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La historia del video
<ul><li>Su carrera como realizador comenzó con la dirección de vídeos musicales para la banda de rock francesa Oui Oui, de...
<ul><li>Esta colaboración se extendería bastante tiempo, con Gondry dirigiendo un total de seis vídeos musicales para Björ...
<ul><li>Gondry también ha creado numerosos comerciales de televisión, siendo uno de sus más famosos el realizado para  Lev...
<ul><li>Chris Cunningham nació en  Reading (Inglaterra) en 1970. Desde muy niño se aficionó al dibujo, luego a hacer escul...
<ul><li>Entre sus otros trabajos destacan la video-instalación Flex (presentada en ocasión de la exposición &quot;Apocalyp...
Videos musicales  <ul><li>&quot; Second Bad Vilbel&quot; (Autechre, 1995)&quot;Back With The Killer Again&quot; (The Auteu...
Video-instalaciones y cortometrajes <ul><li>Flex (2000) (con música de Aphex Twin) </li></ul><ul><li>Monkey Drummer (2001)...
<ul><li>History of the Music Video </li></ul><ul><li>In 1911 Alexander Scriabin wrote his symphony  Prometheus -- Poem of ...
The Music Video <ul><li>Synaesthesia  is the neurological mixing of the senses. A synaesthete may, for example,  hear colo...
<ul><li>History of the Music Video </li></ul><ul><li>Sergei Eisenstein's 1938 film “ Alexander Nevsky” , which features ex...
<ul><li>Sergei Eisenstein's 1938 film “ Alexander Nevsky” . </li></ul><ul><li>Show Clip </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>A Hard Day's Night (1964) </li></ul><ul><li>The film is a mockumentary written by Alun Owen and starring The Beatl...
<ul><li>A Hard Day's Night (1964) </li></ul><ul><li>Show Clip </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>The Beatles took the genre to new heights with their groundbreaking films for &quot;Strawberry Fields Forever&quot...
<ul><li>&quot;Strawberry Fields Forever&quot; and &quot;Penny Lane” </li></ul><ul><li>… which used techniques borrowed fro...
<ul><li>&quot;Strawberry Fields Forever&quot; and &quot;Penny Lane” </li></ul><ul><li>Created at the height of the psyched...
The Music Video <ul><li>Other pioneering music videos made during this time include the promotional films made by  The Doo...
The Music Video <ul><li>The Doors also directed a superb promotional clip for their controversial 1968 anti-war single  “ ...
The Music Video <ul><li>&quot; The Unknown Soldier “ </li></ul><ul><li>Show Clip </li></ul>
<ul><li>How MUSICAL FILMS became MUSIC VIDEOS  </li></ul><ul><li>(Targeted Audiences) </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>The various concert films that were made during the early Seventies, most notably  Joe Cocker's Mad Dogs And Engli...
<ul><li>Woodstock  (1969) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>Joe Cocker's Mad Dogs And Englishmen (1971) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>Pink Floyd's  Live At Pompeii (1972) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip: Pink Floyd </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>The Who’s Tommy (1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>Song Remains the Same (1976) </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>Sgt. Pepper Lonely Hearts (1978) </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>Pink Floyd: The Wall (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>The first promo clip to combine all the elements of the  modern music video  is David Bowie's promotional clip for...
<ul><li>The Jean Genie (1972) </li></ul><ul><li>Show: Jean Genie clip </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>Filmed and directed by renowned photographer Mick Rock, this genre-defining four-minute film was produced for less...
<ul><li>Pre-MTV music shows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Monkees  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Bandstand </li></ul></u...
<ul><li>The Midnight Special  was a musical television series that ran from 1972 until 1983 on the NBC. It aired on Friday...
<ul><li>Don Kirshner's Rock Concert  mixing concert footage with clips incorporating camera tricks, special effects, and d...
<ul><li>The USA Cable Network program  Night Flight  was one of the first American programs to showcase these videos as an...
<ul><li>Because of the distance, bands would not travel or visit Australia frequently, so in the 1970s-1980s Australian TV...
<ul><li>In 1980, New Zealand group Split Enz had major success with the single &quot;I Got You&quot; and the album  True C...
