EMC 3000 Lecture 3 - Within the Frame

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  • Jaws-filming-locationshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7cRpoMpUgC0
  • BLACK-SWAN-Featurette--Production-Design.movhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMOzjoC1n7Y
  • Ana-s-Playground--Production-Designer.mov
  • The-Phantom-of-the-Opera---Set-Designhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAR54mNVh48
  • Making-Silent-Hill---Path-of-Darkness-Part-3http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzu1JR1-RFs
  • Sweeney-Todd-Extras--Production-Designhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xzKu_mSVXlU
  • Garbage-Pail-Kids-Movie-Trailerhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0lXmuXVGidY
  • Stargate-Studios-2009-Virtual-Backlot-Demohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clnozSXyF4k
  • The-Making-of-Tron-Legacyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhyScbAZrFs
  • Laurence-Olivier-in-Sky-Captain-and-the-World-of-Tomorrowhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AqGBt0124bY
  • Terminator-4-Salvation--CGI-Arnold-Schwarzenegger-Scene--HD—Qualityhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L7YYfgx_cHo
  • The-Uncanny-Valleyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNdAIPoh8a4
  • The-Uncanny-Valleyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNdAIPoh8a4
  • The-Uncanny-Valleyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNdAIPoh8a4
  • The-Uncanny-Valleyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNdAIPoh8a4
  • The-Uncanny-Valleyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNdAIPoh8a4
  • The-Uncanny-Valleyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNdAIPoh8a4
  • Trailer—Simonehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=salcZxwspxg
  • Citizen-Kane---Blockinghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yuR_HjCLcw
  • Citizen-Kane---Blockinghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yuR_HjCLcw
  • http://www.facebook.com/video/video.php?v=10150301284860612
  • La-Passion-de-Jeanne-D-Archttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAqnUPqj3JY
  • A-place-in-the-Sunhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAqnUPqj3JY
  • Citizen-Kane---Rosebudhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jipboWI9uiE
  • Blue-Velvet-Opening-Scene-Good-Quality
  • Graduate-end-scenehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i9eIXN6Sp40
  • Young Victoria Rack Focus
  • APRICOT---short-film-by-Ben-Briand--sponsored-by-his-incredible-actors-and-crewhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hIV-TjNEEVc
  • EMC 3000 Lecture 3 - Within the Frame

    1. 1. EMC / JOUR 3000 INTRO TO MOTION PICTURES Edward BowenLecture Three – Inside the Shot
    2. 2. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Location - A real place chosen to shoot one or more shots for a film. “Jaws” (1975)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7cRpoMpUgC0
    3. 3. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Location - A real place chosen to shoot one or more shots for a film. “Black Swan” (2010)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sMOzjoC1n7Y
    4. 4. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Location - A real place chosen to shoot one or more shots for a film. “Ana’s Playground” (2009)
    5. 5. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Set - A place built to specifications as an environment for one of more shots in a film. “Phantom of the Opera” (2004)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jAR54mNVh48
    6. 6. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Set - A place built to specifications as an environment for one of more shots in a film. “Silent Hill” (2006)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vzu1JR1-RFs
    7. 7. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Set - A place built to specifications as an environment for one of more shots in a film. “Sweeney Todd” (2007)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xzKu_mSVXlU
    8. 8. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Set - A place built to specifications as an environment for one of more shots in a film. “The Garbage Pail Kids” (1987)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0lXmuXVGidY
    9. 9. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects.• Glass Shots and Hanging Miniatures.
