Citizen Actuation For Lightweight Energy Management

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In this work, we aim to utilise the concept of citizen sensors but also introduce the theory of citizen actuation. Citizen sensors observe, report, and collect data – we propose by supporting these …

In this work, we aim to utilise the concept of citizen sensors but also introduce the theory of citizen actuation. Citizen sensors observe, report, and collect data – we propose by supporting these citizen sensors with methods to affect their surroundings we enable them to become citizen actuators. We outline a use case for citizen actuation in the Energy Management domain, propose an architecture (a Cyber-Physical Social System) built on previous work in Energy Management with Twitter integration, use of Complex Event Processing (CEP), and perform an experiment to test this theory. We motivate the need for citizen actuation in Building Management Systems due to the high cost of actuation systems. We define the concept of citizen actuation and outline an experiment that shows a reduction in average energy usage of 24%. The experiment supports the concept of citizen actuation to improve energy usage within the experimental environment and we discuss future research directions in this area.

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  • 1. © Copyright 2011 Digital Enterprise Research Institute. All rights reserved. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Citizen Actuation For Lightweight Energy Management Edward Curry Citizen Actuation For Lightweight Energy Management Edward Curry Dagstuhl Seminar 13402 Physical-Cyber-Social Computing
  • 2. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Legacy Building -> Smart Building n  DERI Building ¨  No BMS or BEMS ¨  160 person Office space ¨  Café ¨  Data centre ¨  3 Kitchens ¨  80 person Conference room ¨  4 Meeting rooms ¨  Computing museum ¨  Sensor Lab 2
  • 3. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Sensors 3 of 26
  • 4. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge 4     Building Data Center Office IT Logistics Corporate Organisation-level Business Process Personal-level Linked  dataspace  for   Energy  Intelligence   Linked dataspace for Energy Intelligence
  • 5. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Linked dataspace for Energy Intelligence Applications Energy Analysis Model Complex Events Situation Awareness Apps Energy and Sustainability Dashboards Decision Support Systems LinkedData Support Services Entity Management Service Data Catalog Complex Event Processing Engine Provenance Search & Query Sources Adapter Adapter Adapter Adapter Adapter n  Interlinked Cloud of Energy Data n  Linked Sensor Middleware n  Resource Description Framework (RDF) n  Semantic Sensor Network Ontology (SSN) n  CoAP = Constrained Application Protocol n  Semantic Event Processing n  Natural Language Interface n  Collaborative Data Mgmt. n  Energy Saving Applications n  Energy Awareness
  • 6. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Enterprise Energy Observatory Smart Buildings Green Cloud Computing Office IT Energy Mgmt. Personal Energy Mgmt. Energy Saving Applications
  • 7. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Citizen Actuators Citizen actuation - the activation of a human being as the mechanism by which a control system acts upon the environment. Crowley, D., Curry, E., & Breslin, J. (2013). Closing the Loop - From Citizen Sensing to Citizen Actuation. In 7th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (IEEE DEST 2013)
  • 8. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Step 1: Detect patterns of high/unusual energy usage ¨  Light turned on in rooms at night ¨  High energy use in meeting rooms without booking Closing the Loop - From Citizen Sensing to Citizen Actuation Step 2: Tweet building occupants to check situation and take action ¨  Turn off lights, heat, devices, etc. “Hi @username could you check if lights/air-con were left on in the 1st Floor North Wing please? And turn them off if possible. Thanks”
  • 9. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Smart Building Energy Management 23.86% Energy Savings
  • 10. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Future Work n  Gamification ¨  Addition of game elements to add extrinsic motivation n  Intelligent Task Routing to Humans ¨  Who is available and motivated? n  Smart Cities ¨  From micro to macro use cases
  • 11. Digital Enterprise Research Institute www.deri.ie Enabling networked knowledge Selected References n  Crowley, D., Curry, E., & Breslin, J. (2013). Closing the Loop - From Citizen Sensing to Citizen Actuation. In 7th IEEE International Conference on Digital Ecosystems and Technologies (IEEE DEST 2013) n  ul Hassan, U., O’Riain, S., & Curry, E. (2013). SLUA: Towards Semantic Linking of Users with Actions in Crowdsourcing. In International Workshop on Crowdsourcing the Semantic Web n  ul Hassan, U., & Curry, E. (2013). A Capability Requirements Approach for Predicting Worker Performance in Crowdsourcing. In 9th IEEE International Conference on Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications and Worksharing (CollaborateCom 2013) n  Curry, E., et al . (2011). An Entity-Centric Approach To Green Information Systems. 19th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2011). n  Curry E. et al, Enterprise Energy Management using a Linked dataspace for Energy Intelligence. In: The Second IFIP Conference on Sustainable Internet and ICT for Sustainability (SustainIT) 2012