OD4ND

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Presentation at 2nd IT Association of Ghana Annual General Meeting, Accra, Ghana.

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  • OD4ND means Open Data for National Development
  • OD4ND

    1. 1. How much should we pay for Ferrous Sulfate + Folic Acid? 1 20-Dec-12
    2. 2. Rwanda pays: $0.12 per 100 tablets Source: MSH International Drug Price Indicator Guide 2010 2 20-Dec-12
    3. 3. DRC pays: $0.20 per 100 tablets Source: MSH International Drug Price Indicator Guide 2010 3 20-Dec-12
    4. 4. MSH Median Seller Price: $0.26 per 100 tablets Source: MSH International Drug Price Indicator Guide 2010 4 20-Dec-12
    5. 5. Namibia: $0.90 per 100 tablets Source: SARPAM Pharmaceutical Market Analysis 2010 5 20-Dec-12
    6. 6. Swaziland: $3.00 per 100 tablets Source: SARPAM Pharmaceutical Market Analysis 2010 6 20-Dec-12
    7. 7. Swaziland pays 25x more than Rwanda for the same medicine. 7 20-Dec-12
    8. 8. In graphical terms 8 20-Dec-12
    9. 9. How much is Ghana Paying? 9 20-Dec-12
    10. 10. What do we know about MTN Ghana? 10 20-Dec-12
    11. 11. How about Vodafone Ghana? 11 20-Dec-12
    12. 12. Open Data 4 National Development Edwin Opare MSc, ITIL, IBM Member, ITAG Open Data Evangelist Tech Lead, Ghana Open Data Initiative
    13. 13. CONTENT      Definition Open Data Concepts Open Data Portals Open Data General Benefits GODI ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦  13 Vision and Objectives Approach Success Factors Ghana-specific Benefits Next Steps 20-Dec-12
    14. 14. Open Data? What is it?  Open data is the idea that certain data should be freely available to everyone to use and republish as they wish, without restrictions from copyright, licenses, patents or other mechanisms of control. 14 20-Dec-12
    15. 15. Open Data? What is it?  “A piece of content or data is open if anyone is free to use, reuse, and redistribute it — subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and/or sharealike.‖  Source: opendefinition.org 15 20-Dec-12
    16. 16. Open Data Concepts  Governments globally are using the power of the Internet and Web, including social media, ◦ to transform governance, ◦ empower citizens and ◦ rebuild the social contract between political leaders and citizens.  16 In Ghana e-Ghana project ◦ NITA build network infrastructure ◦ eServices rolled out including passport acquisition online at http://www.eservices.gov.gh 20-Dec-12
    17. 17. Open Data Concepts  Many central governments ◦ making more information public and easily available on the Web ◦ in formats that citizens can access, reuse, mash up, remix, visualize, map and share  17 Tracking and mapping tools and systems allow citizens to monitor and evaluate government performances and expenditure. 20-Dec-12
    18. 18. Open Data Portals  Citizen engagement platforms and tools ◦ allow governments to reach out and incorporate the perspectives and ideas of citizens in decision-making and policymaking.  18 Build relationships between the public and private sectors to solve challenging problems that cannot be addressed by either sector working alone 20-Dec-12
    19. 19. Open Data Portals Open Data portals are designed to make government data accessible in reusable formats  More than 22 countries have open data portals.  Significantly  ◦ data.gov, data.gov.uk, data.gov.in, datos.gob.es, opendata.go.ke, data.gov.gh 19 20-Dec-12
    20. 20. Open Data General Benefits Social  Economic  Efficient service delivery  Evidence based policymaking  Transparency  Accountability  Improved data quality  20 20-Dec-12
    21. 21. WHAT IS GODI? 21 20-Dec-12
    22. 22. GODI   Started by National Information Technology Agency (NITA) in January 2012  Takeoff this year fueled by good feasibility report conducted by Web Foundation 2010/11 and Ghana’s signing of the Open Government Partnership by late president in 2011.(see http://www.opengovpartnership.org)  22 Stands for Ghana Open Data Initiative Propelled by NITA’s mandate to engage citizens with government using ICT tools for feedback to improve policy development 20-Dec-12