    10. 10. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects.• Foreground (hanging) miniatures. “Ben-Hur” (1925)
    11. 11. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects.• Foreground (hanging) miniatures. “Ben-Hur” (1925)
    12. 12. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects.• Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959)
    13. 13. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects.• Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959)
    14. 14. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects.• Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959)
    15. 15. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects.• Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959)
    16. 16. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects.• Mattes. “Ben-Hur” (1959)
    17. 17. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Set Extension - Extending or replacing various elements within through various special effects. • Virtual extension.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clnozSXyF4k
    18. 18. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Virtual Set - An environment created through digital effects. “Tron: Legacy” (2010)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uhyScbAZrFs
    19. 19. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Virtual Actors. “Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow” (2004) Laurence Olivier (1907-1989)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AqGBt0124bY
    20. 20. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Virtual Actors. “Terminator Salvation” (2009)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L7YYfgx_cHo
    21. 21. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Virtual Actors - The Uncanny Valley
    22. 22. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Virtual Actors - The Uncanny Valley
    23. 23. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Virtual Actors - The Uncanny Valley
    24. 24. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Virtual Actors - The Uncanny Valley
    25. 25. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Virtual Actors - The Uncanny Valley
    26. 26. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Virtual Actors - The Uncanny Valleyhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CNdAIPoh8a4
    27. 27. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Virtual Actors. “Sim0ne” (2002)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=salcZxwspxg
    28. 28. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Blocking - Placement of the actors and determination of their movements within the location or set and shot, in relation to the camera. “Citizen Kane” (1941)http://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/11517/Citizen-Kane-Movie-Clip-The-Sacred-Cause.html
    29. 29. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Blocking - Placement of the actors and determination of their movements within the location or set and shot, in relation to the camera.“Citizen Kane”(1941)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yuR_HjCLcw
    30. 30. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Blocking - Placement of the actors and determination of their movements within the location or set and shot, in relation to the camera. “The Sound of Music” Robert Wise (1965)http://www.facebook.com/video/video.php?v=10150301284860612
    31. 31. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Blocking - Placement of the actors and determination of their movements within the location or set and shot, in relation to the camera.“Jaws” Steven Spielberg (1975)
    32. 32. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Framing - The perceived distance relationship of the camera (viewer) to the subject
    33. 33. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Framing - Close-up: A shot framed to emphasize the human head or face, or something of the same approximate size of the human head. Abbreviated CU.• Variations: Extreme Close-up, Shoulder shot.
    34. 34. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Framing - Close-up
    35. 35. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Framing - Close-up
    36. 36. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Framing - Close-up. “La Passion de Jeanne D’Arc” (1928) Carl Theodor Dreyerhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAqnUPqj3JY
    37. 37. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Framing - Close-up. “A Place in the Sun” (1951) George Stevenshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nAqnUPqj3JY
    38. 38. FramingClose-ups - Extreme Close-ups
    39. 39. FramingClose-ups - Extreme Close-ups
    40. 40. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication • Framing - Extreme Close-up. “Blue Velvet” (1986) David Lynchhttp://youtu.be/nM975_Ld9S0http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wDEzzFtrCTshttp://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=282728
    41. 41. FramingClose-ups - Shoulder Shot
    42. 42. FramingClose-ups - Shoulder Shot
    43. 43. FramingClose-ups – “Jaws”
    44. 44. FramingClose-ups – “Jaws”
    45. 45. FramingClose-ups – “Jaws”
    46. 46. FramingClose-ups – “Jaws”
    47. 47. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Close-up: A shot framed to emphasize the human head or face, or something of the same approximate size of the human head. Abbreviated CU. Variations: Extreme Close-up, Shoulder shot.• Medium Shot (MS): Shows a person’s face and a significant portion of the person’s body. Variations: Waist shot, cowboy, knee shot.
    48. 48. FramingMedium Shots - Waist Shots
    49. 49. FramingMedium Shots - Waist Shots
    50. 50. FramingMedium Shots - Cowboys
    51. 51. FramingMedium Shots - Cowboys
    52. 52. FramingMedium Shots – “Jaws”
    53. 53. FramingMedium Shots – “Jaws”
    54. 54. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Close-up: A shot framed to emphasize the human head or face, or something of the same approximate size of the human head. Abbreviated CU. Variations: Extreme Close-up, Shoulder shot.• Medium Shot (MS): Shows a person’s face and a significant portion of the person’s body.m Variations: Waist shot, cowboy, knee shot.• Full Shot (FS): Shows one or more full human forms from just below the feet to just above the head.
