EMC / JOUR 3000INTRO TO MOTION    PICTURES      Edward BowenLecture One - The Technical     Dimension, Part 1
Technology of Motion PicturesCamera Obscura• Take a big box into the sunlight.• Get inside.• Cut a small hole in one side....
Technology of Motion PicturesCamera Obscura
Technology of Motion PicturesCamera Obscura
Technology of Motion Pictures   Camera Obscurahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RuJ_Jd6Qgyo
Technology of Motion PicturesPersistence of VisionThe concept that the eye retains one image just  long enough to blend it...
Technology of Motion Pictures  Persistence of Visionhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3veFqnnob0A
Technology of Motion Pictures   Apparent Motionhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ulQ_vaBM0Q
Technology of Motion PicturesFilmOne medium on which motion picture images   are recorded
Technology of Motion PicturesFilmOne medium on which motion picture images   are recorded.Film is composed of many layers,...
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Base – Cellulose, a synthetic plastic   invented around 1870.• Cellulose Nitrate, or Nit...
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Base• Cellulose Nitrate, or Nitrate Film• Unstable• Highly flammable
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Base• Cellulose Nitrate, or Nitrate Film• Unstable• Highly flammable• Made illegal in 1949
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm is not a permanent medium.About 80% of films made before 1920 no longer  exist.About 50%...
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm EmulsionThe layer of photo-sensitive chemicals that   coats the film base
Technology of Motion Pictures   Film Emulsion   The layer of photo-sensitive chemicals (silver      halide) that coats the...
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White – A single chemical layer   renders only shades from black to ...
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color – Comprised of three layers of   emulsion: yellow, mage...
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color – Two tone Technicolor
Technology of Motion Pictures  Film Emulsion  • Black and White  • Color – Two tone Technicolor“The Phantom of the Opera” ...
Color - TemperatureWarm
Color - TemperatureWarm
Color - TemperatureWarm
Color - TemperatureWarm
Color - TemperatureCool
Color - TemperatureCool
Color - TemperatureCool
Color - Temperature
Color - Temperature
Color - Saturation
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color• Grain – Visibility of individual particles of   chemic...
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color• Grain
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color• Grain
Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color• Grain• Contrast – The relationship of the brightest   ...
Light - ContrastLow                      High
Light - ContrastLow                      High
Light - ContrastLow                      High
Light - ContrastLow                      High
Light - ContrastLow                      High
Light - ContrastLow                      High
Light - ContrastLow                      High
Technology of Motion PicturesHD Digital VideoAnother medium on which motion picture  images are recorded.
Technology of Motion PicturesHD Digital VideoAnother medium on which motion picture  images are recorded.Digital cinematog...
Technology of Motion PicturesHD Digital VideoAnother medium on which motion picture  images are recorded.Digital cinematog...
Technology of Motion PicturesHD Digital VideoAnother medium on which motion picture  images are recorded.
Technology of Motion Pictures  HD Digital Video – “Russian Ark” (2002)http://youtu.be/H0Z4bUfUYdw
Technology of Motion PicturesFrame. A single photograph in a series that  comprise a motion image.
Technology of Motion PicturesAspect ratio: The relationship of the width of the image tothe height of the image.Standard o...
Technology of Motion PicturesAspect ratio: The relationship of the width of the imageto the height of the image.Widescreen...
Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios
Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios – 1.33:1 or 4 3 Academy Ratio
Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios – 1.66:1 European and British Standard Widescre
Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios – 1.85:1 Standard Widescreen
Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios – 2:35:1 Anamorphic of Super 35mm Widescreen
Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Inventor; Oversaw the  photographic research and special effects  department fo...
Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Akwa Skees
Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Director
Technology of Motion Pictures   Fred Waller – Directorhttp://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7653085842645884021
Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – 360 Degree Still Camera
Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Waller Gunnery Trainer
Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Cinerama (2.60:1)
Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Cinerama (2.60:1)
Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Cinerama (2.60:1)
Technology of Motion PicturesIMAX – 1.36:1Standard IMAX screen is 22 × 16.1 m  (72 × 52.8 ft)
Technology of Motion Pictures3D - Creating the illusion of depth by  photographing two images simultaneously,  one for the...
