Denmark through the ages (History of Denmark) is a presentation redesign assignment undertaken for Maersk Training Centre. This presentation about Danish History is a part of the Maersk Training Material.
Transcript of "History of Denmark - Denmark through the ages"
What is common between The Little Mermaid, The Sydney
Opera House and LEGO Toys?
Danish author Hans Christian Andersen gave the world some of world’s
most beloved children's classics, including Thumbelina, The Ugly Duckling,
The Little Mermaid and The Emperor's New Clothes.
The soaring, wing-like structure centrally located in Sydney, Australia's harbor,
the Sydney Opera House, was designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon.
Denmark gave the world Legos in the 1930s, courtesy of a Danish carpenter
who named his wooden toy business after the phrase "leg godt," or "play
More gifts that Denmark gave to the world..
The Carlsberg Group is a Danish brewing company founded in 1847. The
company's main brand is Carlsberg Beer, but it also brews Tuborg beer.
In software engineering, Danes have made significant contributions
through Bjarne Stroustrup (inventor of C++) and Anders Hejlsberg (creator
of Turbo Pascal, Delphi and the C# programming language).
Carl August Nielsen (9 June 1865–3 October 1931) was a composer, conductor,
and violinist from Denmark known throughout the world for his six symphonies
islands do you
think make up
Denmark has more than 440 islands,
76 of which are populated
Denmark is the smallest Scandinavian country.
It is roughly the size of Maine.
It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries,
southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and
bordered to the south by Germany.
The four main islands are Fynen, Zealand,
Lolland and Jutland
both the Baltic and the North Sea
The etymology of the word ’Denmark’
The name “Dani people” were used in ancient Greek and Roman accounts for
the people living in Scandinavia.
It is believed that the first part of the word means ”Flat land” or the “Land of
King Dan” (300AD) . Second part (–mark) is believed to be denote ”woodland”
The Sun Cart, found at
Trundholm Bog on A short note about
Roaming reindeer hunters
of the Allerød era (c. 10000 Sjælland, documents the the Dani in "Getica" by
practice of a solar historian Jordanes is
B.C.) left reindeer horns,
religion or magic, also believed by some to
crafted into tools, in places
evidenced in be an early mention of
on the Jutland peninsula
stone carvings. the Danes.
Agriculture and cattle
become part of the
The earliest evidence local repertoire of The Bronze age sees the
of human habitation technology - arguably erection of large mound-
in Denmark the most significant graves over oaken coffins.
change in Danish Several such mounds have
history produced beautiful
“ The Viking era is generally considered to begin
with the first major Viking raid on Lindifarne
Monastery, on Holy Island, in A.D. 793. From this
period on, the number of historical sources
become more numerous, and Denmark as a
nation begins to emerge.
The word Viking (Old Norse vikingr, possibly a term for "one who anchors in
a cove") is a word, the significance of which is hotly debated.
The Vikings have been greatly demonized (as well as
romanticized - such attitudes have a tendency to go
hand-in-hand) by later historians and storytellers.
The facts bear witness that the Vikings had a
vibrant and complex culture of their own, with a
of poetry, art and technological innovation.
“ At the end of the 8th century the
kings of Denmark emerged
as the most powerful force
in Scandinavia as chiefdoms gave
way to organized states
“ King Harald bade these memorials
to be made after Gorm, his father,
and Thyra, his mother.
The Harald who won the whole of
Denmark and Norway and turned
the Danes to Christianity.
King Harald caused the Jelling stones to be erected to honor his parents.
The biography of Harald Bluetooth is summed up by this runic
inscription from the Jelling stones
‘Bluetooth’ is named after 10th century
Danish King Harald Blatand - or
Harold Bluetooth in English.
King Blatand was instrumental in uniting warring factions in parts of what are now Norway,
Sweden, and Denmark - just as Bluetooth technology is designed to allow collaboration between
differing industries such as the computing, mobile phone, and automotive markets.
