Senior project paper


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Senior project paper

  1. 1. Byrd 1Erinn ByrdMr. BennettBritish Literature16 September 2011 Teen obesity Have you ever wondered what are the factors that lead up to obesity in ourcommunity today are, and how to go about trying to change the fact that obesity iscommon among our society? Statistics like this that say,“about nine million U.S.children ages six to 19 are overweight and that teens at ages of 12 to 19 with weightproblems have tripled since the 1928’s”(Odle)is just not acceptable, and action should betaken to try to change the obesity problem immediately. If things keep going as they arewith no change to things like diet, and exercise the U.S could be looking at teenagersbeing overweight or obese as adults (Hellmich). As an example,” a study in the Journalof the American Medical Association found that heavy teens often gain a lot more weightin their 20s. Half of obese adolescent girls and a third of obese teen boys becomemorbidly obese (80 to 100 pounds overweight) by their early 30s” (Hellmich).Withtechnology and the advancements that have been made it is senseless that obesity is abattle that is being fought. There are many ways to fight the growing obesity problemsuch as going to camps, getting surgery, changes in food and family eating habits. Ifchildren just keep going on this same path they will develop serious health issues andemotional issues.
  2. 2. Byrd 2 “Approximately 18% of children and adolescents currently suffer from obesity”(Helmrath); one way many people try to fight this grown epidemic is to undergo bariatricsurgery. Because this obesity problem is continuing and doesn’t seem to be slowingdown, it is becoming more important to try to figure out how to provide the best bariatricsurgical care to adolescents. These adolescents are not only just becoming extremelyobese but many are also developing the same complications that adults get after goingthrough this surgery (Helmrath). The amount of bariatric surgery’s done in the U.S hasbeen growing along with the number of children going under the knife for this surgery.Going under the knife for this surgery isn’t as easy as saying let me have it, you have tohave tried everything else like camps and diets before you are even concedered for it.“Bariatric surgery has now been shown to be safe effective,and durablein adults” on theother hand this surgery on teens isn’t always as successful and safe because teenagers areless likely to follow the “postoperative dietary, physical activity, and other nutritionalrecommendations” by the doctors (Helmrath). The doctors also try to make sure that apatients family circumstances will not increase the chance of the surgery having a poorout come like with weight regain or nutritional deficiency (Helmrath). If there is achance of that happening they think about “waiting and doing the procedure later in lifewhen the patient has attained a greater maturity” (Helmrath). With every surgery therecan be complication, with the bariatric surgery the complications consist ofgastrointestinal leaks, bleeding, marginal ulcers and Internal hernias. Even with the riskof complications many people still go for it because it does cause major weight loss andthe majority of the pationts weight will be lost within the first 12 months after surgery(Helmrath).
  3. 3. Byrd 3 The kinds of foods we eat are no longer nutritious and good for your body but arejust bad for you like the stuff fast food restraints like McDonalds, Wendy’s, KFC, BurgerKing and Taco Bell sell. “In Western civilization, manydietshave developed intoconvenient, fatty and sugary foods, leading to obesity even in children andteens”(Odle).A study in a mall food court provided information that stated, “teens overconsumed fast food regardless of their body weight, and overweight teens underreportedthe amount they ate” (Scene From a Mall: A Study of Teens and Fast Food). It is a sadfact that in the U.S fast food has become a one of the main sources of the teenage diet.The Consumption of the fast food is among all “socioeconomic and racial/ethnic groupsin the U.S” not just one (Scene From a Mall: A Study of Teens and Fast Food). Fast foodis consumed buy at least three-fourths of teens one or more times a week (Scene From aMall: A Study of Teens and Fast Food). It doesn’t have to be this way fast food doesn’tprovide the essential neutrinos need that our body’s needed to survive. “Good nutrition in adolescence is important not only to achieve full growthpotential but also to protect future health” (Finn). “Protein, iron, calcium, vitamins