Rider S Manual R 1200 Gs 2008
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Rider S Manual R 1200 Gs 2008

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    Rider S Manual R 1200 Gs 2008 Rider S Manual R 1200 Gs 2008 Presentation Transcript

    • Rider's Manual R 1200 GS BMW Motorrad The Ultimate Riding Machine
    • Motorcycle data/dealership details Motorcycle data Dealership details Model Person to contact in Service department Vehicle identification number Ms/Mr Colour code Phone number Date of first registration Registration number Dealership address/phone number (com- pany stamp)
    • Details described or illustrated in this booklet may differ from the motorcycle's actual specifica- tion as purchased, the accessor- ies fitted or the national-market specification. No claims will be entertained as a result of such discrepancies. Dimensions, weights, fuel con- sumption and performance data are quoted to the customary tol- erances. The right to modify designs, equipment and accessories is reserved. Errors and omissions excepted. © 2008 BMW Motorrad Not to be reproduced either wholly or in part without written permission from BMW Motorrad, After Sales. Printed in Germany.
    • The most important data for a filling-station stop can be found in the following chart: Fuel Recommended fuel grade 95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded 91 ROZ/RON, Regular unleaded (fuel grade, usable with power- and consumption-related restric- tions) Usable fuel capacity approx. 20 l Reserve fuel ≥4 l Tyre pressures Tyre pressure, front 2.2 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2.5 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, tyre cold Tyre pressure, rear 2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2.9 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, tyre cold BMW recommends Order No. 01 41 7 712 421 *01417712421* *01417712421* 02.2008, 2nd edition
    • Welcome to BMW BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly provide advice and assistance. We congratulate you on your choice of a motorcycle from We hope that you will enjoy rid- BMW and welcome you to the ing your BMW and that all your community of BMW riders. journeys will be pleasant and Familiarise yourself with your new safe. motorcycle so that you can ride it safely and confidently in all traffic BMW Motorrad. situations. Please read this Rider's Manual carefully before starting to use your new BMW motorcycle. It contains important information on how to operate the controls and how to make the best possible use of all your BMW's technical features. In addition, it contains information on maintenance and care to help you maintain your motorcycle's reliability and safety, as well as its value. If you have questions concerning your motorcycle, your authorised
    • Table of Contents You can also consult the index at 3 Status indicators . . . . . . . 19 Tyre pressure monitoring the end of this Rider's Manual if Standard status RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 you want to find a particular topic indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 or item of information. Status indicators with on- Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 1 General instructions . . . . . 5 board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . 55 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Status indicators with Emergency off switch (kill Abbreviations and symbols . . . . 6 tyre pressure monitoring switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 (RDC) OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 BMW Motorrad Integral Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . 22 ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Warnings issued by the on- Automatic Stability Control 2 General views . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . 26 ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 General view, left side . . . . . . . . 11 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 General view, right side . . . . . . 13 ASC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . 14 RDC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . 15 Anti-theft alarm Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . 16 warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Ignition switch and steering Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Electronic immobiliser Electronic Suspension Ad- (EWS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 justment ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Odometer and tripmeters . . . . 47 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 On-board computer OE . . . . . . . 49 Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . . 69
    • Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 General instructions . . . . . . . . . . 96 Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Power socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Washing motorcycle . . . . . . . . 140 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Auxiliary headlights OA . . . . . . . . 97 Cleaning easily damaged Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Lowered suspension OE . . . . . . 78 Case OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Topcase OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Protective wax coating . . . . . 142 Riding off-road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Luggage carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Laying up motorcycle . . . . . . 142 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Restoring motorcycle to Parking your motorcycle . . . . . 82 General instructions . . . . . . . . 108 use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 10 Technical data . . . . . . . 145 Securing motorcycle for Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . 146 transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . 147 6 Engineering details . . . . . 87 Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 Brake system with BMW Mo- Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 torrad Integral ABS OE . . . . . . . . 88 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Electronic engine manage- Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ment with BMW Motorrad Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Tyre pressure monitoring Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . 124 Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Electronic Suspension Ad- Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . 155 justment ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
    • Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Riding specifications . . . . . . . 159 11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 BMW Motorrad service . . . . . 162 BMW Motorrad service quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 BMW Motorrad Service Card: on-the-spot break- down assistance . . . . . . . . . . . 162 BMW Motorrad service net- work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . 163 Confirmation of mainten- ance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 Confirmation of service . . . . . 169
    • General instructions Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1 5 Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 General instructions Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 z
    • Overview Specific instructions on OE Optional extra 1 Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manu- how to operate, control, ad- The motorcycles are as- just or look after items of equip- sembled complete with 6 al will provide you with an initial ment on the motorcycle. all the BMW optional ex- overview of your motorcycle. All Indicates the end of an tras originally ordered. maintenance and repair work on the motorcycle is documented in item of information. OA Optional accessory Chapter 11. This record of the You can obtain option- Instruction. General instructions maintenance work you have had al accessories through performed on your motorcycle is your authorised BMW Result of an activity. a precondition for generous treat- Motorrad dealer; optional ment of goodwill claims. Reference to a page with accessories have to be When the time comes to sell more detailed informa- retrofitted to the motor- your BMW, please remember tion. cycle. to hand over this Rider's Manu- al; it is an important part of the Indicates the end of a EWS Electronic immobiliser motorcycle. passage relating to spe- (Elektronische Wegfahr- z cific accessories or items sicherung). Abbreviations and of equipment. symbols DWA Anti-theft alarm (Diebs- Tightening torque. tahlwarnanlage) Indicates warnings that you must comply with for reas- ABS Anti-lock brake system ons of your safety and the safety Item of technical data. of others, and to protect your ASC Automatic Stability Con- motorcycle against damage. trol.
    • ESA Electronic Suspension find these features described in the basis of the data, illustrations Adjustment separate manuals. or descriptions in this manual. 1 Electronic Suspension Adjustment. Technical data 7 All dimensions, weights and RDC Tyre pressure control power ratings stated in the (ReifenDruck-Control) Rider's Manual are quoted to the standards and comply with the General instructions Equipment tolerance requirements of the When you ordered your BMW Deutsche Institut für Normung motorcycle, you chose various e.V. (DIN). Versions for individual items of custom equipment. This countries may differ. Rider's Manual describes option- al extras (OE) offered by BMW Currency and selected optional accessor- The high safety and quality ies (OA). This explains why the standards of BMW motorcycles manual may also contain de- are maintained by constant scriptions of equipment which z development work on designs, you have not ordered. Please equipment and accessories. note, too, that your motorcycle Because of this, your motorcycle might not be exactly as illus- may differ from the information trated in this manual on account supplied in the Rider's Manual. of country-specific differences. Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely If your BMW was supplied with rule out errors and omissions. equipment not described in We hope you will appreciate that this Rider's Manual, you will no claims can be entertained on
    • z 8 1 General instructions
    • General views General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2 9 General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 General views Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 z
    • z 10 2 General views
    • General view, left side 1 Adjuster, spring preload, 2 front ( 63) 11 2 Adjustment of windscreen ( 60) 3 Adjuster for headlight beam throw (underneath the in- General views strument panel) ( 69) 4 Clutch-fluid reservoir ( 116) 5 Type plate (on frame, be- hind side cover) 6 Seat lock ( 69) 7 Power socket ( 96) z 8 Adjuster for damping char- acteristic, rear suspension ( 64) 9 Engine-oil filler neck ( 110) 10 Engine oil level indicator ( 109)
    • z 12 2 General views
    • General view, right side 1 Adjuster for spring preload, 2 rear ( 63) 13 2 Fuel filler neck ( 84) 3 Brake-fluid reservoir, front ( 114) 4 Vehicle Identification Num- General views ber (VIN) (on steering-head bearing) 5 Air filter (behind right side panel) ( 132) 6 Brake-fluid reservoir, rear ( 115) z
    • Underneath the seat 2 1 Rider's Manual 14 2 Battery ( 135) 3 Toolkit, Payload table (in tool tray), Tyre pressures table (in tool tray) 4 Helmet holder ( 71) General views z
    • Handlebar fitting, left 1 Operating the odometer 2 ( 47), Operating the on- 15 board computer OE ( 49) 2 Operating the ABS OE ( 56), Operating ASC OE ( 58) General views 3 Operating ESA OE ( 66) 4 Horn 5 Flashing turn indicators, left ( 54), Hazard warn- ing flashers ( 55) 6 Headlight flasher and high- beam headlight ( 53) z
    • Handlebar fitting, right 2 1 Emergency off switch (kill 16 switch) ( 56) 2 Starter button ( 76) 3 Grip heating 4 Flashing turn indicators, right ( 55), Hazard warn- General views ing flashers ( 55) 5 Cancel button, flashing turn indicators ( 55), Pushbut- ton, cancel hazard warning flashers ( 56) z
    • Instrument cluster 1 Speedometer 2 2 Rev. counter 17 3 Telltale lights ( 20) 4 Multifunction display ( 20) 5 Ambient-light brightness General views sensor (for adapting the brightness of the instrument lighting) with anti- theft alarm (DWA) OE Anti-theft alarm telltale light z (see the instructions for use for the anti-theft alarm) 6 Operating the odometer ( 47), Operation of the clock ( 46)
    • Headlight 2 1 Low-beam headlight 18 2 High-beam headlight 3 Side light General views z
    • Status indicators Standard status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3 19 Status indicators with on-board com- puter OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Status indicators with tyre pressure monitoring (RDC) OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Status indicators Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Warnings issued by the on-board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 ASC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 z RDC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Anti-theft alarm warnings OE . . . . . . . . . 39
    • Standard status Telltale lights Gear indicator 3 indicators The gear engaged or N 20 for neutral appears on the Multifunction display display. If no gear is engaged, the 'neutral' telltale light also lights up. Status indicators Engine temperature The horizontal bars below 1 Flashing turn indicators, left the temperature symbol 2 High-beam headlight indicate the engine temperature. 3 Idle 1 Clock ( 46) Service-due indicator 4 Flashing turn indicators, 2 Gear indicator ( 20) right z 3 Engine temperature ( 20) 4 Odometer and tripmeters Fuel capacity ( 47) The horizontal bars below 5 Fuel capacity ( 20) the fuel-pump symbol in- dicate the remaining quantity of fuel. When the fuel in the tank is topped up the gauge briefly shows the original level, before If the next service is due in less the reading is updated. than one month, the date for the
    • next service is shown briefly after the distance is counted down in preferably an authorised BMW the Pre-Ride Check completes. steps of 100 km and is shown Motorrad dealer. 3 Month and year are both shown briefly after the Pre-Ride Check as two-digit numbers with a line completes. Status indicators with 21 as separator, so in this example If service is overdue, the due on-board computer OE the next service is due in March 2007. date or the odometer reading at which service was due is accom- Status indicators panied by the 'General' warning light showing yellow. The word "Service" remains permanently visible. If the service-due indicator appears more than a month in advance of the actual due date or if the word "Service" does not 1 Status-indicator panel of z show permanently even though the on-board computer OE If the motorcycle covers long dis- a service is overdue, the date ( 49) tances in the course of the year, stored in memory in the instru- under certain circumstances it ment panel is incorrect and must might be necessary to have it be set. This situation can occur if serviced at a date in advance the battery was disconnected for of the forecast due date. If the a prolonged period of time. countdown distance to the odo- If you want to have the date set meter reading at which a service consult a specialist workshop, will be due is less than 1000 km,
    • Status indicators Standard warnings The possible warnings are listed 3 with tyre pressure Mode of presentation on the next page. 22 monitoring (RDC) OE Status indicators Warnings are indicated by the 1 Tyre-pressure readout OE 'General' warning light 1 show- ( 52) ing in combination with a warning z word, for example 2 or in com- The figures shown in the bination with one of the warning tyre-pressure readings are symbols 3. The 'General' warn- temperature-compensated (see ing light shows red or yellow, de- the section entitled "Engineering pending on the urgency of the details"). warning. If two or more warnings occur at the same time, all the appropri- ate warning lights and warning symbols appear, alternating with warning words as applicable.
    • Warnings, overview Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 3 Lights up yellow EWS ! appears on Electronic immobiliser active ( 24) 23 the display Lights up yellow FUEL ! appears Fuel down to reserve ( 24) on the display Status indicators Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- Engine in emergency-operation mode play ( 24) Flashes red Appears on the dis- Insufficient engine oil pressure ( 25) play Lights up red Appears on the dis- Insufficient battery charge current play ( 25) z Lights up yellow LAMPR ! appears Rear light bulb defective ( 25) on the display LAMPF ! appears Front light bulb defective ( 26) on the display Lights up yellow LAMPS ! appears Bulbs defective ( 26) on the display
    • Electronic immobiliser Lack of fuel can result in The engine is running in 3 active the engine misfiring and emergency operating mode. General warning light shows cutting out unexpectedly. Mis- Engine power might be reduced 24 firing can damage the catalytic and this can cause hazardous yellow. converter; a hazardous situation situations, particularly if you at- EWS ! appears on the display. can result if the engine cuts out tempt to overtake other road Possible cause: unexpectedly. users. The key being used is not au- Do not run the fuel tank dry. Engine power level might be Status indicators thorised for starting, or commu- Possible cause: lower than normal: adapt your nication between key and engine style of riding accordingly. The fuel tank contains no more electronics is disrupted. Possible cause: than the reserve quantity of fuel. Remove all other vehicle keys The engine control unit has dia- from the same ring as the igni- Reserve fuel gnosed a fault. In exceptional tion key. cases, the engine stops and re- Use the reserve key. fuses to start. Otherwise, the en- ≥4 l z Have the defective key re- gine runs in emergency operating placed, preferably by an au- Refuel ( 84) mode. thorised BMW Motorrad dealer. You can continue to ride, but Engine in emergency- Fuel down to reserve bear in mind that the usual en- operation mode gine power might not be avail- General warning light shows General warning light shows able. yellow. yellow. Have the fault rectified as FUEL ! appears on the display. Engine symbol appears on quickly as possible by a the display. specialist workshop, preferably
    • an authorised BMW Motorrad Top up the engine oil. the engine or the ABS. This can dealer. Possible cause: result in dangerous situations. 3 If possible, do not continue your Insufficient engine oil The engine-oil pressure is insuffi- journey. 25 pressure cient. Battery is not being charged. If General warning light Riding when engine-oil you continue to ride the motor- flashes red. pressure is low can result cycle the on-board electronics in engine damage. will drain the battery. Status indicators Oil-can symbol appears on the display. Do not continue your journey. Possible cause: Have the fault rectified as Alternator or alternator drive belt The oil pressure in the lube-oil quickly as possible by a defective system is too low. Stop immedi- specialist workshop, preferably Have the fault rectified as ately and switch off the engine. an authorised BMW Motorrad quickly as possible by a The insufficient oil pres- dealer. specialist workshop, preferably sure warning does not fulfil an authorised BMW Motorrad the function of an oil gauge. The Insufficient battery charge dealer. z only way of checking whether the current oil level is correct is to check the General warning light lights Rear light bulb defective oil sight glass. up red. General warning light shows Possible cause: yellow. Battery symbol appears on The engine-oil level is too low. the display. LAMPR ! appears on the dis- Check the engine oil level play. ( 109) A discharged battery can If the oil level is too low: render various systems un- available, for example the lights,
    • A defective bulb places complete set of spare bulbs if complete set of spare bulbs if 3 your safety at risk because possible. possible. it is easier for other users to Possible cause: Possible cause: 26 oversee the motorcycle. Low-beam headlight, high-beam A combination of the bulb de- Replace defective bulbs as headlight, side-light or turn-indic- fects described above has oc- soon as possible; always carry a ator bulb defective. curred. complete set of spare bulbs if Replacing low-beam/high-beam See the fault descriptions possible. Status indicators headlight bulb ( 125) above. Possible cause: Replacing parking-light bulb Rear light or brake light bulb de- ( 127) Warnings issued by the fective. Replacing turn indicator bulbs, on-board computer OE The LED rear light must be front and rear ( 128) replaced. Consult a specialist Mode of presentation workshop, preferably an author- Bulbs defective ised BMW Motorrad dealer. General warning light shows z yellow. Front light bulb defective LAMPF ! appears on the dis- LAMPS ! appears on the dis- play. play. A defective bulb places A defective bulb places your safety at risk because your safety at risk because it is easier for other users to it is easier for other users to oversee the motorcycle. oversee the motorcycle. Warnings issued by the on-board Replace defective bulbs as Replace defective bulbs as computer appear in panel 1. soon as possible; always carry a soon as possible; always carry a
    • The possible warnings are listed on the next page. 3 27 Status indicators z
    • Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 28 Appears on the dis- Engine-oil level too low ( 29) play Check Oil ap- pears on the dis- Status indicators play. Appears on the dis- Ice warning ( 29) play z
    • Engine-oil level too low Ice warning ABS warnings OE Oil-level symbol appears on Ice-crystal symbol appears Mode of presentation 3 the display. on the display. 29 Check Oil appears on the Possible cause: display. The air temperature measured Possible cause: at the motorcycle is lower than The electronic oil-level sensor 3 °C. Status indicators has registered an excessively low The ice warning does not oil level. Check the engine-oil mean that there is no risk level at the oil-level indicator the of black ice forming at measured next time you stop to refuel: temperatures above 3 °C. Check the engine oil level Always take extra care and think ABS warnings are indicated by ( 109) well ahead when temperatures ABS warning light 1. If the oil level is too low: are low; remember that the The way in which the ABS warn- Top up the engine oil ( 110) danger of black ice is particularly ing light indicates status can dif- z high on bridges and where the fer in some countries. Possible cause: road is in the shade. The oil sensor might be defective Possible national variant. if the "Check oil level" message Ride carefully and think well appears even though a check at ahead. the oil sight glass reveals that the The detailed descriptions relating oil level is correct. to BMW Motorrad Integral ABS Seek the advice of a specialist start on page ( 88), and you workshop, preferably an author- will find an overview listing the ised BMW Motorrad dealer. possible warnings on the next page.
    • Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 30 Flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 31) Lights up ABS deactivated ( 31) Status indicators Lights up ABS fault ( 31) z
    • Self-diagnosis not with BMW Motorrad Integral ASC warnings OE completed ABS II OE Mode of presentation 3 ABS warning light flashes. Activate the ABS function 31 ( 57) Possible cause: ABS fault The ABS function is not ABS warning light shows. available, because self- Status indicators diagnosis did not complete. The Possible cause: motorcycle has to move forward a few metres for the wheel The ABS control unit has detec- sensors to be tested. ted a fault. The ABS function is Pull away slowly. Bear in mind not available. ASC warnings are indicated by that the ABS function is not You can continue to ride the ASC symbol 2 or off-road ASC available until self-diagnosis has motorcycle, but make due pro- symbol 3 in combination with completed. vision for the fact that the ABS 'General' warning light 1. function is not available. Bear z The detailed descriptions relating ABS deactivated in mind the more detailed in- to BMW Motorrad ASC start on ABS warning light shows. formation on situations that can page ( 90), and you will find lead to an ABS fault ( 89). an overview listing the possible Have the fault rectified as warnings on the next page. Possible cause: quickly as possible by a The rider has switched off the specialist workshop, preferably ABS system. an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
    • Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 32 Quick-flashes yel- Appears on the dis- ASC intervention ( 33) low play Quick-flashes yel- Appears on the dis- Off-road ASC intervention ( 33) low play Status indicators Slow-flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 33) Slow-flashes Self-diagnosis in off-road mode not completed ( 33) Appears on the dis- ASC deactivated ( 33) play z Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- ASC fault ( 34) play
    • ASC intervention flashes for longer than ASC in- Self-diagnosis in off-road General warning light quick- tervention lasts. This affords the mode not completed 3 flashes yellow. rider visual feedback on control Off-road ASC symbol slow- intervention even after the critical 33 ASC symbol appears on flashes. situation has been dealt with. the display. Possible cause: Self-diagnosis not Self-diagnosis did not complete, The ASC has detected a degree completed so the ASC function is not avail- of instability at the rear wheel Status indicators and has intervened to reduce ASC symbol slow-flashes. able. The engine must be run- torque. The warning light flashes ning and the motorcycle must for longer than ASC intervention reach a speed of at least 5 km/ Possible cause: lasts. This affords the rider visual h once in order for ASC self-dia- Self-diagnosis did not complete, gnosis to complete. feedback on control intervention so the ASC function is not avail- Pull away slowly. Bear in mind even after the critical situation able. The engine must be run- that the ASC function is not has been dealt with. ning and the motorcycle must available until self-diagnosis has reach a speed of at least 5 km/ z Off-road ASC intervention completed. h once in order for ASC self-dia- General warning light quick- gnosis to complete. ASC deactivated flashes yellow. Pull away slowly. Bear in mind ASC symbol appears on Off-road ASC symbol ap- that the ASC function is not the display. pears on the display. available until self-diagnosis has completed. Possible cause: The off-road ASC has detected The rider has switched off the a degree of instability at the rear ASC system. wheel and has intervened to re- duce torque. The warning light
    • with Automatic Stability Con- an authorised BMW Motorrad range, 'General' warning light 1 3 trol OE dealer. shows yellow. If the tyre pres- Activate the ASC function sure registered by the sensor is 34 RDC warnings OE outside the permissible tolerance ( 59) range, the 'General' warning light ASC fault Mode of presentation flashes red. The tyre-pressure readings are The detailed descriptions relating General warning light shows based on a reference tyre tem- to BMW Motorrad RDC start on yellow. Status indicators perature of 20 °C ( 93). page ( 92), and you will find ASC symbol appears on an overview listing the possible the display. warnings on the next page. Possible cause: The ASC control unit has detec- ted a fault. The ASC function and the off-road ASC function z are not available. You can continue to ride. Bear in mind that the ASC function is not available. Bear in mind Warning symbol 2 indicates a the more detailed information critical tyre pressure, and the cor- on situations that can lead to responding reading for the front an ASC fault ( 91). tyre pressure 3 or the rear tyre Have the fault rectified as pressure 4 flashes. quickly as possible by a If the critical value is close to the specialist workshop, preferably limit of the permissible tolerance
    • Warnings, overview Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 3 Lights up yellow Tyre symbol ap- Tyre pressure close to limit of permitted 35 pears on the dis- tolerance ( 37) play. The critical tyre pressure flashes. Status indicators Flashes red Tyre symbol ap- Tyre pressure outside permitted toler- pears on the dis- ance ( 37) play. The critical tyre pressure flashes. "--" or "-- --" Signal transmission disrupted ( 38) appears on the dis- z play Lights up yellow Tyre symbol ap- Sensor defective or system error pears on the dis- ( 38) play. "--" or "-- --" appears on the dis- play
    • Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 3 Lights up yellow RDC! appears on Battery of tyre-pressure sensor weak 36 the display ( 39) Status indicators z
    • Tyre pressure close Tyre pressure outside Correct the tyre pressure at the to limit of permitted permitted tolerance earliest possible opportunity. 3 tolerance General warning light Before you adjust tyre pres- 37 General warning light shows flashes red. sure, read the information yellow. on temperature compensation Tyre symbol appears on and adjusting pressure in the Tyre symbol appears on the display. section entitled "Engineering the display. details". The critical tyre pressure flashes. Status indicators The critical tyre pressure flashes. Possible cause: Have the tyre checked for Possible cause: Measured tyre pressure is out- damage by a specialist Measured tyre pressure is close side permitted tolerance. workshop, preferably an to the limit of permitted toler- Check the tyre for damage and authorised BMW Motorrad ance. to ascertain whether the mo- dealer. Correct the tyre pressure as torcycle can be ridden with the If you are unsure whether the stated on the inside cover of tyre in its present condition. motorcycle can be ridden with the Rider's Manual. If the motorcycle can be ridden the tyre in its present condition: z Before you adjust tyre pres- with the tyre in its present condi- Do not continue your journey. sure, read the information tion: Notify the breakdown service. on temperature compensation Incorrect tyre pressures im- Have the tyre checked for and adjusting pressure in the pair the motorcycle's hand- damage by a specialist section entitled "Engineering ling characteristics. workshop, preferably an details". If tyre pressure is incorrect it is authorised BMW Motorrad essential to adapt your style of dealer. riding accordingly.
    • Signal transmission Possible cause: Tyre symbol appears on 3 disrupted Wireless communication with the the display. "--" or "-- --" appears on RDC sensors has been disrupted. "--" or "-- --" appears on 38 the display. Possible causes include radio- the display. Possible cause: communication systems operat- Possible cause: ing in the vicinity and interfering The motorcycle has not yet ac- Motorcycle is fitted with wheels with the link between the RDC celerated past the threshold of not equipped with RDC sensors. control unit and the sensors. Status indicators approximately 30 km/h. The Fit wheels and tyres equipped RDC sensors do not start trans- Move to another location and observe the RDC readings. As- with RDC sensors. mitting signals until the motor- sume that a permanent fault Possible cause: cycle reaches a speed above this threshold for the first time has not occurred unless the One or two RDC sensors have ( 92). 'General' warning light comes failed. on to accompany the symp- Increase speed above this Have the fault rectified by a toms. Under these circum- threshold and observe the RDC specialist workshop, preferably z stances: readings. Assume that a per- an authorised BMW Motorrad manent fault has not occurred Have the fault rectified by a dealer. specialist workshop, preferably unless the 'General' warning light comes on to accompany an authorised BMW Motorrad Possible cause: the symptoms. Under these dealer. A system error has occurred. circumstances: Sensor defective or Have the fault rectified by a Have the fault rectified by a specialist workshop, preferably system error specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad an authorised BMW Motorrad General warning light shows dealer. dealer. yellow.
    • Battery of tyre-pressure Anti-theft alarm sensor weak warnings OE 3 General warning light shows 39 Mode of presentation yellow. RDC! appears on the display. This error message appears only briefly after the pre- Status indicators ride check completes. Possible cause: The integral battery in the tyre- pressure sensor has lost a sig- nificant proportion of its original capacity. There is no assurance Anti-theft alarm warnings 2 ap- of how long the tyre pressure pear in combination with 'Gener- control system can remain opera- al' warning light 1 showing after z tional. the Pre-Ride Check and relate to the capacity of the internal bat- Seek the advice of a specialist workshop, preferably an author- tery that supplies power to the anti-theft alarm. ised BMW Motorrad dealer. The possible warnings are listed on the next page.
    • Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 40 DWALO ! appears Anti-theft alarm battery weak ( 41) on the display Lights up yellow DWA ! appears on Anti-theft alarm battery flat ( 41) the display Status indicators z
    • Anti-theft alarm battery This error message appears weak only briefly after the pre- 3 DWALO ! appears on the dis- ride check completes. 41 play. Possible cause: This error message appears The integral battery in the anti- only briefly after the pre- theft alarm has lost its entire ori- ride check completes. ginal capacity. There is no assur- Status indicators ance that the anti-theft alarm will Possible cause: be operational if the motorcycle's The integral battery in the anti- battery is disconnected. theft alarm has lost a significant Seek the advice of a specialist proportion of its original capa- workshop, preferably an author- city. There is no assurance of ised BMW Motorrad dealer. how long the anti-theft alarm can remain operational if the motor- cycle's battery is disconnected. z Seek the advice of a specialist workshop, preferably an author- ised BMW Motorrad dealer. Anti-theft alarm battery flat General warning light shows yellow. DWA ! appears on the display.
    • z 42 3 Status indicators
    • Operation Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . . 44 Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 4 43 Electronic immobiliser (EWS) . . . . . . . . 45 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Operation On-board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Tyre pressure monitoring Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 z Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Electronic Suspension Adjustment Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Emergency off switch (kill switch) . . . . 56 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 BMW Motorrad Integral ABS OE . . . . . . 56 Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Automatic Stability Control Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
    • Ignition switch and Switching on ignition Switching off ignition 4 steering lock 44 Keys You receive one master key and one spare key. Please consult the information on the electronic immobiliser (EWS) if a key is lost Operation or mislaid ( 45). Ignition switch and steering lock, tank filler cap lock and seat lock are all operated with the same Turn the key to position 1. Turn the key to position 2. z key. Side lights and all function cir- Lights switched off. cuits switched on. Handlebars not locked. with case OA Engine can be started. Key can be removed. with topcase OA Pre-ride check is performed. Electrically powered accessor- If you wish you can arrange to ( 77) ies remain operational for a lim- have the cases and the top- with BMW Motorrad Integral ited period of time. case fitted with locks that can ABS II OE The battery can be recharged be opened with this key as well. ABS self-diagnosis is via the socket. Consult a specialist workshop, performed. ( 77) preferably an authorised BMW with Automatic Stability Con- Motorrad dealer. trol OE ASC self-diagnosis is per- formed. ( 78)
    • Locking handlebars Turn the key to position 3, engine cannot be started with a while moving the handlebars key that has been barred. 4 slightly. Ignition, lights and all function In-key electronics 45 circuits switched off. The motorcycle's electronics Handlebars locked. exchange certain continuously Key can be removed. changing signals with the elec- tronics in the key; these signals Operation Electronic immobiliser are specific to your motorcycle and they are transmitted via the (EWS) ring aerial in the ignition lock. If the motorcycle is on the Protection against theft The ignition is not enabled for side stand, the surface of The electronic immobiliser helps starting until the key has been z the ground will determine wheth- protect your BMW motorcycle recognised as "authorised" for er it is better to turn the handle- from theft, and this enhanced se- your motorcycle. bars to the left or right. However, curity is at your disposal without A spare key attached to the motorcycle is more stable on any need for you to set paramet- the same ring as the ig- a level surface with the handle- ers or activate additional systems. nition key used to start the en- bars turned to the left than with The engine of a motorcycle fit- gine could "irritate" the electron- the handlebars turned to the ted with this electronic immobil- ics, in which case the enabling right. iser can be started only with the signal for starting is not issued. On level ground, always turn the keys that belong to the vehicle. The EWS warning appears in the handlebars to the left to set the You can also have your author- multifunction display. steering lock. ised BMW Motorrad dealer bar Always keep the spare key sep- Turn the handlebars to the full individual keys, for example if a arately from the ignition key. left or right lock position. particular key goes missing. The
    • Replacement and extra Switch on the ignition. 4 keys without on-board computer OE You can obtain replacement/extra without tyre pressure monitor- 46 keys only through an authorised ing (RDC) OE BMW Motorrad dealer. The keys are part of an integrated secur- ity system, so the dealer is un- der an obligation to check the Operation legitimacy of all applications for replacement/extra keys. If you Alternatively, repeatedly press want to have a lost key barred, button 2 until the total distance you have to bring with you all covered reading appears on z the other keys that belong to the display. the motorcycle. A key that has Repeatedly press button 1 until been barred can subsequently be the odometer reading appears cleared and reactivated for use. on the display. Clock Setting clock Attempting to set the clock while riding the motorcycle can lead to accidents. Set the clock only when the mo- torcycle is stationary.
    • with on-board computer OE The clock is now set and the or time appears on the display. 4 with tyre pressure monitoring Odometer and 47 (RDC) OE tripmeters Selecting readings Switch on the ignition. Operation Hold down the button. Hours reading 3 flashes. Press the button. z The hours reading increments Repeatedly press button 2 until by one each time you press the clock appears on the dis- the button. play. Hold down the button. In this case, the button in Minutes reading 4 flashes. the instrument cluster oper- Press the button. Press button 1. ates only the tripmeters. The minutes reading incre- ments by one each time you press the button. Either press and hold down the button or wait without pressing a button.
    • without on-board computer OE 4 without tyre pressure monitor- ing (RDC) OE 48 Operation The display starts with the cur- Press and hold down button 1. rent value and each time the but- The tripmeter is reset to zero. z ton is pressed it moves one step through the following sequence: If you prefer, you can use but- without on-board computer OE ton 2 for this purpose. Total distance covered Tripmeter 1 (Trip I) Resetting tripmeter Tripmeter 2 (Trip II) Switch on the ignition. Residual range (once fuel level Select the desired tripmeter. is down to reserve)
    • without tyre pressure monitor- Residual range the fuel-level reading nor the ing (RDC) OE without on-board computer OE residual-range readout can be 4 updated. 49 The calculated range is an approximate value. Con- sequently, BMW Motorrad re- commends that you should not try to use the full residual range Operation before refuelling. On-board computer OE If you prefer, you can use but- The residual-range readout in- Selecting readings z ton 2 for this purpose. dicates how far you can ride with Switch on the ignition. the fuel remaining in the tank. This reading is not displayed until fuel level has dropped to reserve. This distance is calculated on the basis of fuel level and average consumption. When refuelling after running on reserve, make sure that you top up the tank to a level above re- serve, as otherwise the sensor will not be able to register the Press button 1. new level. If the sensor cannot register the new level neither
    • Ambient temperature the temperature drops below this 4 threshold for the first time. 50 Average speed Operation The display starts with the cur- rent value and each time the but- When the motorcycle is at a z ton is pressed it moves one step standstill the heat of the engine through the following sequence: can falsify ambient-temperature reading 1. If the effect of the en- Average speed 1 is calculated Ambient temperature gine's heat becomes excessive, on the basis of the time elapsed Average speed -- temporarily appears on the since the last reset. Times Average consumption display. during which the engine was Range stopped are excluded from the Oil level If ambient temperature calculation. Tyre pressures (OE) drops below 3 °C a warn- ing appears, drawing your atten- Resetting average speed tion to the risk of black ice form- Switch on the ignition. ing. The display automatically Select average speed. switches from any other mode to the temperature reading when
    • the corresponding amount of fuel Range used. 4 Resetting average 51 consumption Switch on the ignition. Select average consumption. Operation Press and hold down button 1. Average speed is reset to zero. The description of the residual- Average consumption range function ( 49) also cov- z ers range readout 1. You can also view the range before the fuel level drops to reserve. A special average-consumption figure is used to calculate range; Press and hold down button 1. this figure is not necessarily the Average consumption is reset same as the value you can call to zero. up for viewing on the display. When the motorcycle is propped on its side stand the slight angle Average consumption 1 is cal- of inclination means that the culated by dividing the distance sensor cannot register the fuel covered since the last reset by level correctly. This is the reason why the range is calculated only
    • when the motorcycle is on the The preconditions for the oil level The most recently measured 4 move. check are as follows: level is displayed for 5 seconds The calculated range is only Engine at operating temperat- when you next switch on the ig- 52 an approximate reading. ure. nition. Consequently, BMW Motorrad Engine idling for at least 10 The oil-level sensor might recommends that you should not seconds. be defective if the "Check try to use the full range before Side stand retracted. oil level" message appears even refuelling. Make sure the motorcycle is Operation though the oil level in the oil upright. sight glass is correct. In this Oil level case, consult your authorised The readings mean: BMW Motorrad dealer. OK: Oil level is correct. z CHECK: Check the oil level the Tyre pressure next time you stop for fuel. monitoring RDC OE If you call up another read- Viewing tyre-pressure ing on the on-board com- readings puter, this symbol remains visible Switch on the ignition. until the sensor again registers a correct oil level. Oil-level indicator 1 gives you an indication of the engine oil ---: Oil level cannot be meas- level. You can call up this read- ured (conditions as stated above ing only when the motorcycle is not satisfied). at a standstill.
