VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRÍGUEZ ÁLVAREZ
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Background: building refurbishment and energy
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Free-running performance before and
after retrofitting for...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
"take on the whole world without having achieved
even one ...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
URBAN METABOLISM
Energy breakdown by end use and sector in UK, 2010 Estimates derived from UK Statistics Authority
Energy breakdown by end use and sector in UK, 2010 Estimates derived from UK Statistics Authority
>50% Energy is
influence...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
(Data from Newman and Kenworthy, 2000)
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Variables affecting energy consumption.
In the X axis vari...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Final domestic energy use in London boroughs in 2008
(data...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Deprivation
Density
Density
Deprivation
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Housing typology break down for the three most and least e...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
BUILDINGS ENERGY AND URBAN FORM
CITY FORM:
URBAN FORM:
BUI...
URBAN CLIMATE
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Data generated with Greater QF software and plotted with G...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Surface heat budget in central Tokyo for shortwave radiati...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
URBAN CHARACTERISTICS: DENSITY, COVERAGE, URBAN CANYON...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS: TOPOGRAFY, LAND COVER, LAND USE,...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
Madrid Cologne Barcelona
London Brussels Berlin
LAND SURFA...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
URBAN HEAT ISLAND VS. DENSITY
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
URBAN HEAT ISLAND VS. DENSITY
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
URBAN HEAT ISLAND VS. LAND USE
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
URBAN HEAT ISLAND VS. LAND USE
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN HEAT ISLAND AND ENERGY
BUILDINGS ENERGY AND URBAN FORM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
URBAN ENERGY INDEX A model to estimate potential energy ef...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
URBAN ENERGY INDEX A model to estimate potential energy ef...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
28 SAMPLES
5 CITIES
5 CLIMATES
140 MODELS
5 BUILDING TYPES...
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
VALIDATION OF THE MODEL
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
VALIDATION OF THE MODEL
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ
EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
alvarez_jo@aaschool.ac.uk
Jorge Rodriguez
@alvarez_jo
sed....
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EESAP4 Rodriguez, Jorge

  1. 1. VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM JORGE RODRÍGUEZ ÁLVAREZ
  2. 2. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Background: building refurbishment and energy
  3. 3. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Free-running performance before and after retrofitting for a vernacular building Days 9th to 11th of January Free-running performance before and after retrofitting for a post-war building Days 9th to 11th of January Background
  4. 4. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM "take on the whole world without having achieved even one small but sure step forward in our understanding" March, L. 1972 Sound groundwork to avoid to
  5. 5. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN METABOLISM
  6. 6. Energy breakdown by end use and sector in UK, 2010 Estimates derived from UK Statistics Authority
  7. 7. Energy breakdown by end use and sector in UK, 2010 Estimates derived from UK Statistics Authority >50% Energy is influenced by planning
  8. 8. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM (Data from Newman and Kenworthy, 2000)
  9. 9. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Variables affecting energy consumption. In the X axis variation factors related to each variable (after Ratti, Baker and Steemers) In the Y axis potential lifespan for behavioural changes, systems, building and the urban context
  10. 10. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Final domestic energy use in London boroughs in 2008 (data from GLA,2010 Leggi 2008 Database) Barcelona council mean final domestic energy use in 2008 (data from Ajuntament de Barcelona, statistics office) BUILDINGS
  11. 11. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Deprivation Density Density Deprivation
  12. 12. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Housing typology break down for the three most and least energy intensive boroughs (excluding the City) in terms of domestic energy (data: UK Census 2001)
  13. 13. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  14. 14. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM BUILDINGS ENERGY AND URBAN FORM CITY FORM: URBAN FORM: BUILDING FORM:
  15. 15. URBAN CLIMATE
  16. 16. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Data generated with Greater QF software and plotted with GvSIG
  17. 17. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  18. 18. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Surface heat budget in central Tokyo for shortwave radiation and anthropogenic heat in typical summer (left) and winter (right) days (after Ichinose et al, 1999).
  19. 19. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN CHARACTERISTICS: DENSITY, COVERAGE, URBAN CANYON...
  20. 20. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM REGIONAL CHARACTERISTICS: TOPOGRAFY, LAND COVER, LAND USE, VEGETATION, WATER BODIES... Madrid Cologne Barcelona London Brussels Berlin
  21. 21. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM Madrid Cologne Barcelona London Brussels Berlin LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE (DATA FROM MODIS SATELLITE)
  22. 22. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN HEAT ISLAND VS. DENSITY
  23. 23. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN HEAT ISLAND VS. DENSITY
  24. 24. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN HEAT ISLAND VS. LAND USE
  25. 25. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN HEAT ISLAND VS. LAND USE
  26. 26. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN HEAT ISLAND AND ENERGY
  27. 27. BUILDINGS ENERGY AND URBAN FORM
  28. 28. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN ENERGY INDEX A model to estimate potential energy efficiency of cities
  29. 29. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM URBAN ENERGY INDEX A model to estimate potential energy efficiency of cities
  30. 30. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM 28 SAMPLES 5 CITIES 5 CLIMATES 140 MODELS 5 BUILDING TYPES 3 OUTPUT TYPES 2100 RESULTS VALIDATION OF THE MODEL
  31. 31. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  32. 32. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  33. 33. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  34. 34. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM VALIDATION OF THE MODEL
  35. 35. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  36. 36. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM VALIDATION OF THE MODEL
  37. 37. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  38. 38. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  39. 39. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  40. 40. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  41. 41. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  42. 42. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  43. 43. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM
  44. 44. JORGE RODRIGUEZ ALVAREZ EESAP 2013 VISUALIZING URBAN METABOLISM alvarez_jo@aaschool.ac.uk Jorge Rodriguez @alvarez_jo sed.aaschool.ac.uk @MUR_etsac Paisaxe Etsac
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