A, C,and D, thiamin, riboflavin, and niacin” are nine of the recommended nutrients andcalories needed to help your body achieve a long and healthy life (Odle). Parents ofchildren need to start their kid on good eating habits early in life so it will be with themas they grow up and start making decisions for them self’s. “Eating a balanced diet with avariety of foods will give teens the energy they need to stay physically active, which isimportant to their growth, mental health, and to keeping obesity in check” (Odle). Inresponse to the fact that almost nine million U.S kids from ages six to 19 are overweightThe U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) suggested following daily food selections
  4. 4. Byrd 4such as things like: six to 11 servings of breads, cereals, rice, and pasta Three to fiveservings of vegetables, Two to four servings of fruit, Two to three servings of dairyproducts and Two or three servings of meat, fish, poultry, and legumes (Odle). Calcium isalso a major part of a teen’s life and they “should consume 1,200–1,500 mg of calciumper day” but unfortunately “60% of teenage boys and more than 85% of teenage girls failto get the recommended daily allowance of calcium” (Odle).The healthy foods are outthere and there are many web sites and books that tell people exactly what they should eatto stay healthy so it is up to the people to make the healthy choices. Obesity in children has to start somewhere and that is at home. In many homesboth parents have to work to provide a home for the kids to live in but this also leave thekids having to think of food by themselves and they go strait for the easy fast food meals.There are ways parents can work but still provide a good healthy meal for the children.Parent could cook “the meals on weekends and freezing them for busy weekdays, lookfor cookbooks or online sources of quick and healthy recipes, also cooking with less fatby using cooking sprays and baking and roasting instead of frying ”(Odle). Parent couldalso put together little healthy snakes for the kids thought the day so it keeps them fromgoing and grabbing a bag of chips because it is easy and will also help with them fromover eating at dinner (Odle). It is hard to make sure you kid is eating right all the timebut in the long run all of the food preparations will be worth it when your children areliving a long and healthy life. Obesity can come with so many health problems that no one should have to gothrough. There are kids that are facing diseases such as heart disease,osteoporosis,diabetes, asthma, and cystic fibrosis at young ages because they are so
  5. 5. Byrd 5heavily overweight. Children’s cholesterol levels are high which is an important riskfactor for hart diseases this can be caused buy many things but one of the main causes isdiet and exercise. Bone development is a critical part of an adolescence growth and theamount of physical activity is very important in helping the growth. “More and moreresearch indicates that obesity and certain cancers also have roots in adolescence” (Finn)which is not good we need to take charge and fight this growing epidemic to keep thechildren of today healthy.
  6. 6. Byrd 6 Works CitedFinn, Susan Calvert. “Reach Out to Teens.” Journal of Women’s Health & Gender-Based Medicine Vol. 10.3: p229-231. Academic Search Complete .Web. 7 Sept. 2011. < login?url= login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=4486883&site=ehost-live>.Hellmich, Nanci. “A ‘call to action’ on teen obesity.”USA Today 10 Nov. 2010: n. pag. Academic Search Complete .Web. 7 Sept. 2011. <http://proxygsu- login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=J0E419702684210&site=ehost-live>.Helmrath, Michael, Mark Vierra, and SayeedIkramuddin. “Challenges of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery: Tips for Managing the Extremely Obese Teen.” Journal of Laparoendoscopic& Advanced Surgical Techniques 18.1: p157-169. Academic Search Complete.Web. 8 Sept. 2011. < login?url= login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=29411538&site=ehost-live>.Odle, Teresa G. “Teen Nutrition .”The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine.Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe.2nd ed. Vol. 4. Detroit, 2005. 1985. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 1 Sept. 2011. < w>.
  7. 7. Byrd 7“Scene From a Mall: A Study of Teens and Fast Food.” Eating Disorders Review 15.4: p4-4. Academic Search Complete.Web. 8 Sept. 2011. <http://proxygsu- login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=14241958&site=ehost-live>.