    • on the right is the rear tyre pres- Low-beam headlight sure. The tyre-pressure readings The low-beam headlight switches 4 are based on a reference tyre on automatically when you start temperature of 20 °C. -- -- 53 the engine. appears directly after the ig- nition is switched on, because When the engine is not the sensors do not transmit tyre running you can switch on pressures until the motorcycle the lights by switching on the ig- Operation accelerates to 30 km/h. nition and either switching on the high-beam headlight or operating Repeatedly press button 1 un- the headlight flasher. til the tyre-pressure readings Lights appear on the display. Side light High-beam headlight and z The side lights switch on auto- headlight flasher matically when the ignition is switched on. The side lights place a strain on the battery. Do not switch the ignition on for longer than absolutely necessary. The tyre pressures are shown, Press the top section of full- accompanied by the wording beam headlight switch 1. RDC P. The front tyre pres- sure is on the left; the reading
    • High-beam headlight switched Turn indicators 4 on. Switching on left flashing Move full-beam headlight 54 switch 1 to the centre position. turn indicators High-beam headlight switched Switch on the ignition. off. The turn indicators are can- Press the bottom section of celled automatically after full-beam headlight switch 1. you have ridden for approxim- Operation The high-beam headlight is ately 10 seconds, or covered a switched on until you release Immediately after switching distance of about 200 m. the button (headlight flasher). off the ignition, press and hold z down button 1 for the left turn Switching on parking indicators. lights Parking light switches on. Switch off the ignition. Switching off parking lights Switch the ignition on and then off again. Parking lights switched off. Press button 1 for the left- hand turn indicators. Left-hand turn indicators switched on. Telltale light for left-hand turn indicators flashes.
    • Switching on right Cancelling turn indicators warning flashers for longer than flashing turn indicators absolutely necessary. 4 Switch on the ignition. If you press a turn-indicat- 55 The turn indicators are can- or button with the ignition celled automatically after switched on, the turn-indicator you have ridden for approxim- function is activated instead of ately 10 seconds, or covered a the hazard warning flashers, and Operation distance of about 200 m. remains active until you release the button. The hazard warning flashers recommence flashing as Press cancel button 3. soon as the button is released. Flashing turn indicators z switched off. Turn indicator telltale lights are off. Hazard warning flashers Press button 2 for the right- Switching on hazard hand turn indicators. Right-hand turn indicators warning flashers switched on. Switch on the ignition. Simultaneously press button 1 for left turn indicators and but- Telltale light for right-hand turn The hazard warning flash- ton 2 for right turn indicators. indicators flashes. ers place a strain on the battery. Do not use the hazard
    • The hazard warning flashers Emergency off switch 4 are switched on. (kill switch) Left and right turn indicator 56 telltale lights flash. Switch off the ignition. The hazard warning flashers continue to operate. Left and right turn indicator Operation telltale lights are off. a Normal operating position Switching off hazard (run) warning flashers b Engine switched off. z 1 Emergency off switch (kill switch) You cannot start the engine unless the kill switch is in Operating the kill switch the run position. when riding can cause the rear wheel to lock and thus BMW Motorrad Integral cause a fall. ABS OE Do not operate the kill switch Deactivating ABS function when riding. Bring the motorcycle to a stop Press cancel button 3. The emergency off switch is a or, if the motorcycle is at a Hazard warning flashers kill switch for switching off the standstill, switch on the igni- switched off. engine quickly and easily. tion.
    • ABS warning light remains Activating ABS function ON. 4 The ABS function is deactiv- 57 ated, but the integral function remains active. Response with ABS deactivated Operation If you deactivate the ABS, the Press and hold down button 1 function is initially disabled for until the ABS warning light the front wheel only. If you sub- Press and hold down button 1 changes status. sequently apply the brakes by until the ABS warning light z ABS warning light shows. pulling only the handbrake lever, changes status. the Integral function ensures that ABS warning light goes out; with Automatic Stability Con- the rear wheel is also braked and if self-diagnosis has not trol OE ABS control remains active for completed it starts flashing. the rear wheel. ABS control for Release the ABS button within Initially, the ASC symbol the rear wheel is not deactivated two seconds. changes status. Press and hold until you depress the footbrake The ABS warning light re- down button 1 until the ABS lever. mains off or continues to warning light responds. Under these circumstances there is flash. no change in the ASC setting. The ABS function is activated. Release the ABS button within You also have the option of two seconds. switching the ignition off and then on again.
    • If you switch the ignition off Sequence of operations: 4 then on again and the ABS Switch from ASC to off-road light comes back on, there is a ASC 58 fault in the ABS. Deactivate ASC Activate ASC Automatic Stability Control ASC OE Switching and deactivating ASC function Operation Operation Switch on the ignition. The BMW Motorrad ASC sys- You have the option of de- Press and hold down ASC but- tem can be deactivated and ac- activating the ASC function ton 1 until the ASC symbol tivated and switched to an off- z while the motorcycle is on the changes status. road mode ( 91) for riding on pebbly or gravely surfaces and on move. Off-road ASC symbol loose sand. shows; if self-diagnosis has not completed the off-road ASC ASC is active when the ASC symbol flashes. symbol does not show. Release the ASC button within two seconds. This symbol appears on the Off-road ASC symbol re- display to indicate that ASC mains visible or continues is active in off-road mode. to flash. This symbol appears on the The off-road ASC function is display to indicate that ASC activated. has been deactivated.
    • Press and hold down the ASC ASC symbol no longer Turn the front seat upside button until the ASC symbol shows; if ASC self-diagnos- down. 4 again changes status. is has not completed the ASC ASC symbol appears on symbol flashes. 59 the display. Release the ASC button within Release the ASC button within two seconds. two seconds. The ASC symbol remains ASC symbol continues to off or continues to flash. Operation show. The ASC function is activated. The ASC function is deactiv- You also have the option of ated. switching the ignition off and then on again. Introduce seat rods 1 and 2 z Activating ASC function An ASC fault has occurred into holders 3. if the ASC warning light shows when the motorcycle ac- celerates to a speed in excess of 10 km/h after the ignition was switched off and then on again. Seat height Adjusting seat height Remove the front seat ( 70) Press and hold down ASC but- ton 1 until the ASC symbol changes status.
    • Windscreen Clutch 4 Adjusting windscreen Adjusting clutch lever 60 If the position of the clutch fluid reservoir is changed, air can enter the clutch system. Do not twist the handlebar fitting or the handlebars. Operation Attempting to adjust the The front seat can work clutch lever while riding the loose and wobble if the two motorcycle can lead to accidents. z seat rods are not in the same Do not attempt to adjust the position. Slacken clamping screws 1 on clutch lever unless the motor- Always be sure to install both left and right. cycle is at a standstill. seat rods in the same position. Pivot the windscreen forward or back to the desired position. Introduce the seat rods in posi- Make sure that clamping tion 4. screws 1 on left and right are Seat set to high position. symmetrically positioned. Introduce the seat rods in posi- Tighten the clamping screws. tion 5. Seat set to low position. Install the front seat ( 70) Turn adjusting screw 1 clock- wise.
    • The adjusting screw is easi- Mirrors er to turn if you push the Adjusting mirrors 4 clutch lever forward. 61 Span between handlebar grip and clutch lever increases. Turn adjusting screw 1 counter-clockwise. Operation Span between handlebar grip and clutch lever decreases. Turn adjusting screw 1 clock- Brakes wise. Adjusting handbrake lever The adjusting screw is easi- Turn the mirror to the correct z er to turn if you push the Changing the position of position. handbrake lever forward. the brake-fluid reservoir can allow air to penetrate the brake Span between handlebar grip system. and handbrake lever increases. Do not twist the handlebar fitting Turn adjusting screw 1 or the handlebars. counter-clockwise. Span between handlebar grip Attempting to adjust the and handlebar lever decreases. brake lever while riding the motorcycle can lead to accidents. Do not attempt to adjust the brake lever unless the motorcycle is at a standstill.
    • Adjusting mirror arm Push the protective cap over 4 the threaded fastener. 62 Handlebars Adjusting handlebars You can turn the handlebar clamping blocks 180° to increase Operation or decrease handlebar reach. Long-reach position, handlebars Push protective cap 1 up over away from rider. z the threaded fastener on the In order to ensure that the mirror arm. handlebars are set correctly, this Slacken nut 2. adjustment should be carried Turn the mirror arm to the ap- out by a specialist workshop, propriate position. preferably an authorised BMW Tighten the nut to the spe- Motorrad dealer. cified tightening torque, while holding the mirror arm to en- Short-reach position, handlebars sure that it does not move out toward rider. of position. Mirror to adapter 22 Nm
    • Spring preload Adjustment for front Spring preload at front wheel 4 suspension 63 Spring preload at setting 5 It is essential to set spring pre- (For riding off-road) load of the front suspension to suit the terrain. Increase spring Adjustment for rear preload for riding in rough terrain suspension Operation and reduce if the terrain is level. It is essential to set spring pre- Adjusting spring preload If you want to reduce spring load of the rear suspension to for front wheel preload, turn spring retainer 1 suit the load carried by the mo- in direction a. torcycle. Increase spring preload z Your motorcycle's hand- If you want to increase spring when the motorcycle is heavily ling will suffer if you do not preload, turn the spring retainer loaded and reduce spring preload match the spring-preload and in direction b. accordingly when the motorcycle damping-characteristic settings. is lightly loaded. Adjust the damping characteristic Spring preload at front to suit spring preload. wheel Adjusting spring preload Make sure the ground is level without Electronic Suspen- for rear wheel and firm and place the motor- sion Adjustment (ESA) OE Make sure the ground is level cycle on its stand. and firm and place the motor- Spring preload at setting 2 cycle on its stand. (On-road riding) Spring preload at setting 3 (For riding on gravel tracks and similar and with load)
    • If you want to reduce spring 4 preload, turn knob 1 in the dir- ection indicated by the LOW 64 arrow. Basic setting of spring preload, rear without Electronic Suspen- Operation sion Adjustment (ESA) OE Your motorcycle's hand- Turn the adjusting knob You can ascertain the current ling will suffer if you do not as far as it will go counter- setting by counting the num- z match the spring-preload and clockwise in the direction in- ber of slots that are visible damping-characteristic settings. dicated by the LOW arrow (five when the adjuster is at Adjust the damping characteristic (L) and then turn it 10 clicks the LOW stop). to suit spring preload. clockwise (For riding one- up) Damping Adjusting spring preload while the motorcycle is be- Setting ing ridden can lead to accidents. Damping must be adapted to suit Do not attempt to adjust spring the surface on which the motor- preload unless the motorcycle is cycle is ridden and to suit spring at a standstill. preload. If you want to increase spring An uneven surface requires preload, turn knob 1 in the dir- softer damping than a smooth ection indicated by the HIGH surface. arrow.
    • An increase in spring preload Adjust the damping character- requires firmer damping, a re- istic, using the tool from the Basic setting of rear-sus- pension damping charac- 4 duction in spring preload re- on-board toolkit to turn adjust- teristic 65 quires softer damping. ing screw 1. without Electronic Suspen- Adjusting damping for sion Adjustment (ESA) OE rear wheel Turn the adjusting screw as Make sure the ground is level Operation far as it will go in the direc- and firm and place the motor- tion indicated by the H arrow cycle on its stand. and then turn it back one and a half turns in the direc- tion indicated by the S arrow z (Full load of fuel, with rider 85 kg) If you want a harder damping with lowered suspension OE characteristic, use a screw- driver to turn adjusting screw 1 Turn the adjusting screw as in the direction indicated by the far as it will go in the direc- H arrow. tion indicated by the H arrow If you want a softer damping and then turn it back three characteristic, use a screw- quarters of a turn in the dir- There is a risk of injury driver to turn adjusting screw 1 ection indicated by the S by burns if you adjust the in the direction indicated by the arrow (Full load of fuel, with damping characteristic while the S arrow. rider 85 kg) silencer is hot. Use a screwdriver extension and wear protective gloves.
    • Electronic Suspension readings are not shown while the 4 Adjustment ESA OE ESA readout is active. In order for you to adapt the mo- 66 Possible adjustments torcycle's handling to suit load Electronic Suspension Adjust- and the surface on which you will ment ESA provides a convenient be riding, three spring-preload way of adapting the motorcycle stages can be combined with any to the load it carries and the sur- of three damping characterist- Operation face over which you intend riding. ics for road riding, and in offroad You can adapt the suspension mode you have a choice of two Press button 1. settings for on-road or off-road spring-preload stages that can The current setting is riding. be combined with any of three z displayed. damping-characteristic settings. The reading remains visible for The detailed description of the a few seconds before disap- ESA Electronic Suspension Ad- pearing automatically. justment system starts on page ( 93). Adjusting suspension Calling up settings damping Switch on the ignition. Switch on the ignition. You can adjust the damp- ing characteristic while the The damping characteristic is motorcycle is on the move. shown in panel 1 of the multi- function display, and spring pre- load in panel 2. The odometer
    • SPORT: Sporty damping Wait until adjustment com- characteristic pletes (reading stops flashing) 4 If you have selected a spring pre- before pulling away. load setting for off-road riding, If the temperature is very low, 67 the display starts at the current take the weight off the motor- status and cycles through the cycle before increasing spring following sequence: preload; if applicable, have your passenger dismount. Operation SOFT: Soft damping charac- teristic Press button 1. NORM: Normal damping char- The current setting is acteristic displayed. z HARD: Hard damping charac- Press button 1 once at each teristic step. The setting shown on the dis- If you have selected a spring play is automatically accepted preload setting for road riding, as the damping characteristic the display starts at the current if you allow a certain length of status and cycles through the time to pass without pressing Press button 1. following sequence: button 1. The current setting is COMF: Comfortable damping displayed. Adjusting spring preload characteristic Press and hold down button 1 Start the engine. until the reading changes. NORM: Normal damping char- acteristic You cannot adjust spring The display field starts at the preload while the motor- current status and cycles through cycle is on the move. the following sequence:
    • One-up pressing button 1. The read- Check tyre pressures against 4 ing flashes while spring preload the data below. adjustment is in progress. 68 One-up with luggage Tyre pressure, front Tyres Two-up (with luggage) Checking tyre pressure 2.2 bar (one-up, tyre cold) Incorrect tyre pressures im- 2.5 bar (two-up and/or with Operation The possible settings for off-road pair the motorcycle's hand- luggage, tyre cold) riding then appear on the dis- ling characteristics and increase play. The damping-characterist- the rate of tyre wear. Tyre pressure, rear ic settings you can select also Always check that the tyre pres- z changes accordingly. sures are correct. 2.5 bar (one-up, tyre cold) At high road speeds, tyre 2.9 bar (two-up and/or with valves installed perpen- luggage, tyre cold) Predominantly smooth ter- dicular to the wheel rim have a If tyre pressure is too low: rain tendency to open as a result of centrifugal force. Correct tyre pressure. Uneven terrain In order to avoid a sudden loss of tyre pressure, fit a valve cap with The settings shown on the dis- rubber sealing ring to the rear play are automatically accepted tyre and make sure that the cap as the spring preload and, if is screwed on firmly. applicable, the damping char- Make sure the ground is level acteristic if you allow a certain and firm and place the motor- length of time to pass without cycle on its stand.
    • Headlight to suit the weight carried by the pivot lever adjusts headlight Adjusting headlight for motorcycle. beam throw so as not to dazzle 4 Consult a specialist work- oncoming traffic. driving on left/driving on 69 shop, preferably an au- right thorised BMW Motorrad deal- If the motorcycle is ridden in a er, if you are unsure whether country where the opposite rule the headlight basic setting is of the road applies, its asymmet- correct. Operation ric low-beam headlight will tend to dazzle oncoming traffic. Headlight beam-throw Have the headlight set accord- adjustment ingly by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW z Motorrad dealer. a Neutral position b Position for heavy load Headlight beam throw and spring preload Front and rear seats Headlight beam throw is gener- ally kept constant when spring Removing rear seat preload is adjusted to suit load. Make sure the ground is level Spring preload adjustment might and firm and place the motor- not suffice only if the motorcycle 1 Headlight beam-throw ad- cycle on its stand. is very heavily loaded. Under justment these circumstances, headlight Spring preload adjustment might beam throw has to be adjusted not suffice if the motorcycle is very heavily loaded. Moving the
    • Installing front seat 4 70 Operation Turn key 1 clockwise in the Turn key 1 counter-clockwise seat lock, while pressing down in the seat lock, while press- Engage the front seat in front z the front part of rear seat 2. ing down the rear part of front mounts 4 on left and right and Lift the rear seat at the front seat 3. lower it onto the motorcycle. and remove the seat. Lift the front seat at the rear and remove the seat. Removing front seat Remove the rear seat ( 69)
    • Installing rear seat Install the front seat ( 70) 4 71 Operation If too much pressure is ap- Push down firmly on rear plied in the forward direc- seat 2, applying pressure to tion, there is a danger that the the front of the seat. z motorcycle will be pushed off its Engage the rear seat in rear The rear seat engages with an stand. mounts 5. audible click. Always make sure that the motorcycle is stable and firmly Helmet holder supported. Securing helmet to Applying pressure to the rear motorcycle of the seat, push front seat 3 Remove the front seat ( 70) slightly forward and then press the seat firmly down. The front seat engages with an audible click. Install the rear seat ( 71)
    • 4 72 Operation The helmet catch can scratch the panelling. z Make sure the lock is out of the way when you hook the helmet into position. Attach the helmet to helmet holder 1 by means of the chin strap. Install the front seat ( 70)
    • Riding Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 5 73 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Lowered suspension OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Riding Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Riding off-road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 z Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Securing motorcycle for transporta- tion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
    • Safety instructions Settings of the spring-strut and Do not ride your motorcycle after 5 Rider's equipment shock-absorber system consuming alcohol, drugs and/or Imbalanced load medication. 74 Do not ride without the correct Loose clothing clothing. Always wear: Insufficient tyre pressure Risk of poisoning Helmet Poor tyre tread Exhaust fumes contain carbon Motorcycling jacket and Etc. monoxide, which is colourless trousers and odourless but highly toxic. Riding Gloves Correct loading Inhaling the exhaust fumes Boots Overloading and imbal- therefore represents a z anced loads can adversely health hazard and can even This applies even to short jour- neys, and to every season of the affect the motorcycle's handling. cause loss of consciousness with year. Your authorised BMW Mo- Do not exceed the permissible fatal consequences. torrad dealer will be glad to ad- gross weight and be sure to Do not inhale exhaust fumes. vise you on the correct clothing comply with the instructions on Do not run the engine in an en- for every purpose. loading. closed space. Speed Alcohol and drugs High voltage If you ride at high speed, always Even small amounts of Touching live parts of the bear in mind that various bound- alcohol or drugs will ad- ignition system with the ary conditions can adversely af- versely affect your perception engine running can cause electric fect the handling of your motor- and your ability to assess situ- shock. cycle: ations and make decisions, and Do not touch parts of the igni- slow down your reflexes. Med- tion system when the engine is ication can exacerbate these ef- running. fects.
