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History of Denmark - Denmark through the ages
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History of Denmark - Denmark through the ages

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Denmark through the ages (History of Denmark) is a presentation redesign assignment undertaken for Maersk Training Centre. This presentation about Danish History is a part of the Maersk Training …

Denmark through the ages (History of Denmark) is a presentation redesign assignment undertaken for Maersk Training Centre. This presentation about Danish History is a part of the Maersk Training Material.

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  • 1. Denmark through the ages Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 2. PAGE 2 ECDIS Presentation Design Services by Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 3. PAGE 3 DML What is common between The Little Mermaid, The Sydney Opera House and LEGO Toys? Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 4. PAGE 4 DML Danish author Hans Christian Andersen gave the world some of world’s most beloved children's classics, including Thumbelina, The Ugly Duckling, The Little Mermaid and The Emperor's New Clothes. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 5. PAGE 5 DML The soaring, wing-like structure centrally located in Sydney, Australia's harbor, the Sydney Opera House, was designed by Danish architect Jørn Utzon. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 6. PAGE 6 DML Denmark gave the world Legos in the 1930s, courtesy of a Danish carpenter who named his wooden toy business after the phrase "leg godt," or "play well.“ Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 7. PAGE 7 DML More gifts that Denmark gave to the world.. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 8. PAGE 8 DML The Carlsberg Group is a Danish brewing company founded in 1847. The company's main brand is Carlsberg Beer, but it also brews Tuborg beer. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 9. PAGE 9 DML In software engineering, Danes have made significant contributions through Bjarne Stroustrup (inventor of C++) and Anders Hejlsberg (creator of Turbo Pascal, Delphi and the C# programming language). Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 10. PAGE 10 DML Carl August Nielsen (9 June 1865–3 October 1931) was a composer, conductor, and violinist from Denmark known throughout the world for his six symphonies Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 11. PAGE 11 DML How many islands do you think make up Denmark? Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 12. PAGE 12 DML Denmark has more than 440 islands, 76 of which are populated Denmark is the smallest Scandinavian country. It is roughly the size of Maine. It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. The four main islands are Fynen, Zealand, Lolland and Jutland Denmark borders both the Baltic and the North Sea Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 13. PAGE 13 DML The etymology of the word ’Denmark’ The name “Dani people” were used in ancient Greek and Roman accounts for the people living in Scandinavia. It is believed that the first part of the word means ”Flat land” or the “Land of King Dan” (300AD) . Second part (–mark) is believed to be denote ”woodland” or ”borderland” Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 14. PAGE 14 DML Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 15. PAGE 15 DML The Sun Cart, found at Trundholm Bog on A short note about Roaming reindeer hunters of the Allerød era (c. 10000 Sjælland, documents the the Dani in "Getica" by practice of a solar historian Jordanes is B.C.) left reindeer horns, religion or magic, also believed by some to crafted into tools, in places evidenced in be an early mention of on the Jutland peninsula stone carvings. the Danes. Agriculture and cattle become part of the The earliest evidence local repertoire of The Bronze age sees the of human habitation technology - arguably erection of large mound- in Denmark the most significant graves over oaken coffins. change in Danish Several such mounds have history produced beautiful archaeological finds. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 16. PAGE 16 DML Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 17. PAGE 17 DML “ The Viking era is generally considered to begin with the first major Viking raid on Lindifarne Monastery, on Holy Island, in A.D. 793. From this period on, the number of historical sources become more numerous, and Denmark as a nation begins to emerge. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 18. PAGE 18 DML The word Viking (Old Norse vikingr, possibly a term for "one who anchors in a cove") is a word, the significance of which is hotly debated. The Vikings have been greatly demonized (as well as romanticized - such attitudes have a tendency to go hand-in-hand) by later historians and storytellers. The facts bear witness that the Vikings had a vibrant and complex culture of their own, with a well-developed tradition of poetry, art and technological innovation. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 19. PAGE 19 DML “ At the end of the 8th century the kings of Denmark emerged as the most powerful force in Scandinavia as chiefdoms gave way to organized states Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 20. PAGE 20 DML “ King Harald bade these memorials to be made after Gorm, his father, and Thyra, his mother. The Harald who won the whole of Denmark and Norway and turned the Danes to Christianity. King Harald caused the Jelling stones to be erected to honor his parents. The biography of Harald Bluetooth is summed up by this runic inscription from the Jelling stones Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 21. PAGE 21 DML ‘Bluetooth’ is named after 10th century Danish King Harald Blatand - or Harold Bluetooth in English. King Blatand was instrumental in uniting warring factions in parts of what are now Norway, Sweden, and Denmark - just as Bluetooth technology is designed to allow collaboration between differing industries such as the computing, mobile phone, and automotive markets. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 22. PAGE 22 DML Viking expeditions (blue line) depicts the immense breadth of their voyages through most of Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Northern Africa, Asia Minor, the Arctic and North America Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 23. PAGE 23 DML Map showing area of Scandinavian settlement in the eighth (dark red), ninth (red), tenth (orange) and eleventh (yellow) centuries. Green denotes areas subjected to frequent Viking raids Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 24. PAGE 24 DML In 1085 Canute (ruled both England and Danish peasants and nobles were Denmark, told the tide to turn back) brought to the verge of rebellion IV planed another invasion for funding the expansion to take the throne of of the churches and England from an the kingdom aging King William I. King Canute IV fled to Odense with a The death of St. growing army of Canute marks the rebels on his heels end of the great Viking Age King Canute IV was attacked and died at the base of the main altar on 10 July 1086 Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 25. PAGE 25 DML Following the end of the 11th century, Denmark Danehof (Danish Court) was the Danish underwent a transition from a patchwork of medieval parliament between 1250 and 1413. regional chiefs (Danish: jarls) with a weak and ”Haandfæstningen” from 1282 emphasised semi-elected royal institution, into a realm which that the king had to consult this parliament more reflected European feudalism, with a before he took any greater steps. Preliminary powerful king ruling through an influential forms of Democracy were established. nobility. In this period several of the "regional" law codes were given; notably the Code of Jutland from 1241, which asserted several modern concepts like right of property, that “the king cannot rule without and beyond the law"; and that “all men are equal to the law". It was effective till 1683 and is still used in some German courts Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 26. PAGE 26 DML Dannebrog is the oldest state flag in the world still in use by an independent nation The national flag of Denmark – Dannebrog – is red with a white Scandinavian cross that extends to the edges of the flag; the vertical part of the cross is shifted to the hoist side. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 27. PAGE 27 DML The legend states the origin of the flag to the Battle of Lyndanisse, also known as the Battle of Valdemar (Danish: "Volmerslaget"), near Lyndanisse (Tallinn) in Estonia, on June 15, 1219. The battle was going badly, and defeat seemed imminent. But then, right when the Danes were about to give up, the flag fell from heaven. Grasping the flag before it could ever touch the ground, the king took it in his hand, and proudly waved it in front of his discouraged troops, giving them hope, and leading them to victory. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 28. PAGE 28 DML The Protestant Reformation came to Scandinavia in 1520s. On Easter Sunday 1525, Hans Tausen, a The first constitution of Denmark: monk in the Order of St John's Hospitalers, “Lex Regia” (Royal Law) – is passed. proclaimed aloud the need for Martin Luther's Lex Regia established absolute power reforms in the Catholic Church for King Frederik III of Denmark, replacing the old feudal system The havoc between Protestant The civil war ends. and Catholic nobles caused a civil Lex Regia is Europe’s only formal Denmark becomes absolutist constitution war known as the Count’s Feud officially (Grevens Fejde) Lutheran.* * Today 82% of the Danes are members of the Lutheran state church Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 29. PAGE 29 DML The Danish liberal and national movement gained momentum in the 1830s, and in March 1848 The original constitution of Denmark was revolution was on the point of breaking out in signed on June 5, 1849 by King Frederick VII. Copenhagen. When King Frederik VII were faced The Constitution has been rewritten 4 times with this fact his response was short ”I am happy since 1849. to be able to tell you that I have already complied with what you are demanding” 5th June is celebrated After the European Revolutions of as a Danish National Holiday. This day is 1848 Denmark peacefully became known as the a constitutional monarchy on 5 June 1849 Constitution Day and also Father’s Day in Denmark. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 30. PAGE 30 DML 1914-18 World War I: Denmark is named as the ‘Happiest Denmark is neutral Country in the World’ in a survey study, conducted by the University of Leicester, 1939 - Denmark signs 10-year by compiling data from 178 countries and non-aggression pact with Nazi 100 global studies to map happiness Germany across the world 1940 - Germany invades Denmark After the war, Denmark became one of the founding members of the United Nations and NATO, and in 1973, along with 1945 - Germany Britain and Ireland, joined the European surrenders and Danish Economic Community (now the European Union. occupation ends. Maritime 26/08/2010
  • 31. PAGE 31 DML * *Thank You in Danish Maritime 26/08/2010