    55. 55. FramingFull Shots
    56. 56. FramingFull Shots
    57. 57. FramingFull Shots
    58. 58. FramingFull Shots
    59. 59. Framing Full Shots “Top Hat (1935) ”http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2poNEiVZNXQ
    60. 60. FramingFull Shots – “Jaws”
    61. 61. FramingFull Shots – “Jaws”
    62. 62. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Close-up: A shot framed to emphasize the human head or face, or something of the same approximate size of the human head. Abbreviated CU. Variations: Extreme Close-up, Shoulder shot.• Medium Shot (MS): Shows a person’s face and a significant portion of the person’s body.m Variations: Waist shot, cowboy, knee shot.• Full Shot (FS): Shows one or more full human forms from just below the feet to just above the head.• Long Shot (LS): Includes more of the environment, establishing more fully details of the surrounding mise en scene. Variations: Extreme long shot.
    63. 63. FramingLong Shots
    64. 64. FramingLong Shots
    65. 65. FramingLong Shots
    66. 66. FramingLong Shots - Extreme Long Shots
    67. 67. FramingLong Shots - Extreme Long Shots
    68. 68. FramingLong Shots - Extreme Long Shots
    69. 69. Framing Long Shots - Extreme Long Shots “Lawrence of Arabia” (1962) David Leanhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FvBcl40QOhQ
    70. 70. Framing Long Shots - Extreme Long Shots “Troy” (2004) Wolfgang Petersenhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cCg8Ku7C5eI
    71. 71. FramingLong Shots – “Jaws
    72. 72. FramingLong Shots – “Jaws
    73. 73. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Camera Angle - The position/perspective of the camera (viewer) to the subject.
    74. 74. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Camera Angle - The position/perspective of the camera (viewer) to the subject.• Eye Level - Camera is placed face on to the subject
    75. 75. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Camera Angle - The position/perspective of the camera (viewer) to the subject.• Eye Level - Camera is placed face on to the subject• Low Angle - Camera is below the subject looking up on it. Since this is the child perspective of an adult, the low angle is thought to strengthen the subject. Anyone above your view is a superior, threatening or dominant.
    76. 76. PerspectiveLow Angle
    77. 77. PerspectiveLow Angle
    78. 78. PerspectiveLow Angle
    79. 79. PerspectiveLow Angle
    80. 80. PerspectiveLow Angle – “Jaws”
    81. 81. PerspectiveLow Angle – “Jaws”
    82. 82. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Camera Angle - The position/perspective of the camera (viewer) to the subject.• Eye Level - Camera is placed face on to the subject• Low Angle - Camera is below the subject looking up on it. Since this is the child perspective of an adult, the low angle is thought to strengthen the subject. Anyone above your view is a superior, threatening or dominant.• High Angle - Camera is above the subject looking down on it. Since this is the adult perspective of a child, the high angle is thought to weaken the subject. Anyone below your view is subordinate.
