Reducing the barriers to a smart interconnected africa

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Smart Africa Government event, Nairobi - Kenya

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Reducing the barriers to a smart interconnected africa

  1. 1. Edwin Opare Technical Lead & Open Data Evangelist Data.gov.gh Nairobi , Kenya – 30th September 2013
  2. 2.  Increasing Access & Interconnectivity within and across Governments  Ensuring Open & Free flow of Information across Governments (The Open Internet)  The Internet - the fabric to achieving a smart, interconnected Government: Contributions to GDP
  3. 3. Access & Interconnectivity
  4. 4.  One of the richest and promising continents  54 economies  11 countries out of the 20 fastest growing economies in the world are in Africa  More than 1 Billion inhabitants   Internet users growth more than 1000% over the past 4 years. ICT contribution GDP in the region growing rapidly Source: World Bank, AFRINIC
  5. 5.    Instrumented Interconnected Intelligent Source: IBM
  6. 6. The Africa Internet Evolution
  7. 7. SAT3 – 2001 TO 2008 SEACOM, TEAMS - 2009
  8. 8. MAINONE, GLO-1, EASSY - 2010 WACS - 2011
  9. 9. ACE - 2012
  10. 10. 2014 OUTLOOK
  11. 11. Source: Analysys Mason
  12. 12. Source: http://www.itu.int/net4/itu-d/icteye/
  13. 13. Average price per GB of traffic for low, medium & high usage Internet access bundles. (Source: Analysys Mason, Google, Telegeography)
  14. 14. What is wrong?
  15. 15.  Too many roadblocks      Lack of liberalization(lack of competition) High cost of licenses High taxes on equipment & services Rights of way challenges Lack of investment & services (PPP)  Promote investment in & use of exchange points(IXPs)  Political Leadership
  16. 16.  An Internet exchange point (IX or IXP) is a physical infrastructure through which Internet service providers (ISPs) exchange Internet traffic between their networks.
  17. 17. 27 EXCHANGE POINTS IN AFRICA           South Africa – 5 Kenya – 2 Egypt – 2 Tanzania – 2 Nigeria – 1 Ghana – 1 Rwanda – 1 Congo-Brazzaville – 1 Congo-Kinshasa – 1 Angola – 1           Malawi – 1 Mauritius – 1 Mozambique – 1 Swaziland – 1 Tunisia – 1 Zambia – 1 Uganda – 1 Zimbabwe – 1 Cote D'Ivoire – 1 Botswana – 1 Source: https://prefix.pch.net/applications/ixpdir/
  18. 18. Typical Internet Connection in one region, province, state, district
  19. 19. Example IXP(Peering) Connection in one region, province, state, district Source: Analysys Mason
  20. 20.      Keeps local traffic local(reduces tromboning) Lowers bandwidth cost for the end user Lowers operating costs for local ISPs Reduces latency of local traffic, improving connection speeds Provides better quality of service for local content
  21. 21. The Open Internet
  22. 22. Start What if you woke up one day and… could NOT access Bandwidth End Traffic Management NN is all about b e c a u s e your ISP or Government says so ?!! 25
  23. 23. The principle that Internet service providers and governments should treat all data on the Internet equally, not discriminating or charging differentially by user, content, site, platform, application, type of attached equipment, and modes of communication.
  24. 24.  Consumers deserve access to the lawful Internet content of their choice.  Consumers should be allowed to run applications and use services of their choice, subject to the needs of law enforcement.  Consumers should be able to connect their choice of legal devices that do not harm the network.  Consumers deserve to choose their network providers, application and service providers, and content providers of choice.
  25. 25. The Internet & GDP
  26. 26.     Liberate the Africa Internet Economy Adopt local Open Internet regulations & Africa-wide Open Internet Policy Create the Africa IXP Association (AfrIXPA) Promote growth & development in Africa via a smart interconnected Africa
  27. 27. Think Smart! Think Africa!
  28. 28. - aeopare

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