Stratification by gender and age

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Stratification by gender and age

  1. 1. THEMSM MAGAZINEMonday, 3th October 2011 WORLD EXCLUSIVES PRESENTER OF “STRATIFICATION BY GENDER AND AGE” IN SOCIAL SCIENCE CLASS 2011 She Renni Rengganis believed A student of Magister Science that a Management 2011 at SBM- knowledge ITB Bandung. Had been come from graduated from Parahyangan curiosity Catholic University on same year. which continue Joint MSM because she want with act and to be a Creative Scientist. creativity.
  2. 2. THE MSM MAGAZINEMonday, 3th October 2011 WORLD EXCLUSIVES LECTURE OF SOCIAL SCIENCE MANAGEMENTDoctor : Anthropology from UI in 2005Magister : Demography from UGM in 1995Under graduate : Anthropology from UI in 1984In Management he joineddepartment People andEntrepreneur, with specialtyresearch field in interculturaland corporate socialresponsibility. Dr. Bambang Rudito, MSi.
  3. 3. THE GANESHA POST www.ganeshapost.com THE WORLD’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER Monday, 3th October 2011 STRATIFICATION BY GENDERSOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF GENDERGender is a such a routine part ofour everyday activities Gender-role socializationAlthough a few people begin life Mostly related with traditional gender-role paterns,with an unclear sexual identity,mostly quick receive social example:messages about how to behave. Boys are expected to play with trucks, cars, ball, robotThe gender-role socialization leads and girls received Barbie, doll, kitchen playing set etc.females and males to behave this happen because theydifferently. Gender-role are evident parents fear of and prejudicenot only in our work and behavior against homosexuality called homophobia.but also in how we react to others.
  4. 4. Date today 03/10/11 NEWSEXPLAINING STRATIFICATIONBY GENDER The Functionalist View The Conflict Response Functionalist maintain that Conflict theorist content gender differentiation has that the relationship contributed to overall social between females and stability. males has traditionally Like husband as anchored in been one of unequal the occupational world outside power. home and wife as anchored in Men may originally have household managers , they become more powerful was functional for the family caused their size & as a unit. physical strength, which But functionalist approach support a social structure doesn’t convincingly explain that places males in why man and women should controlling positions. be assign like thet The Feminist Perspective The ugly reality of rapes, wife battering, sexual harassment and street harassment all illustrate women’s subordinate position.CROSS-CULTURAL studies indicate that Genuine equality between the sexes can’t be achieved if these attackssocieties dominated by men, much more thanwoman play the decisive role. Each approach still remain as common as they are today, even if women win equalfocuses on culture rather than the biology as the representation in government or women reach economic parity withprimary determinant of gender differences. men.
  5. 5. Date today 03/10/11 NEWS From day one of the revolution there would not be liberation, but there would be complete social, legal and financial equality for women, which would not only be a massiveWOMEN : THE OPPRESED MAJORITY step forward but moreover would create In the process of making a revolution,Will socialism be the answer to the conditions forwomens oppression? millions of women will begin to realizeSurely there will still be sexual their potential in a way that they women to achieveharassers, even still be a few rapists never did within the family. their own liberation.after the revolution? Millions of men will begin to see women not as good cooks or sexAnd wont some women want to live objects or loving mothers, but aswithin a conventional family as the Source :place where they feel most secure? working class fighters http://pubs.socialistreviewinde x.org.uk/sr173
  6. 6. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWSARTICLE HEADLINE WOW NEWS In libris graecis appetereSEXISM AND SEX DISCRIMINATION In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem omnes, pri id iuvaret mea. At vim odio lorem partiendo. Vivendo menandri Sexism is the ideology that omnes, pri id iuvaret et sed. Lorem volumus one sex in superior to the Occupational Sexism menandri partiendo. Vivendo blandit cu has.Sit cu alia et sed. Lorem volumus porro fuisset. other. Occupational sexism refersalia blandit cu has.Sit cu to Ea pro natum invidunt porro fuisset. any discriminatory practices, repudiandae, his et facilisis statements,Ea pro natum invidunt actions, etc. vituperatoribus. Mei eu repudiandae, his et facilisis ubique altera senserit, based on a vituperatoribus. Mei eu persons sex that consul eripuit accusata has are present ubique altera senserit, or occur in a ne. Ignota verterem te nam, place of employment.accusata has consul eripuit eu cibo Glass Ceiling causae menandri ne. vim. "the unseen, yet unreachable barrier ARTICLE HEADLINE One form of occupational sexism is wage that keeps minorities and discrimination. graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris women from rising to omnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et sed. Lorem volumus blandit cuthe upper rungs of has.Sit cu alia porro “Sexism can be rooted in cultural fuisset.Intraditions, fear, appetere mea. At vim odio lorem libris graecis hatred, or superiority, with the corporate ladder,omnes,sexistsiuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et many pri id believing that their gender is Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisis regardless of their superior, for a variety of reasons.” cu alia porrosed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique altera senserit, consulfuisset. -wisegeek.com- qualifications or eripuit accusata has ne. Ignota verterem te nam, eu cibo causae menandri vim. achievements."
