><ul><li>Certain amount of self-selection. </li></ul><ul><li>Polls reflect the active members on AVEN. </li></ul><ul><li>It has to be assumed people are telling the truth. </li></ul><ul><li>n = number of people who responded. </li></ul>
  26. 27. Polls on AVEN: Sex 2007 <ul><li>Male: 32.99% </li></ul><ul><li>Female: 62.32% </li></ul><ul><li>Intersex: 1.63% </li></ul><ul><li>Transsexual (M to F): 1.22% </li></ul><ul><li>Transsexual (F to M): 1.83% n = 491 </li></ul>
  27. 28. Why more women? <ul><li>Women tend to be more open/less insecure </li></ul><ul><li>about their sexuality. </li></ul><ul><li>Men have more difficulty: accepting, identifying </li></ul><ul><li>as asexual because of expectations. </li></ul><ul><li>Masculinity is tied up with sexual performance, </li></ul><ul><li>dominance and being heterosexual. </li></ul>
  28. 29. Age Poll 2007 <ul><li>13-20: 42.74% 21-30: 42.95% </li></ul><ul><li>31-40: 7.26% 41-50: 3.85% </li></ul><ul><li>51-60: 2.56% 61-70: 0.43% </li></ul><ul><li>Over 70 (71+): 0.21% </li></ul><ul><li>n = 468 </li></ul>
  29. 30. Why so many young people? <ul><li>Younger people more tech savy. </li></ul><ul><li>Access—not everyone can easily get online. </li></ul><ul><li>If older figuring out sexuality may not be as </li></ul><ul><li>important because of not being as big a part </li></ul><ul><li>of their life. </li></ul>
  30. 31. Poll Romantic/Relational Attraction <ul><li>Hetero-asexual: 42.47% </li></ul><ul><li>Homo-asexual: 11.17% </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-asexual: 23.10% </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual-asexual: 15.06% </li></ul><ul><li>Other (changing attraction, etc…): 8.21% </li></ul><ul><li>n = 1182 </li></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>What else do we know…? </li></ul><ul><li>… not much. </li></ul><ul><li>The research is limited both by the number </li></ul><ul><li>of studies done and there depth. </li></ul>
  32. 33. Poll Have you been mistaken as… <ul><li>…homosexual: 53.42% </li></ul><ul><li>…bisexual: 12.33% </li></ul><ul><li>…heterosexual: 31.51% </li></ul><ul><li>Always known to be asexual: 2.74% </li></ul><ul><li>n = 52 -What are the implications of this? </li></ul>
  33. 34. <ul><li>Asexuals are at risk of experiencing the same </li></ul><ul><li>violence and hate directed toward homo-/bi- </li></ul><ul><li>sexuals. </li></ul><ul><li>Conventional “gaydar” doesn’t work. Why? </li></ul><ul><li>1) People don’t know asexuality </li></ul><ul><li>exists. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Asexuals can “pass” as homo-/bi- </li></ul><ul><li>/hetero- by being in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>w/another person. </li></ul>
  34. 35. <ul><li>Sexuality like gender is something people </li></ul><ul><li>“ perform.” </li></ul><ul><li>3) Asexuals can “pass” as homo-/hetero-/bi- </li></ul><ul><li>sexual in the same way some gays, lesbians </li></ul><ul><li>& bisexuals can pass as heterosexual. </li></ul>
  35. 36. Poll have you been… <ul><li>…discriminated against, </li></ul><ul><li>threatened or humiliated </li></ul><ul><li>because of your </li></ul><ul><li>orientation? </li></ul><ul><li>40.64% answered, yes. </li></ul><ul><li>59.36% answered, no. </li></ul><ul><li>n = 35 </li></ul>
  36. 37. <ul><li>“ Eh... we found a facebook </li></ul><ul><li>group that seemed anti-A </li></ul><ul><li>(apparently the guy got </li></ul><ul><li>turned down by an asexual </li></ul><ul><li>and, in anger, made that </li></ul><ul><li>group about how he's sick </li></ul><ul><li>of asexuals). It was pretty </li></ul><ul><li>much dead for at least a </li></ul><ul><li>year, no admin, so we </li></ul><ul><li>decided to take over it and turn it into a pro- </li></ul><ul><li>Ace group. Then we got started decorating. ” </li></ul>
  37. 38. <ul><li>Facebook group: </li></ul><ul><li>People who are </li></ul><ul><li>fed up with </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuals </li></ul>
  38. 39. Poll: have you been… <ul><li>…patronized, laughed at, pitied, or treated </li></ul><ul><li>differently because of your asexuality? </li></ul><ul><li>59.38% answered, yes. </li></ul><ul><li>40.62% answered, no. </li></ul><ul><li>n = 35 </li></ul>
  39. 40. Asexuality Top 10 <ul><li>1) You just gotten out of a bad relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>2) Haven’t met the right guy. </li></ul><ul><li>3) You’re really just a closeted lesbian. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Were you sexually abused? </li></ul><ul><li>5) You’re afraid of relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>6) You’re asexual because you have never had </li></ul><ul><li>ME in bed. </li></ul><ul><li>7) Too busy/overly involved. </li></ul><ul><li>8) You have a hormone problem. </li></ul>
