When asked, “Did you eat the last cookie?” The liar answers, “No, I did not eat the last cookie.” “ I didn't do it” instead of “I did not do it”
Trying - not actually being honest We - partnership was formed “ was sitting” past tense then “tells” present tense - not drawing story from memory First sentence “a man and a gun” second sentence “the gun” “the car” should be “a car” - either recognized the car or making up the story
The art of lying
The Art of Deception
Signs of Lying Body LanguageNervousness Physical movement limited and stiffSweating Few arm and hand movementsFast or faltering speech Touching their face, throat, mouthAvoiding eye contact Finger tapping/fidgeting/ foot tappingExaggerated facial expressions Slouching or slumpingTouching the nose or behind the earNot likely to touch heart/chest with an open handHand, arm and leg movement are toward own body
Signs of Lying Emotional Gestures Timing and duration not normal pace delayed, stays longer than natural and stops suddenly Timing is off between emotions gestures/expressions and words Match verbal statement limited to mouth movements instead of whole face
Signs of Lying Interactions and Reactions A guilty person gets defensive A liar is uncomfortable facing his questioner and may turn head or body away A liar might unconsciously place objects between themselves and the questioner
Signs of Lying Speech Speaking quickly and excessive, fluctuations in pitch of voice Long pauses and stutters usually accompanied by slow speech Less frequent mention of specifics such as place names, times, locations More structure - overcompensate by telling events in chronological order Signs of mental weariness and emotional strain as the lie progresses
Signs of Lying Verbal Content and Context A liar will use your words to make answer a question. A statement with a contraction is more likely to be truthful Liars sometimes avoid "lying" by not making direct statements. They imply answers instead of denying something directly. Not comfortable with silence or pauses in the conversation. When a truthful statement is made the pronoun is emphasized as much or more than the rest of the words in a statement.
Statement Analysis I am trying to be honest Rape victim using “we” Grammar I was sitting in my car when a man opened my door, pointed a gun at me and tells me to get out A man approached me and pointed a gun at me. He stuck the gun in my ribs and forced me into the car.
Unique Words - Actually Comparing two things When the comparison is not clear - undisclosed information is provided
Unique Words - Never Don’t want to lie Never doesn’t equal no