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New Word Formation

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PowerPoint presentation with audio (17:17) describing new word formation in English. Discussion includes new words from brand names, shortenings, root creations, acronyms, derivations, compounding, ...

PowerPoint presentation with audio (17:17) describing new word formation in English. Discussion includes new words from brand names, shortenings, root creations, acronyms, derivations, compounding, loan words, etc.

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New Word Formation New Word Formation Presentation Transcript

  • NEW WORD FORMATION
  • Where do new words come from?
    • Borrowed from other languages
    • Coined, or invented, by known or unknown persons
    • Created from existing words
  • Coined or invented words
    • Brand names: Ipod, Xerox, Game Boy, Kleenex, Skittles, Viagra, Hummer
    • Onomatopoeia: meow, bang, zap, boom, sizzle, hiss, whir, rumble, thud, clang
    • Reduplication: tick tock, flip flop, zig zag, helter skelter, hush hush
  • Coined or invented words
    • Root creations: zonk, fun, junk, skedaddle, job, spiffy, snooze, smug, crunk
  • Words from Existing Words
    • Derivations (Affixing): unzonk, rezonk, dezonk, zonking, zonkable, zonk city, zonkmeister, zonkproof, zonkworthy
    • Compounding: hot dog, snail mail, mouse pad, milk shake, flash drive, keyboard, sunroof, bellhop, sidewalk
  • Words from Existing Words
    • Shortenings: photo, lab, math, dorm, sync, max, bike, dis, champ, abs, van
    • Acronyms: USA, FBI, MRI, IM, DVD, AWOL, PAC, NOW, radar, laser
    • Blends: smog, brunch, electrocute, cheeseburger, sportscast, infomercial
  • Words from Existing Words
    • Back Formations: beg, edit, typewrite, destruct, televise, emote, attrit, orientate, babysit, enthuse
  • Thomas Crapper, manufacturer and popularizer of the indoor toilet