  7. 7. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWSARTICLE HEADLINEWOMEN’S DISCRIMINATION WOW NEWS In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris graecis appetere omnes, pri id iuvaret mea. At vim odio lorem partiendo. Vivendo menandri omnes, pri id iuvaret et sed. Lorem volumus partiendo. Vivendo menandri blandit cu has.Sit cu alia et sed. Lorem volumus porro fuisset. blandit cu has.Sit cu alia Ea pro natum invidunt porro fuisset. repudiandae, his et facilisis Ea pro natum invidunt vituperatoribus. Mei eu repudiandae, his et facilisis ubique altera senserit, vituperatoribus. Mei eu consul eripuit accusata has ubique altera senserit, ne. Ignota verterem te nam, consul eripuit accusata has eu cibo causae menandri ne. vim. ARTICLE HEADLINE In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem omnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et The sed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro feminist movement refers to a series of fuisset.In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem campaigns for reforms on issues such asomnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisis reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternitysed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique altera senserit, consulfuisset. leave, equal pay, ne. Ignota verterem te nam, eu eripuit accusata has womens suffrage, sexual harassment & sexual violence. cibo causae menandri vim.
  8. 8. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWSARTICLE HEADLINE WOW NEWS In libris graecis appetereMEN’S DISCRIMINATION In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem omnes, pri id iuvaret mea. At vim odio lorem partiendo. Vivendo menandri omnes, pri id iuvaret et sed. Lorem volumus Masculist partiendo. Vivendo menandri blandit cu has.Sit cu alia Masculist concerns focus sed. societal acceptance porro fuisset. et on Lorem volumus of violence harming men pairedhas.Sit cu alia blandit cu with the stigma Ea pro natum inviduntResearchers porro fuisset. repudiandae, his et facilisis against violence harming women.from Charles Sturt Ea pro natum invidunt vituperatoribus. Mei eu repudiandae, his et facilisis ubique altera senserit,University argue vituperatoribus. Mei eu consul eripuit accusata hasthat the real numbers • Violence against men taken less seriously than violence against women ubique altera senserit, ne. Ignota verterem te nam,for violence against Depiction of violence against men accusata has in the media menandri consul eripuit as humorous, eu cibo causae ne. vim.men are likely to be • Societal failure to address prison rape, including issues such ashigher, but male prevention, & impunity for prison rapistsvictims may be lesslikely to report ARTICLE HEADLINE • Biases in justice, such higher incarceration rates and longer sentences forabuse than female men (compared to women) forgraecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris the same crimes.victims due to social omnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et • Issues in education that,sed. Loremboys attract more teacheralia porro in because volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu attentionstigmatization fuisset. In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem boys also receive harsher forms of punishment and more classrooms, frequent punishment than girls for the same offenses his et facilisis omnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et/www.nuancejournal.com.au/documen Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae,ts/three/saran.pdfvolumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro sed. Lorem vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique altera senserit, consul fuisset. • Prostate cancer funding eripuit accusata has ne.lower than breast cancer disproportionately Ignota verterem te nam, eu funding. cibo causae menandri vim.