    • Catalytic converter Risk of fire Tampering with the If misfiring causes unburned fuel Temperatures at the exhaust are engine control unit 5 to enter the catalytic converter, high. Tampering with the engine 75 there is a danger of overheating Flammable materials (e.g. control unit can damage and damage. hay, leaves, grass, clothing the motorcycle and cause acci- For this reason, observe the fol- and luggage, etc.) could ignite dents. lowing points: if allowed to come into contact Do not tamper with the engine Do not run the fuel tank dry. Riding with the hot exhaust pipe. control unit. Do not attempt to start or run Do not permit flammable materi- Tampering with the engine the engine with a spark-plug als to come into contact with the cap disconnected. control unit can result in z hot exhaust system. mechanical loads that the mo- Stop the engine immediately if Cooling would be torcycle's components are not it misfires. inadequate if the engine designed to withstand. Damage Use only unleaded fuel. were allowed to idle for a lengthy caused in this way is not covered Comply with all specified main- by the warranty. period with the motorcycle at tenance intervals. a standstill: overheating would Do not tamper with the engine Unburned fuel will destroy result. In extreme cases, the control unit. the catalytic converter. motorcycle could catch fire. Note the points listed for protec- Do not allow the engine to idle Checklist tion of the catalytic converter. unnecessarily. Ride away imme- Use the following checklist to diately after starting the engine. check important functions, set- tings and wear limits before you ride off.
    • Brakes engage a gear before retracting Pre-ride check is performed. 5 Brake-fluid levels, front and rear the side stand. ( 77) Clutch with BMW Motorrad Integral 76 Clutch fluid level Gearbox ABS II OE Damping-characteristic setting You can start the engine when ABS self-diagnosis is and spring preload the gearbox is in neutral or if you performed. ( 77) Tyre-tread depth and tyre pull the clutch with a gear en- with Automatic Stability Con- pressures gaged. Do not pull the clutch un- trol OE Riding Cases correctly installed and til after you have switched on the ASC self-diagnosis is per- luggage secured ignition, as otherwise the engine formed. ( 78) z will refuse to start. At regular intervals: Engine oil level (every refuelling Starting engine stop) Brake-pad wear (every third refuelling stop) Starting Side stand You cannot start the motorcycle with the side stand extended and Press starter button 1. a gear engaged. The engine will If ambient temperatures are switch itself off if you start it with Kill switch in run position a. very low, you might find it the gearbox in neutral and then Switch on the ignition. necessary to open the throttle slightly when starting the engine.
    • At ambient temperatures below General warning light lights an authorised BMW Motorrad 0 °C, disengage the clutch after up red. dealer. 5 switching on the ignition. CHECK! appears on the dis- ABS self-diagnosis OE 77 The start attempt is auto- play. BMW Motorrad Integral ABS per- matically interrupted if bat- Phase 2 forms self-diagnosis to ensure tery voltage is too low. Recharge its operability. Self-diagnosis is the battery before you start the performed automatically when engine, or use jump leads and a Riding General warning light shows you switch on the ignition. The donor battery to start. yellow. motorcycle has to move forward The engine starts. at a speed above 5 km/h for the z Consult the troubleshooting CHECK! appears on the dis- wheel sensors to be tested. chart below if the engine re- play. fuses to start. ( 146) Phase 1 If the 'General' warning light does Test of the diagnosis-compat- Pre-ride check not show: ible system components with The instrument panel runs a test Some malfunctions cannot the motorcycle at a standstill. of the 'General' warning light be indicated if the 'Gener- ABS warning light flashes. when the ignition is switched on: al' warning light cannot be dis- this is the "Pre-Ride-Check" The played. test is aborted if you start the Possible national variant of Check that the 'General' warning engine before it completes. the ABS warning light. light comes on, and that it shows red and yellow. Phase 2 Phase 1 Have the fault rectified as Test of the wheel sensors as quickly as possible by a the motorcycle pulls away from specialist workshop, preferably rest.
    • ABS warning light flashes. ASC self-diagnosis OE ASC self-diagnosis 5 BMW Motorrad ASC performs completed Possible national variant of self-diagnosis to ensure its op- The ASC symbol no longer 78 the ABS warning light. erability. Self-diagnosis is per- shows. formed automatically when you switch on the ignition. The en- If an indicator showing an ASC ABS self-diagnosis gine must be running and the fault appears when ASC self- completed motorcycle must reach a speed diagnosis completes: Riding The ABS warning light goes You can continue to ride. Bear out. of at least 5 km/h in order for ASC self-diagnosis to complete. in mind that the ASC function z If an indicator showing an ABS is not available. fault appears when ABS self-dia- Phase 1 Have the fault rectified as gnosis completes: Test of the diagnosis-compat- quickly as possible by a You can continue to ride. Bear ible system components with specialist workshop, preferably in mind that neither the ABS the motorcycle at a standstill. an authorised BMW Motorrad function nor the integral brak- ASC symbol slow-flashes. dealer. ing function is available. Have the fault rectified as Lowered suspension OE quickly as possible by a Phase 2 A motorcycle with lowered specialist workshop, preferably Test of the diagnosis-compat- suspension has less ground an authorised BMW Motorrad ible system components while clearance and cannot corner dealer. the motorcycle is on the move. at angles of heel as extreme ASC symbol slow-flashes. as those achievable by a counterpart motorcycle with standard-height suspension.
    • Risk of accident by unex- Running in Avoid low engine speeds at full pectedly early contact with The first 1000 km load. 5 the ground. Do not omit the first inspection Bear in mind that lowered While running in the motor- after 500 - 1200 km. 79 suspension limits the cycle, vary the throttle opening motorcycle's angle of heel and and engine-speed range fre- Brake pads ground clearance. quently. New brake pads must "bed Try to do most of your rid- down" and therefore do not Riding Test your motorcycle's angle ing during this initial period on achieve their optimum friction of heel in situations that do not twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoid- levels during the first 500 km. involve risk. When riding over kerbs and similar obstacles, bear ing high-speed main roads and You can compensate for this z highways if possible. initial reduction in braking in mind that your motorcycle's Exceeding the specified en- efficiency by exerting greater ground clearance is limited. gine speeds while running pressure on the levers. Lowering the motorcycle's sus- in will lead to increased engine New brake pads can ex- pension shortens suspension wear. tend stopping distance by a travel (see the section entitled Keep to the specified engine significant margin. "Technical Data"). Ride comfort speeds for running in. Apply the brakes in good time. might be restricted as a result. Do not exceed the rpm limits Be sure to adjust spring preload recommended for running in. Tyres accordingly, particularly for riding New tyres have a smooth sur- two-up. Running-in speed face. This must be roughened by riding in a restrained manner at various heel angles until the tyres <4000 min-1 are run in. This running in pro- No full-load acceleration.
    • cedure is essential if the tyres are This motorcycle is a tour- pads more frequently and replace 5 to achieve maximum grip. ing Enduro machine, which the brake pads in good time. Tyres do not have their full means it can also be used for 80 light off-roading on unsurfaced Spring preload and shock- grip when new and there is a risk of accidents at extreme tracks. Severe off-roading could, absorber settings angles of heel. however, result in damage to the The off-road settings for Avoid extreme angles of heel. standard cast-aluminium wheels. spring preload and shock Use the cross-spoked wheels absorber damping characteristic Riding Riding off-road available as optional extras for will impair the motorcycle's hand- severe off-roading. ling characteristics on surfaced z Tyre pressure roads. Tyre pressures reduced for Dirt or mud on brakes If you have been off-roading, re- off-road riding impair the When riding on loose sur- member to correct spring preload motorcycle's handling character- faces or muddy roads, the and shock-absorber damping istics on surfaced roads and can brakes may fail to take effect characteristics before you return lead to accidents. immediately because of dirt or to surfaced roads. Always check that the tyre pres- moisture on the discs or brake sures are correct. pads. Deactivatable ABS OE Apply the brakes in good time You can deactivate the ABS Wheel rims for riding off- until the brakes have been function of the BMW Motor- road cleaned. rad Integral ABS for off-road- BMW Motorrad recommends The brake pads will wear ing ( 56). The integral braking checking the rims for damage more rapidly if you ride fre- function remains active. after off-roading. quently on unsurfaced tracks or poor roads. Check the thickness of the brake
    • Brakes rider's full force exerted on the Use both front and rear brakes, How can stopping brake levers; under these circum- and make use of the engine's 5 stances the dynamic shift in load braking effect as well. distance be minimised? distribution cannot keep pace 81 Each time the brakes are applied, with the increase in deceleration Wet brakes a load distribution shift takes and the tyres cannot transmit the After the motorcycle has place with the load shifting for- full braking force to the surface been washed, ridden ward from the rear to the front of the road. Under these circum- through water or ridden in Riding wheel. The sharper the motor- stances the front wheel can lock the rain, the brake discs and cycle decelerates, the more load up. pads might be wet and the is shifted to the front wheel. The brakes might not take effect z higher the wheel load, the more with BMW Motorrad Integral immediately. braking force can be transmitted ABS II OE Apply the brakes in good time without the wheel locking. ABS has to intervene to keep until the brakes have dried out. To optimise stopping distance, the front wheel from locking; this apply the front brakes rapidly and increases stopping distance. Salt on brakes keep on increasing the force you apply to the brake lever. This Descending mountain The brakes may fail to take makes the best possible use of passes effect immediately if the the dynamic increase in load at motorcycle was ridden on salt- There is a danger of the covered roads and the brakes the front wheel. Remember to brakes fading if you use pull the clutch at the same time. were not applied for some time. only the rear brakes when des- In the "panic braking situations" Apply the brakes in good time cending mountain passes. Under that are trained so frequently until the salt layer on the brake extreme conditions, the brakes braking force is applied as rap- discs and brake pads has been could overheat and suffer severe idly as possible and with the removed. damage.
    • Oil or grease on brakes pads more frequently and replace motorcycle with the side stand 5 Oil and grease on the brake the brake pads in good time. extended. 82 discs and pads considerably Slowly lean the motorcycle to diminish braking efficiency. Parking your the side until its weight is taken Especially after repair and main- motorcycle by the stand and dismount to tenance work, make sure that the Placing motorcycle on the left. brake discs and brake pads are side stand If the motorcycle is on the Riding free of oil and grease. side stand, the surface of If the ground is soft or un- the ground will determine wheth- Dirt or mud on brakes even, there is no guaran- z er it is better to turn the handle- tee that the motorcycle will rest When riding on loose sur- bars to the left or right. However, firmly on the stand. faces or muddy roads, the the motorcycle is more stable on Always check that the ground brakes may fail to take effect a level surface with the handle- under the stand is level and immediately because of dirt or bars turned to the left than with firm. moisture on the discs or brake the handlebars turned to the pads. Switch off the engine. right. Apply the brakes in good time Pull the handbrake lever. On level ground, always turn the until the brakes have been Hold the motorcycle upright handlebars to the left to set the cleaned. and balanced. steering lock. Use your left foot to extend the Turn the handlebars to full left The brake pads will wear side stand fully. or right lock. more rapidly if you ride fre- quently on unsurfaced tracks or The side stand is designed Check that the motorcycle is poor roads. to support only the weight standing firmly. Check the thickness of the brake of the motorcycle. Do not lean or sit on the
    • On a gradient, the motor- Placing motorcycle on Excessive movements cycle should always face centre stand could cause the centre 5 uphill; select 1st gear. stand to retract, and the If the ground is soft or un- 83 Lock the steering lock. motorcycle would topple in even, there is no guaran- consequence. tee that the motorcycle will rest Removing motorcycle Do not lean or sit on the mo- firmly on the stand. from side stand torcycle with the centre stand Always check that the ground extended. Riding Unlock the steering lock. under the stand is level and From the left, grip the handle- firm. Check that the motorcycle is bars with both hands. standing firmly. Switch off the engine. z Pull the handbrake lever. Lock the steering lock. Dismount and keep your left Swing your right leg over the hand on the left handlebar grip. seat and lift the motorcycle to Removing motorcycle Grip the rear frame with your from centre stand the upright position. right hand. Hold the motorcycle upright Unlock the steering lock. Use your right foot on the pin and balanced. Place your left hand on the left of the centre stand to press An extended side stand can handlebar grip. the stand down until its curved catch on the ground when Grip the rear frame with your feet touch the ground. the motorcycle is moving and right hand. Place your full body weight on lead to a fall. Push the motorcycle forward the centre stand and at the Retract the side stand before off the centre stand. same time pull the motorcycle moving the motorcycle. to the rear. Check that the centre stand has fully retracted. Sit on the motorcycle and use your left foot to retract the side stand.
    • Refuelling stream deflectors immediately 5 Fuel is highly flammable. A if they come into contact with fuel. 84 naked flame close to the fuel tank can cause a fire or ex- Leaded fuel will destroy the plosion. catalytic converter. Do not smoke. Never bring a Use only unleaded fuel. naked flame near the fuel tank. Make sure the ground is level Riding Fuel expands when hot. and firm and place the motor- Fuel escaping from an cycle on its stand. Refuel with fuel of the grade z overfilled tank could make its way stated below; do not fill the onto the rear tyre. This could tank past the bottom edge of cause a fall. the filler neck. Do not fill the tank past the bot- tom edge of the filler neck. Recommended fuel grade Fuel attacks plastics, which become dull or unsightly. 95 ROZ/RON (Super un- Wipe off plastic parts immediately leaded) if they come into contact with fuel. 91 ROZ/RON (Regular Open the protective cap. unleaded (fuel grade, Fuel can attack the material Open the fuel tank cap with usable with power- and of the windscreen and the the ignition key by turning it consumption-related side slipstream deflectors, which counter-clockwise. restrictions)) become dull or unsightly. Wipe off the windscreen and slip-
    • Usable fuel capacity 5 85 approx. 20 l Reserve fuel Riding ≥4 l Press the fuel tank cap down The motorcycle can topple Risk of damaging compon- firmly to close. z and fall on its side. ents. Remove the key and close the Make sure that the motorcycle Take care not to trap protective cap. cannot topple sideways. components such as brake lines or wires. Securing motorcycle Push the motorcycle onto the transportation flat and hold it in At the front, secure the straps for transportation position: do not place it on the to the handlebars on both Make sure that all components side stand or centre stand. sides. that might come into contact Pass the straps through the with straps used to secure the leading link and tighten the motorcycle are adequately pro- straps. tected against scratching. Use adhesive tape or soft cloths, for example, for this purpose.
    • 5 86 Riding At the rear, secure the straps z to the rear footrests on both sides and tighten the straps. Tighten all the straps uniformly; the motorcycle's suspension should be compressed as tightly as possible front and rear.
    • Engineering details Brake system with BMW Motorrad 6 Integral ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 87 Electronic engine management with BMW Motorrad ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Tyre pressure monitoring Engineering details RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Electronic Suspension Adjustment ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 z
    • Brake system with How does ABS work? What are the effects of 6 BMW Motorrad Integral The amount of braking force that surface irregularities? 88 ABS OE can be transferred to the road Humps and surface irregular- depends on factors hat include ities can cause the wheels to Partially integral brakes the coefficient of friction of the lose contact temporarily with the Your motorcycle is equipped with road surface. Loose stones, ice road surface; if this happens the partially integral brakes. Both and snow or a wet road all have braking force that can be trans- front and rear brakes are applied much lower coefficients of fric- mitted to the road can drop to Engineering details when you pull the handbrake tion than a clean, dry asphalt sur- zero. If the brakes are applied lever. The footbrake lever acts face. The lower the coefficient under these circumstances the only on the rear brake. of friction, the longer the braking ABS has to reduce braking force While the brakes are slowing the distance. to ensure that directional sta- motorcycle, the BMW Motorrad If the rider increases braking bility is maintained when the Integral ABS adapts braking-force pressure to the extent that brak- wheels regain contact with the distribution between front and ing force exceeds the maxim- road surface. At this instant the rear brakes to suit the load on um transferrable limit, the wheels BMW Motorrad Integral ABS z the motorcycle. start to lock and the motorcycle must assume an extremely low The integral braking func- loses its directional stability; a fall coefficient of friction, so that the tion makes it very difficult is imminent. Before this situation wheels will continue to rotate un- to spin the rear wheel by opening can occur, ABS intervenes and der all imaginable circumstances, the throttle with the front brake adapts braking pressure to the because this is the precondition applied to keep the motorcycle maximum transferrable braking for ensuring directional stability. stationary (burn-out). Attempted force, so the wheels continue As soon as is registers the ac- burn-outs can result in damage to turn and directional stability tual circumstances, the system to the rear brake and the clutch. is maintained irrespective of the reacts instantly and adjusts brak- Do not attempt burn-outs. condition of the road surface.
