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Vivekananda's ideas on education


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  • 1. Educational ideas of Swami Vivekananda
  • 2. Background
    • Born in 1863 in Calcutta as Narendranath Dutta
    • He found his guru in Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa
    • Shot to fame at Chicago’s Parliament of Religions in 1893
    • Died in 1902 at a young age and left a treasure of writings
  • 3. Life & beliefs
    • Revolted against the imposition of the British system of education in India
    • He renounced the world after his guru’s death
    • Had a great compassion for the Indian people
    • He presented a philosophy for man-making
  • 4. Philosophy
    • Doctrine of divinity
    • Patriotism
    • Humanitarianism
    • Service
    • Equal position to women
    • Sat chit ananda
  • 5. Vedanta
    • Comes from the Sanskrit words veda (wisdom) and anta (end) and signifies supreme wisdom
    • We are primarily consciousness and the individual soul is part of the cosmic consciousness
    • Our real nature is divine
    • We are born in this world to realize this divinity
  • 6.
    • “ We want that education by which character is formed, strength of mind is increased, the intellect is expanded and by which one stands on one’s own feet”.
    Quoting Swamiji
  • 7.
    • “ Education is the manifestation of the divine perfection already in man”.
    • All knowledge is within the individual, it requires only an awakening.
    Educational Philosophy
  • 8. Aims of education
    • Education for self-development
    • Character formation
    • Should build self-reliance and confidence
    • Service to mankind
    • Promotion of universal brotherhood
  • 9. Curriculum
    • Cultural heritage in terms of History, Poetry, languages, Vedantic studies
    • Scientific knowledge & technological studies
    • Vocational studies
    • Subjects for girls
    • Games, Sports & Physical education
  • 10. Methods of Teaching
    • Lectures, discussions, self-experience
    • Developing the mind by concentration & meditation & yoga
    • Individual guidance by the teacher
  • 11. Role of the teacher
    • To motivate, demonstrate, and persuade individuals to discover their own potential, intellect and to properly understand their mind, body and spirit.
    • Love, affection & empathy
    • Dedication, commitment, understanding of the scriptures and value-based life
  • 12. Contribution to education
    • Revived the spirit of humanism in education
    • Free and compulsory mass education
    • A national system of education
    • Women’s education
    • Concept of equality for all
    • Ramakrishna mission in 1897
    • Vedanta society in San Francisco
  • 13. What is the relevance of Vivekananda’s educational ideas in the present context?
  • 14. Some Qs for you…
    • How does Vivekananda’s philosophy of Vedanta reflect in his educational ideas?
    • Discuss the educational contribution of Swami Vivekananda in the light of its relevance in the present context.