    23. 23. Vision The vision of GODI is to develop an open data community bringing together government, civil society organizations, media practitioners, developers, academia and citizenry to interact with one another through an open data portal with the view to provide valuable feedback to government to: Promote evidence-based decision making, Promote socio-economic development, Promote improved government service delivery, Drive innovation and wealth co-creation leading to overall national development and efficiency in Government processes. 23 20-Dec-12
    24. 24. GODI Objectives   To bring about the development of the open data community  To promote discourse between government, civil society organizations, and the citizen  To serve as a concrete action plan of the fourth thematic area of the Open Government Partnership (technology and innovation) for the republic of Ghana.  24 To provide a central platform for access to public government data To promote national development and efficiency in government through citizen feedback. 20-Dec-12
    25. 25. Approach  Initiative focuses on building open data ―Ecosystem‖       25 Government Civil Society Developer Academia Journalist Citizens 20-Dec-12
    26. 26. GODI Ecosystem GODI Community Citizen Decision Making Executive Buy-in Civil Society Organization s Government Ministries, Department & Agencies Developer Community National GODI Steering Committee Gov. Led CSO Rep Media Rep Academia Rep Media Practitioners Developers Rep Citizens Academia 26 20-Dec-12 Min. of Public Sector Reform
    27. 27. GODI Operational Structure 27 20-Dec-12
    28. 28. Success factors Adhere to the open government data principles by Open Data working group (ODWG).  Creation of Vibrant Open Data Community  Creation of Ghana Open Data Portal  ◦ Beta by Q4 2012 with quick wins ◦ Addition of more datasets over 2year life of project 28 20-Dec-12
    29. 29. GODI Portal : data.gov.gh 29 20-Dec-12
    30. 30. Ghana-specific Benefits Social development  Economic development  Efficient service delivery  Evidence based policymaking  Improved Data Quality  ◦ Transparency & Accountability = fruits of the 5 key areas 30 20-Dec-12
    31. 31. Social Benefits Real Estate, Crime, Utilities, Sanitation, Environmental conditions  Reduced Traffic Congestion  Ease of Access to Health Facilities (HealthFacil App)  Ease of Access to Educational Facilities  31 20-Dec-12
    32. 32. Economic Benefits : Sanitation Planning 32 20-Dec-12
    33. 33. Economic Benefits : Sanitation Planning 33 20-Dec-12
    34. 34. Economic Benefits : Sanitation Planning 34 20-Dec-12
    35. 35. Economic Benefits : Agriculture(Crop Production)  In one country, 6% of land is suitable for cropping, Less than 1% cultivated any year  Imperative to plan and target which crop to grow where and when Need to identify and map edaphic conditionsWhich area (where) is most suitable for sorghum, maize, etc Which specific fertilizer to use and what pest control method work best where     When to apply fertilizer and pest management  35 Need to identify and map climatic conditions, especially rainfallForecast of exact start of cropping, management and harvesting cycle • Government extension services are imperative 20-Dec-12
    36. 36. Economic Benefits : Education Planning  Location of schools and settlements ◦ Allocation of pupils, teachers and resources to schools ◦ Were the schools actually built where they are needed most? ◦ Or even, where they are claimed to have been built ◦ Are courses been taught relevant to today’s needs?     Demographics Infrastructure Network connectivity Adult literacy programs 36 20-Dec-12
    37. 37. Economic Benefits : Transportation Planning      37 Existing roads, railways, navigable water systems, air links Demographics and settlements Industrial and Socioeconomic establishments Traffic flows statistics Taxi and bus routes allocation 20-Dec-12
    38. 38. In Summary We are all role players!  Government - Pass Right to Information Bill NOW!!  CSOs- Demand ―Opened‖ Data NOW!!  Developers – Apps NOW!!  Academia – Bring us Innovation NOW!  Media – Echo our voices NOW!  Citizen – Demand better Services NOW!  38 20-Dec-12
    39. 39. Join Us - www.itag.org.gh - @itaggh itag.ghana - Itag ghana - facebook.com/itag.org.gh - info@itag.org.gh 39 20-Dec-12

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