<ul><li>Music videos find a home on cable.  </li></ul><ul><li>MTV:  </li></ul><ul><li>8/1/1981   </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>The first music video… </li></ul><ul><li>The Buggles:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video Killed the Radio Star </li></ul...
<ul><li>Concept Videos & Video ICONS:  MICHAEL JACKSON (Michael breaks the color barrier, Thriller & Captain EO) & MADONNA...
<ul><li>Concept Videos & Video ICONS:  MICHAEL JACKSON - Captain EO </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>Concept Videos & Video ICONS:  MICHEAL JACKSON - Captain EO </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>U2: Rock-n-Roll embraces the video (lip syncing). Start of the musical migration towards MTV </li></ul>The Music V...
<ul><li>AEROSMITH brings hip hop to MTV via RUN-DMC </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>HIP HOP wants in … </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>YO MTV RAPS </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>Viacom owns Showtime, Nickelodeon, MTV and BET on cable   </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>SUPERSTAR DIRECTORS:  </li></ul><ul><li>MTV gives credit where credit is due.  </li></ul><ul><li>THE BIG BUDGET 90...
<ul><li>Mark Romanek </li></ul><ul><li>Audioslave  (3:56)   </li></ul><ul><li>Jay-Z  (3:41)  unrated/uncensored version </...
<ul><li>Michel Gondry   </li></ul><ul><li>Lucas (3:57) “1-take video” </li></ul><ul><li>The White Stripes (3:43) </li></ul...
<ul><li>Spike Jones </li></ul><ul><li>Fatboy Slim,  Weapons of  Choice  (3:52)   </li></ul><ul><li>B.I.G. (4:21) </li></ul...
<ul><li>Hype Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Busta Rhymes ,  My Eyes  (3:31) </li></ul>The Music Video
<ul><li>MV directors  </li></ul><ul><li>to Feature Film Directors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Fincher  </li></ul></ul><ul...
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  1. 1. La historia del video
  2. 2. <ul><li>Su carrera como realizador comenzó con la dirección de vídeos musicales para la banda de rock francesa Oui Oui, de la cual era también baterista. El estilo de sus vídeos llamó la atención de la cantante Björk, quien le pidió dirigir el vídeo para su canción Human Behavior. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Esta colaboración se extendería bastante tiempo, con Gondry dirigiendo un total de seis vídeos musicales para Björk. Otros artistas con quien Gondry ha colaborado en más de una ocasión incluyen a The White Stripes, Radiohead, The Chemical Brothers y Kylie Minogue. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Gondry también ha creado numerosos comerciales de televisión, siendo uno de sus más famosos el realizado para Levi's, con el que ganó el Lion D'or en el Festival de Cine de Cannes de 1994. Fue pionero en la utilización de la técnica conocida como « bullet time», utilizada posteriormente en las cintas de la saga The Matrix, </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Chris Cunningham nació en Reading (Inglaterra) en 1970. Desde muy niño se aficionó al dibujo, luego a hacer esculturas, las cuales fotografiaba. Su carrera artística la inició en la revista de cómics 2000AD bajo el pseudónimo de Chris Halls. Posteriormente trabaja en los efectos especiales de películas como Alien 3, Alien: Resurrección y el Juez Dredd. Trabajaría también en las maquetas de films como Hardware y Nightbreed. Estuvo involucrado en el proyecto del film Inteligencia artificial cuando Stanley Kubrick se ocupaba del mismo.Debutó en el terreno del video musical en 1995, de la mano de Warp Records, con la realización del video promocional de &quot;Second Bad Vibel” (Autechre), y continuó su trabajo con artistas como Squarepusher, Björk, Madonna, Portishead y, sobre todo, Aphex Twin, entre otros. Su segundo video para este músico (&quot;Windowclicker&quot;, 1999) fue censurado por MTV en Estados Unidos. En 2000, por su video para &quot;All Is Full Of Love” (Björk), fue premiado por MTV, en los Music Week CAD Awards, en los MVPA Awards y en los Design And Art Direction Awards. En este último certamen obtuvo, entre otras medallas, una de oro por su dirección en la categoría &quot;Pop Promos&quot;.Ha realizado comerciales de televisión para marcas internacionales como Nissan o Sony. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Entre sus otros trabajos destacan la video-instalación Flex (presentada en ocasión de la exposición &quot;Apocalypse&quot; de la Royal Academy of Arts en 2000) y los cortometrajes Monkey Drummer y Rubber Johnny, todos ellos con música de Aphex Twin. Estas obras son el medio perfecto para que el artista insista en su particular estilo, caracterizado por su retorcida imaginación, su obsesión por las anatomías enfermas, sus sincronizacioness exactas y su particular sentido del humor.Ha estado tentado de dirigir una adaptación del cómic RanXerox 2: Happy Birthday Lubna de Tanino Liberatore y Stefano Tamburini, la novela cyberpunk Neuromante de William Gibson y la también novela Una mirada a la oscuridad (A Scanner Darkly) de Philip K. Dick (finalmente llevada a la gran pantalla en 2006 por Richard Linklater). En 2003 fue editado el DVD The Work of Director Chris Cunningham, el cual recopila videos musicales, comerciales de televisión y cortometrajes. El DVD es parte de la serie The Work of Director, enfocada al mundo del videoclip y que también incluye trabajos de Spike Jonze, Michel Gondry, Mark Romanek, Jonathan Glazer, Anton Corbijn y Stéphane Sednaoui. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Videos musicales <ul><li>&quot; Second Bad Vilbel&quot; (Autechre, 1995)&quot;Back With The Killer Again&quot; (The Auteurs, 1995)&quot;Space Junkie&quot; (Holy Barbarians, 1996)&quot;Another Day&quot; (Lodestar, 1996)&quot;Personally&quot; (12 Rounds, 1996)&quot;36 Degrees&quot; (Placebo, 1996)&quot;Something To Say&quot; (Jocasta, 1997)&quot;Jesus Coming In for the Kill&quot; (Life's Addiction, 1997)&quot;Tranquillizer&quot; (Geneva, 1997)&quot;Come to Daddy&quot; (Aphex Twin, 1997)&quot;No More Talk&quot; (Dubstar, 1997)&quot;Light Aircraft On Fire&quot; (The Auteurs, 1997)&quot;The Next Big Thing&quot; (Jesus Jones, 1997)&quot;Only You&quot; (Portishead, 1998)&quot;Afrika Shox&quot; (Leftfield feat. Afrika Bambaataa, 1999)&quot;Come On My Selector&quot; (Squarepusher, 1998)&quot;Frozen&quot; (Madonna, 1998)&quot;All is Full of Love&quot; (Björk, 1998)&quot;Windowlicker&quot; (Aphex Twin, 1999)&quot;Johnny Rubber&quot; (Aphex Twin, 2005)&quot;Sheena is a Parasite&quot; (The Horrors, 2006) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Video-instalaciones y cortometrajes <ul><li>Flex (2000) (con música de Aphex Twin) </li></ul><ul><li>Monkey Drummer (2001) (música: &quot;Mt Saint Michel + Saint Michaels Mount&quot; de Aphex Twin)Rubber Johnny (2005) (música: remezcla de &quot;Afx237 v7&quot; de Aphex Twin)ELECTROMA (2006) (steady cam en el cortometraje de DAFT PUNK) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>History of the Music Video </li></ul><ul><li>In 1911 Alexander Scriabin wrote his symphony Prometheus -- Poem of Fire for orchestra and &quot;light organ&quot;. </li></ul>The Music Video
  10. 10. The Music Video <ul><li>Synaesthesia is the neurological mixing of the senses. A synaesthete may, for example, hear colors, see sounds, and taste tactile sensations . </li></ul><ul><li>That means, the perception of one stimulus evokes a second perception. Synaesthesia is a common effect of some hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD or mescaline . </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>History of the Music Video </li></ul><ul><li>Sergei Eisenstein's 1938 film “ Alexander Nevsky” , which features extended scenes of battles choreographed to a score by Serge Prokofiev, was influenced by Vertov's work and it set new standards for the use of music in film and has been described as the first music video . </li></ul>The Music Video
  12. 12. <ul><li>Sergei Eisenstein's 1938 film “ Alexander Nevsky” . </li></ul><ul><li>Show Clip </li></ul>The Music Video
