EMC 3000 Lecture 5 Film History

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  • MAMS EP 1 001 Magic Lanterns
  • http://vimeo.com/13883000 Muybridge-s-Zoopraxiscope--Setting-Time-In-Motion.mov
  • 1888---Roundhay-Garden-Scene---Louis-Le-Prince http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkUKC7xCO2A
  • Edison--39-s-Kinetoscope--Museu-del-Cinema.mov http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRIjUYh3MEs
  • 1891---Dickson-Greeting
  • http://www.veoh.com/browse/videos/category/entertainment/watch/v16138548dfCbP8TH EDISON-THE-WIZARD-OF-LIGHT.mov
  • Lumiere: “The Sprayer Sprayed, or Turning the Tables on the Gardener” “Leaving the Lumiere Factory” “Arrival of a Train” “Card Game”
  • Lumiere: “The Sprayer Sprayed, or Turning the Tables on the Gardener” “Leaving the Lumiere Factory” “Arrival of a Train” “Card Game”
  • Lumiere-Films--1895--1897.mov http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrhVvp2IfYA Lumiere: “The Sprayer Sprayed, or Turning the Tables on the Gardener” “Leaving the Lumiere Factory” “Arrival of a Train” “Card Game”
  • Lumière-and-Company---Zhang-Yimou http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=shjoomJXX_s
  • From the Earth to the Moon: Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon) Re-edit Part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6wdEnlOcqNA From the Earth to the Moon: Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon) Re-edit Part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5CoOdCV18Vo
  • From the Earth to the Moon: Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon) Re-edit Part 1 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6wdEnlOcqNA From the Earth to the Moon: Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon) Re-edit Part 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5CoOdCV18Vo
  • MAMS EP 1 003 Porter http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nmsCtNq29Go
  • http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=356133
  • Dr-Caligari http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XhHi-G3A8-Y
  • Das-Cabinet-des-Dr--Caligari---Trailer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=odCaLSKbu3o
  • Das-Cabinet-des-Dr--Caligari---Trailer http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=odCaLSKbu3o
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=91_LKlPaRcA
  • The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (2006) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vheUoyU2KUQ
  • Odessa-Steps-clip--Battleship-Potemkin--1925 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLEE2UL_N7Q
  • Battleship-Potemkin---Sergei-Eisenstein http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=euG1y0KtP_Q
  • The-Odessa-Steps-and-Its-Descendants http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yH1tO2D3LCI
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSExdX0tds4
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5PAdQ5anhZE
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5PAdQ5anhZE
  • Mammy---Al-Jolson--Jazz-Singer-performance http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIaj7FNHnjQ
  • Mammy---Al-Jolson--Jazz-Singer-performance

Transcript

  • 1. EMC / JOUR 3000 INTRO TO MOTION PICTURES Edward Bowen Lecture Five – The Bare Bleached Bones of Silent Film History
  • 2. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1695 – Dutch scientist Christian Huygens invents the magic lantern.
  • 3. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1695 – Dutch scientist Christian Huygens invents the magic lantern.
    • 1790 – Phantasmagoria, the forerunner of the horror movie, is projected in Paris.
  • 4. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1695 – Dutch scientist Christian Huygens invents the magic lantern.
    • 1790 – Phantasmagoria, the forerunner of the horror movie, is projected in Paris.
    • 1877 – Eadweard Muybridge creates sequential images of a horse galloping.
  • 5. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1695 – Dutch scientist Christian Huygens invents the magic lantern.
    • 1790 – Phantasmagoria, the forerunner of the horror movie, is projected in Paris.
    • 1877 – Eadweard Muybridge creates sequential images of a horse galloping.
    • 1879 – Muybridge creates the Zoopraxiscope to project drawings based on his sequential photographs.
  • 6. History of Motion Pictures http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B0r7lRbs96g Magic Lantern, Phantasmagoria, Muybridge, Edison
  • 7. History of Motion Pictures http://vimeo.com/13883000 Muybridge, Zoopraxiscope
  • 8. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1888 – Louis Le Prince, a Frenchman who also worked in the United Kingdom and the United States, is granted an American patent for a 16 lens combination motion picture camera and projector. He is refused a patent for a single-lens system due to an interfering previous patent.
  • 9. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1888 - On October 8, Thomas Edison announces his plans for a moving picture device.
    "I am experimenting upon an instrument which does for the eye what the phonograph does for the ear, which is the recording and reproduction of things in motion ...." --Thomas A. Edison, 1888
  • 10. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1888 - On October 14, Louis Le Prince films moving picture sequences using a single lens camera and Eastman ’s paper film. They were publicly exhibited but not distributed.