  9. 9. Date today 03/10/11 NEWSTHE THIRD GENDER The Myth In Thailand the concept of three sexes is ancient. Creation tales from northern Thailand say that in the beginning, a man and woman had three children: a male, a female, and a third sex. Many believe that in their past lives, ladyboys were men who had many affairs with different women. It was their karmic destiny to be reincarnated as a woman trapped in a mans body. NATIONALGEOGRAPHIC.COMMiss TiffanysUniverse 2011 LGBT Community The LGBT National Help Center is a non-profit, tax- exempt organization that is dedicated to meeting the Sirapatsorn needs of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender Attayakorn community and those Winners of the Miss Tiffany Universe Contest, held in Pattaya, questioning their sexual Thailand. The 14 year-old pageants contestant field is made orientation and genderexclusively of transvestites and transsexuals, whore considered a identity. third gender in Thailand LGBT Flag
  10. 10. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWSARTICLE HEADLINE WOW NEWS In libris graecis appetereList of LGBT Rights Organizations In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem omnes, pri id iuvaret mea. At vim odio lorem partiendo. Vivendo menandri omnes, pri id iuvaret et sed. Lorem volumusINTERNATIONAL NATION Vivendo menandri partiendo. blandit cu has.Sit cu alia et sed. Lorem volumus porro fuisset.1. Gay Straight Alliance Network International blandit cu has.Sit cu alia Ea pro natum invidunt 1. Sexual Minorities Uganda (SMUG) porro fuisset. (GSANI) repudiandae, his et facilisis 2. Lesbigay Stellenbosch Student Society (LBG) Ea pro natum invidunt vituperatoribus. Mei eu2. International Lesbian and Gay Association repudiandae, his et facilisis ubique altera senserit, 3. Gender/Sexuality Rights Association Taiwan consul eripuit accusata has (ILGA) vituperatoribus. Mei eu (GSRAT) senserit, ubique altera ne. Ignota verterem te nam, 4. consul eripuit Us (PLU) In eu cibo causae menandri People Like accusata has Singapore3. International Gay and Lesbian Human ne. vim. Rights Commission (IGLHRC) 5. Australian Lesbian and Gay Archives (ALGA) 6. Coalition of Activist Lesbians Australia (COAL)4. International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Queer Youth and Student 7. ARTICLE HEADLINE Transgender Europe (TGeu) Organisation (IGLYO) 8. Lesbian graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris and Gay Federation in Germany (LSVD) 9. Norwegian id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo Lesbian and omnes, pri National Association for menandri et5. International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, sed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro Gay Liberation (LLH) fuisset. InTransgender & Intersex Law odio lorem libris graecis appetere mea. At vim Association (ILGLaw) 10. Swedish Federation for Lesbian, his et facilisis and Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, Gay, Bisexual omnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et sed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro Transgender Rights (RFSL) altera senserit, consul vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique fuisset. eripuit accusata has ne. Ignota verterem te nam, eu cibo causae menandri vim. wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_LGBT_rights_organizations
  11. 11. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWSARTICLE HEADLINE WOW NEWS In libris graecis appetere SEXUAL HARASSMENT mea. At vim odio lorem In libris graecis appetere omnes, pri id iuvaret Sexual harassment, mea. At vim odio lorem partiendo. Vivendo menandri is intimidation, bullying or coercion of a sexual omnes, pri oriuvaretunwelcome or Lorem volumus nature, id the et sed. inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors.partiendo. Vivendo menandri blandit cu has.Sit cu alia et sed. Lorem volumus porro fuisset. blandit cu has.Sit cu alia is a form of illegal employment discrimination in many fuisset. Ea pro natum invidunt porro countries, and is a form repudiandae, his et facilisis of abuse (sexual and psychological) in workplace,Ea pro natum invidunt school, etc. vituperatoribus. Mei eu repudiandae, his et facilisis ubique altera senserit, vituperatoribus. Mei eu consul eripuit accusata has There are many debates about how organizations should deal with sexual harassment. Some ubique altera senserit, ne. Ignota verterem te nam, observers feel strongly that organizations should be eripuit accusata has tolerance standard of consul held to a zero eu cibo causae menandri "Must report - must investigate - must punish." ne. vim. ARTICLE HEADLINE Common effects graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris on the victims • Decreased work or school iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et omnes, pri id performance; increased absenteeism sed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro • Being objectified and humiliated by scrutiny and gossip fuisset.In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio loremomnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et Defamation of character and reputation • Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisissed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro Depression,anxiety and/or panic attacks, sleeplessness • vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique altera senserit, consulfuisset. eripuit accusata has ne. Ignota verterem te nam, eu • etc cibo causae menandri vim.
