Exploring the Impact of Using Tablet Devices in
Enhancing Students Listening and Speaking
Skills in Tertiary Education
Ism...
Outline
•  Abstract
•  Teens & Cell Phones
•  Significance
•  Objectives
•  Methodology
•  Findings
•  Learning Apps
Abstract
•  Massive	
  increase	
  in	
  smart	
  phones
•  Popularity	
  &	
  teens
•  mobile	
  devices	
  &	
  learning...
Significance
•  Introduce	
  m-­‐learning	
  in	
  HE
•  Which	
  Apps/	
  features	
  to	
  use?
•  Apps	
  in	
  ESL	
  ...
http://www.wiredacademic.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/21st_century_classroom.jpg
Objectives
This study attempts to achieve the following objectives:
•  Explore learners' ideas and perceptions
•  Explore ...
Methodology
•  Level 1 - 4 Ss in the Foundation English Program at Qatar

University
•  Data collected from a variety of s...
http://www.ashridge.org.uk/Website/Content.nsf/wFARCRED/Going+Mobile+in+Executive
+Education?opendocument
M-Learning in the classroom
The growing potentials of M-learning
•  Improved mobile devices
•  Major ventures

Using mobil...
M-learning websites
•  Available, inexpensive and

practical.
•  Only requires an internet
connection.
•  Works with all m...
Video Resource/Tool
ESLvideo.com
http://www.eslvideo.com/esl_video_quiz_high_intermediate.php?id=16091
Example: Listening Activity
Pre-listening:
-  Choose an interesting topic.
-  Take out some difficult words and share them...
Using YouTube in class has many benefits.
-  Genres: Films, documenters
-  Compatible with all devices.
Short Film Activit...
QU Learn apps

Download link: http://bit.ly/HnPhXK .
Video demo: www.youtube.com/watch?v=jtk17Cy7KQ0 .
ESL Daily English/ Learn English App
Australian Network Vodcasts App

App store:
http://australianetwork.com/
learningenglish/vodcast.htm

Australia Network is...
WhatsApp
WhatsApp Messenger is a crossplatform mobile messaging app which
allows you to exchange messages
without having t...
Dictionary.com App
•  Android: http://www.androidtapp.com/dictionary-com/
•  App store: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/dic...
TED Mobile App
•  Android:

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.ted.android&hl=en
•  App store: http://itune...
Research Findings
•  Survey
•  Interview
Survey Findings
•  Popular: 105 Arab respondents age 16-26
•  40% female students use smartphones.
•  73% have a smartphon...
Mobile Feature

Usage

Listening to audio files, writing notes
and using the alarm clock

were very popular features
(81%)...
Learning patterns

Percentage

“accessing the university LMS” as well as “completing
assignments”

(50% - 75%)

“looking u...
Learners’ overall perceptions & concerns

Smart mobiles are very expensive.
Smart mobiles privacy & security are threatene...
M-Learning Potentials & Challenges
Mobile learning is the future of e-learning
Mobile learning will not help me develop.
M...
Interview Findings
•  Arab learners are strongly attached to their

smartphones
•  Smartphones are motivating for students...
Interview Questions
Mobile phones
•  In your opinion, what is the best tablet/smartphone and why?
•  What kind of mobile t...
Recommendations
•  Introduce m-learning by all universities.
•  Find good websites and applications for learning.
•  Use c...
Thank you
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Exploring the Impact of Using Tablet Devices in Enhancing Students Listening and Speaking Skills in Tertiary Education

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Exploring the Impact of Using Tablet Devices in Enhancing Students Listening and Speaking Skills in Tertiary Education

