Psychologists often concentrate on individual behavior and, specifically, in the beliefs and feelings that influence a person’s actions.
primary physician referral to see a psychologist may refer patient to psychiatrist psychologist and psychiatrist work together to treat patient symptoms
Narcissistic - unhealthy self-absorption due to a disturbance in the sense of self Paraohilia sexual arousal to objects, situations, or individuals that are not part of normative stimulation
Psychological testing - critical in assessing a person's mental state and determining the most effective course of treatment. Rorschach - poor validity However, effective in the diagnosis of distorted thinking, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder MMPI-2 utilized in other fields, legal cases,screening instrument for certain professions, especially high risk jobs, The MMPI-2 consists of 567 statements to which the subject responds with true, false, or cannot say. cover attitudes on religion and sexual practices, perceptions of health, political ideas, information on family, education, and occupation, and displays of symptoms known to be exhibited by certain groups of mentally disturbed people
Definition• The study of mental processes and human behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how people and other animals relate to one another and the environment
Psychologists explore concepts such as• perception, cognition, attention, emotion, motivation, brain functioning, personality, behavior, and interpersonal relationships
Psychology v. Psychiatry• Psychiatrists – trained medical doctors – can prescribe medication• Psychologists – focus on psychotherapy and treating emotional/mental suffering in patients – conduct psychological testing
Types of PsychologyClinical Health MilitarySports Forensic ConsumerCognitive Personality GlobalEducational Social Occupational
Psychological Disorders• Anxiety - excessive and abnormal fear, worry – Social Anxiety, Post-traumatic stress, Separation Anxiety• Cognitive - memory, problem solving and perception – Alzheimer’s, Dementia, Amnesia• Developmental - childhood disorders – Mental retardation, Autism, ADHD, Learning disabilities• Dissociative - interruption in aspects of consciousness, including identity and memory – Multiple Personality Disorder• Eating - concerns with weight and disruptive eating patterns – Anorexia and Bulimia• Factitious - individual acts as if he or she has an illness – Munchausen syndrome
Psychological Disorders continued• Impulse – control - inability to control impulses, resulting in harm to oneself or others – Kleptomania (stealing), Pyromania (fire-starting)• Mental due to medication• Mood – Bipolar• Personality – Antisocial, Narcissistic• Psychotic - loss of contact with reality – Schizophrenia, Delusional disorder• Sexual and Gender Identity – Erectile dysfunction – Paraphilias• Sleep - interruption in sleep patterns – Narcolepsy, Insomnia
Psychological Tests• Myer Briggs - most widely use personality assessment• Rorschach Inkblot Test - analyze personality and emotional functioning• Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) - used by mental health professionals to assess and diagnose mental illness• Wechsler Intelligence Scale - The test measures an individuals cognitive ability, or intelligence quotient (IQ)
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