  • 11. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1888 - On October 14, Louis Le Prince films moving picture sequences using a single lens camera and Eastman ’s paper film. They were publicly exhibited but not distributed.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NkUKC7xCO2A http://youtu.be/L7saH58usq4
  • 12. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1890 – On September 16, Louis Le Prince disappears and is never seen again. He was about to patent his 1889 projector in the UK and then leave Europe for his scheduled New York official exhibition.
  • 13. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1891 – On August 24, Edison is granted patents for the Kinetograph, a motion camera …
  • 14. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1891 – On August 24, Edison is granted patents for the Kinetograph, a motion camera … and the Kinetoscope, a peep show device for viewing the motion pictures.
  • 15. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1891 – On August 24, Edison is granted patents for the Kinetograph, a motion camera, and the Kinetoscope, a peep show device for viewing the motion pictures.
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SRIjUYh3MEs
  • 16. History of Motion Pictures
    • Thomas Edison
    • W.K.L. Dickson
  • 17. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1891 – Mira Edison ’s Women’s Clubs of America members are shown what Edison and historians will claim as the first true moving picture.
    • Edison: “Dickson Greeting”
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVintjK5lKU
  • 18. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1892 – The first full fledged movie studio, the Black Maria, is built as W.K.L. Dickson and Edison increase their movie output.
  • 19. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1892 – The first full fledged movie studio, the Black Maria, is built as W.K.L. Dickson and Edison increase their movie output.
    http://www.veoh.com/browse/videos/category/entertainment/watch/v16138548dfCbP8TH
  • 20. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1894 – Edison and Dickson take their invention, the Kinetograph, public and on April 14 th the first “Kinetoscope Parlor” opens on Broadway in New York City. Edison and Dickson produce over 75 peepshow snippets for show this year.
  • 21. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1894 –Edison: “The Sneeze” “Sandow” “Carmencita” “Leonard-Cushing Fight” “The Boxing Cats” “Sioux Ghost Dance” “Buffalo Dance” “Bucking Bronco” “Annie Oakley” “Imperial Japanese Dance”
  • 22. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1895 - C. Francis Jenkins and Thomas Armat developed a motion picture projection device they called the Phantoscope. Edison acquires the rights, tweaks it and changes the name to Vitascope, which debuts in New York City on April 23, 1896.
  • 23. History of Motion Pictures
    • Thomas Edison
    • The Films (1891 – 1918)
    http://youtu.be/jBoyzwLBXpU Edison.mov
  • 24. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1895 – French brothers Auguste and Louis Lumiere invent a hand-cranked camera and projector called “the cinematograph.” This invention showed films projected on a large screen for a sizeable audience and premiered at a Paris café in December 1895.
    "The cinema is an invention without a future." -- Louis Lumiere
  • 25. History of Motion Pictures
    • Auguste and Louis Lumière – The Cinematographe
    • Films (1895)
  • 26. History of Motion Pictures
    • Auguste and Louis Lumière – The Cinematographe
    • Films (1895)
  • 27. History of Motion Pictures
    • Auguste and Louis Lumière – The Cinematographe
    • Films (1895)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NrhVvp2IfYA
  • 28. History of Motion Pictures
    • Auguste and Louis Lumière – The Cinematographe
    • Zhang Yimou (1995)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=shjoomJXX_s
  • 29. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1896 - Edison’s Kinetoscope production, “The Kiss,” featuring popular stage star May Irwin, becomes the first screen kiss in cinematic history and for the first time cries for film censorship arise.
    • Edison: “The Kiss” “ Watermelon Eating Contest ” “ A Morning Bath ”
  • 30. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1896 - Edison’s Kinetoscope production, “The Kiss,” featuring popular stage star May Irwin, becomes the first screen kiss in cinematic history and for the first time cries for film censorship arise.
    • Edison: “Watermelon Eating Contest” “A Morning Bath”
    • Lumiere: “Leaving Jerusalem by Railway” “Demolition of a Wall”
  • 31. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1896 - Edison’s Kinetoscope production, “The Kiss,” featuring popular stage star May Irwin, becomes the first screen kiss in cinematic history and for the first time cries for film censorship arise.
    • Edison: “Watermelon Eating Contest” “A Morning Bath”
    • Lumiere: “Leaving Jerusalem by Railway” “Demolition of a Wall”
    • Georges Melies’s First Films: Subjects: Trick Films and Actualities
  • 32. History of Motion Pictures
    • Georges Meiles – The First Auteur (1890-1902)
    http://youtu.be/7_Q0m0ouIWw
  • 33. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1897 – Entrepreneurs realize the potential of film and begin making the first commercials and product placements.