  40. 41. <ul><li>9) You can’t get a man. </li></ul><ul><li>10) You must hate men. </li></ul><ul><li>Honorable Mention </li></ul><ul><li>You’re into animals? </li></ul><ul><li>You’re just saving yourself. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of life is to reproduce. </li></ul><ul><li>You were made to think sex is evil. </li></ul><ul><li>You’re just trying to be weird. </li></ul><ul><li>You must lead an empty life no wonder you’re </li></ul><ul><li>so bitter… </li></ul>
  41. 42. Other <ul><li>Asexuals are an urban legend. </li></ul><ul><li>You mean like Godzilla…? </li></ul><ul><li>An asexual is really a transsexual. </li></ul><ul><li>You’re just a late bloomer. </li></ul><ul><li>You have a low self-esteem. </li></ul><ul><li>You’re just not mature to enough to handle </li></ul><ul><li>relationships. </li></ul>
  42. 43. <ul><li>What do the </li></ul><ul><li>“ experts” have </li></ul><ul><li>to say? </li></ul>
  43. 44. <ul><li>“ To me, to say that someone is ‘asexual’ is </li></ul><ul><li>tantamount to saying that they’re not a human </li></ul><ul><li>being,” […] “I would be profoundly critical of the idea </li></ul><ul><li>that ‘asexuality’ is an ‘orientation’ or that it’s somehow </li></ul><ul><li>the inevitable way that some people are born. The </li></ul><ul><li>basic building blocks of sexual patterning are there in </li></ul><ul><li>everyone. The real question about what you’re </li></ul><ul><li>describing as ‘asexual’ is: What sort of history could </li></ul><ul><li>make someone wind up being that closed down?” </li></ul><ul><li>-Barnaby Barratt </li></ul>
  44. 45. <ul><li>“She said if you don’t think it’s a problem, </li></ul><ul><li>it’s not a problem—but if you wrote a book </li></ul><ul><li>about it, no one would buy it.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Jay recounting his consultation with a doctor concerning his sexual orientation (asexual). </li></ul>
  45. 46. <ul><li>“ If people decide not to be sexual, that’s their </li></ul><ul><li>problem,” […] “But from my point of view as a </li></ul><ul><li>physician, as a therapist with a long experience, I feel </li></ul><ul><li>that these people have some personal problem that </li></ul><ul><li>led to that because remember, sexuality is a part of </li></ul><ul><li>normal life.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why do these people decide to be asexual, to go </li></ul><ul><li>against something that is very natural for everybody, </li></ul><ul><li>and most people enjoy?” </li></ul><ul><li>-Alex Alterescu </li></ul>
  46. 47. <ul><li>“ For the most part, they [asexuals] were not </li></ul><ul><li>repulsed or afraid of sex,” […] “They could </li></ul><ul><li>take it or leave it and they wanted to leave it. </li></ul><ul><li>It isn’t something they experienced problems </li></ul><ul><li>with; that’s not why they came to identify as </li></ul><ul><li>asexual. They just did not have any desire to </li></ul><ul><li>go for it.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Cynthia Graham </li></ul>
  47. 48. <ul><li>“ The short list includes endocrine imbalances, history </li></ul><ul><li>of trauma or abuse, subconscious negative attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>about sex, fear of being swept up or losing control, </li></ul><ul><li>depression, anxiety, and the effects of undiagnosed </li></ul><ul><li>medical conditions. Some people might even just like </li></ul><ul><li>feeling “special” or “unusual.” In fact, there are so </li></ul><ul><li>many convoluted possibilities that </li></ul><ul><li>only a trained person can help you </li></ul><ul><li>sort them out.” </li></ul><ul><li>– Joy Davidson on the factors that </li></ul><ul><li>could contribute to an asexual </li></ul><ul><li>orientation. </li></ul>
  48. 49. <ul><li>Brotto was working in a sexual dysfunction clinic </li></ul><ul><li>when she noticed a common occurrence: women and </li></ul><ul><li>men who had no interest in sex. “It led us to wonder </li></ul><ul><li>if this was more than just low desire, if this was a </li></ul><ul><li>completely separate phenomenon. Was this really </li></ul><ul><li>asexuality?” </li></ul><ul><li>“ There’s a distinction between loss of sexual desire </li></ul><ul><li>and asexuality as an orientation, on the basis of our </li></ul><ul><li>research.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Lori Brotto </li></ul>