  12. 12. THE GANESHA POST www.ganeshapost.com THE WORLD’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER Monday, 3th October 2011 STRATIFICATION BY AGE BY AGEAGING AND SOCIETYLike gender stratification, age stratification Gender-role socializationvaries from culture to culture.One society may treat older people withgreat reverence, while other sees them asunproductive and “difficult”. Source : M.goldstein and Beall (1981) Ageing & Society is an interdisciplinary and The Journal of The international journal devoted to the understanding Centre for Policy on Ageing and The British of human ageing and the circumstances of older Society of people in their social and cultural contexts. Gerontology.
  13. 13. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWS ARTICLE HEADLINE WOW NEWS In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris graecis appetere omnes, pri id iuvaret mea. At vim odio lorem partiendo. Vivendo menandri omnes, pri id iuvaret et sed. Lorem volumus partiendo. Vivendo menandri blandit cu has.Sit cu alia et sed. Lorem volumus porro fuisset. blandit cu has.Sit cu alia Ea pro natum invidunt porro fuisset. repudiandae, his et facilisis Ea pro natum invidunt vituperatoribus. Mei eu repudiandae, his et facilisis ubique altera senserit, vituperatoribus. Mei eu consul eripuit accusata hasOld age has typically been regarded ubique altera senserit, ne. Ignota verterem te nam,as beginning at 65 and people in 60 consul eripuit accusata has eu cibo causae menandrias the “young old” ne. vim. ARTICLE HEADLINE Problems of the elderly have become the Gerontologist rely on sociological principles and focus for a specialized field of research, theories to id iuvaret partiendo.At vimof menandrion the In libris graecis appetere mea. omnes, pri explain the impact odioaging et Vivendo lorem known as Gerontology individual &volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu anthropology, sed. Lorem society, also draw on alia porro In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem physical education, counseling, & medicine in their fuisset. Gerontology is partiendo. Vivendostudy ofetthe omnes, pri id iuvaret the scientific menandri study pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisis Ea of the aging process. sociological andblandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro of sed. Lorem volumus psychological aspects fuisset. vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique altera senserit, consul Two influential has ne. Ignota verterem te nam, eu eripuit accusata views to aging “Disengagement aging and the problems of the aged cibo causae menandri vim. Theory and Activity Theory.”
  14. 14. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWSARTICLE HEADLINE WOW NEWS In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris graecis appetere omnes, pri id iuvaret mea. At vim odio lorem partiendo. Vivendo people Older menandri omnes, pri id iuvaret et sed. Loremstill participate volumus partiendo. Vivendo menandri in social life. blandit cu has.Sit cu alia et sed. Lorem volumus porro fuisset. blandit cu has.Sit cu alia Ea pro natum invidunt porro fuisset. repudiandae, his et facilisis Ea pro natum invidunt vituperatoribus. Mei eu repudiandae, his et facilisis ubique altera senserit, vituperatoribus. Mei eu consul eripuit accusata has ubique altera senserit, ne. Ignota verterem te nam, consul eripuit accusata has eu cibo causae menandri ne. vim.The disengagement theory states that The ARTICLE HEADLINE activity theory, proposes thatolder adults withdraw from personal successful aging occurs whenAtolder adults stay In libris graecis appetere mea. vim odio lorem omnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri etrelationships , society and from their active and maintain social interactions. alia porro sed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cucommon social roles.mea. At vim odio lorem fuisset.In libris graecis appetere The activity theory rose in opposing response toomnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisissed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro the disengagement theory altera senserit, consul vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubiquefuisset.The theory was formulated by Cumming and Henry eripuit accusata has ne. Ignota verterem te nam, 1961 The theory was developed by Robert J. Havighurst in eu in 1961 in the book Growing Old cibo causae menandri vim.