    • Edison: “Admiral Cigarette” Subjects: Cuban War
    http://youtu.be/_KmjYs1UcaY
  • 34. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1900 – Edison hires Edwin S. Porter, the man who takes films from short scenes to an actual narrative with a beginning, middle and end. 
    • Edison subjects: Boar War, Pan-American Exposition, Eiffel Tower, Trick Films, “Watermelon Eating Contest (Remake)”
  • 35. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1900 – Edison hires Edwin S. Porter, the man who takes films from short scenes to an actual narrative with a beginning, middle and end. 
    • Edison subjects: Boar War, Pan-Amercian Exposition, Eiffel Tower, Trick Films, “Watermelon Eating Contest (Remake)”
    • Melies: “The One-Man Band” “The Triple Conjurer and the Living Head”
  • 36. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1901 – Edison’s first studio, the Black Maria, shuts down. 
    • Edison subjects: President McKinley
  • 37. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1902  
    • Edison: “Jack and the Beanstalk.” Porter strings together several scenes to tell a story.
  • 38. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1902  
    • Edison: “Jack and the Beanstalk.” Porter strings together several scenes to tell a story.
    • Melies had done this in 1899.
  • 39. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1902  
    • Melies: “A Trip to the Moon”
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6wdEnlOcqNA
  • 40. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1902  
    • Melies: “A Trip to the Moon”
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5CoOdCV18Vo
  • 41. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1903 – The Black Maria is demolished.
    • Edison: “Life of an American Fireman”
    • Edison and Porter’s 12 minute film “The Great Train Robbery” becomes America’s first blockbuster film.
  • 42. History of Motion Pictures
    • Thomas Edison
    • Edwin S. Porter – “Life of an American Fireman” and “The Great Train Robbery” (1903)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nmsCtNq29Go
  • 43. History of Motion Pictures
    • Georges Melies - Over 500 films from 1896 to 1914
    http://youtu.be/Y04KFNBC_5o
  • 44. History of Motion Pictures
    • “ Hugo” 2011
    http://youtu.be/Y04KFNBC_5o
  • 45. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1904 Edison: “Cohen’s Fire Sale”
  • 46. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1905 – Successful films make possible the development of store front movie theaters. By 1906 there are between four and five thousand Nickelodeons across the country, entertaining 2 million customers a day. 
    • Edison: “The Watermelon Patch” “Laughing Gas”
  • 47. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1908 – Edison founds and heads the Motion Picture Patents Company, known as “the Trust.” By 1910 the Trust controls half of all U.S. theaters.
    http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=356133 “ Nickeledeon” (1976) Peter Bogdanovich
  • 48. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1908 – Edison founds and heads the Motion Picture Patents Company, known as “the Trust.” By 1910 the Trust controls half of all U.S. theaters.
    • D.W. Griffith directs his first film, “The Adventures of Dolly,” for American Mutoscope and Biograph.
  • 49. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1908 – D.W. Griffith directs his first film, “The Adventures of Dolly,” for American Mutoscope and Biograph.
  • 50. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1910 – D.W. Griffith starts traveling to Los Angeles to shoot films, following a trend that began in 1907.
  • 51. History of Motion Pictures
    • From 1908 to 1915, D.W. Griffith advances the art and technique of dramatic storytelling in film more than any other filmmaker.
  • 52. History of Motion Pictures
    • From 1908 to 1915, D.W. Griffith advances the art and technique of dramatic storytelling in film more than any other filmmaker.
  • 53. History of Motion Pictures
    • From 1908 to 1915, D.W. Griffith advances the art and technique of dramatic storytelling in film more than any other filmmaker.
  • 54. History of Motion Pictures
    • Women in early cinema.
  • 55. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1910 - 26 million people are going to the movies a year – roughly a quarter of the population.
    • 1914 – Nearly every city in American with a population of more than 4,000 has a movie theater.
  • 56. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1915
    • The United States has yet to enter World War I.
  • 57. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1915
    • The United States has yet to enter World War I.
    • The U.S. House of Representatives denies women the right to vote.
  • 58. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1915
    • The United States has yet to enter World War I.
    • The U.S. House of Representatives denies women the right to vote.
    • The Lincoln Memorial begins construction.
  • 59. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1915
    • The United States has yet to enter World War I.
    • The U.S. House of Representatives denies women the right to vote.
