Constructivism

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This presentation is made by the BSED major in Physical Science for our Report in Teaching Profession

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Constructivism

  1. 1. WHAT IS CONSTRUCTIVISM? Constructivism refers to the idea that learners construct knowledge for themselves---each learner individually (and socially) constructs meaning--- as he or she learns.  A learning theory that “equates learning with creating meaning from experience” 
  2. 2. MAJOR SCHOLARS OF CONSTRUCTIVISM AND THEIR KEY CLAIM:
  3. 3. A Russian psychologist who had a theory that laid the basis of Constructivism.  Believed that learners develop through interaction with culture and their surroundings. 
  4. 4.  has made significant contributions to human and as well as to history and to the general , . Key people of CONSTRUCTIVSM: in
  5. 5.  Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher known for his epistemological studies with children.  Believes that children learn through experience, they to situations based on what they have previously learned from other situations. Key people of CONSTRUCTIVSM:
  6. 6. John Dewey advocated The learning process of experiential learning t hrough real life experience to construct and Conditionalize knowledge, which is consistent with the constructivists. Key people of CONSTRUCTIVISM:
  7. 7. Characteristics of Constructivism:
  8. 8. TWO VIEWS OF CONSTRUCTIVISM
  9. 9. INDIVIDUAL CONSTRUCTIVISM  This is also called It emphasizes individual, internal construction of knowledge.  It is largely based on Piaget’s theory.  Learners should be allowed to discover principles through their rather than direct instruction by the teacher. 
  10. 10. SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVSM  This “ view emphasizes that of being represented solely in the mind of an individual.”  It is based on Vygotsky’s theory.  Construction of knowledge is shared by two or more people
  11. 11. The role of the instructor  Instructors as facilitators ◦ a facilitator helps the learner to get to his or her own understanding of the content. In the former scenario the learner plays a passive role and in the latter scenario the learner plays an active role in the learning process.
  12. 12. The nature of the learning process Learning is an active, social process Dynamic interaction between task, instructor and learner Collaboration among learners
  13. 13. Traditional Classroom vs. Constructivist Classroom
  14. 14. Traditional Classroom • Curriculum begins with the parts of the whole. Emphasizes basic skills. • Strict adherence to fixed curriculum is highly valued. • Materials are primarily books and workbooks. • Learning is based on repetition. • Teachers disseminate information to students; students are recipient of knowledge. • Teacher’s role is directive rooted in authority. • Assessment is through testing, correct answers. • Knowledge is seen as inert. • Students work primarily alone. Constructivist Classroom • Curriculum emphasizes big concepts, beginning with the whole and expanding to include parts. • Pursuit of students question and interest is valued. • Materials include primary sources of material and manipulative material. • Learning is interactive, building on what the student already knows. • Teachers have dialogue with the students, helping students construct their own knowledge. • Teacher’s role is interactive rooted in negotiation. • Assessments include students work observations, and point of view as well as tests. Process is as important as the product. • Knowledge is seen as dynamic, ever changing with our experiences.
  15. 15. Why is Constructivism the best Framework? Constructivism Enhances Knowledge Constructivism is Practical Constructivism is Holistic Constructivism is Inclusive Constructivism is Effective
  16. 16. If you tell me, I will listen. If you show me, I will see. But if you ley me experience, I will learn. Lao-Tse 500 B.C

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