Viking expeditions (blue line) depicts the immense breadth of their voyages through most
of Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Northern Africa, Asia Minor, the Arctic and North America
Map showing area of Scandinavian settlement in the eighth (dark red), ninth (red), tenth (orange) and
eleventh (yellow) centuries. Green denotes areas subjected to frequent Viking raids
In 1085 Canute (ruled both England and Danish peasants and nobles were
Denmark, told the tide to turn back) brought to the verge of rebellion
IV planed another invasion for funding the expansion
to take the throne of of the churches and
England from an the kingdom
King Canute IV fled
to Odense with a
The death of St. growing army of
Canute marks the rebels on his heels
end of the great
Viking Age King Canute IV was
attacked and died at the
base of the main altar on 10 July 1086
Following the end of the 11th century, Denmark Danehof (Danish Court) was the Danish
underwent a transition from a patchwork of medieval parliament between 1250 and 1413.
regional chiefs (Danish: jarls) with a weak and ”Haandfæstningen” from 1282 emphasised
semi-elected royal institution, into a realm which that the king had to consult this parliament
more reflected European feudalism, with a before he took any greater steps. Preliminary
powerful king ruling through an influential forms of Democracy were established.
In this period several of the "regional" law codes were given; notably
the Code of Jutland from 1241, which asserted several modern
concepts like right of property, that “the king cannot rule without and
beyond the law"; and that “all men are equal to the law". It was
effective till 1683 and is still used in some German courts
Dannebrog is the
oldest state flag in the
world still in use by an
The national flag of Denmark – Dannebrog – is red with a white Scandinavian cross that
extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side.
The legend states the origin of the flag to the Battle of
Lyndanisse, also known as the Battle of Valdemar
(Danish: "Volmerslaget"), near Lyndanisse (Tallinn)
in Estonia, on June 15, 1219. The battle was going
badly, and defeat seemed imminent. But then, right
when the Danes were about to give up, the flag fell
Grasping the flag before it could ever touch the
ground, the king took it in his hand, and proudly
waved it in front of his discouraged troops, giving
them hope, and leading them to victory.
The Protestant Reformation came to Scandinavia
in 1520s. On Easter Sunday 1525, Hans Tausen, a The first constitution of Denmark:
monk in the Order of St John's Hospitalers, “Lex Regia” (Royal Law) – is passed.
proclaimed aloud the need for Martin Luther's Lex Regia established absolute power
reforms in the Catholic Church for King Frederik III of Denmark,
replacing the old feudal system
The havoc between Protestant The civil war ends.
and Catholic nobles caused a civil Lex Regia is Europe’s only formal
Denmark becomes absolutist constitution
war known as the Count’s Feud officially
(Grevens Fejde) Lutheran.*
* Today 82% of the Danes are members of the Lutheran state church
The Danish liberal and national movement gained
momentum in the 1830s, and in March 1848 The original constitution of Denmark was
revolution was on the point of breaking out in signed on June 5, 1849 by King Frederick VII.
Copenhagen. When King Frederik VII were faced The Constitution has been rewritten 4 times
with this fact his response was short ”I am happy since 1849.
to be able to tell you that I have already complied
with what you are demanding”
5th June is celebrated
After the European Revolutions of as a Danish National
Holiday. This day is
1848 Denmark peacefully became
known as the
a constitutional monarchy on 5 June 1849 Constitution Day and
also Father’s Day in
1914-18 World War I: Denmark is named as the ‘Happiest
Denmark is neutral Country in the World’ in a survey study,
conducted by the University of Leicester,
1939 - Denmark signs 10-year by compiling data from 178 countries and
non-aggression pact with Nazi 100 global studies to map happiness
Germany across the world
1940 - Germany invades Denmark
After the war, Denmark became one of the
founding members of the United
Nations and NATO, and in 1973, along with
1945 - Germany Britain and Ireland, joined the European
surrenders and Danish Economic Community (now the European Union.
*Thank You in Danish