Behaviorism: Its all in the action Created by:Jen, Linda, Melissa, Moriah, Pam
Participant Directionss In order to learn about the behaviorist theory you will follow this PowerPoint presentation, answering the questions with 100% accuracy.s Answer the questions as you go,and take the quiz at the end.
Behaviorist Theorys Definitions Scientists who studied the behaviorist theorys Key conceptss Classroom exampless Advantages/disadvantages
Advantages and Disadvantages of the behaviorist theory Advantages Disadvantagess Shapes behavior s Internalized reasoning quickly (example 1A) may not be an outcome (example 1D)s The learner adapts s The learner adapts to a to the environment poor environment ( example 2A) (example 2D)s Behavior can be s Behavior measured may measured (example 3A) not be a true picture of understanding(example 3D)
Example of Advantage and Disadvantage 1 Shapes behavior quickly:s Every time a student would arrive to class on time the teacher would give the student (on time points.) These points could be used to purchase a watch from the school store. Behavior is not internalized:s A student may act respectful but not feel respect towards a teacher.
Example of Advantage and Disadvantage 2 The learner adapts to the environments The class has been trained to write a half page every day. They are reinforced with a smiley stickerThe learner adapts to a poor environments A student adapts to a classroom where the other students’ behaviors are negative and destructive to the learning environment.
Example Advantage andDisadvantage 3 Behavior can be measureds Students can take tests to measure whether they can answer the questions correctly. Behavior measured may not be a true picture of understandings Taking a true or false test with the assurance of retaking it until the student gets it right can lead to guessing for the correct answers.
Quiz Advantages/Disadvantagess A disadvantage to the behaviorist theory is that students can learn behaviors quickly.True / Falses An advantage to the behaviorist theory is: All students learn the best using this theory.True / False
Who are these Behaviorists? s Ivan Pavlov s In 1903 he published his results calling this a – 1849-1936 "conditioned reflex,"different s Pavlov wanted to see if from an innate reflex, such external stimuli could as yanking a hand back from affect the salivation process a flame, in that it had to be – he rang a bell at the same time he learned. gave the experimental dogs food. – After a while, the dogs -- which s Pavlov called this learning before only salivated when they saw process “conditioning” and ate their food -- would begin to salivate when the bell rang, even if s He thought that conditioned no food were present. reflexes could explain the behavior of people. Quiz Back to yourselfhttp://llanes.panam.edu/edul6300/Behaviorists.html Behaviorists
Who are these Behaviorists? s John Watson s All animals, he believed, were extremely – 1878 - 1958 complex machines that s Watson was inspired by responded to situations Pavlov according to their "wiring," or s He studied the behavior of nerve pathways that were children and concluded that conditioned by experience. humans were simply more s In 1913, he published an complicated than animals article outlining his ideas but operated on the same – disagreed with Freud – dismissed heredity as a significant principles. factor in shaping human behavior. Quiz Back to yourselfhttp://llanes.panam.edu/edul6300/Behaviorists.html Behaviorists
Who are these Behaviorists? s He used operant s B.F. Skinner conditioning – 1904 - 1990 – the rewarding of a partial s Skinner developed behavior or a random act that approaches the desired behavioral studies of rats behavior. that automatically reward behavior. s Skinner believed other all complicated tasks could be s He wrote The Behavior of broken down and taught. Organisms and began his novel Walden II, about a s He developed machines so commune where behaviorist students could learn bit by principles created a new kind bit, uncovering answers for of utopia. an immediate "reward." Quiz Back to yourselfhttp://llanes.panam.edu/edul6300/Behaviorists.html Behaviorists
Quiz Yourself on theBehaviorists!1. Pavlov began his studies by a. Seeing if children liked cookies b. Teaching dogs to salivate at the ring of a bell c. Developing a theory on behaviorism Back to Behaviorists
Quiz Yourself on theBehaviorists!2. Watson felt that a. Heredity was important in shaping human behavior. b. Animals responded to situations according totheir conditioned experience. c. That Freud had all the answers Back to Behaviorists
Quiz Yourself on theBehaviorists!1. Skinner used _____ to teach a behavior a. stimulous b. pidgeons c. operant conditioning Back to Behaviorists
Opps!You need to go back and readagain! Back to Behaviorists
Key Conceptss Classical Conditioning – Stimulus-Response – Action causes response – The bell rings to start class and all students quiet down and focus attention on the teacher.
Key Concepts cont.s Operant Conditioning – Stimulus-Response-Reinforcer : – Specific action causes a desired response when reinforced – Students work very hard on mastering their times tables and teacher gives free pass to skip the math homework for that night.
Quiz Time!s Pick the best answer to that describes each term:s Mrs. Smith flashes the lights to get her students attention. The students immediately stop what they are doing and look her way – A. Operant Conditioning – B. Classical Conditioning
QUIZ TIME!s Mr. Lee gives his students a free choice of how they will complete their reading assignment after they have completed the read-aloud portion as a whole class and behaved very well. – Classical Conditioning – Operant Conditioning
“behavior” Great! You chose the part of the word of behaviorism That sums up its definition. The concept of behaviorism Is identifying, encouraging, and measuring behavior’s Exhibited by a person or animal.Want to see aMore detailed definition? example
“ism”This is not the part of the word youNeed to concentrate on. Choose again.
“be”This part of the word behaviorism doesn’t quite get to theCore of the word. Please choose again.
“Havior”This is not what you want to focus on.Choose again!
Internet Web Sites:Click here if you like to take quizzesTo learn definitions. Click here to read information about John Watson, Who is believed to be the “Father of Behaviorism” Click here to read a detailed definition of Behaviorism from the Stanford Encyclopedia Of Philosophy.
Behavior ModificationHere is a series of steps that a “behaviorist” mightUse to get a person to change their behavior.1. Choose a behavior goal for a particular person.2. Determine what motivates this particular person.3. Break the behavior down into several small steps.4. Implement these steps and record the results.5. Evaluate the progress and revise the steps as needed.
Congratulations! You now have a preliminaryUnderstanding of what “behaviorism” means. Please click here to read about key Concepts of Behaviorism. Please click here to learn about the people who Promoted behaviorism. Please click here to see examples of Behaviorism used in a school classroom setting. Please click here to read advantages and Disadvantages of the behaviorist approach.
Examples of Behaviorism in the Classroom s The Computer Lab s Reading s Math s Final Quiz
The Computer Lab s Memorization of computer terms and parts s Use of computer programs with automated positive/negative feedback
Math s Recall facts for immediate reward (drill) s Memorization by repetition
Reading s Using flash cards to memorize sight words s Writing spelling words repeatedly
Which of the following is NOT an example ofBehaviorism in the classroom?s Use of computer programs with automated positive/negative feedbacks Using phonics to sound out wordss Writing spelling words repeatedlys Recall facts for immediate reward (drill)
s Using phonics to sound out words is an application of prior knowledge to decode new material. This is not a conditioned response.
s Behaviorism often incorporates conditioned responses, which may be learned through memorization, repetition, or automatic feedback.