    83. 83. PerspectiveHigh Angle
    84. 84. PerspectiveHigh Angle
    85. 85. Perspective High Angle“Footlight Parade” (1933) Lloyd Bacon Choreography by Busby Berkeley
    86. 86. Perspective High Angle “Golddiggers of 1935” (1935) Busby Berkeleyhttp://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=319165
    87. 87. Perspective High Angle “Psycho” (1960) Alfred Hitchcockhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=--v0-I0waqs
    88. 88. PerspectiveHigh Angle – “Jaws”
    89. 89. PerspectiveHigh Angle – “Jaws”
    90. 90. PerspectiveCanted / Dutch / Oblique Angle
    91. 91. PerspectiveCanted / Dutch / Oblique Angle
    92. 92. Perspective Canted / Dutch / Oblique Angle “The Third Man” (1949) Carol Reedhttp://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/index/?o_cid=mediaroomlink&cid=116306
    93. 93. Perspective Canted / Dutch / Oblique Angle “Batman” (1966) Leslie H. Martinsonhttp://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-3016507337716192329#
    94. 94. PerspectiveCanted / Dutch / Oblique Angle “Being Human” (2010)
    95. 95. PerspectivePoint of View (POV)
    96. 96. PerspectivePoint of View (POV)
    97. 97. Perspective Point of View (POV) Kuleshov Experiment (1910s)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4gLBXikghE0
    98. 98. Perspective Point of View (POV) “Rear Window” (1954) Alfred Hitchcockhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLL8HY8MSPs
    99. 99. Perspective Point of View (POV) “Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” (1932) Rouben Mamoulianhttp://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/222833/Dr-Jekyll-and-Mr-Hyde-Movie-Clip-What-is-it-Poole-.html
    100. 100. Perspective Point of View (POV) “The Lady in the Lake” (1946) Robert Montgomeryhttp://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/34657/Lady-In-The-Lake-The-Original-Trailer-.html
    101. 101. Perspective Point of View (POV) “Doom” (2005) Andrzej Bartkowiakhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cpb13mDBP1I
    102. 102. Perspective Point of View (POV)“Jaws” (1975) Steven Spielberg
    103. 103. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication -Lenses• Normal lens – A lens that creates an image similar to way we normally see the world.
    104. 104. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication -Lenses• Wide Angle Lenses – Provide a wider field of view, deeper focus, and exaggerated depth.
    105. 105. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication -Lenses• Wide Angle Lenses – Provide a wider field of view, deeper focus, and exaggerated depth.• Fish eye lens – Extreme wide angle.
    106. 106. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication -Lenses• Telephoto Lenses – Provide a narrower, magnified field of view, shallow focus, and compressed depth.
    107. 107. Technology of Motion Pictures Intrashot Communication -Lenses • Telephoto Lenses – Provide a narrower, magnified field of view, shallow focus, and compressed depth. • “The Graduate” (1967) Mike Nicholshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i9eIXN6Sp40
    108. 108. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Focus - An image that is sharp with details precisely defined.
    109. 109. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Focus - An image that is sharp with details precisely defined.• Deep Focus -When everything, or almost everything, in a shot is clearly in focus, deep focus is achieved.
    110. 110. Focus Deep Focus “Citizen Kane” (1941) Orson Welleshttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6UeqAXas-oA
    111. 111. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Focus - An image that is sharp with details precisely defined.• Deep Focus -When everything, or almost everything, in a shot is clearly in focus, deep focus is achieved.• Soft Focus - Certain creative situations call for images that are not harsh and sharp but muted. Soft focus is usually achieved by placing something in front of the lens (gauze), something on the lens (Vaseline), or slightly defocusing the lens. Older actors used to insist on gauze shots in closeups in order to hide the signs of their age.
    112. 112. Focus Soft Focus“Casablanca” (1942) Michael Curtiz
    113. 113. Focus Soft Focus “Vampyr” (1931) Carl Theodor Dreyerhttp://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/82463/Vampyr-Movie-Clip-Shadows.htmlhttp://www.tcm.com/mediaroom/video/82468/Vampyr-Movie-Clip-Coffin.html
    114. 114. Technology of Motion PicturesIntrashot Communication• Focus - An image that is sharp with details precisely defined.• Deep Focus -When everything, or almost everything, in a shot is clearly in focus, deep focus is achieved.• Soft Focus - Certain creative situations call for images that are not harsh and sharp but muted. Soft focus is usually achieved by placing something in front of the lens (gauze), something on the lens (Vaseline), or slightly defocusing the lens. Older actors used to insist on gauze shots in closeups in order to hide the signs of their age.• Selective Focus - Deciding which elements in a shot will be in and out of focus.• Rack Focus - Shifting focus during a shot.
    115. 115. FocusSelective Focus / Rack Focus“The Young Victoria” (2010) Jean-Marc Vallee
    116. 116. FocusSelective Focus / Rack Focus “Apricot” (2009) Ben Briand

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