  49. 50. <ul><li>“ Becoming a sexual human being is a long and subtle process </li></ul><ul><li>and many things must go right in one’s family of origin for the </li></ul><ul><li>child to connect sexuality and love,” […] “I have had several </li></ul><ul><li>patients who came into treatment asexual, completely </li></ul><ul><li>confused, because they came from ‘good’ families. But on </li></ul><ul><li>closer examination, it turned out that certain necessary </li></ul><ul><li>ingredients were missing: these patients got good care in </li></ul><ul><li>practical ways—they were fed, clothed, sent to school—but </li></ul><ul><li>they were not touched lovingly by their parents at all. They </li></ul><ul><li>simply had never experienced physical pleasure in their bodies </li></ul><ul><li>that they linked to the emotional pleasure of being in a </li></ul><ul><li>relationship.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Aline Zoldbrod </li></ul>
  50. 51. <ul><li>“ By virtue of researching the topic and using that </li></ul><ul><li>language (‘asexual’) we are contributing to shaping </li></ul><ul><li>the use of language in this area. Also, our research </li></ul><ul><li>does not support the contention that asexuality is a </li></ul><ul><li>disorder. Few individuals who identify as asexual [in </li></ul><ul><li>the study] were personally distressed and/or desiring </li></ul><ul><li>to seek counseling. Predominantly, concerns about </li></ul><ul><li>their own asexuality were surrounding social </li></ul><ul><li>acceptance of the identity rather than personal </li></ul><ul><li>distress about the identity itself…Our data do not </li></ul><ul><li>support a need to pathologize asexuals.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Nicole Prause </li></ul>
  51. 52. <ul><li>The Research </li></ul>
  52. 53. Purported “causes” of asexuality: <ul><li>Hormone Imbalance. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Autistic Spectrum Disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexually abused. </li></ul><ul><li>Religious/negative attitude toward sex. </li></ul>
  53. 54. Problems/Limitations <ul><li>Sample size. </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual desire is not equal to sexual attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not distinguish between experiencing low </li></ul><ul><li>sexual desire and no sexual desire. </li></ul><ul><li>Ambiguous Terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Some aspects pertaining to sexuality and </li></ul><ul><li>sexual orientation we have limited knowledge. </li></ul>
  54. 55. Hormone Imbalance/Change <ul><li>Research has primarily focused on women. </li></ul><ul><li>Lower hormones generally = decreased sexual </li></ul><ul><li>function/desire. </li></ul><ul><li>Testosterone/Estrogen </li></ul><ul><li>increase sexual </li></ul><ul><li>desire the same </li></ul><ul><li>as a sugar pill. </li></ul>
  55. 56. Hypothyroid <ul><li>Hypothyroidism: underactive </li></ul><ul><li>thyroid. </li></ul><ul><li>~1 in 10 Americans have </li></ul><ul><li>thyroid disorder. </li></ul><ul><li>Loss/decrease in sex drive </li></ul><ul><li>unclear how common a symptom. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a treatable and manageable condition. </li></ul>
  56. 57. Hyperthyroid <ul><li>Hyperthyroid: overactive thyroid. </li></ul><ul><li>Graves’ Disease is the most common cause of </li></ul><ul><li>hyperthyroidism. </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 3 million people in U.S. suffer from </li></ul><ul><li>hyperthyroidism. U.S. population = ~300 </li></ul><ul><li>million means 1/100 affected. </li></ul><ul><li>How common is loss/diminished sexual desire </li></ul><ul><li>common? </li></ul>
  57. 58. Hyperprolactinemia <ul><li>Disorder characterized by elevated level of prolactin. </li></ul><ul><li>Present in up to 9-55% of women with reproductive </li></ul><ul><li>disorders and 60-80% all cases of pituitary gland </li></ul><ul><li>tumors. </li></ul><ul><li>General population prevalence ~0.4%. </li></ul><ul><li>Compound: pathology, physiological function, </li></ul><ul><li>medication; external factors: stress, sleep, </li></ul><ul><li>hypoglycemia, physical effort. </li></ul>
  58. 59. Depression <ul><li>Life Time Prevalence </li></ul><ul><li>Dysthymic Disorder: 6% </li></ul><ul><li>Bipolar I: 0.4-1.6%; II 0.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Major Depressive Disorder: </li></ul><ul><li>10-25%, women; 5-12%, men. </li></ul><ul><li>1-year prevalence any mood </li></ul><ul><li>disorder: 7.1-11.1% </li></ul><ul><li>What is the direction of the relationship? </li></ul>