    • ing force accordingly to achieve Rear wheel lift What is the design optimum braking. Under very severe and sudden baseline for BMW 6 deceleration, however, under cer- Motorrad Integral ABS? What feedback does the 89 tain circumstances it is possible Within the limits imposed by rider receive from the that the BMW Motorrad Integ- physics, the BMW Motorrad In- BMW Motorrad Integral ral ABS will be unable to prevent tegral ABS ensures directional ABS? the rear wheel from lifting clear stability on any surface. The sys- If the ABS system has to reduce of the ground. If this happens Engineering details tem is not optimised for special braking force on account of the the outcome can be a highsiding requirements that apply under circumstances described above, situation in which the motorcycle extreme competitive situations vibration is perceptible through can flip over. off-road or on the track. the handbrake lever. Severe braking can cause When the handbrake lever is the rear wheel to lift off the Special situations pulled, brake pressure is also ground. The speeds of the front and rear built up at the rear wheel by When you brake, bear in mind wheels are compared as one the integral function. If the that ABS control cannot be relied means of detecting a wheel's brake pedal is depressed after on in all circumstances to prevent incipient tendency to lock. If the z the handbrake lever is pulled, the rear wheel from lifting clear of system registers implausible val- the brake pressure built up the ground. ues for a lengthy period the ABS beforehand is perceptible as function is deactivated for safety counter-pressure sooner than is reasons and an ABS fault mes- the case when the brake pedal is sage is issued. Self-diagnos- depressed either before or at the is has to complete before fault same time as the brake lever is messages can be issued. pulled. In addition to problems with the BMW Motorrad Integral ABS,
    • exceptional riding conditions can What significance momentum take over and even 6 lead to a fault message being devolves on regular BMW Motorrad Integral ABS is issued. maintenance? unable to counteract their effects. 90 Exceptional riding conditions: Invariably, a technical sys- Electronic engine tem cannot perform beyond Heating up with the motorcycle the abilities dictated by its level management with BMW on the centre stand or an auxil- of maintenance. Motorrad ASC OE iary stand, engine idling or with Engineering details In order to ensure that the BMW How does ASC work? a gear engaged. Motorrad ABS is always main- The BMW Motorrad ASC com- Rear wheel locked by the en- tained in optimum condition, it pares the speed of rotation of the gine brake for a lengthy period, is essential for you to comply front wheel and the rear wheel. for example while descending strictly with the specified inspec- The differential is used to com- on a loose or slippery surface. tion intervals. pute slip as a measure of the If a fault message is issued on reserves of stability available at account of exceptional riding Reserves for safety the rear wheel. If slip exceeds a conditions as outlined above, you The potentially shorter braking certain limit the electronic engine z can reactivate the ABS function distances which BMW Motorrad management system intervenes, by switching the ignition off and Integral ABS permits must not be adapting engine torque accord- on again. used as an excuse for careless ingly. riding. ABS is primarily a means of ensuring a safety margin in genuine emergencies. Take care when cornering. When you apply the brakes on a corner, the motorcycle's weight and
    • What is the design Even ASC is constrained by reasons and an ASC fault mes- baseline for BMW the laws of physics. Invari- sage is issued. Self-diagnos- 6 Motorrad ASC? ably, the rider bears responsibil- is has to complete before fault ity for assessing road and traffic messages can be issued. 91 BMW Motorrad ASC is designed conditions and adopting his or The BMW Motorrad ASC can as an assistant system for the her style of riding accordingly. shut down automatically under rider and for use on public roads. Do not take risks that would neg- the exceptional riding conditions The extent to which the rider af- ate the additional safety offered outlined below. Engineering details fects ASC control can be consid- by this system. Exceptional riding erable (weight shifts when cor- conditions: nering, items of luggage loose on Special situations Riding for a lengthy period with the motorcycle), especially when style of riding takes rider and ma- In accordance with the laws of the front wheel lifted off the chine close to the limits imposed physics, the ability to accelerate ground (wheelie). by physics. is restricted more and more as Rear wheel rotating with the The off-road mode can be activ- the angle of heel increases. Con- motorcycle held stationary by ated for off-roading. This mode sequently, there can be a per- applying the front brake (burn- ceptible lag in acceleration out of out). delays ASC intervention slightly z in order to permit controlled drift- very tight bends. Heating up with the motorcycle ing. on the centre stand or an auxil- The speeds of the front and rear iary stand, engine idling or with The system is not optimised for wheels are compared as one a gear engaged. special requirements that apply means of detecting a wheel's under extreme competitive situ- incipient tendency to spin. If the Accelerating the motorcycle to ations off-road or on the track. system registers implausible val- a speed in excess of 10 km/h You have the option of deactiv- ues for a lengthy period the ASC after switching the ignition off ating the BMW Motorrad ASC function is deactivated for safety system for these circumstances.
    • and then on again reactivates the When riding on a slippery sur- The display shows -- for each 6 ASC. face, never snap the throttle tyre until the tyre-pressure signal twistgrip fully closed without is received for the first time. The 92 Slip can be increased by sensors continue to transmit the pulling the clutch at the same very-heavy-duty massive-bar time. Engine braking torque can measured-value signals for ap- tyres, with the result that ASC cause the rear wheel to lock, with proximately 15 minutes after the intervention occurs before a corresponding loss of stability. motorcycle comes to a stop. optimum forward acceleration The BWM Motorrad ASC is un- The control unit can adminis- Engineering details is achieved. Under these able to control a situation of this trate four sensors, so two dif- circumstances, BMW Motorrad nature. ferent sets of wheels with RDC ASC should be deactivated. sensors can be alternated on Tyre pressure the motorcycle. An error mes- If the front wheel lifts clear of the sage is issued if wheels without ground under severe accelera- monitoring RDC OE sensors are fitted to a motorcycle tion, the ASC reduces engine Function equipped with an RDC control torque until the front wheel re- A sensor integrated into each unit. gains contact with the ground. tyre measures the air temperat- z Under these circumstances, ure and the air pressure inside Tyre-pressure ranges BMW Motorrad recommends the tyre and transmits this in- The RDC control unit differenti- rolling the throttle slightly closed formation to the control unit. ates between three tyre-pressure so as to restore stability with the Each sensor has a centrifugal- ranges, all of which are paramet- least possible delay. force tripswitch that does not erised for the motorcycle: enable transmission of the meas- Tyre pressure within permitted ured values until the motorcycle tolerance. has accelerated to above approx- Tyre pressure close to limit of imately 30 km/h for the first time. permitted tolerance.
    • Tyre pressure outside permit- reading shown by a gauge of table and the RDC reading; when ted tolerance. this nature is the temperature- the air-line gauge shows 2.6 bar, 6 dependent tyre pressure. In the tyre is inflated to the correct A warning is also issued if tyre most instances, therefore, these pressure. 93 pressure drops sharply but stays gauge readings will not tally with within the permitted tolerance. the pressures shown by the Electronic Suspension Temperature multifunction display. Adjustment ESA OE Engineering details compensation Pressure adaptation Adjuster, spring preload Tyre pressure is a temperature- Compare the RDC readings In order to ensure rapid adjust- sensitive variable: pressure in- on the multifunction display ment at ambient temperatures creases as tyre temperature rises with the value in the table on below 0 °C, BMW Motorrad re- and decreases as tyre temper- the inside cover of the Rider's commends adjusting the sus- ature drops. Tyre temperature Manual. Then use the air line to pension to the setting for two-up depends on ambient temperat- compensate for the difference riding and allowing adjustment to ure, on the style of riding and the between the RDC reading and complete before your passenger duration of the ride. the value in the table. mounts the motorcycle. The tyre-pressure readings The ESA indicator continues z shown by the multifunction Example: According to the Rider- to flash until adjustment com- display are temperature- 's Manual, tyre pressure should pletes. Do not attempt to move compensated; the reference tyre be 2.5 bar, but the reading in the the motorcycle until adjustment temperature for these readings multifunction display is 2.3 bar, has completed. is always 20 °C. The air lines so pressure is low by 0.2 bar. available to the public in petrol The gauge on the air line shows stations and motorway service 2.4 bar. You must now increase areas have gauges that do not tyre pressure by the 0.2 bar dif- compensate for temperature; the ference between the value in the
    • Off-road settings This setting brings spring 6 The Enduro ESA developed spe- preload of both front and cially for the R 1200 GS incor- rear spring struts up to maxim- 94 um. It can be used, for example, porates the road-riding modes from other BMW models, plus in terrain where the likelihood of special off-roading modes en- having to negotiate bumps and abled by electro-hydraulic basic holes in the ground necessit- spring adjustment of the front ates maximum protection against Engineering details spring strut. This convenient sys- the suspension bottoming out. tem of adjusting the suspension Ground clearance in this mode is to suit very widely differing sur- more than in the "one-up" road- faces enhances the motorcycle's riding mode. touring and off-roading capabilit- Not every ESA setting is suitable ies. for every surface. Try out the various combinations of spring In this mode, the spring preload and damping until you preload of the front spring find the settings that are best z strut is increased to about 50 %. suited to your style of riding and The rear spring base setting ad- the surface. justs to the same position. This setting is suitable for off-roading in terrain in which large bumps or holes in the ground are unlikely to be encountered.
    • Accessories General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 7 95 Power socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Auxiliary headlights OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Accessories Case OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Topcase OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Luggage carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 z
    • General instructions BMW Motorrad cannot Power socket 7 BMW Motorrad recommends assess each non-BMW Ratings product to determine wheth- 96 the use of parts and accessories er it can be used on or in con- for your motorcycle that are ap- nection with BMW motorcycles proved by BMW for this purpose. without constituting a safety haz- Genuine BMW parts and ac- ard. Country-specific official au- cessories and other products thorisation does not suffice as Accessories which BMW has approved can assurance. Tests conducted by be obtained from your authorised these instances cannot make BMW Motorrad dealer, together provision for all operating con- with expert advice on their install- ditions experienced by BMW mo- ation and use. torcycles and, consequently, they The supply to socket 1 is cut off z These parts and products have are not sufficient in some circum- automatically if battery voltage been tested by BMW for safety, stances. function and suitability. BMW is low or the load exceeds the Use only parts and accessor- maximum rating. accepts product liability for them. ies approved by BMW for your Conversely, BMW is unable to motorcycle. Operating electrical accept any liability whatsoever Whenever you are planning accessories for parts and accessories which it has not approved. modifications, comply with all You can start using electrical ac- Also bear in mind the informa- the legal requirements. Make cessories only when the ignition tion on the effect of wheel size sure that the motorcycle does is switched on. The accessory on suspension-control systems not infringe national road-vehicle remains operational if the ignition ( 118). construction and use regulations. is subsequently switched off. In order to ensure that the drain on the on-board power supply sys-
    • tem is minimised, the supply to Auxiliary headlights OA comply with the instructions on the power socket is cut off ap- loading. 7 proximately 15 minutes after the Set spring preload, damping ignition is switched off, and it is 97 characteristic and tyre pres- also temporarily interrupted dur- sures to suit total weight. ing the start procedure. with case OA Cable routing Ensure that the case volumes Accessories on the left and right are equal. The cables from the power sock- et to the auxiliary device must be Make sure that the weight is routed in such a way that they: uniformly distributed between Press the left half of switch 1. right and left. do not impede the rider Auxiliary headlights switched Pack heavy items at the bot- do not restrict or obstruct the on. tom and toward the inboard z steering angle and handling Press the right half of switch 1. side. characteristics Auxiliary headlights switched Note the maximum permissible cannot be trapped off. payload of the cases and the Incorrectly routed cables speed limit for riding with cases can impede the rider. Luggage on the motorcycle. Route the cables as described Payload of cases above. Correct loading Overloading and imbal- anced loads can adversely ≤10 kg affect the motorcycle's handling. Do not exceed the permissible gross weight and be sure to
    • with a tank rucksack on the Case OA 7 Maximum permissible speed for riding with motorcycle. Opening cases 98 cases fitted to the motorcycle Payload of tank rucksack ≤180 km/h ≤5 kg with topcase OA Note the maximum permiss- Maximum permissible Accessories ible payload of the topcase and speed for riding with the the speed limit for riding with a tank rucksack fitted to the mo- topcase on the motorcycle. torcycle Payload of topcase ≤130 km/h Turn key 1 in the case lock to z right angles with the forward ≤5 kg direction of travel. Hold down latch 2 and pull up Maximum permissible carry handle 3. speed for riding with top- case fitted to the motorcycle ≤180 km/h with tank rucksack OA Note the maximum permissible payload of the tank rucksack and the speed limit for riding
    • Closing cases Push carry handle 3 down. The handle engages with an 7 audible click. 99 Turn the key in the case lock in line with the forward direc- tion of travel and remove the key from the lock. Accessories Adjusting case volume Press the ribbed part of rocker Open the case. button 4. Remove all its contents from Turn the lock with the key until the case. Hold the rocker button down it is at right angles to the for- and open the lid of the case. ward direction of travel. z Close case lid 5. The lid engages with an aud- ible click. Closing the carry handle while the case lock is in line with the forward direction of travel can result in damage to the locking tongue. Make sure that the case lock is To change the volume of the at right angles to the forward dir- case, engage pivot lever 1 at ection of travel when you close the top or bottom limit position, the carry handle. as applicable.
    • Pivot lever at top limit position: Take a firm grip of the handle 7 minimum volume. and lift the case out of the Pivot lever at bottom limit posi- holder. 100 tion: maximum volume. Installing cases Removing cases Accessories Open locking lever 4. z Pull red release lever 5 up. Turn key 1 in the case lock to Latching flap 6 pops up. right angles with the forward Fully open the latching flap. direction of travel. Hold the case straight and Hold down latch 2 and pull up lower it into the top holder. carry handle 3. Push the red release lever Pull red release lever 5 up. down, while pressing on the Latching flap 6 pops up. latching flap. Fully open the latching flap. The latching flap engages.
    • Opening topcase 7 101 Accessories Close locking lever 4. Press the ribbed part of rocker Close the carry handle. Turn key 1 in the topcase lock button 4. Turn the lock with the key until until it is at right angles to the Hold the rocker button down it is in line with the forward dir- road surface. and open the lid of the top- z ection of travel and remove the Hold down latch 2 and pull out case. key. carry handle 3. Topcase OA Topcase and off-roading If you intend off-roading, it is ad- visable either to remove the top- case or secure it with the Enduro attachment kit available from your authorised BMW Motorrad deal- er.
    • Closing topcase The handle engages with an 7 audible click. Turn the key in the topcase 102 lock until it is parallel with the road surface and remove the key. Removing topcase Accessories Pull red lever 4. Turn the key in the topcase Latching flap 5 is unlocked. lock until it is at right angles to Fully open latching flap 5 with the road surface. your hand. z Close topcase lid 5. Take a firm grip of the handle The lid engages with an aud- and remove the topcase. ible click. Closing the carry handle Turn key 1 in the topcase lock while the topcase lock is until it is at right angles to the vertical can result in damage to road surface. the locking tongue. Hold down latch 2 and pull out Make sure that the topcase lock carry handle 3. is horizontal when you close the carry handle. Push carry handle 3 up.
    • Installing topcase 7 103 Accessories Pull red lever 4. Engage the topcase in front Turn key 1 in the topcase lock Latching flap 5 is unlocked. holders 6 of the topcase carrier until it is at right angles to the Fully open latching flap 5 with plate. road surface. your hand. z Hold down latch 2 and pull out carry handle 3. Push the rear of the topcase onto the topcase carrier plate and engage latching flap 5.
    • Push red lever 4 in. Pivot lever at rear limit position: with case OA 7 Latching flap 5 is secured. minimum volume. Remove the cases ( 100) Check that the topcase is se- Pivot lever at front limit posi- 104 tion: maximum volume. cure. Close the carry handle and lock the topcase. Luggage carrier Adjusting topcase volume Extra-large luggage Accessories platform By removing the luggage carrier with the rear seat removed and cases (OA) installed, you have a large, flat luggage platform Remove screws 1 on left and z to which you can secure bulky right. items of luggage in various ways. When loading, make sure that Remove screw 2. the total weight of the objects Remove the sleeves and wash- in and on the cases does not ers. Open the topcase. exceed the permissible maximum Remove the luggage carrier. Remove all its contents from for the cases. the topcase. Installing luggage carrier To adjust the volume of the Removing luggage carrier Make sure the ground is level topcase, engage pivot lever 1 Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- at the front or rear limit posi- and firm and place the motor- cycle on its stand. tion, as applicable. cycle on its stand. Remove the rear seat ( 69)
    • with case OA Remove the cases ( 100) 7 105 Accessories Place the luggage rack in posi- tion. z Install screw 2 with the sleeve and the washer. Install screws 1 on left and right, complete with their sleeves and washers. Install the rear seat ( 71)
    • z 7 Accessories 106
    • Maintenance General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 8 107 Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Maintenance Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 z Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
    • General instructions Toolkit Toolkit for adjusting 8 The Maintenance chapter de- Toolkit suspension without ESA 108 scribes straightforward proced- ures for checking and replacing certain wear parts. Special tightening torques are lis- ted as applicable. The tightening Maintenance torques for the threaded fasten- ers on your motorcycle are listed in the section entitled "Technical data". You will find information on more 1 Extension for hook wrench extensive maintenance and repair 1 Torx wrenches T15, T25, 2 Hook wrench z work in the Repair Manual on T30 2 Reversible-blade screw- For adjusting spring preload DVD for your motorcycle, which 3 Extension for screwdriver is available from your authorised driver with star-head and plain tips blade BMW Motorrad dealer. 3 Open-ended spanner Some of the work calls for spe- Width across flats 14 cial tools and a thorough know- 4 Open-ended spanner ledge of motorcycle technology. Width across flats 8/10 If you are in doubt consult a spe- 5 Tool for oil cap cialist workshop, preferably your For opening the oil filler cap authorised BMW Motorrad deal- er.
