Lecture 12 Network Beginnings in the 1940s
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Lecture 12 Network Beginnings in the 1940s

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  • Audio: Murrow Buchenwald http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wYVn0hzcSs0
  • NTSC: National Television System Committee
  • Video: Kinescope http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HbODxTSDmM
  • Video: Gorgeous George Jesse James http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFksSkMllT8
  • Video: Hall-of-Fame-Inductee-Gorgeous-George.mov http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmb9Mr3CYGI
  • Video: Roller Derby http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCExtdqhuFQ
  • Video: Puppet-Playtime-Howdy-Doody-intro.mov http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJ-IPXpvRaU
  • Video: Tootsie-Roll-Pop-Commercial-with-Howdy-Doody.mov http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_8x4w4o7YI
  • Video: KF&O http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYik7iwbYqs
  • Video: Camel News http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_duF46SmTs

Lecture 12 Network Beginnings in the 1940s Lecture 12 Network Beginnings in the 1940s Presentation Transcript

  • EMC 2410 Intro to Electronic Media Edward Bowen Lecture Eleven Network Beginnings
  • 1945
    • World War II ends.
  • 1945
    • Earlier in April, Edward R. Murrow reports from the Buchenwald Concentration Camp over radio.
  • 1945
    • FCC resumes television licensing, moves FM to another part of the spectrum, allocating open frequencies to television.
  • 1946
    • RCA gets its black and white television sets on the market.
    • The FCC adopts RCA ’s television format.
    • The FCC receives 600 applications for TV station licenses.
    • Television stations are still experimental and local.
  • 1946
    • FCC chairman Charles Denny resigns and joins NBC as vice president and general counsel.
  • 1946
    • Sports becomes an early hit.
    • Boxing: Joe Louis vs. Billy Conn on NBC.
    • Estimate: 150,000 watching on 5000 sets.
    WNBT – New York from Yankee Stadium
  • 1946
    • Kinescopes
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0HbODxTSDmM
  • Television Sets
    • By the end of 1945, there were fewer than 7,000 working TV sets in the U.S. and only nine stations on the air.
    • By 1948, 190,000.
    • By 1950, 10,500,000.
    • By 1955, half of all households in U.S. owned a television set.
  • Network Building
    • 1928: NBC is the first permanent coast to coast radio network. Stations are linked using dedicated telephone lines.
    • 1940 - 1941: Experimental NBC television transmissions from New York to Philadelphia and Schenectady over relay antennas.
    • 1946 - 1949: The DuMont Network uses coaxial cable to join three television stations in New York, Washington DC and Pittsburgh. First post-war network.
    • 1947: NBC links New York, Philadelphia, Schenectady, Boston and Baltimore.
    • 1947-1948: CBS and ABC begin television operations.
  • 1947
    • Opening of Congress televised.
    • Medical operation televised by NBC and watched by several hundred doctors and nurses.
  • 1947
    • Sports becomes a television mainstay.
    • The World Series on NBC.
    http://www.thoughtequity.com/video/clip/5110009AA6729_005.do
  • 1947
    • Sports becomes a television mainstay.
    • Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds.
    http://books.google.com/books?id=kiQDAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA126&lpg=PA126&dq=zoomar+1947&source=bl&ots=8szmvxupYk&sig=TR75yiv_smY65IHEb-Mrx2GSB0k&hl=en&ei=Q12zTJf9CYSBlAftlsGxCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CC8Q6AEwBg#v=onepage&q&f=false
  • 1947
    • Sports becomes a television mainstay.
    • Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds.
    • Wrestling personalities.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFksSkMllT8
  • 1947
    • Sports becomes a television mainstay.
    • Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds.
    • Wrestling personalities.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmb9Mr3CYGI
  • 1947
    • Sports becomes a television mainstay.
    • Zoomar lens introduced for CBS telecast of the Brooklyn Dodgers and the Cincinnati Reds.
    • Wrestling personalities.
    • Roller Derby.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mCExtdqhuFQ
  • 1947
    • Children ’s Television begins with Howdy Doody from New York …
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WJ-IPXpvRaU
  • 1947
    • Children ’s Television begins with Howdy Doody from New York …
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_8x4w4o7YI
  • 1947
    • Children ’s Television begins with “Howdy Doody” from New York, and “Kukla, Fran and Ollie” from Chicago.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYik7iwbYqs
  • 1947
    • NBC and CBS gain sponsors for evening news broadcasts.
    John Cameron Swayze - NBC http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_duF46SmTs
  • 1948
    • NBC and CBS gain sponsors for evening news broadcasts.
    http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=4068469n Douglas Edwards - CBS
  • Television Pioneers: Edward R. Murrow
    • 1908: Born April 25.
    • 1935: Joins CBS as Director of Talks.
    • 1937: Becomes CBS ’s Director of European Operations.
    • 1940: “This is London.” Helps create “London After Dark.”
    • 1945: Buchenwald.
    • 1951: Launches “See It Now.”
    • 1953: Premieres “Person to Person.”
  • Television Pioneers: Edward R. Murrow