  1. 1. Exploring the Impact of Using Tablet Devices in Enhancing Students Listening and Speaking Skills in Tertiary Education Ismail Fayed, Amer Yacoub & Ali Hussein Qatar University ifayed@qu.edu.qa - Amer.y@qu.edu.qa - ahussein@qu.edu.qa "This free learning app was made possible by a UREP research award [UREP 11-141-5-024] from the Qatar National Research Fund (a member of The Qatar Foundation). The content included made herein is solely the responsibility of the author."
  2. 2. Outline •  Abstract •  Teens & Cell Phones •  Significance •  Objectives •  Methodology •  Findings •  Learning Apps
  3. 3. Abstract •  Massive  increase  in  smart  phones •  Popularity  &  teens •  mobile  devices  &  learning •  Mobile  phones  in  ESL  Listening/  Speaking   skills –  Educa9onal  mobile  features   –  Collabora9on  and  accessibility:  (apps  over  wireless   connec0on,  language  games,  synchronous  and   asynchronous  technologies)
  4. 4. Significance •  Introduce  m-­‐learning  in  HE •  Which  Apps/  features  to  use? •  Apps  in  ESL  learning  &  “QU  Learn”   •  learners'  percep9ons:  Which  applica9ons?  When  and   how?
  5. 5. http://www.wiredacademic.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/21st_century_classroom.jpg
  6. 6. Objectives This study attempts to achieve the following objectives: •  Explore learners' ideas and perceptions •  Explore the influence of smartphones on learners’ motivation to learn English •  Define m-learning activities, applications or websites •  Explore students’ performance with m-learning activities
  7. 7. Methodology •  Level 1 - 4 Ss in the Foundation English Program at Qatar University •  Data collected from a variety of sources: •  A questionnaire of students perceptions to quantify learners' perceptions about mobile/ tablet use for language learning and oral fluency. •  Short interviews with random students samples •  Pre-test and Post-test for two different classes
  8. 8. http://www.ashridge.org.uk/Website/Content.nsf/wFARCRED/Going+Mobile+in+Executive +Education?opendocument
  9. 9. M-Learning in the classroom The growing potentials of M-learning •  Improved mobile devices •  Major ventures Using mobile devices to support learning. •  In class •  At home Challenges with mobile learning. •  Resources compatible with all mobile types.
  10. 10. M-learning websites •  Available, inexpensive and practical. •  Only requires an internet connection. •  Works with all mobile devices. BBC Learning English “Express English”
  11. 11. Video Resource/Tool ESLvideo.com http://www.eslvideo.com/esl_video_quiz_high_intermediate.php?id=16091
  12. 12. Example: Listening Activity Pre-listening: -  Choose an interesting topic. -  Take out some difficult words and share them with the students, to learn their meaning. -  Post the words on Whatsapp, a day before the activity and ask the students to discuss their meaning. -  Or ask the students to use their mobile dictionaries in class, just before the activity, to learn the meaning and pronunciation of the words. Listening: •  Share the link of the website on Whatsapp or any other medium and then tell the students to listen to the audio or watch the video. •  Tell the students to take some notes, while listening and focus on the main idea and some details.
  13. 13. Using YouTube in class has many benefits. -  Genres: Films, documenters -  Compatible with all devices. Short Film Activity -  Devise a comprehension activity using Google Docs, Hot Potatoes etc. based on a short film available on YouTube. -  The students learn the meaning and pronunciation of the words using a mobile a dictionary app. -  During class, the students watch the film and then answer the multiple-choice questions. -  Each student writes a short paragraph about the main idea, or what they have learnt from the film. -  The students can be asked to share their paragraphs on Whatsapp, or write them down on a piece of paper. -  The teacher reads some of the paragraphs in order to create a discussion. -  Alternatively, the students may be asked to create a short conversation, on the theme of the film, practice it and then record the conversation with the video or audio tools available on their mobile phones.
  14. 14. QU Learn apps Download link: http://bit.ly/HnPhXK . Video demo: www.youtube.com/watch?v=jtk17Cy7KQ0 .
  15. 15. ESL Daily English/ Learn English App
  16. 16. Australian Network Vodcasts App App store: http://australianetwork.com/ learningenglish/vodcast.htm Australia Network is Australia’s international television and online service, broadcasting 24/7 across 46 countries in Asia, the Pacific and the Indian sub-continent and is brought to you by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. This free Australia Network app for iPhone offers you direct access to Australia Network news, sport, TV guide, English language learning resources, other Australia Network video content and streams Radio Australia! The app also provides emergency consular alert push notifications
  17. 17. WhatsApp WhatsApp Messenger is a crossplatform mobile messaging app which allows you to exchange messages without having to pay for SMS. WhatsApp Messenger is available for iPhone, BlackBerry, Android, Windows Phone and Nokia and yes, those phones can all message each other! Because WhatsApp Messenger uses the same internet data plan that you use for email and web browsing, there is no cost to message and stay in touch with your friends. In addition to basic messaging WhatsApp users can create groups, send each other unlimited images, video and audio media messages.