  13. 13. <ul><li>A Hard Day's Night (1964) </li></ul><ul><li>The film is a mockumentary written by Alun Owen and starring The Beatles during the height of Beatlemania. </li></ul><ul><li>By the time The Beatles stopped touring in late 1966 their films, like their recordings , were becoming increasingly sophisticated, and they now used these films to, in effect, tour for them. </li></ul>The Music Video
  14. 14. <ul><li>A Hard Day's Night (1964) </li></ul><ul><li>Show Clip </li></ul>The Music Video
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Beatles took the genre to new heights with their groundbreaking films for &quot;Strawberry Fields Forever&quot; and &quot;Penny Lane&quot;, made in early 1967… </li></ul>The Music Video
  16. 16. <ul><li>&quot;Strawberry Fields Forever&quot; and &quot;Penny Lane” </li></ul><ul><li>… which used techniques borrowed from underground and avant garde film, such as </li></ul><ul><li>reversed film effects </li></ul><ul><li>dramatic lighting </li></ul><ul><li>unusual camera angles </li></ul><ul><li>rhythmic editing </li></ul>The Music Video
  17. 17. <ul><li>&quot;Strawberry Fields Forever&quot; and &quot;Penny Lane” </li></ul><ul><li>Created at the height of the psychedelic music period, these two landmark films are among the very first purpose-made concept videos that attempt to &quot;illustrate&quot; the song in an artful manner, rather than just creating a film of an idealized performance. </li></ul>The Music Video
  18. 18. The Music Video <ul><li>Other pioneering music videos made during this time include the promotional films made by The Doors . The group had a strong interest in film, since both lead singer Jim Morrison and keyboard player Ray Manzarek had met while studying film at UCLA. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Music Video <ul><li>The Doors also directed a superb promotional clip for their controversial 1968 anti-war single “ The Unknown Soldier “ , in which the group stage a mock execution by firing squad. </li></ul>
  20. 20. The Music Video <ul><li>&quot; The Unknown Soldier “ </li></ul><ul><li>Show Clip </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>How MUSICAL FILMS became MUSIC VIDEOS </li></ul><ul><li>(Targeted Audiences) </li></ul>The Music Video
  22. 22. <ul><li>The various concert films that were made during the early Seventies, most notably Joe Cocker's Mad Dogs And Englishmen (1971) and particularly Pink Floyd's groundbreaking Live At Pompeii (1972) and Woodstock (1969) concert film, which featured sophisticated rhythmic cross-cutting. </li></ul>The Music Video
  23. 23. <ul><li>Woodstock (1969) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
  24. 24. <ul><li>Joe Cocker's Mad Dogs And Englishmen (1971) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
  25. 25. <ul><li>Pink Floyd's Live At Pompeii (1972) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip: Pink Floyd </li></ul>The Music Video
  26. 26. <ul><li>The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
  27. 27. <ul><li>The Who’s Tommy (1975) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
  28. 28. <ul><li>Song Remains the Same (1976) </li></ul>The Music Video
  29. 29. <ul><li>Sgt. Pepper Lonely Hearts (1978) </li></ul>The Music Video
  30. 30. <ul><li>Pink Floyd: The Wall (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Show clip </li></ul>The Music Video
  31. 31. <ul><li>The first promo clip to combine all the elements of the modern music video is David Bowie's promotional clip for the song The Jean Genie , which was released as single in late 1972 at the height of Bowie's Ziggy Stardust period. </li></ul>The Music Video
  32. 32. <ul><li>The Jean Genie (1972) </li></ul><ul><li>Show: Jean Genie clip </li></ul>The Music Video
  33. 33. <ul><li>Filmed and directed by renowned photographer Mick Rock, this genre-defining four-minute film was produced for less than $350, shot in one day in San Francisco on 28th October 1972, and edited in less than two days . </li></ul>The Music Video
  34. 34. <ul><li>Pre-MTV music shows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Monkees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Bandstand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SoulTrain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Show Clip </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Music Video
