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Sars
Sars
Sars
Sars
Sars
Sars
Sars
Sars
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Sars

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  • 1. Symptoms of SARS can be similar to those of other viral infections. The first symptoms begin two to seven days after exposure and may include the following: • Fever (temperature of more than 100.4 F) • Headache • Fatigue (tiredness) • Muscle aches and pain • Malaise (a feeling of general discomfort) • Decreased appetite • Diarrhea
  • 2. Respiratory symptoms develop three or more days after exposure. Respiratory symptoms include the following: • Dry cough • Shortness of breath • Runny nose and sore throat (uncommon)
  • 3. • Chest X-ray films • Pulse oximetry (a test in which a probe connected to a computer is placed on the finger or ear to measure oxygen saturation in the blood) • Blood cultures • Sputum (fluid from the respiratory tract) Gram stain and culture
  • 4. • Testing for viral agents such as influenza A, influenza B, bird flu, West Nile virus, anthrax, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) may be done to rule out these problems or infections that may be confused with SARS, especially if there is no initial suspicion that the problem is caused by SARS and if SARS testing is not readily available. • Urinary antigen testing for Legionella and pneumococcal species (two causes of bacterial pneumonia)
  • 5.  Limit time outside of the home. People with SARS should not go to work, school, child care facilities, or any public place until 10 days after their fever has ended and their respiratory symptoms are improving.  Wash hands frequently with soap and hot water, use an alcohol-based hand rub, or both, especially after being in contact with bodily fluids such as respiratory fluids or urine.
  • 6.  Wear disposable gloves when in contact with bodily fluids from a person with SARS. After use, throw the gloves away immediately and thoroughly wash the hands.  Wear a surgical mask.  Cover the nose and mouth with a tissue when sneezing or coughing.
  • 7.  Do not share eating utensils, towels, or bedding. Thoroughly wash these items with soap and hot water after use by a person who is infected.  Use a household disinfectant on any surface that may be contaminated, such as countertops or doorknobs. Wear disposable gloves while cleaning these surfaces.  Follow these guidelines for at least 10 days after the symptoms have resolved.s

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