  18. 18. Dictionary.com App •  Android: http://www.androidtapp.com/dictionary-com/ •  App store: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/dictionary.com-dictionary/id308750436?mt=8 Dictionary.com is the official app, unsurprisingly, of Dictionary.com, one of the best known dictionary websites on the Internet (certainly the easiest to remember). Obviously the app helps you find correct spellings of words and word definitions, but it also comes with a load of additional features that makes this more than just a reference application when you forget the correct spelling of ‘necessary’.
  19. 19. TED Mobile App •  Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.ted.android&hl=en •  App store: http://itunes.apple.com/us/app/ted/id376183339?mt=8 Description - A totally new look.
 - You can watch your video with subtitle.
 - You can now download the videos and watch them offline.    
  20. 20. Research Findings •  Survey •  Interview
  21. 21. Survey Findings •  Popular: 105 Arab respondents age 16-26 •  40% female students use smartphones. •  73% have a smartphone and 13% of them also had a tablet device (e.g., iPad/ Galaxy). 28% of students had more than one smartphone. •  Most students use mobiles for communicating (texting, chatting, speaking to friends and surfing the internet) 65%-80%.
  22. 22. Mobile Feature Usage Listening to audio files, writing notes and using the alarm clock were very popular features (81%) on “weekly” basis Documents apps second popular choice 50% “Taking photos” and “watching videos” were also very popular features 80% of their daily/ weekly mobile usage. Using Blackboard, (assignments and dictionary) were of the most common features (50% - 75%). GPS navigation rarely used Polls, speaking to teachers, listening to lectures, watching video materials/ slides, games, reading study materials or sending messages to teachers rarely used
  23. 23. Learning patterns Percentage “accessing the university LMS” as well as “completing assignments” (50% - 75%) “looking up words in electronic dictionaries” (50% - 75%) “chatting, practicing quizzes, participating in discussion forums” (47%-55%) using “polls”, speaking to teachers, listening to lectures, watching video materials/ slides, games, reading study materials or sending messages to teachers. (10%-25%).
  24. 24. Learners’ overall perceptions & concerns Smart mobiles are very expensive. Smart mobiles privacy & security are threatened. I don’t know how to use a smart phone. We don’t have enough internet bandwidth/ wireless connection to use a smart phone properly. Percentage 90% 88% 88% 59%
  25. 25. M-Learning Potentials & Challenges Mobile learning is the future of e-learning Mobile learning will not help me develop. Mobile learning motivates me to learn more wherever I am. Mobile learning is going to develop more in the near future Percentage 93% 92% 90% 92% More courses need to adopt mobile learning solutions in order to facilitate our learning 92% Teachers need to develop more mobile learning activities and resources 92% Mobile learning is more personalized sort of learning for me personally than the activities done in the classroom. 55%
  26. 26. Interview Findings •  Arab learners are strongly attached to their smartphones •  Smartphones are motivating for students. They are ready to use them for learning and practicing ESL. •  Arab students appreciate smartphones as great tools for communication. But they still need to fully understand their potentials as learning devices. •  Many students already use their smartphones for practicing listening and speaking skills. They need more help and encouragement from their teachers and institutions.
  27. 27. Interview Questions Mobile phones •  In your opinion, what is the best tablet/smartphone and why? •  What kind of mobile tablet/smartphone do you possess? •  Why have you decided to purchase this type of tablet/smartphone? Mobile Usage •  What built in features do mobile tablet/smartphone offer? •  What mobile/smart board services do you mostly use and why? •  Can you use mobile tablet/smartphone to learn English? •  Can mobile tablet/smartphone distract students in class? Mobile Applications •  What kind of applications do you have on your mobile tablet/smartphone? •  In your opinion, what are the best mobile tablet/smartphone applications and why? •  Do you know of any applications that can be used in learning? •  Have you used any of these applications before? •  Do you know of any applications that can be used to learn English? Learning Motivation •  Which is better using a textbook or a mobile tablet/smartphone for learning, and why? •  In your opinion, can mobile tablet/smartphone features and applications encourage you to learn more? Why/Why not?
  28. 28. Recommendations •  Introduce m-learning by all universities. •  Find good websites and applications for learning. •  Use communication apps like Whatsapp. •  Use an online/app dictionary •  Check websites/apps compatibility with Android, IOS or Blackberry devices. •  Develop listening and speaking skills by many apps
  29. 29. Thank you

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