  35. 35. <ul><li>The Midnight Special was a musical television series that ran from 1972 until 1983 on the NBC. It aired on Friday nights from 1:00 a.m. to 2:30 a.m. The program featured over 1,200 performers during its run. Some notable guest stars and hosts included: </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Kaufman, Tina Turner, Richard Pryor, Slim Whitman and Donna Summer . </li></ul>The Music Video
  36. 36. <ul><li>Don Kirshner's Rock Concert mixing concert footage with clips incorporating camera tricks, special effects, and dramatizations of song lyrics . </li></ul>The Music Video
  37. 37. <ul><li>The USA Cable Network program Night Flight was one of the first American programs to showcase these videos as an art form. Premiering in June 1981, Night Flight predated MTV's launch by two months. </li></ul>The Music Video
  38. 38. <ul><li>Because of the distance, bands would not travel or visit Australia frequently, so in the 1970s-1980s Australian TV pop show Countdown were important precursors to MTV. </li></ul>The Music Video
  39. 39. <ul><li>In 1980, New Zealand group Split Enz had major success with the single &quot;I Got You&quot; and the album True Colours , and later that year they became one of the first bands in the world to produce a complete set of music videos for each song on the album and to market these on video cassette -- the so-called video album . </li></ul><ul><li>This was followed a year later by the first American video album, The Completion Backwards principle by The Tubes . </li></ul>The Music Video
  40. 40. <ul><li>Music videos find a home on cable. </li></ul><ul><li>MTV: </li></ul><ul><li>8/1/1981 </li></ul>The Music Video
  41. 41. <ul><li>The first music video… </li></ul><ul><li>The Buggles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Video Killed the Radio Star </li></ul></ul>The Music Video
  42. 42. <ul><li>Concept Videos & Video ICONS: MICHAEL JACKSON (Michael breaks the color barrier, Thriller & Captain EO) & MADONNA to MISSY ELLIOT </li></ul><ul><li>Show Clip: Thriller (11:00) </li></ul>The Music Video
  43. 43. <ul><li>Concept Videos & Video ICONS: MICHAEL JACKSON - Captain EO </li></ul>The Music Video
  44. 44. <ul><li>Concept Videos & Video ICONS: MICHEAL JACKSON - Captain EO </li></ul>The Music Video
  45. 45. <ul><li>U2: Rock-n-Roll embraces the video (lip syncing). Start of the musical migration towards MTV </li></ul>The Music Video
  46. 46. <ul><li>AEROSMITH brings hip hop to MTV via RUN-DMC </li></ul>The Music Video
  47. 47. <ul><li>HIP HOP wants in … </li></ul>The Music Video
  48. 48. <ul><li>YO MTV RAPS </li></ul>The Music Video
  49. 49. <ul><li>Viacom owns Showtime, Nickelodeon, MTV and BET on cable </li></ul>The Music Video
  50. 50. <ul><li>SUPERSTAR DIRECTORS: </li></ul><ul><li>MTV gives credit where credit is due. </li></ul><ul><li>THE BIG BUDGET 90's </li></ul>The Music Video
  51. 51. <ul><li>Mark Romanek </li></ul><ul><li>Audioslave (3:56) </li></ul><ul><li>Jay-Z (3:41) unrated/uncensored version </li></ul>The Music Video
  52. 52. <ul><li>Michel Gondry </li></ul><ul><li>Lucas (3:57) “1-take video” </li></ul><ul><li>The White Stripes (3:43) </li></ul>The Music Video
  53. 53. <ul><li>Spike Jones </li></ul><ul><li>Fatboy Slim, Weapons of Choice (3:52) </li></ul><ul><li>B.I.G. (4:21) </li></ul>The Music Video
  54. 54. <ul><li>Hype Williams </li></ul><ul><li>Busta Rhymes , My Eyes (3:31) </li></ul>The Music Video
  55. 55. <ul><li>MV directors </li></ul><ul><li>to Feature Film Directors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>David Fincher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>McG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Michael Bay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antwon Fuqua </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F Gary Gray </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tim Story </li></ul></ul>The Music Video
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