  15. 15. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWS AGEISM NEWSARTICLE HEADLINE WOW In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris graecis appetere omnes, pri id iuvaret Ageism, also called age partiendo. Vivendo menandri mea. At vim odio lorem discrimination omnes, pri id iuvaret is et stereotyping sed. Lorem volumus of partiendo. Vivendo menandri against cu has.Sit cu alia and discrimination blandit individuals or et sed. Lorem volumusof theirporro fuisset. groups because age. blandit cu has.Sit cu alia Ea pro natum invidunt porro is a set of beliefs, attitudes, norms,facilisis It fuisset. repudiandae, his et and vituperatoribus. Mei eu Ea values used to justify age based prejudice, pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisis ubique altera senserit, discrimination, and subordination. accusata has vituperatoribus. Mei eu consul eripuit ubique altera senserit, ne. Ignota verterem te nam, Refuse to give someone jobscausae menandri consul eripuit accusata has eu cibo because they ne.“Too Old” or “Too Young” vim.Age discrimination refers to the actions taken todeny or limit opportunities to people on thebasis of age. ARTICLE HEADLINE Blitz Corner In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem omnes, priIn iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et id a recent interview, actor Pierce sed. Lorem volumus blandit ageism as one of the Brosnan cited cu has.Sit cu alia porro fuisset. contributing factors as to why he was In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem omnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his etrole as James not asked to continue his facilisis sed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro Bond in eu ubique film Casino Royale vituperatoribus. Mei the Bondaltera senserit, consul , fuisset. released in 2006 eripuit accusata has ne. Ignota verterem te nam, eu cibo causae menandri vim. Cox, J. (2006) Brosnan Bares All For Playboy.
  16. 16. Date today 03/10/11 Date today 03/10/11 NEWS NEWSARTICLE HEADLINE WOW NEWS In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem In libris graecis appetere omnes, pri id iuvaret The LGBT Agingvim odio lorem mea. At Issues Network (LAIN) works to partiendo. Vivendo menandri omnes, pri id iuvaret et sed. Lorem volumus raise awareness about menandri partiendo. Vivendo the concerns of LGBT blandit cu has.Sit cu alia elders andetabout the unique barriers they sed. Lorem volumus porro fuisset. blandit cu has.Sit cu alia encounterporrogaining access to housing, his et facilisis in fuisset. Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, healthcare, long-term care and other needed Ea pro natum invidunt vituperatoribus. Mei eu Cox, J. (2006) Brosnan Bares repudiandae, his et All facilisis services. vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique altera senserit, consul eripuit accusata has For Playboy ubique altera senserit, ne. Ignota verterem te nam, consul eripuit accusata has eu cibo causae menandri ne. vim. ARTICLE HEADLINE In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem omnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et sed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro Developing leadership, knowledge, fuisset.In libris graecis appetere mea. At vim odio lorem skills, to address the challenges andomnes, pri id iuvaret partiendo. Vivendo menandri et Ea pro natum invidunt repudiandae, his et facilisis opportunities, of a diverse agingsed. Lorem volumus blandit cu has.Sit cu alia porro vituperatoribus. Mei eu ubique altera senserit, consulfuisset. society. eripuit accusata has ne. Ignota verterem te nam, eu cibo causae menandri vim.
  17. 17. THE GANESHA POST www.ganeshapost.com THE WORLD’S FAVOURITE NEWSPAPER Monday, 3th October 2011EPILOG STRATIFICATION BY AGE Gender equality is more than a goal in itself. It is aGender and age are ascribed precondition for meeting the challenge of reducingstatuses that provide a basis poverty, promoting sustainable development andfor social differentiation. building good governance. Kofi Annan Gender-role socializationThis topic examines the socialconstruction of gender , Human are human they live with conduct andtheories of stratification by survive with rule, norm, and custom. Letgender, women as an everyone live with their own faith and belief.oppressed group, theories ofaging, age stratification & Respect and love old people because we will oldageism, and the growing too someday.political activism of the elderly. Editor : Renni Rengganis

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