    • On-board toolkit service 5 Socket the engine will be operated with kit OA Open-ended spanners of the incorrect quantity of oil. 8 various sizes In order to ensure that the en- gine oil level is read correctly, 109 6 Adapter To accommodate the 1/ check the oil level only after a 4" bits and the 9x12 mm lengthy trip. and the 3/8" universal-joint Check that the engine is at op- adapter Maintenance erating temperature, make sure the ground is level and firm Engine oil and place the motorcycle on its Checking engine oil level centre stand. 1 Extending tool holder Wait five minutes after switch- The engine can seize if the ing off the engine at operating holds all tools by means of oil level is low, and this can temperature. z adapters, and for removing lead to accidents. the spark plug Always make sure that the oil 2 1/4" bits level is correct. Bits of various sizes 3 3/8" adapter for socket- The oil level varies with the head screws, w/f 22 temperature of the oil. The higher the temperature, the high- for removing the quick-re- er the level of oil in the sump. lease axle from the front Checking the oil level with the wheel engine cold or after no more than 4 Electric torch a short ride will lead to misinter- pretation; this in turn, means that
    • If the oil level is below the MIN 8 mark: Top up the engine oil ( 110) 110 If the oil level is above the MAX mark: Have the oil level corrected by a specialist workshop, prefer- Maintenance ably an authorised BMW Mo- torrad dealer. Check the oil level in oil-level Wipe the area around the filler indicator 1. Topping up engine oil neck clean. Use the tool from the toolkit to Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- remove cap 1 from the engine- z oil filler neck. cycle on its stand. Damage to the engine can result if it is operated without enough oil, but the same also applies if the oil level is too high. Always make sure that the oil level is correct. Engine oil level Top up the engine oil to the specified level. max 0.5 l (Difference between MIN and MAX)
    • Incorrect working practices Brake pads Engine oil, quantity for topping up endanger the reliability of Checking front brake pad 8 the brakes. Have all work on the brake sys- thickness 111 max 0.5 l (Difference between MIN and MAX) tem performed by a specialist Brake pads worn past the workshop, preferably an author- minimum permissible thick- Check the engine oil level ised BMW Motorrad dealer. ness can cause a reduction in ( 109) braking efficiency and under Maintenance Install the cap of the oil filler Checking operation of certain circumstances they can neck. brakes cause damage to the brake sys- Pull the handbrake lever. tem. Brake system In order to ensure the dependab- The pressure point must be Dependability of the brake clearly perceptible. ility of the brake system, do not system Press the footbrake lever. permit the brake pads to wear z A fully functional brake system is The pressure point must be past the minimum permissible a basic requirement for the road clearly perceptible. thickness. safety of your motorcycle. If pressure points are not clearly Make sure the ground is level Do not ride the motorcycle if you perceptible: and firm and place the motor- have any doubts about the de- Have the brakes checked by a cycle on its stand. pendability of the brake system. specialist workshop, preferably Under these circumstances have an authorised BMW Motorrad the brake system checked by a dealer. specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
    • Checking rear brake pad 8 thickness 112 Brake pads worn past the minimum permissible thick- ness can cause a reduction in braking efficiency and under certain circumstances they can Maintenance cause damage to the brake sys- tem. Visually inspect the left and In order to ensure the dependab- Brake-pad wear limit, right brake pads to ascertain ility of the brake system, do not front their thickness. Viewing direc- permit the brake pads to wear tion: Between wheel and fork min 1.0 mm (Friction pad past the minimum permissible z tube toward brake caliper 1. only, without backing thickness. plate. The wear indicators Make sure the ground is level (grooves) must be clearly and firm and place the motor- visible.) cycle on its stand. If the wear indicating mark is no longer clearly visible: Have the brake pads replaced by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
    • Brake-pad wear The rear brake has a brake-pad 8 wear indicator. 113 Maintenance Visually inspect brake pads 1 Brake-pad wear limit, rear from the left to ascertain their thickness. 1.0 mm (Friction pad only, without backing plate. Make Shaft 1 with three marker rings 2 z sure that the brake disc is is between the brake pads. not visible through the bore How to interpret the marks: in the inboard brake block.) Three rings visible: brake-pad If the brake disc is visible: thickness is at least 75 % Have the brake pads replaced Two rings visible: brake-pad by a specialist workshop, thickness is at least 50 % preferably an authorised BMW One ring visible: brake-pad Motorrad dealer. thickness is at least 25 % No rings visible: brake pads worn to wear limit; check as described above
    • Brake fluid 8 Checking brake-fluid 114 level, front brakes A low fluid level in the brake reservoir can allow air to penetrate the brake system. This significantly reduces braking Maintenance efficiency. Check the brake-fluid level at Check the brake fluid level in regular intervals. Brake fluid level, front front reservoir 1. Make sure the ground is level The brake fluid level in the and firm and place the motor- brake fluid reservoir drops DOT4 brake fluid z cycle on its centre stand. as the brake pads wear. It is impermissible for the Move the handlebars to the brake fluid level to drop be- straight-ahead position. low the MIN mark. (Brake- fluid reservoir horizontal, mo- torcycle upright) If the brake fluid level drops be- low the permitted level: Have the defect rectified as quickly as possible by a spe- cialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
    • Checking brake-fluid level, rear brakes 8 A low fluid level in the 115 brake reservoir can allow air to penetrate the brake system. This significantly reduces braking efficiency. Maintenance Check the brake-fluid level at regular intervals. Check the brake fluid level in Make sure the ground is level Brake fluid level, rear reservoir 1. and firm and place the motor- cycle on its centre stand. Wear of the brake pads causes the brake fluid level DOT4 brake fluid in the reservoir to sink. z It is impermissible for the brake fluid level to drop be- low the MIN mark. (Brake- fluid reservoir horizontal, mo- torcycle upright) If the brake fluid level drops be- low the permitted level: Have the defect rectified as quickly as possible by a spe- cialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
    • Clutch 8 Checking clutch operation 116 Pull the clutch lever. The pressure point must be clearly perceptible. If the pressure point is not clearly perceptible: Maintenance Have the clutch checked by a specialist workshop, preferably Check the clutch fluid level in an authorised BMW Motorrad Clutch-fluid level (visual reservoir 1. dealer. inspection) Wear of the clutch causes Checking clutch fluid level the fluid level in the clutch It is impermissible for the z fluid reservoir to rise. clutch fluid level to drop. Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- (Motorcycle upright and cycle on its centre stand. handlebars in straight-ahead Move the handlebars to the position) straight-ahead position. If the fluid level drops: Unsuitable hydraulic fluids could cause damage to the clutch system. Do not attempt to top up the system with fluids of any kind. Have the defect rectified as quickly as possible by a spe-
    • cialist workshop, preferably down to the level of the marks. Affix a label stating the maximum an authorised BMW Motorrad The locations of the marks are permissible speed in the rider's 8 dealer. indicated on the edge of the tyre, field of vision. e.g. by the letters TI, TWI or by 117 Tyres an arrow. Rims Checking tyre tread depth If the tyre tread is worn to minim- Checking rims Your motorcycle's handling um: Make sure the ground is level Maintenance and grip can be impaired Replace tyre or tyres, as applic- and firm and place the motor- even before the tyres wear to able. cycle on its stand. the minimum tyre tread depth Visually inspect the rims for Top speed defects. permitted by law. Have the tyres changed in good The motorcycle's top Have damaged rims checked time before they wear to the speed might be higher than and, if necessary, replaced by a the maximum speed permitted specialist workshop, preferably z minimum permissible tread depth. for the tyres. Excessive speeds an authorised BMW Motorrad can damage the tyres and this dealer. Make sure the ground is level could cause accidents. and firm and place the motor- Comply with the tyre-specific Checking spokes OE cycle on its stand. speed restrictions. Make sure the ground is level Measure the tyre tread depth Always bear the maximum per- and firm and place the motor- in the main tread grooves with missible top speed of the tyres cycle on its stand. wear marks. in mind when riding a motorcycle Draw the handle of a screw- Tyres have wear indicators fitted with massive-bar tyres. driver or a similar instrument integrated into the main across the spokes and listen tread grooves. The tyre is worn out when the tyre tread has worn
    • to the notes of the individual Effect of wheel size ant to consult a specialist work- 8 spokes. on suspension-control shop beforehand, preferably an If the notes vary: systems authorised BMW Motorrad deal- 118 er. In some cases, the data pro- Have the spokes checked by a Wheel size is very important as specialist workshop, preferably grammed into the control units a parameter for the suspension- an authorised BMW Motorrad can be changed to suit the new control systems ABS and ASC. dealer. wheel sizes. In particular, the diameter and the Maintenance width of a motorcycle's wheels RDC label OE Wheels are programmed into the control Tyre recommendation unit and are fundamental to all For each size of tyre BMW Mo- calculations. Any change in these torrad tests and classifies as influencing variables, caused for roadworthy certain makes. BMW example by a switch to wheels z Motorrad cannot assess the suit- other than those installed ex- ability or provide any guarantee works, can have serious effects of road safety for other tyres. on the performance of the con- BMW Motorrad recommends trol systems. using only tyres tested by BMW The sensor rings are essential Motorrad. for correct road-speed calcula- Incorrect tyre-removal pro- You can obtain detailed informa- tion, and they too must match cedures can result in dam- tion from your authorised BMW the motorcycle's control sys- age to the RDC sensors. Motorrad dealer or on the Inter- tems and consequently cannot Be sure to notify the authorised net at www.bmw-motorrad.com. be changed. BMW Motorrad dealer or spe- If you decide that you would like cialist workshop that the wheel is to fit non-standard wheels to fitted with an RDC sensor. your motorcycle, it is very import-
    • If the motorcycle is equipped with BMW Motorrad Integral with RDC, each wheel rim bears ABS II OE 8 an adhesive label indicating the position of the RDC sensor. 119 When changing the tyre, take care not to damage the RDC sensor. Be sure to draw the attention of the authorised BMW Maintenance Motorrad dealer or specialist workshop to the fact that the Once the calipers have wheel is fitted with an RDC been removed, there is sensor. Open the two retaining clips a risk of the brake pads being Remove the front wheel holding the ABS sensor cable pressed together to the extent to the brake line. that they cannot be slipped back z Make sure the ground is level over the brake disc on reas- and firm and place the motor- Mask off the parts of the wheel sembly. cycle on its centre stand. rim that could be scratched in Do not operate the handbrake the process of removing the lever when the brake calipers brake calipers. have been removed. Remove securing screws 1 of the brake calipers on left and right.
    • with BMW Motorrad Integral 8 ABS II OE 120 Maintenance Force the brake pads slightly Release axle clamping screw 2. apart by rocking brake Remove quick-release axle 3, calipers 2 back and forth A Remove screw 1 and remove while supporting the wheel. against brake discs 3. the ABS sensor from its bore. Roll the front wheel forward to z Carefully pull the brake calipers remove. back and out until clear of the Raise front of motorcycle until brake discs. the front wheel can turn freely. BMW Motorrad recommends the BMW Motorrad front-wheel stand for lifting the motorcycle. Install the front-wheel stand ( 124)
    • torque can work loose or their Roll the front wheel into posi- threads can suffer damage. tion between the front forks. 8 Always have the security of the fasteners checked by a specialist 121 workshop, preferably an author- ised BMW Motorrad dealer. Maintenance Remove spacing bushing 4 from the left-hand side of the front-wheel hub. Raise the front wheel, insert Installing front wheel quick-release axle 3 and tight- z Possible malfunctions when en to specified torque. ABS and ASC systems in- Slip spacing bushing 4 into Quick-release axle in axle tervene if non-standard wheels the wheel hub on the left-hand holder are installed. side. See the information on the effect 50 Nm The front wheel must be of wheel size on the ABS and Tighten axle clamping screw 2 installed right way round to ASC systems at the start of this to the specified torque. rotate in the correct direction. chapter. Note the direction-of-rotation ar- Clamp screw of quick- Threaded fasteners not rows on the tyre or the wheel release axle tightened to the specified rim. 19 Nm
    • with BMW Motorrad Integral the brake lever is pulled or the 8 ABS II OE brake pedal depressed. 122 Operate the brake several times until the brake pads are bedded. with BMW Motorrad Integral ABS II OE Maintenance Install securing screws 1 on left and right and tighten to Insert the ABS sensor into its specified tightening torque. bore and install screw 1. z Brake caliper to slider Remove the front-wheel stand. tube Ease the brake calipers on to 30 Nm the brake discs. Remove the adhesive tape from the wheel rim. Close the retaining clips hold- ing the ABS sensor cable to Braking efficiency is im- the brake line. paired if the brake pads are not correctly bedded against the The cable of the ABS discs. sensor could chafe through Before riding off, always check if it comes into contact with the that the brakes bite as soon as brake disc.
    • Make sure that the ABS sensor Remove studs 1 from the rear Seat the rear wheel on the cable is routed correctly. wheel, while supporting the rear-wheel adapter. 8 Make sure that the ABS sensor wheel. Roll the rear wheel out toward 123 cable is routed as shown here. the rear. Removing rear wheel Installing rear wheel Make sure the ground is level Possible malfunctions when Maintenance and firm and place the motor- ABS and ASC systems in- cycle on its centre stand. tervene if non-standard wheels Engage first gear. are installed. See the information on the effect of wheel size on the ABS and The wheel studs for the ASC systems at the start of this cross-spoked wheel (op- z chapter. tional extra) and the cast alumini- Threaded fasteners not um wheel differ in length. Mix- tightened to the specified ing up sets of studs or using the torque can work loose or their wrong studs would mean that the threads can suffer damage. rear wheel would not be correctly Always have the security of the secured and this, in turn, could fasteners checked by a specialist result in an accident. Parts of the exhaust system workshop, preferably an author- Use only wheel studs with the can be hot. ised BMW Motorrad dealer. same, approved length code. Do not oil or grease wheel studs. Do not touch hot parts of the exhaust system.
    • Install wheel studs 1 and tight- wheel stand and the rear wheel Push the two adapters 2 apart 8 en to specified torque. can topple. until the front forks fit between Place the motorcycle on its them. 124 Rear wheel to wheel car- centre stand or another auxiliary Use locating pins 3 to set the rier stand before lifting the front front-wheel stand to the de- Tightening sequence: Tight- wheel with the BMW Motorrad sired height. en in diagonally opposite se- front-wheel stand. Centre the front-wheel stand quence relative to the front wheel and Maintenance Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- push it against the front axle. 60 Nm cycle on its centre stand. with cross-spoked wheels OE Use basic stand with tool num- Tightening sequence: Tight- ber (0 402 241) in combina- en in diagonally opposite se- tion with front-wheel adapter z quence (0 402 242). 60 Nm Front-wheel stand Installing front-wheel stand Align the two adapters 2 so The BMW Motorrad front that the front forks are securely wheel stand is not designed seated. to support motorcycles not fitted Tighten adjusting screws 1. with a centre stand or without other auxiliary stands. A motor- Slacken adjusting screws 1. cycle resting only on the front
    • Bulbs in the section entitled "Technical General instructions data". 8 A warning appears in the multi- Do not touch the glass of 125 function display if a bulb is de- new bulbs with your fingers. fective. If the brake or rear light Use a clean, dry cloth to hold fails, the symbol is accompan- the bulbs when handling them. ied by the 'General' warning light, Dirt deposits, in particular oil and grease, interfere with heat radi- Maintenance which lights up yellow. ation from the bulb. This leads If the motorcycle is on the A defective bulb places to overheating and shortens the centre stand and is raised your safety at risk because bulb's operating life. too far, the centre stand will lift it is easier for other users to clear of the ground and the mo- oversee the motorcycle. Replacing low-beam/high- torcycle could topple to one side. Replace defective bulbs as beam headlight bulb z When raising the motorcycle, soon as possible; always carry a complete set of spare bulbs if The plug and the spring make sure that the centre stand clip might face in a direc- remains on the ground. possible. tion other than that shown here. Apply uniform pressure to push The bulb is pressurised and can cause injury if dam- If it is not standing firmly, the front-wheel stand down the motorcycle could topple and raise the motorcycle. aged. in the course of the operations Wear protective goggles and described below. gloves when changing bulbs. Always make sure that the The types of bulb fitted to motorcycle is stable and firmly your motorcycle are listed supported.
    • Make sure the ground is level Replace the defective bulb. 8 and firm and place the motor- Bulb for low-beam head- cycle on its stand. 126 light Switch off the ignition. Turn the handlebars to the full- H7 / 12 V / 55 W lock position. Bulb for high-beam headlight Maintenance H7 / 12 V / 55 W Disconnect plug 3. z Turn cover 1 for high-beam headlight counter-clockwise and remove it. Turn cover 2 for low-beam headlight counter-clockwise Release spring clips 4 at top Install bulb 5, making sure that and remove it. and bottom and swing them tab 6 is correctly positioned. aside. The bulb might face in a Remove bulb 5. direction other than that shown here.