  59. 60. Anxiety/Stress <ul><li>Lifetime prevalence anxiety disorders: 28.8% </li></ul><ul><li>1-year prevalence any anxiety disorder: 13.1-18.7% </li></ul><ul><li>Anxiety can be both a cause </li></ul><ul><li>of decreased or increased </li></ul><ul><li>sexual desire. </li></ul><ul><li>Again…what is the direction </li></ul><ul><li>of the relationship? </li></ul>
  60. 61. Autistic Spectrum Disorder <ul><li>Compound ASD/mental retardation. </li></ul><ul><li>One study 17% of women had sexual preference for </li></ul><ul><li>neither sex. </li></ul><ul><li>Most exhibit sexual behavior, show at least </li></ul><ul><li>some interest in sex and want a relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>Very heterogeneous group. </li></ul>
  61. 62. Sexual Abuse <ul><li>Depending on population & definition CSA affects 2- </li></ul><ul><li>62% of women and 3-16% of men. </li></ul><ul><li>1/6 women have been victims of rape/attempted </li></ul><ul><li>rape. </li></ul><ul><li>1/10 sexual assault victims are men. </li></ul><ul><li>SA better accounts for physical problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Over a period of time desire goes back up. </li></ul>
  62. 63. Religion/Negative Attitude <ul><li>Openness about sex, sexuality varies greatly. </li></ul><ul><li>How dogmatic is a particular </li></ul><ul><li>religious community? </li></ul><ul><li>To what degree have negative </li></ul><ul><li>ideas been internalized? </li></ul><ul><li>Significant portion of the </li></ul><ul><li>population is non- </li></ul><ul><li>religious/atheist/agnostic. </li></ul>
  63. 64. Things to Keep in Mind <ul><li>Cultural and historical context. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is defining “normal/healthy” sexual desire? </li></ul><ul><li>Proving a causal relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the “ends” of the research? </li></ul>
  64. 65. <ul><li>Research pertaining to the origins of a non- </li></ul><ul><li>heterosexual orientation are not definitive and </li></ul><ul><li>thus far are inconclusive. </li></ul><ul><li>Animal studies </li></ul><ul><li>Order of siblings </li></ul><ul><li>Gender roles </li></ul><ul><li>”Seduced into the life style” </li></ul><ul><li>Aversion therapy/Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Genetics/Family History </li></ul><ul><li>Hormones/Finger ratios </li></ul>
  65. 66. In Summary <ul><li>Available information is either: non-existent, incomplete, not directly applicable, suffers from sampling/methodological problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Based on my review and interpretation of the medical literature there is no link between life long asexuality and a medical/psychological condition. </li></ul><ul><li>There has been nothing conclusively linked to causing a homo/bi –sexual orientation. </li></ul>
  66. 67. <ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  67. 68. What Asexuals Want People to Know <ul><li>We do not need to be “fixed” because we are </li></ul><ul><li>not “broken.” </li></ul><ul><li>-If it is not broken don’t fix it. </li></ul>
  68. 69. <ul><li>Just because we may not be in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>does not mean we are miserable. </li></ul><ul><li>There are other ways to find fulfillment then </li></ul><ul><li>through relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>We have the same needs for friendship, </li></ul><ul><li>companionship and affection as everyone </li></ul><ul><li>else. </li></ul>
  69. 70. <ul><li>Asexuals are just like everyone else…except </li></ul><ul><li>we do not experience sexual attraction. </li></ul><ul><li>There exists more diversity within groups than </li></ul><ul><li>between groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Your sexual orientation does not determine </li></ul><ul><li>your character. </li></ul>
  70. 71. <ul><li>It’s complicated. We’re all different. </li></ul><ul><li>-All encompassing, 100% accurate theory on human sexuality according to an AVEN member. </li></ul>
  71. 72. For More Information… <ul><li>Forums: </li></ul><ul><li>Apositive.org </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Lesbians </li></ul><ul><li>The A-Sylum </li></ul><ul><li>Ace Linkup </li></ul><ul><li>AVEN </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Aotearoa New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>The Frigidarium </li></ul><ul><li>Haven for the Human Amoeba </li></ul>
