THE HISTORY OFSOCIOLINGUISTICS AND THE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEENSOCIOLINGUISTICS AND OTHER RELATED DICIPLINES
2nd GROUP By : Edi budi winardi Dwi puji lestariEka nurul kholifah
History• History (from Greek ἱστορία - historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. Scholars who write about history are called historians.
THE HISTORY OF SOCIOLINGUISTICS• William Labov, who pioneered a school devoted to showing the relevance of social determinants of variation for linguistic theory;• Basil Bernstein, the British sociologist whose work on class-related ‘codes’ led to a brief flirtation with American sociolinguists;• Dell Hymes, whose adaptation of Roman Jakobson’s theory of communication shaped the ethnography of communication and educational linguistics and who molded sociolinguistics by editing several pioneering volumes and the flagship journal Language in Society;• John Gumperz, founder of interactional sociolinguistics; and• Charles Ferguson and• Joshua Fishman.
Sociolinguistics• The sociolinguistics is the study about relationship between language and society. The language as the communication tool and then the society is the communities of people. There are many various of language that are suitable with the place, speaking people, condition and situation, so the language is possible used. The place is very important because the language style of people reflect where the people live.
Sociolinguistics whit linguistics• sociolinguistics linguistics is a science that examines the linked by a factor of sociology. Thus, the sociolinguistic not leave linguistics. What is studied in linguistics (the science that examines language as a phenomenon inedependen) provide a basis for sociolinguistic to show different uses of language associated with social factors. What is assessed in linguistics, covering what is studied De Saussure, the Bloomfieldien (Bloomfield, Charles Fries, and Hocket) and the Neo Bloomfieldien with deep structurenya structure and surface, is seen by sosiolinguis as a form of primary language when it is associated with the user and the use of language will changes and differences.
Sociolinguistic with sociology• Sociolinguistic view of language as a basis of assessment (see back the relationship between sociolinguistic and linguistic) and looked at the social structure as a determinant variable. Both are seen as gegenseitige gegenseitige einbettung and determination, and the relationship between the two determined by the requirements of humans, the organization of the human mind (in the form external argument), as well as the intrinsic demands of a field of systematic, robust, and effective
Sociolinguistic relationship with a pragmatic• Pragmatics is the language of science which studies the purpose and effect language associated with the context, or the use of language that are tailored with the subject, purpose, participants, venues and facilities. As sociolinguistics, pragmatics also assume that the language (speech) is not monostyle.
Sociolinguistic relations and Anthropology• Sociolinguistic trying to take advantage of the classification society through cultural anthropology and do see it as a factor influencers language. Sociolinguistic re trying to test the linguistic data discovered anthropology. View of life (which is reflected in the behavior) is used as a factor cause variations in language, especially aspects of vocabulary and structure.