    • Engage spring clip 4 in the Make sure that the wording catch. TOP is at the top. 8 Turn cover 2 for low-beam headlight clockwise to install. 127 Make sure that the wording TOP is at the top. Replacing parking-light Maintenance bulb If it is not standing firmly, Pull bulb carrier 1 out of the the motorcycle could topple headlight housing. in the course of the operations Install plug 3. described below. Always make sure that the z motorcycle is stable and firmly supported. Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- cycle on its stand. Switch off the ignition. Turn the handlebars all the way to right Pull the bulb out of the bulb socket. Turn cover 1 for high-beam headlight clockwise to install.
    • Replace the defective bulb. 8 Bulb for parking light 128 W5W / 12 V / 5 W Maintenance Install bulb carrier 1 in the Remove screw 1. headlight housing. Replacing turn indicator z bulbs, front and rear If it is not standing firmly, Install the bulb in the bulb the motorcycle could topple socket. in the course of the operations described below. Always make sure that the motorcycle is stable and firmly supported. Pull the glass out of the reflect- Make sure the ground is level or housing at the threaded- fastener side. and firm and place the motor- cycle on its stand.
    • 8 129 Maintenance Turn bulb 2 counter-clockwise Turn bulb 2 clockwise to install Install screw 1. and remove it from the bulb it in the bulb housing. housing. Replacing auxiliary- headlight bulbs OA Replace the defective bulb. If it is not standing firmly, z Bulbs for flashing turn the motorcycle could topple indicators, front in the course of the operations described below. RY10W / 12 V / 10 W Always make sure that the motorcycle is stable and firmly Bulbs for flashing turn supported. indicators, rear Make sure the ground is level RY10W / 12 V / 10 W Working from the inboard side, and firm and place the motor- insert the glass into the bulb cycle on its stand. housing and close the housing.
    • 8 130 Maintenance Disconnect plug 1. Turn bulb 5 counter-clockwise Insert bulb 5 into its socket Remove screw 2. to remove. and turn it clockwise to install. Remove the headlight housing. Replace the defective bulb. z Bulb for auxiliary head- light with auxiliary headlights OA H11 / 12 V / 55 W Hold bulb cover 4 in position. Remove four screws 3. Install four screws 3. Remove bulb cover 4.
    • Replacing fuses for auxiliary headlights OA 8 131 Maintenance Hold the headlight in position To do so, squeeze retaining and install screw 2. clips 3 together on left and Connect plug 1. Pull off side cover 1. right and disconnect the plug. Adjust the headlight so that it does not dazzle oncoming z traffic. Replace fuse 4 for right head- Disconnect plug 2. light or fuse 5 for left headlight, as applicable.
    • 8 Fuse for auxiliary head- light 132 with auxiliary headlights OA 7.5 A Maintenance Install side cover 1. Pull off side cover 1. Air filter z Remove the air filter Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- Connect plug 2. cycle on its stand. Remove the front seat ( 70) Remove two screws 2 and screw 3. Pull the side panel at 4 out of the retainer and remove.
    • Push the air filter into the air filter housing at the bottom, 8 making sure that the vanes are not bent. 133 Maintenance Remove two screws 5 and Pull out air filter 3 at the bot- work the fuel-tank cover down tom. to remove. Installing air filter z Position the air intake pipe on the air filter housing and push it into holder 2. Push retainers 1 into the hold- ers until they engage with an audible click. Push out both retainers 1 by Insert air filter 3 into the air fil- pressing at rear. ter housing at the top. Pull the intake air pipe out of holder 2 and remove.
    • Jump starting 8 The wires leading to the 134 power socket do not have a load-capacity rating adequate for jump-starting the engine. Ex- cessively high current can lead to a cable fire or damage to the Maintenance vehicle electronics. Do not use the on-board socket Check that the throttle-valve Press the side panel at 4 into to jump-start the engine of the cable is seated in guide 4 of the retainer. motorcycle. the intake and that the throttle Install two screws 2 and Touching live parts of the valve is seated against the screw 3. z ignition system with the stop. engine running can cause electric shock. Do not touch parts of the igni- tion system when the engine is running. A short-circuit can res- ult if the crocodile clips of the jump leads are accident- ally brought into contact with the Push side cover 1 into the two motorcycle. Hold the fuel-tank cover in po- mounts. Use only jump leads fitted with sition and install two screws 5. Install the front seat ( 70)
    • fully insulated crocodile clips at Remove the protective cap attempt in order to protect the both ends. from the battery's positive ter- starter motor and the donor 8 minal. battery. Jump-starting with a donor- 135 battery voltage higher than Begin by connecting one end Allow both engines to idle for a 12 V can damage the vehicle of the red jump lead to the few minutes before disconnect- electronics. positive terminal of the dis- ing the jump leads. Make sure that the battery of the charged battery and the other Disconnect the jump lead from end to the positive terminal of the negative terminals first, Maintenance donor vehicle has a voltage rating the donor battery. then disconnect the second of 12 V. Then connect one end of the lead from the positive termin- If it is not standing firmly, black jump lead to the negative als. the motorcycle could topple terminal of the donor battery, Remember to reinstall the pro- in the course of the operations and the other end to the neg- tective cap on the battery's described below. ative terminal of the discharged positive terminal. z Always make sure that the battery. Do not use proprietary motorcycle is stable and firmly The spring-strut screw can start-assist sprays or oth- supported. be used as an alternative to er products to start the engine. Make sure the ground is level the battery's negative terminal. Install the front seat ( 70) and firm and place the motor- Run the engine of the donor cycle on its stand. Remove the front seat ( 70) vehicle during jump-starting. Battery Start the engine of the vehicle Maintenance instructions When jump-starting the engine, with the discharged battery do not disconnect the battery Correct upkeep, recharging and in the usual way; if the en- from the on-board electrical storage will prolong the life of gine does not start, wait a few system. the battery and are essential if minutes before repeating the
    • warranty claims are to be con- nect a suitable trickle charger to connected directly to the battery 8 sidered. the battery. posts. Compliance with the points be- BMW Motorrad has de- If you switch on the igni- 136 low is important in order to max- veloped a float charger spe- tion and the multifunction imise battery life: cially designed for compatibility display and telltale lights fail to Keep the surface of the battery with the electronics of your mo- light up, the battery is completely clean and dry torcycle. Using this charger, you flat. Attempting to charge a com- Do not open the battery can keep the battery charged pletely flat battery via the on- Maintenance Do not top up with water during long periods of disuse, board socket can cause damage Be sure to read and comply without having to disconnect the to the motorcycle's electronics. with the instructions for char- battery from the motorcycle's If a battery has discharged to the ging the battery on the follow- on-board systems. You can ob- extent that it is completely flat, it ing pages tain additional information from has to be disconnected from the z Do not turn the battery upside your authorised BMW Motorrad on-board circuits and charged down dealer. with the charger connected dir- ectly to the battery posts. If the battery is not discon- Charging battery when nected, the on-board elec- Only chargers suitable for connected this mode of charging can tronics (e.g. clock, etc.) gradually drain the battery. This can cause Charging the connected be used to recharge the battery the battery to run flat. If this hap- battery directly at the bat- via the on-board socket. Unsuit- pens, warranty claims will not be tery terminals can damage the able chargers could cause dam- accepted. vehicle electronics. age to the motorcycle's on-board If the motorcycle is to be out of Always disconnect the battery electrics. use for more than four weeks, from the on-board circuits be- Use BMW chargers with the disconnect the battery or con- fore recharging it with a charger part numbers 71 60 7 688 864
    • (220 V) or, as applicable, systems and connect the charger Always make sure that the 71 60 7 688 865 (110 V). If directly to the battery. motorcycle is stable and firmly 8 you are in doubt, disconnect supported. the battery from the on-board Charging battery when 137 Make sure the ground is level systems and connect the charger disconnected and firm and place the motor- directly to the battery. Charge the battery using a cycle on its stand. Charge via the power sock- suitable charger. Switch off the ignition. et, with the battery connected Comply with the operating in- Maintenance Remove the front seat ( 70) to the motorcycle's on-board structions of the charger. Remove the rider's manual, if electrical system. Once the battery is fully applicable. charged, disconnect the The motorcycle's on-board charger's terminal clips from electronics know when the the battery terminals. battery is fully charged. The on-board socket is switched off The battery has to be re- z when this happens. charged at regular intervals in the course of a lengthy period Comply with the operating in- of disuse. See the instructions structions of the charger. for caring for your battery. Al- If you are unable to charge ways fully recharge the battery the battery through the on- before restoring it to use board socket, you may be using Removing battery Disconnection in the wrong a charger that is not compatible sequence increases the risk with your motorcycle's electron- If it is not standing firmly, of short-circuits. ics. If this happens, disconnect the motorcycle could topple Always proceed in the correct the battery from the on-board in the course of the operations sequence. described below.
    • Disconnect negative battery If the battery was discon- 8 lead 2 first. nected from the motorcycle Then pull back the protective for a prolonged period of time 138 cap and disconnect positive it will be necessary to enter the lead 1. current date in the instrument Remove screw 3, disengage panel, in order to ensure that the the retaining strap at the bot- service-due indicator functions tom and remove. correctly. Maintenance Lift the battery up and out; If you want to have the date set work it slightly back and forth Engage the retainer at the bot- consult a specialist workshop, if it is difficult to remove. tom, push it over the battery preferably an authorised BMW and install screw 3. Motorrad dealer. Installing battery Installation in the wrong Insert the rider's manual, if ap- z Place the battery in the battery sequence increases the risk plicable. compartment, positive termin- Install the front seat ( 70) al on the right in the forward of short-circuits. direction of travel. Always proceed in the correct Set the clock ( 46) sequence. Never install the battery without the protective cap. Connect battery positive lead 1 first. Fit the protective cap to the positive terminal of the battery. Then connect battery negative lead 2.
    • Care Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 9 139 Washing motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Cleaning easily damaged compon- ents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Care Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Protective wax coating . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 z Laying up motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Restoring motorcycle to use . . . . . . . 142
    • Care products painted parts prior to washing Use only cold water to wash off 9 BMW Motorrad recommends the motorcycle. road salt. To prevent stains, do not wash The high pressure of steam 140 that you use the cleaning and the motorcycle immediately after cleaners can damage seals, care products you can obtain it has been exposed to strong the hydraulic brake system, the from your authorised BMW Mo- sunlight and do not wash it in the electrical system, and the seat. torrad dealer. The substances in sun. BMW CareProducts have been Do not use a steam jet or high- Make sure that the motorcycle Care tested in laboratories and in prac- pressure cleaning equipment. is washed frequently, especially tice; they provide optimised care z and protection for the materials during the winter months. Cleaning easily To remove road salt, clean the used in your vehicle. motorcycle with cold water im- damaged components The use of unsuitable mediately after every trip. Stainless-steel covers cleaning and care products can damage vehicle components. After the motorcycle has been washed, ridden Do not use solvents such as cel- through water or ridden in lulose thinners, cold cleaners, the rain, the brake discs and fuel or the like, and do not use pads might be wet and the cleaning products that contain brakes might not take effect alcohol. immediately. Washing motorcycle Apply the brakes in good time until the brakes have dried out. BMW Motorrad recommends Warm water intensifies the Use only proprietary motorcycle that you use BMW insect re- effect of salt. cleaning products or stainless- mover to soften and wash off steel cleaning products to clean insects and stubborn dirt on
    • left and right stainless-steel cov- If plastic parts are cleaned Chrome ers 1. using unsuitable cleaning Use plenty of water and BMW 9 If the stainless-steel covers agents, the surfaces can be dam- shampoo to clean chrome, par- aged. 141 are cleaned using unsuit- ticularly if it has been exposed to able cleaning agents, the sur- Do not use cleaning agents that road salt. Use chrome polish for faces can be damaged. contain alcohol, solvents or ab- additional treatment. Do not use scouring agents such rasives to clean plastic parts. a stainless-steel polish to clean Even fly-remover pads or clean- Radiator Care the stainless-steel covers. ing pads with hard surfaces can Clean the radiator regularly to Even fly-remover pads or clean- produce scratches. prevent overheating of the en- z ing pads with hard surfaces can Soften stubborn dirt and gine due to inadequate cooling. produce scratches. insects by covering the af- For example, use a garden hose fected areas with a wet cloth. with low water pressure. Plastics Cooling fins can be bent Clean plastic parts with water Windscreen easily. and BMW plastic care emulsion. Clean off dirt and insects with a Take care not to bend the fins This includes in particular: soft sponge and plenty of water. when cleaning the radiator. Windscreen and slipstream de- Fuel and chemical solvents flectors attack the material of the Rubber Headlight lens made of plastic windscreen; the windscreen be- Treat rubber components with Glass cover of the instrument comes opaque or dull. water or BMW rubber-care cluster Do not use cleaning agents. products. Black, unpainted parts Using silicone sprays for the care of rubber seals can cause damage.
    • Do not use silicone sprays or Remove stains of this kind im- side stand pivots with a suit- 9 other care products that contain mediately, using cleaning-grade able lubricant. silicon. benzene or petroleum spirit on a Coat bright metal and chrome- 142 clean cloth or ball of cotton wool. plated parts with an acid-free Paint care BMW Motorrad recommends grease (e.g. Vaseline). Washing the motorcycle regularly BMW tar remover for removing Stand the motorcycle in a dry will help counteract the long-term specks of tar. Remember to wax room in such a way that there effects of substances that dam- the parts treated in this way. is no load on either wheel. Au- Care age the paint, especially if your thorised BMW Motorrad deal- z motorcycle is ridden in areas Protective wax coating ers can provide suitable auxili- with high air pollution or natural BMW Motorrad recommends ary stands. sources of dirt, for example tree applying only BMW car wax or Before laying the vehicle resin or pollen. products containing carnauba up out of use, have the en- Remove particularly aggressive wax or synthetic wax. gine oil and the oil filter element substances immediately, how- It is time to rewax the paint- changed by a specialist work- ever, as otherwise the paint can work when water "puddles" on shop, preferably an authorised be affected or become discol- the surface, instead of forming BMW Motorrad dealer. Com- oured. Substances of this nature beads. bine work for laying up/restoring include spilt fuel, oil, grease, to use with a BMW service or brake fluid and bird droppings. Laying up motorcycle inspection. We recommend BMW vehicle Clean the motorcycle. polish or BMW paint cleaner for Remove the battery. Restoring motorcycle this purpose. to use Spray the brake and clutch Marks on the paintwork are par- lever pivots and the main and Remove the protective wax ticularly easy to see after the coating. motorcycle has been washed.
    • Clean the motorcycle. Install a charged battery. 9 Before starting: work through 143 the checklist. Care z
    • 9 144 Care z
    • Technical data Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146 Riding specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 10 145 Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Technical data Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 z Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
    • Troubleshooting chart 10 Possible cause Remedy 146 Emergency off switch (kill switch) Kill switch in operating position Side stand Retract the side stand. ( 76) Gear engaged and clutch not disengaged Select neutral or pull clutch lever ( 76) Clutch pulled before ignition was switched on Switch on the ignition, then pull the clutch lever Technical data No fuel in tank Refuel ( 84) Battery flat Charge the battery when connected ( 136) z
    • Threaded fasteners Front wheel Value Valid 10 147 Brake caliper to slider tube M8 x 32 - 10.9 30 Nm Clamp screw of quick-release axle Technical data M8 x 35 19 Nm Quick-release axle in axle holder M24 x 1.5 50 Nm Rear wheel Value Valid Rear wheel to wheel carrier z M10 x 40 x 1.25 Tighten in diagonally opposite sequence 60 Nm M10 x 53 x 1.25 Tighten in diagonally opposite with cross sequence -spoked 60 Nm wheels OE
    • Mirror arm Value Valid 10 Mirror to adapter 148 M10 x 1.25 - 4.8 22 Nm Mirror adapter to clamping block M10 x 14 - 4.8 25 Nm Technical data z
    • Engine Engine design Four-stroke opposed twin, air-cooled with oil- 10 cooled exhaust ports, installed longitudinally, two 149 overhead camshafts, electronic engine manage- ment Displacement 1170 cm3 Technical data Cylinder bore 101 mm Piston stroke 73 mm Compression ratio 12.0 : 1 Nominal output 77 kW, Over: 7500 min-1 Torque 116 Nm, Over: 5750 min-1 Maximum engine speed max 8000 min-1 z Idle speed 1150+150 +-50 min-1
    • Fuel 10 Recommended fuel grade 95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded 150 91 ROZ/RON, Regular unleaded (fuel grade, us- able with power- and consumption-related restric- tions) Usable fuel capacity approx. 20 l Technical data Reserve fuel ≥4 l Engine oil Engine oil, capacity max 4.0 l, with filter change Lubricant Engine oil, 20W-50 z Engine oil, quantity for topping up max 0.5 l, Difference between MIN and MAX Oil grades Engine oils of API classification SF or better. Engine oils of ACEA classification A2 or better. BMW Motorrad recommends not using synthetic oils for the first 10,000 km. Please do not hesitate to contact your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer if you have any questions relating the choice of a suitable engine oil for your motorcycle.