    • The Lincoln Memorial begins construction.
    • Babe Ruth hits his first career home run.
  • 60. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1915
    • The United States has yet to enter World War I.
    • The U.S. House of Representatives denies women the right to vote.
    • The Lincoln Memorial begins construction.
    • Babe Ruth hits his first career home run.
    • Jewish American Leo Frank is lynched for the alleged murder of a 13-year-old girl in Atlanta, Georgia.
    • Sykes-Picot Agreement: The governments of Britain and France secretly agree to overtake the Middle-Eastern regions of the Ottoman Empire (mostly Syria and Iraq), and establish their own zones of influence.
  • 61. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1915
    • The United States has yet to enter World War I.
    • The U.S. House of Representatives denies women the right to vote.
    • The Lincoln Memorial begins construction.
    • Babe Ruth hits his first career home run.
    • Jewish American Leo Frank is lynched for the alleged murder of a 13-year-old girl in Atlanta, Georgia.
    • Sykes-Picot Agreement: The governments of Britain and France secretly agree to overtake the Middle-Eastern regions of the Ottoman Empire (mostly Syria and Iraq), and establish their own zones of influence.
    • 1915 - The U.S. Department of Justice declares the Edison trust an illegal monopoly and breaks it up.
  • 62. History of Motion Pictures
    • February 8, 1915
  • 63. History of Motion Pictures
    • “ The Birth of a Nation”
    27:54
  • 64. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1916
    • Congress holds hearing on the possible federal censorship of content in movies; nothing is decided. 
    • There are approximately 21,000 movie theaters in the United States with an average seating capacity of 500.
    • “ Easy Street” Charlie Chaplin
  • 65. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – Oscar Michaeux produces his first motion pictures, “The Homesteader” and “Within Our Gates.
  • 66. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – Oscar Michaeux produces his first motion pictures, “The Homesteader” and “Within Our Gates.
    “ Midnight Ramble” (1994)
  • 67. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – Oscar Michaeux produces his first motion pictures, “The Homesteader” and “Within Our Gates.
    “ Midnight Ramble” (1994)
  • 68. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Germany – Robert Weine)
  • 69. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Germany – Robert Weine)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XhHi-G3A8-Y
  • 70. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Germany – Robert Weine)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=odCaLSKbu3o
  • 71. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Germany – Robert Weine) - German Expressionism
  • 72. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Germany – Robert Weine) - “Son of Frankenstein (1939)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=91_LKlPaRcA
  • 73. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1919 – “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Germany – Robert Weine) - “The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (2006)
    “ The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari” (2006)
  • 74. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1920 – “The Mark of Zorro”
  • 75. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1920 – “The Mark of Zorro”
    http://youtu.be/yaBud6ii5Wk
  • 76. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1920 – “The Mark of Zorro”
    http://youtu.be/mE9qTexixh0
  • 77. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1922 – “Cops”
  • 78. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1925 – “The Battleship Potemkin” (Russia – Sergei Eisenstein)
    http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/336286/Battleship-Potemkin-Movie-Clip-Rotten-Meat.html http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/336287/Battleship-Potemkin-Movie-Clip-I-ll-Shoot-You-All-Like-Dogs-.html http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/336285/Battleship-Potemkin-The-Movie-Clip-Odessa-Steps.html
  • 79. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1925 – “The Battleship Potemkin” (Russia – Sergei Eisenstein)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DLEE2UL_N7Q
  • 80. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1925 – “The Battleship Potemkin” (Russia – Sergei Eisenstein)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=euG1y0KtP_Q
  • 81. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1925 – “The Battleship Potemkin” (Russia – Sergei Eisenstein)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yH1tO2D3LCI
  • 82. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1926 – “Metropolis” (Germany - Fritz Lang)
  • 83. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1926 – “Metropolis” (Germany - Fritz Lang)
    http://youtu.be/fM0cvLx1TKk
  • 84. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1926 – “Metropolis” (Germany - Fritz Lang)
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5PAdQ5anhZE
  • 85. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1926 – “Metropolis” (Germany - Fritz Lang)
  • 86. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1926 – “Sunrise”
  • 87. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1927 – “The Jazz Singer”
    http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/299765/Jazz-Singer-The-Movie-Clip-You-Ain-t-Heard-Nothin-Yet-.html
  • 88. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1927 – “The Jazz Singer”
    http://youtu.be/v_4O5bpvxAA
  • 89. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1927 – “The Jazz Singer”
    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PIaj7FNHnjQ
  • 90. History of Motion Pictures
    • 1927 – “The Jazz Singer”