Making `free' work for social entrepreneurship: The benefits and challenges of developing your idea in an open source community Efraim Feinstein The Open Siddur Project PresenTense Jerusalem Hub 19/09/2011 This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License
Making free work <ul><li>Why isn't all content free?
Introduction to copyright <ul><li>Standard disclaimer: I am not a lawyer. This is not legal advice. </li></ul>Image copyright peggydavis66 CC-BY-SA 2.0 (Modified)
Introduction to copyright <ul>DON'T PANIC </ul>
Introduction to copyright <ul><li>Copyright limits what people can do with each others' creative works.
What you produce is under copyright </li><ul><li>By you -> your users are limited </li></ul><li>What your users produce is under copyright </li><ul><li>by your users -> you are limited </li></ul></ul>
Introduction to copyright <ul><li>Copyright reserves for the creator of a work the rights to: </li><ul><li>Publish the work
Copyright is not forever... <ul>In 1709, the first copyright statute (the Statute of Anne, UK), gave exclusive publication rights to the publisher for 14 yrs and the author for an additional 14 yrs... </ul><ul>Currently, the Berne Convention sets a minimal international copyright term for literary works of 50 years after the death of the author. In many countries, the term is longer. </ul><ul>For practical purposes, copyright on new works is forever... </ul>
Copyright has reason... Wikimedia Commons , Public domain.
… or make it “free”... Image Copyright AGoK, CC-BY-SA 2.0, source
What does “free” mean? <ul><li>“Four freedoms” (Richard Stallman/GNU Project) </li><ul><li>The freedom to run the program, for any purpose (freedom 0).
The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this. </li></ul></ul>
What does “free” mean? <ul><li>Free culture (freedomdefined.org): </li><ul><li>the freedom to use the work and enjoy the benefits of using it
the freedom to study the work and to apply knowledge acquired from it
the freedom to make and redistribute copies, in whole or in part, of the information or expression
the freedom to make changes and improvements, and to distribute derivative works </li></ul></ul>
Free culture copyright licensing <ul><li>Agreement between you and your users: </li><ul><li>What rights you give your users