New Word Formation

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PowerPoint presentation with audio (17:17) describing new word formation in English. Discussion includes new words from brand names, shortenings, root creations, acronyms, derivations, compounding, loan words, etc.

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  • New Word Formation

    1. 1. NEW WORD FORMATION
    2. 2. Where do new words come from? <ul><li>Borrowed from other languages </li></ul><ul><li>Coined, or invented, by known or unknown persons </li></ul><ul><li>Created from existing words </li></ul>
    3. 3. Coined or invented words <ul><li>Brand names: Ipod, Xerox, Game Boy, Kleenex, Skittles, Viagra, Hummer </li></ul><ul><li>Onomatopoeia: meow, bang, zap, boom, sizzle, hiss, whir, rumble, thud, clang </li></ul><ul><li>Reduplication: tick tock, flip flop, zig zag, helter skelter, hush hush </li></ul>
    4. 4. Coined or invented words <ul><li>Root creations: zonk, fun, junk, skedaddle, job, spiffy, snooze, smug, crunk </li></ul>
    5. 5. Words from Existing Words <ul><li>Derivations (Affixing): unzonk, rezonk, dezonk, zonking, zonkable, zonk city, zonkmeister, zonkproof, zonkworthy </li></ul><ul><li>Compounding: hot dog, snail mail, mouse pad, milk shake, flash drive, keyboard, sunroof, bellhop, sidewalk </li></ul>
    6. 6. Words from Existing Words <ul><li>Shortenings: photo, lab, math, dorm, sync, max, bike, dis, champ, abs, van </li></ul><ul><li>Acronyms: USA, FBI, MRI, IM, DVD, AWOL, PAC, NOW, radar, laser </li></ul><ul><li>Blends: smog, brunch, electrocute, cheeseburger, sportscast, infomercial </li></ul>
    7. 7. Words from Existing Words <ul><li>Back Formations: beg, edit, typewrite, destruct, televise, emote, attrit, orientate, babysit, enthuse </li></ul>
    8. 8. Thomas Crapper, manufacturer and popularizer of the indoor toilet

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