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Gyanendra P. UpadhyayLocal Long Term Expert/ GIZ-Integration
Energy Efficiency in Hotels:        Overview/Concern
Contents Sector overview Production and Turnover Observations Energy and Fuels Saving Potentials Energy Benchmarks f...
Sector Highlight Hotel basic infrastructure for Tourism Industry Tourists increased by 18.21% in 2009/10 compared to  pr...
Production & Turnover                                    Fiscal Year Fiscal YearS. No. Particular                         ...
Observations Main energy sources are electricity, diesel and  LPG All hotels use DGs during load shedding Laundry servi...
Saving PotentialsSaving potentials from ESPS audits,       = 45.24% of electrical + 16.18% of thermal             energyTh...
Energy and fuelS.    Particular                           Total   Quantity perNo.                                    Quant...
Energy Benchmarks for Hotels  It is complex for Hotels. Niki Hendrikx, 2008, gives the   following energy benchmarks for ...
NEA TARIFF RATESConsumer     Monthly              Energy Charge (Rs./unit)Category &   DemandSupply       ChargeLevel     ...
Fuel costDiesel cost – Rs.93/literFO- Rs.55/literCoal – Rs. 22000/ton
Areas of Potential Savings Improvement in lighting system and use of daylight. Improvement in air conditioning Improvem...
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Energy Efficiency

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  1. 1. Gyanendra P. UpadhyayLocal Long Term Expert/ GIZ-Integration
  2. 2. Energy Efficiency in Hotels: Overview/Concern
  3. 3. Contents Sector overview Production and Turnover Observations Energy and Fuels Saving Potentials Energy Benchmarks for hotel Sector Electricity & Fuel cost Potential areas of energy savings
  4. 4. Sector Highlight Hotel basic infrastructure for Tourism Industry Tourists increased by 18.21% in 2009/10 compared to previous year Average stay increased to 12.67 days from previous 11.32 According to HAN, hotel industry grown by 15% Economic Survey: Star Hotel Non-star Hotel Total Year Number Beds Number Beds Number Beds 2006 105 9763 502 14497 607 24260 2007 105 9763 512 14897 617 24660 2008 96 9320 573 16743 669 26063 2009 97 9369 647 19124 744 28493 2010 103 9125 686 20817 789 30042
  5. 5. Production & Turnover Fiscal Year Fiscal YearS. No. Particular 2009/10 2010/11 1 Capacity in room 2,885 3,017 2 Capacity used in room 1,892 2,017 Annual Turnover in 3 6,445 6,854 Million NPR Energy cost is around 7.54% of the turnover
  6. 6. Observations Main energy sources are electricity, diesel and LPG All hotels use DGs during load shedding Laundry service is installed only in big hotels Lights mostly switched to CFL High cost of electrical energy from DG Performance of equipment not checked Energy audit not carried out
  7. 7. Saving PotentialsSaving potentials from ESPS audits, = 45.24% of electrical + 16.18% of thermal energyThe electrical saving potential will be = 0.4524*34946835 kWh = 15,810 MWhThe thermal energy saving potential will be = 0.1618*91504653 MJ = 14,805.453 GJ
  8. 8. Energy and fuelS. Particular Total Quantity perNo. Quantity Room 1 Electrical Energy in kWh 34,946,835 17,326.00 Purchased Electricity 24,540,840 12,167 DG sets 10,405,995 5,1592 Thermal Energy in MJ 91,504,653 45,366.71 Firewood 6,387,500 3,166.83 Coal 2,240,147 1,110.63 Kerosene 2,116,940 1,049.55 Diesel for boiler 53,732,637 26,639.88 LPG 27,027,429 13,399.824 Total DG set capacity in KVA 15,496 Diesel consumption in liter 2,163,333 1,072.555 Energy Cost NPR 517,009,260 256,325.86
  9. 9. Energy Benchmarks for Hotels  It is complex for Hotels. Niki Hendrikx, 2008, gives the following energy benchmarks for the hotel sector:Hotel Type Fuel (kWh/m2*yr) Elect (kWh/m2*yr) Mean Max Min Mean Max MinSmall & medium without 238 286 196 77 80 71complete A/CLarge with A/C and 266 350 220 143 182 100more equipment Source: http://www.scribd.com/doc/9647604/Energy-Efficiency-in-Hotels 11 Dec 2011
  10. 10. NEA TARIFF RATESConsumer Monthly Energy Charge (Rs./unit)Category & DemandSupply ChargeLevel (Rs./kVA ) Peak Time Off -Peak Normal 18:00-23:00 23:00-6:00 6:00 - 18:00 High Voltage (66 kV and Above)Industrial 175.00 Rs. 5.20 3.15 4.55 Medium Voltage (33 kV)Industrial 190.00 6.55 4.00 5.75 Medium Voltage (11 kV)Industrial 190.00 6.70 4.10 5.85
  11. 11. Fuel costDiesel cost – Rs.93/literFO- Rs.55/literCoal – Rs. 22000/ton
  12. 12. Areas of Potential Savings Improvement in lighting system and use of daylight. Improvement in air conditioning Improvement in refrigeration and deep freezers Power factor and Load management Improvement in combustion efficiency in boilers and hot water generators Insulation of the hot water supply pipes Conversion of waste to energy (Methane from bio- decomposable waste)
  13. 13. Thank you
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