Assessment: Complex Achievement<br />Essay Questions<br />
Measuring complex achievement:  essay questions<br />The Essay question format allows the student freedom to construct and...
Two types of essay question<br />Limits on the content.<br />Limits on the response. <br />Allows the student to choose th...
Restricted-response essay questions<br />The restriction of the response allows for the measurement of specific outcomes.<...
Restricted-response complex learning outcomes <br />Explain cause and effect relationships.<br />Describe applications of ...
Extended-response essay questions<br />Allows the student to have freedom of choice in the selection of the information ne...
Extended-response complex learning outcomes <br />Produce, organize, and express ideas.<br />Integrate information in diff...
Advantages of the Restricted-response essay question<br />The content is limited by the scope of the topic question. Limit...
Disadvantages of the Restricted-response essay question<br />Does not allow for measurement of learning outcomes that emph...
Advantages of the Extended-response essay question<br />Allows for the demonstration of higher-order cognitive skills.<br ...
Disadvantages of the Extended-response essay question<br />Limited demonstration of higher-order cognitive skills. <br />I...
Evaluation of essay questions<br />Clear learning outcomes and well defined scoring rubrics must be defined prior to measu...
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Tests and Measurements Essay Questions

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Tests and Measurements Essay Questions

  1. 1. Assessment: Complex Achievement<br />Essay Questions<br />
  2. 2. Measuring complex achievement: essay questions<br />The Essay question format allows the student freedom to construct and present ideas in their own words.<br />Assesses outcomes that are difficult to measure objectively- Conceptualization, construction, organization, integration, relation, evaluation, and the communication of ideas in writing.<br />
  3. 3. Two types of essay question<br />Limits on the content.<br />Limits on the response. <br />Allows the student to choose the scope of the topic.<br />Student is able to demonstrate the use of higher-order cognitive skills.<br />Restricted-response <br />Extended-response <br />
  4. 4. Restricted-response essay questions<br />The restriction of the response allows for the measurement of specific outcomes.<br />Can measure a variety of complex learning outcomes based on the student’s ability to supply the answer.<br />
  5. 5. Restricted-response complex learning outcomes <br />Explain cause and effect relationships.<br />Describe applications of principals.<br />Present relevant arguments.<br />Formulate tenable hypothesis.<br />Formulate valid conclusions.<br />State necessary conclusions.<br />Describe the limitations of data.<br />Explain methods and procedures. (p.232)<br />
  6. 6. Extended-response essay questions<br />Allows the student to have freedom of choice in the selection of the information necessary to write a coherent essay within the scope of the topic question.<br />Can measure a variety of complex learning outcomes based on the student’s ability to write an essay on a given topic.<br />
  7. 7. Extended-response complex learning outcomes <br />Produce, organize, and express ideas.<br />Integrate information in different areas.<br />Create original forms (designing an experiment).<br />Summarize (writing a summary of a story).<br />Construct creative stories (narrative essay).<br />Explain concepts or principals (expository essay).<br />Persuade the reader (persuasive essay). (p.232)<br />
  8. 8. Advantages of the Restricted-response essay question<br />The content is limited by the scope of the topic question. Limitsstated within the essay question.<br />Allows demonstration of knowledge aligned to the desired learning outcomes.<br />Measuresoutcomes that require interpretation and application of specific information.<br />Measuresa variety of complex learning outcomes.<br />Easy to construct.<br />
  9. 9. Disadvantages of the Restricted-response essay question<br />Does not allow for measurement of learning outcomes that emphasize integration, organization, and originality.<br />Scoring may be unreliable.<br />Time consuming to score.<br />
  10. 10. Advantages of the Extended-response essay question<br />Allows for the demonstration of higher-order cognitive skills.<br />Emphasizes integration and application of thinking and problem solving skills.<br />Measures complex achievement.<br />Measures writing skills.<br />Measures understanding and ability in content, knowledge and subject area.<br />Easy to construct.<br />
  11. 11. Disadvantages of the Extended-response essay question<br />Limited demonstration of higher-order cognitive skills. <br />Inefficient in measuring specific learning outcomes.<br />Requires complex behaviors that can not be measured by objective means.<br />Scoring may be unreliable.<br />Limited inmeasuring factual knowledge.<br />Time consuming to score. <br />
  12. 12. Evaluation of essay questions<br />Clear learning outcomes and well defined scoring rubrics must be defined prior to measuring achievement.<br />Scoring reliability can be increased by:<br /> Defining the outcomes to be measured. <br />Correctly framing the essay question.<br />Carefully following the scoring rubrics.<br />Practice.<br />

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