Technology of Motion Pictures   3Dhttp://youtu.be/DFJZ1HKybZAhttp://www.hollywoodreporter.com/video/video-james-cameron-ma...
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension
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  • Camera-Obscura.movhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RuJ_Jd6Qgyo
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  • EMC/JOUR 3000 Spring 2012 Lecture 1 Technical Dimension

    1. 1. EMC / JOUR 3000INTRO TO MOTION PICTURES Edward BowenLecture One - The Technical Dimension, Part 1
    2. 2. Technology of Motion PicturesCamera Obscura• Take a big box into the sunlight.• Get inside.• Cut a small hole in one side.• Stand clear.• On the side opposite the hole you will see an image (reversed and upside down) of whats outside.• You are in a camera obscura.• Put a piece of film where the image is and expose it.• You are now in a camera.
    3. 3. Technology of Motion PicturesCamera Obscura
    4. 4. Technology of Motion PicturesCamera Obscura
    5. 5. Technology of Motion Pictures Camera Obscurahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RuJ_Jd6Qgyo
    6. 6. Technology of Motion PicturesPersistence of VisionThe concept that the eye retains one image just long enough to blend it with a following image.This permits a sequence of still pictures to appear as one continuous action.Physiologists and neurologists have developed revised theories for how we perceive motion (Beta Movement, Phi Phenomenon).The theory of “persistence of vision” still retains popular acceptance.
    7. 7. Technology of Motion Pictures Persistence of Visionhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3veFqnnob0A
    8. 8. Technology of Motion Pictures Apparent Motionhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ulQ_vaBM0Q
    9. 9. Technology of Motion PicturesFilmOne medium on which motion picture images are recorded
    10. 10. Technology of Motion PicturesFilmOne medium on which motion picture images are recorded.Film is composed of many layers, two of whichare• a base, and• emulsion.
    11. 11. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Base – Cellulose, a synthetic plastic invented around 1870.• Cellulose Nitrate, or Nitrate Film• Cellulose Acetate, or Safety Film
    12. 12. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Base• Cellulose Nitrate, or Nitrate Film• Unstable• Highly flammable
    13. 13. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Base• Cellulose Nitrate, or Nitrate Film• Unstable• Highly flammable• Made illegal in 1949
    14. 14. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm is not a permanent medium.About 80% of films made before 1920 no longer exist.About 50% of films made before 1950 no longer exist.
    15. 15. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm EmulsionThe layer of photo-sensitive chemicals that coats the film base
    16. 16. Technology of Motion Pictures Film Emulsion The layer of photo-sensitive chemicals (silver halide) that coats the film basehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJ5bf_GEW_o
    17. 17. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White – A single chemical layer renders only shades from black to white
    18. 18. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White
    19. 19. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color – Comprised of three layers of emulsion: yellow, magenta, and cyan. Combined they render full color
    20. 20. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color
    21. 21. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color
    22. 22. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color
    23. 23. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color – Two tone Technicolor
    24. 24. Technology of Motion Pictures Film Emulsion • Black and White • Color – Two tone Technicolor“The Phantom of the Opera” 1925http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hRuPzVXlcKM
    25. 25. Color - TemperatureWarm
    26. 26. Color - TemperatureWarm
    27. 27. Color - TemperatureWarm
    28. 28. Color - TemperatureWarm
    29. 29. Color - TemperatureCool
    30. 30. Color - TemperatureCool
    31. 31. Color - TemperatureCool
    32. 32. Color - Temperature
    33. 33. Color - Temperature
    34. 34. Color - Saturation
    35. 35. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color• Grain – Visibility of individual particles of chemical coating
    36. 36. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color• Grain
    37. 37. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color• Grain
    38. 38. Technology of Motion PicturesFilm Emulsion• Black and White• Color• Grain• Contrast – The relationship of the brightest and darkest parts of an image. HIGH CONTRAST evidences extremes between bright and dark elements. LOW CONTRAST evidences little difference in brightness among the elements.