  72. 73. <ul><li>Blogs: </li></ul><ul><li>Ace of Hearts </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Explorations </li></ul><ul><li>Asexy Beast </li></ul><ul><li>Edge of Everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Glad to be A </li></ul><ul><li>Love from the Asexual Underground </li></ul><ul><li>Musings from outside normal boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>The Protean Avenger: Asexual Politics </li></ul><ul><li>Rainbow Amoeba’s Petri Dish </li></ul><ul><li>Shades of Gray </li></ul>
  73. 74. <ul><li>The Venus of Willendork </li></ul><ul><li>Social Networking Sites: </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul><ul><li>Myspace </li></ul><ul><li>Livejournal </li></ul><ul><li>Last.fm </li></ul><ul><li>Other sites to visit: </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual Pals </li></ul><ul><li>Affectionate Friends </li></ul>
  74. 75. <ul><li>Acebook </li></ul><ul><li>Celibate Passions </li></ul><ul><li>Platonic Partners </li></ul><ul><li>Asexualific </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile Inside My Head… </li></ul><ul><li>eFeminate </li></ul><ul><li>Queers United </li></ul>
  75. 76. <ul><li>Studies/Articles on Asexuality: </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuality: Prevalence and Associated Factors in a National Probability Sample by Anthony F. Bogaert, The Journal of Sex Research, Vol. 41, No. 3, 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns of Asexuality in the United States by Dudley L. Poston Jr. & Amanda K. Baumle </li></ul><ul><li>Asexual and proud! By Lynn Harris, salon.com </li></ul><ul><li>No sex, thanks by Jennifer Parks, edmontonjournal.com </li></ul>
  76. 77. <ul><li>Asexuality Gets More Attention Contemporary Sexuality Vol. 39, No. 11 November 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Indifferent and proud by Charles Lewis, National Post, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Storms, Michael D. (1980). &quot;Theories of Sexual Orientation&quot;. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology . </li></ul><ul><li>A Stranger to Sex, by: Jane Bao, The Varsity, 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>Bell, Arthur &quot;Asexuality: Everybody's Not Doing It.&quot; The Village Voice, January 23 1978. p. 1, 20, 21 </li></ul>
  77. 78. <ul><li>Hoppe, Arthur. &quot;A New Sex Fad.&quot; The San Fransisco Chronicle. October 10, 1979. p. 57 </li></ul><ul><li>Hamilton M.A. & Strizhakova, Y. (2004). “Homosexuality and Homophobia: Toward a Causal Model of Asexuality.” </li></ul><ul><li>Nicole Prause & Cynthia Graham. (2007). “Asexuality: Classification and Characterization.” Archives of Sexual Behavior Vol. 36, 341-356. </li></ul><ul><li>Bitch magazine “Do Not Want” by KL Pereira Fall 2007 Issue no. 37. </li></ul>
  78. 79. <ul><li>Paul Cox ‘We’re married, we just don’t have sex’ guardian.co.uk 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Asexuality, Not for Amoebas Anymore!” by Jennifer Tennent, She Sheet, 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube videos: </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuality Top 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Letters to an Asexual </li></ul><ul><li>ABC The View (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Montel Williams Show (2007) </li></ul>
  79. 80. <ul><li>ABC Primetime 20/20 (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>MTV Young & Asexual </li></ul><ul><li>Fox News Dayside (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>CNN Showbiz Tonight (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual Secrets </li></ul><ul><li>The Sex Files: No Sex Please </li></ul><ul><li>MSNBC’s The Situation with Tucker Carlson (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Documentary: </li></ul><ul><li>Asexuality: The Making of a Movement </li></ul>
  80. 81. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>Have some </li></ul><ul><li>:cake: </li></ul>
  81. 82. <ul><li>When and where possible I have cited my </li></ul><ul><li>sources of information, but for a complete </li></ul><ul><li>list check out the thread: </li></ul><ul><li>“Asexuality Presentation DVD” on AVEN. </li></ul>
  82. 83. <ul><li>Produced by: EGAD! </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>This is dedicated to asexuals everywhere and to furthering visibility, education and research. </li></ul>

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