IDEA is an Entitlement law giving students more services than the general public
Section 504 and ADA are Access laws that provide a “level playing field” for persons with disabilities.
The Assistive Technology Act of 2004 (AT Act), administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration (RSA), is intended to improve the provision of assistive technology to individuals with disabilities through comprehensive statewide programs of technology-related assistance.
In selecting the most appropriate educational environment, first consideration should be given to the least restrictive environment (LRE). To the maximum extent appropriate, children with disabilities should be educated with their peers in the general education environment. Special classes, separate schooling, or environment should occur only when the nature or severity of the handicap is such that education in regular classes with the use of supplementary aids and services cannot be achieved satisfactorily.
“any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities.
Professor Stephen Hawkin, himself perhaps the most famous assistive technology user described assistive technology, as "a bridge to independence".
*Dentures made by Etruscan craftsmen in the sixth or seventh century B.C.
*Sergius Silus, a veteran of the Second Punic War (218-201 B.C.) against Carthage, had an "iron hand" made to replace the hand he lost in battle.
*Artificial leg made by the Romans (circa 300 B.C.) of wood and metal parts that was found recently near the Capua area of Italy.
*Drinking tubes (in effect, "straws"), apparently invented for more convenient drinking of beverages by the early Sumerians, depicted in art from the Bahrain area of the Arabian Gulf dating from about 2000 B.C
What are the types of devices used in Assistive Technology
AT may be organized into a system of low-tech, medium-tech and high-tech tools and strategies that match a person’s needs, abilities and tasks.
Learners/ teachers/parents pick and choose from the system the appropriate tools for the situation.
Assistive Technology vs Understanding by Design
The universal design approach is to create products and/or environments that are designed, from the onset, to accommodate individuals with a wider range of abilities and disabilities than can be accommodated by traditional applications .
Assistive technology programs for the individual, while Understanding by Design looks at the bigger picture .
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