    • Permissible viscosity classes SAE 5 W- ≥30 -20...20 °C, Operation at low temperatures 10 151 SAE 10 W-40 -10...30 °C, Operation at moderate temperatures SAE 15 W- ≥40 ≥0 °C SAE 20 W- ≥40 ≥0 °C SAE 5 W- ≥50 ≥-20 °C, High-grade and synthetic oils, operation Technical data in all temperature ranges SAE 10 W- ≥50 ≥-20 °C, High-grade and synthetic oils, operation in all temperature ranges Clutch Clutch type Single-plate dry clutch z
    • Transmission 10 Gearbox type Helical 6-speed gearbox with integral reaction 152 damper, claw-action shift by sliding sleeves Gearbox transmission ratios 1,737, Primary transmission ratio 2.375 (38:16 teeth), 1st gear 1.696 (39:23 teeth), 2nd gear 1.296 (35:27 teeth), 3rd gear Technical data 1.065 (33:31 teeth), 4th gear 0.939 (31:33 teeth), 5th gear 0.848 (28:33 teeth), 6th gear Rear-wheel drive z Type of final drive Shaft drive with bevel gears Type of rear suspension BMW EVO Paralever; cast light-alloy single swinging arm with two joints and torque reaction link Number of teeth on rear-wheel drive (gear ratio) 32:11, Stamped into underside of final-drive hous- ing
    • Running gear Front wheel 10 153 Type of front suspension BMW Telelever, with anti-dive top fork bridge, leading link pivot-mounted on engine and tele- scopic forks, central spring strut supported by leading link and main frame Technical data Spring strut, front, type Central spring strut with coil spring and twin-tube gas-filled shock absorber; spring preload mechan- ically adjustable with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE Central spring strut with single-tube gas-filled shock absorber, electrically adjustable rebound damping and electro-hydraulically adjustable spring preload z Spring travel, front 190 mm, At wheel with lowered suspension OE 158 mm, At wheel
    • 10 Rear wheel Type of rear suspension BMW EVO Paralever; cast light-alloy single 154 swinging arm with two joints and torque reaction link Type of rear suspension Central spring strut with single-tube, gas-filled shock absorber, steplessly adjustable rebound- stage damping, progressive compression-stage Technical data damping and hydraulically adjustable spring pre- load with Electronic Suspension Adjustment (ESA) OE Central spring strut with single-tube gas-filled shock absorber, electrically adjustable rebound damping and electro-hydraulically adjustable spring preload z Spring travel at rear wheel 200 mm with lowered suspension OE 171 mm
    • Brakes Type of front brake Hydraulically operated twin disc brake with 4-pis- 10 ton fixed calipers and floating brake discs 155 Brake-pad material, front Sintered metal Type of rear brake Hydraulically operated disc brake with 2-piston floating caliper and fixed disc Technical data Brake-pad material, rear Sintered metal Wheels and tyres Recommended tyre sets You can obtain an up-to-date list of approved tyres from your authorised BMW Motorrad dealer or on the Internet at "www.bmw-motorrad.com". z Front wheel Front wheel, type Cast wheel with 5 double spokes, MT H2 with cross-spoked wheels OE Cross-spoked wheel with 40 spokes, MT H2 Front wheel rim size 2.50" x 19" Tyre designation, front 110/80 - 19
    • 10 Rear wheel Rear wheel type Cast wheel with 5 double spokes, MT H2 156 with cross-spoked wheels OE Cross-spoked wheel with 40 spokes, MT H2 Rear wheel rim size 4.00" x 17" Tyre designation, rear 150/70 - 17 Tyre pressures Technical data Tyre pressure, front 2.2 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2.5 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold Tyre pressure, rear 2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2.9 bar, two-up and/or with luggage, tyre cold z Electrics Electrical rating of on-board socket 5A with extra socket OA max 5 A, Total for all sockets Fuses Electronic fuses protect the circuits. If an elec- tronic fuse trips and de-energises a circuit, the circuit is active as soon as the ignition is switched on after the fault has been rectified.
    • Battery Battery, manufacturer and designation EXT 14 BS 10 157 Battery type AGM (Absorptive Glass Mat) battery Battery rated voltage 12 V Battery rated capacity 14 Ah Spark plugs Technical data Spark plugs, manufacturer and designation NGK DCPR 8 EKC Electrode gap of spark plug 0.8±0.1 mm, When new max 1 mm, Wear limit Secondary spark plugs, manufacturer and desig- NGK DCPR 8 EKC nation Electrode gap of secondary spark plug 0.8±0.1 mm, When new z max 1 mm, Wear limit Lighting Bulb for high-beam headlight H7 / 12 V / 55 W Bulb for low-beam headlight H7 / 12 V / 55 W Bulb for parking light W5W / 12 V / 5 W Bulb for tail light/brake light LED / 12 V Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, front RY10W / 12 V / 10 W Bulbs for flashing turn indicators, rear RY10W / 12 V / 10 W
    • Frame 10 Frame type Tubular steel front frame with tubular steel rear 158 frame, load-bearing drive unit Type plate location On left side behind side cover VIN location Front frame top centre Technical data Dimensions Length of motorcycle 2210 mm, Across luggage carrier Height of motorcycle 1450 mm, To top of windscreen when lowered, at DIN unladen weight with lowered suspension OE 1420 mm, To top of windscreen when lowered, at z DIN unladen weight Width of motorcycle 940 mm, Across mirrors Front-seat height 855...875 mm, At unladen weight with low front seat OE 820 mm with lowered suspension OE 790 mm Rider's inside-leg arc, heel to heel without low front seat OE 1840...1940 mm with lowered suspension OE 1760 mm
    • Weights Unladen weight 229 kg, DIN unladen weight, ready for road 90 % 10 load of fuel, without optional extras 159 Permissible gross weight 440 kg Maximum payload 211 kg Technical data Riding specifications Top speed >200 km/h z
    • z Technical data 160 10
    • Service BMW Motorrad service . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 11 161 BMW Motorrad service quality . . . . . 162 BMW Motorrad Service Card: on- the-spot breakdown assistance . . . . 162 Service BMW Motorrad service network . . . 163 Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 z Confirmation of maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 Confirmation of service . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
    • BMW Motorrad service the necessary technical know- Certain signs of wear, moreover, 11 Advanced technology requires how. BMW Motorrad recom- may otherwise not be noticed mends that you contact your au- until it is too late to put them 162 specially adapted methods of thorised BMW Motorrad dealer right at moderate cost. Your au- maintenance and repair. if you have questions regarding thorised BMW Motorrad dealer's If maintenance and re- your motorcycle. mechanics know every detail of pair work is performed in- your motorcycle and can take re- expertly, it could result in con- BMW Motorrad service medial action if necessary before Service sequential damage and thus con- quality minor faults develop into serious stitute a safety risk. problems. By having the neces- BMW Motorrad recommends you Along with its reputation for en- sary repairs done properly and z to have all the associated work gineering quality and high reliab- in good time, you save time and on your motorcycle carried out ility, BMW Motorrad is a byword money in the long run. by a specialist workshop, prefer- for excellent quality of service. ably an authorised BMW Motor- To ensure that your BMW is al- BMW Motorrad Service rad dealer. ways in optimum condition, BMW Motorrad recommends that you Card: on-the-spot Your authorised BMW Motorrad have the maintenance work re- breakdown assistance dealer can provide information on quired for your motorcycle car- In the event of a breakdown, the BMW services and the work un- ried out regularly, preferably by BMW Motorrad Service Card is- dertaken as part of each service. your authorised BMW Motor- sued with each new BMW mo- Have all maintenance and repair rad dealer. For generous treat- torcycle enables you to access work carried out confirmed in the ment of claims submitted after an extensive range of services "Service" chapter in this manual. the warranty period has expired, such as breakdown assistance, Authorised BMW Motorrad deal- evidence of regular maintenance motorcycle transportation etc. ers are supplied with the latest is essential. (details can differ from country to technical information and have country). In the event of a break-
    • down, contact the Mobile Service "Service Contact Europe" or the date when the next service organisation of BMW Motorrad. "Service Contact Africa, Amer- will be due. 11 The specialists will provide the ica, Asia, Australia, Oceania". Riders who cover long distances necessary advice and assistance. in a year might have to bring in 163 You will find important country- Maintenance work their motorcycles for service be- specific contact addresses and BMW Pre-delivery Check fore the next scheduled date. It the after-sales service organisa- is to allow for these cases that tion phone numbers in the "Ser- Your authorised BMW Motorrad a maximum odometer reading is Service vice Kontakt / Service Contact" dealer conducts the BMW pre- entered as well in the confirma- brochures, along with informa- delivery check before handing tion of service. Servicing has to tion on Mobile Service and the over the motorcycle to you. be brought forward if this odo- meter reading is reached before z dealership network. BMW Running-in Check the next scheduled date for the The BMW running-in check has BMW Motorrad service service. to be performed when the mo- network torcycle has covered between The service-due indicator in the multifunction display reminds you BMW Motorrad has an extens- 500 km and 1,200 km about one month or 1000 km ive after-sales service network in BMW Service in advance when the time for a place to look after you and your service is approaching, on the motorcycle in more than 100 The BMW Service is carried out basis of the programmed values. countries. In Germany alone, you once a year; the extent of servi- have the best possible access cing can vary, depending on the to approximately 200 authorised age of the motorcycle and the BMW Motorrad dealers. distance it has covered. Your au- All information concerning the in- thorised BMW Motorrad dealer ternational dealership network confirms that the service work can be found in the brochure has been carried out and enters
    • Confirmation of maintenance work 11 BMW Pre-delivery BMW Running-in 164 Check Check Completed Completed on on Service Odometer reading Next service z at the latest on or, if logged beforehand, Odometer reading Stamp, signature Stamp, signature
    • BMW Service Completed BMW Service Completed BMW Service Completed 11 165 on on on Odometer reading Odometer reading Odometer reading Next service Next service Next service Service at the latest at the latest at the latest on on on or, if logged beforehand, or, if logged beforehand, or, if logged beforehand, z Odometer reading Odometer reading Odometer reading Stamp, signature Stamp, signature Stamp, signature
    • 11 BMW Service Completed BMW Service Completed BMW Service Completed 166 on on on Odometer reading Odometer reading Odometer reading Next service Next service Next service Service at the latest at the latest at the latest on on on z or, if logged beforehand, or, if logged beforehand, or, if logged beforehand, Odometer reading Odometer reading Odometer reading Stamp, signature Stamp, signature Stamp, signature
    • BMW Service Completed BMW Service Completed BMW Service Completed 11 167 on on on Odometer reading Odometer reading Odometer reading Next service Next service Next service Service at the latest at the latest at the latest on on on or, if logged beforehand, or, if logged beforehand, or, if logged beforehand, z Odometer reading Odometer reading Odometer reading Stamp, signature Stamp, signature Stamp, signature
    • 11 BMW Service Completed BMW Service Completed BMW Service Completed 168 on on on Odometer reading Odometer reading Odometer reading Next service Next service Next service Service at the latest at the latest at the latest on on on z or, if logged beforehand, or, if logged beforehand, or, if logged beforehand, Odometer reading Odometer reading Odometer reading Stamp, signature Stamp, signature Stamp, signature
    • Confirmation of service The table is intended as a record of maintenance, warranty and repair work, the installation of optional 11 accessories and, if appropriate, special campaign (recall) work. 169 Item Odometer Date reading Service z
    • Item Odometer Date 11 reading 170 Service z
    • A B Brakes Abbreviations and symbols, 6 Battery Charging battery when Adjusting brake lever, 61 12 ABS Checking operation, 111 Control, 15 connected, 136 171 Safety instructions, 81 Engineering details, 88 Charging battery when Technical data, 155 Operation, 56 disconnected, 137 Bulbs Self-diagnosis, 77 Installation, 138 General instructions, 125 Warnings, 29 Maintenance instructions, 135 Overview, headlights, 18 Index Accessories Removal, 137 Replacing auxiliary-headlight General instructions, 96 Stowage, 14 bulbs, 129 z Air filter Warning, charge current, 25 Replacing fuses for auxiliary Installation, 133 BMW Motorrad service, 162 headlights, 131 Position on the motorcycle, 13 BMW Motorrad Service Replacing high-beam headlight Removal, 132 Card, 162 bulb, 125 Anti-theft alarm Brake fluid Replacing low-beam headlight Telltale light, 17 Checking fluid levels, 114 bulb, 125 Warnings, 39 Reservoir, front, 13 Replacing parking-light ASC Reservoir, rear, 13 bulb, 127 Control, 15 Brake pads Replacing turn indicator Engineering details, 90 Checking brake-pad bulbs, 128 Operation, 58 thickness, 111 Technical data, 157 Self-diagnosis, 78 Running in, 79 Warning, bulb failure, 25, 26 Warnings, 31
    • C E F 12 Case Operation, 98 Electrics Technical data, 156 Frame Technical data, 158 172 Checklist, 75 Emergency off switch (kill Front-wheel stand Clock, 20 switch), 16, 56 Installing, 124 Adjusting, 46 Engine Fuel Clutch Control, 16 Fill-level indicator, 20 Adjusting clutch lever, 60 Starting, 76 Filler neck, 13 Index Checking fluid level, 116 Technical data, 149 Refuelling, 84 Checking operation, 116 Temperature gauge, 20 Technical data, 150 z Warning, fuel down to Fluid reservoir, 11 Warning, engine electronics, 24 Technical data, 151 Engine oil reserve, 24 Confirmation of maintenance Checking fill level, 109 Fuses, 156 work, 164 Replacing fuses for auxiliary Fill-level indicator, 11 Currency, 7 headlights, 131 Filler neck, 11 Technical data, 150 G D Topping up, 110 Gear indicator, 20 Damping Adjuster, rear, 11 Warning, engine oil level, 29 General views Warning, engine oil Headlight, 18 Adjusting, 64 pressure, 25 Left handlebar fitting, 15 Dimensions Technical data, 158 Equipment, 7 Left side of motorcycle, 11 ESA Multifunction display, 20 Control, 15 Right handlebar fitting, 16 Engineering details, 93 Right side of motorcycle, 13 Operation, 66 Underneath the seat, 14
    • Grip heating High-beam headlight Lights Control, 16 Control, 15 Auxiliary headlights, 97 12 Switching on, 53 Headlight flasher, 53 H 173 Telltale light, 20 Switch on the high-beam Handlebar fittings Horn, 15 headlight, 53 General view, left side, 15 Switching on parking lights, 54 General view, right side, 16 I Switching on the low-beam Handlebars Idle Index Adjusting, 62 headlight, 53 Telltale light, 20 Switching on the side lights, 53 Hazard warning flashers Ignition Low-beam headlight z Control, 15, 16 Switching off, 44 Operation, 55 Switching on, 53 Switching on, 44 Headlight Lowered suspension Immobiliser, 45 Beam throw, 69 Restrictions, 78 Warning, 24 Driving on right/driving on Luggage Instrument cluster left, 69 Ambient-light brightness Instructions for loading and sensor, 17 securing objects, 97 Headlight beam-throw adjustment, 11 Overview, 17 Luggage carrier Overview, 18 Installation, 104 Headlight flasher, 15 J Removal, 104 Jump starting, 134 Helmet holder, 14, 71 M K Maintenance Keys, 44, 46 General instructions, 108 Maintenance intervals, 163 L Laying up, 142
    • Mirrors P Seat 12 Adjusting, 61 Parking, 82 Adjusting seat height, 59 Motorcycle Parking light Installation, 69 174 Switching on, 54 Laying up, 142 Lock, 11 Parking, 82 Power socket, 11, 96 Removal, 69 Restoring to use, 142 Pre-ride check, 77 Service, 162 Multifunction display, 17 Service Card, 162 R Service-due indicator, 20 Index Overview, 20 Rear-wheel drive Technical data, 152 Side light z O Switching on, 53 Odometer and tripmeters, 20 Refuelling, 84 Reserve volume Spark plugs Control, 15 Technical data, 157 Warning, 24 Operation, 47 Speedometer, 17 Residual range, 49 Off-roading, 80 Spring preload Restoring to use, 142 On-board computer Adjuster, front, 11 Ambient temperature, 50 Rev. counter, 17 Rider's Manual Adjuster, rear, 13 Average consumption, 51 Stowage, 14 Adjusting, 63 Average speed, 50 Running gear Starting, 76 Control, 15 Technical data, 153 Status indicators Oil level, 52 See also warnings, 20 Running in, 79 Operation, 49 Standard status indicators, 20 Range, 51 S Warnings, 22 Status indicators, 21 Safety instructions With on-board computer, 21 Warnings, 26 Brakes, 81 With RDC, 22 General, 74 Steering lock, 45
    • T Topcase Running in, 79 Technical data Brakes, 155 Operation, 101 Table of tyre pressures, 14 12 Torques, 147 Technical data, 155 175 Bulbs, 157 Transmission Top speed, 117 Clutch, 151 Technical data, 152 Dimensions, 158 Transportation V Electrics, 156 Lashing, 85 Vehicle identification number, 13 Engine, 149 Troubleshooting chart, 146 Index Engine oil, 150 W Turn indicators Warnings, 22 Frame, 158 Control, left, 15 With ABS, 29 z Fuel, 150 Control, right, 16 With anti-theft alarm, 39 Rear-wheel drive, 152 Operation, 54 With ASC, 31 Running gear, 153 Telltale light, 20 With on-board computer, 26 Spark plugs, 157 Type plate, 11 With RDC, 34 Standards, 7 Tyre pressure monitoring RDC Warnings, overview, 23, 28, 30, Transmission, 152 Adhesive label for rim, 118 32, 35, 40 Weights, 159 Engineering details, 92 Weights Wheels and tyres, 155 Operation, 52 Payload table, 14 Telltale lights, 17 Status indicators, 22 Technical data, 159 Overview, 20 Warnings, 34 Wheels Toolkit Tyres Change of size, 118 Contents, 108 Checking inflation pressure, 68 Checking rims, 117 Stowage, 14 Checking tread depth, 117 Installing front wheel, 121 Pressures, 4, 156 Installing rear wheel, 123 Recommendation, 118
    • Remove the front wheel, 119 12 Removing rear wheel, 123 176 Technical data, 155 Windscreen Adjuster, 11 Adjusting, 60 Index z