    39. 39. Light - ContrastLow High
    40. 40. Light - ContrastLow High
    41. 41. Light - ContrastLow High
    42. 42. Light - ContrastLow High
    43. 43. Light - ContrastLow High
    44. 44. Light - ContrastLow High
    45. 45. Light - ContrastLow High
    46. 46. Technology of Motion PicturesHD Digital VideoAnother medium on which motion picture images are recorded.
    47. 47. Technology of Motion PicturesHD Digital VideoAnother medium on which motion picture images are recorded.Digital cinematography cameras capture images using CMOS or CCD sensors.
    48. 48. Technology of Motion PicturesHD Digital VideoAnother medium on which motion picture images are recorded.Digital cinematography cameras capture images using CMOS or CCD sensors.Information is stored on magnetic tape or as digital files onto random-access media like optical discs, hard disk drives or flash memory-based digital “magazines.”
    49. 49. Technology of Motion PicturesHD Digital VideoAnother medium on which motion picture images are recorded.
    50. 50. Technology of Motion Pictures HD Digital Video – “Russian Ark” (2002)http://youtu.be/H0Z4bUfUYdw
    51. 51. Technology of Motion PicturesFrame. A single photograph in a series that comprise a motion image.
    52. 52. Technology of Motion PicturesAspect ratio: The relationship of the width of the image tothe height of the image.Standard or Academy ratio (4 X 3 or 1.33:1). In adoptingthe 35 mm format early filmmakers established thestandard aspect ratio as a classical rectangle with a ratioof four units of width to three units of height. Thus if theprojected image is twenty feet wide it will be fifteen feethigh.
    53. 53. Technology of Motion PicturesAspect ratio: The relationship of the width of the imageto the height of the image.Widescreen (1.66:1;1.85:1; 2.35:1). Over the years manyfilmmakers (Lumière, Griffith, Gance, etc.) experimented withthe widescreen. Gance’s system, for example, employedthree regular-sized screens, producing an effective aspectratio of 3.99:1. Efforts to introduce widescreen technologywere not successful until the 1950s when cinema tried tocounter program against television. Some of the 1950swidescreens had a ratio of as much as 2.66:1(CinemaScope). An image 26.6 feet wide and ten feet tallmade for some strange closeups! The American standardwidescreen ratio was finally set at 1.85:1. (The Europeanstandard widescreen ratio is 1:66:1.) Wider ratios areavailable through the use of anamorphic lens systems(2:35:1) and 70 mm film (2.2:1). IMAX and movie rides areanother matter, with domed and curved screens that defy the
    54. 54. Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios
    55. 55. Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios – 1.33:1 or 4 3 Academy Ratio
    56. 56. Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios – 1.66:1 European and British Standard Widescre
    57. 57. Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios – 1.85:1 Standard Widescreen
    58. 58. Technology of Motion PicturesAspect Ratios – 2:35:1 Anamorphic of Super 35mm Widescreen
    59. 59. Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Inventor; Oversaw the photographic research and special effects department for Paramount Studios.
    60. 60. Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Akwa Skees
    61. 61. Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Director
    62. 62. Technology of Motion Pictures Fred Waller – Directorhttp://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-7653085842645884021
    63. 63. Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – 360 Degree Still Camera
    64. 64. Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Waller Gunnery Trainer
    65. 65. Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Cinerama (2.60:1)
    66. 66. Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Cinerama (2.60:1)
    67. 67. Technology of Motion PicturesFred Waller – Cinerama (2.60:1)
    68. 68. Technology of Motion PicturesIMAX – 1.36:1Standard IMAX screen is 22 × 16.1 m (72 × 52.8 ft)
    69. 69. Technology of Motion Pictures3D - Creating the illusion of depth by photographing two images simultaneously, one for the viewer’s right eye and one for the left, then projecting or displaying them in such a fashion that each eye sees only one of the images. The brain then “thinks” it sees three dimensions.
    70. 70. Technology of Motion Pictures 3Dhttp://youtu.be/DFJZ1HKybZAhttp://www.hollywoodreporter.com/video/video-james-cameron-martin-scorsese-hugos-3d-special-effects

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