Rider S Manual R 1200 Gs 2008

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Rider S Manual R 1200 Gs 2008

  1. 1. Rider's Manual R 1200 GS BMW Motorrad The Ultimate Riding Machine
  2. 2. Motorcycle data/dealership details Motorcycle data Dealership details Model Person to contact in Service department Vehicle identification number Ms/Mr Colour code Phone number Date of first registration Registration number Dealership address/phone number (com- pany stamp)
  3. 3. Details described or illustrated in this booklet may differ from the motorcycle's actual specifica- tion as purchased, the accessor- ies fitted or the national-market specification. No claims will be entertained as a result of such discrepancies. Dimensions, weights, fuel con- sumption and performance data are quoted to the customary tol- erances. The right to modify designs, equipment and accessories is reserved. Errors and omissions excepted. © 2008 BMW Motorrad Not to be reproduced either wholly or in part without written permission from BMW Motorrad, After Sales. Printed in Germany.
  4. 4. The most important data for a filling-station stop can be found in the following chart: Fuel Recommended fuel grade 95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded 91 ROZ/RON, Regular unleaded (fuel grade, usable with power- and consumption-related restric- tions) Usable fuel capacity approx. 20 l Reserve fuel ≥4 l Tyre pressures Tyre pressure, front 2.2 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2.5 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, tyre cold Tyre pressure, rear 2.5 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2.9 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, tyre cold BMW recommends Order No. 01 41 7 712 421 *01417712421* *01417712421* 02.2008, 2nd edition
  5. 5. Welcome to BMW BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly provide advice and assistance. We congratulate you on your choice of a motorcycle from We hope that you will enjoy rid- BMW and welcome you to the ing your BMW and that all your community of BMW riders. journeys will be pleasant and Familiarise yourself with your new safe. motorcycle so that you can ride it safely and confidently in all traffic BMW Motorrad. situations. Please read this Rider's Manual carefully before starting to use your new BMW motorcycle. It contains important information on how to operate the controls and how to make the best possible use of all your BMW's technical features. In addition, it contains information on maintenance and care to help you maintain your motorcycle's reliability and safety, as well as its value. If you have questions concerning your motorcycle, your authorised
  6. 6. Table of Contents You can also consult the index at 3 Status indicators . . . . . . . 19 Tyre pressure monitoring the end of this Rider's Manual if Standard status RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 you want to find a particular topic indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 or item of information. Status indicators with on- Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 1 General instructions . . . . . 5 board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . 55 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Status indicators with Emergency off switch (kill Abbreviations and symbols . . . . 6 tyre pressure monitoring switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 (RDC) OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 BMW Motorrad Integral Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . 22 ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Warnings issued by the on- Automatic Stability Control 2 General views . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . 26 ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 General view, left side . . . . . . . . 11 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 General view, right side . . . . . . 13 ASC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . 14 RDC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . 15 Anti-theft alarm Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . 16 warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Ignition switch and steering Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Electronic immobiliser Electronic Suspension Ad- (EWS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 justment ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Odometer and tripmeters . . . . 47 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 On-board computer OE . . . . . . . 49 Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . . 69
  7. 7. Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 General instructions . . . . . . . . . . 96 Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Power socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Washing motorcycle . . . . . . . . 140 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 Auxiliary headlights OA . . . . . . . . 97 Cleaning easily damaged Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Lowered suspension OE . . . . . . 78 Case OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Topcase OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Protective wax coating . . . . . 142 Riding off-road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Luggage carrier . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Laying up motorcycle . . . . . . 142 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Restoring motorcycle to Parking your motorcycle . . . . . 82 General instructions . . . . . . . . 108 use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 10 Technical data . . . . . . . 145 Securing motorcycle for Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . 146 transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . 147 6 Engineering details . . . . . 87 Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149 Brake system with BMW Mo- Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 torrad Integral ABS OE . . . . . . . . 88 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 Electronic engine manage- Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151 ment with BMW Motorrad Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152 ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . 152 Tyre pressure monitoring Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . 124 Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153 RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155 Electronic Suspension Ad- Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . 155 justment ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134 Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
  8. 8. Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159 Riding specifications . . . . . . . 159 11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 BMW Motorrad service . . . . . 162 BMW Motorrad service quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162 BMW Motorrad Service Card: on-the-spot break- down assistance . . . . . . . . . . . 162 BMW Motorrad service net- work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . 163 Confirmation of mainten- ance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164 Confirmation of service . . . . . 169
  9. 9. General instructions Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1 5 Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 General instructions Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 z
  10. 10. Overview Specific instructions on OE Optional extra 1 Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manu- how to operate, control, ad- The motorcycles are as- just or look after items of equip- sembled complete with 6 al will provide you with an initial ment on the motorcycle. all the BMW optional ex- overview of your motorcycle. All Indicates the end of an tras originally ordered. maintenance and repair work on the motorcycle is documented in item of information. OA Optional accessory Chapter 11. This record of the You can obtain option- Instruction. General instructions maintenance work you have had al accessories through performed on your motorcycle is your authorised BMW Result of an activity. a precondition for generous treat- Motorrad dealer; optional ment of goodwill claims. Reference to a page with accessories have to be When the time comes to sell more detailed informa- retrofitted to the motor- your BMW, please remember tion. cycle. to hand over this Rider's Manu- al; it is an important part of the Indicates the end of a EWS Electronic immobiliser motorcycle. passage relating to spe- (Elektronische Wegfahr- z cific accessories or items sicherung). Abbreviations and of equipment. symbols DWA Anti-theft alarm (Diebs- Tightening torque. tahlwarnanlage) Indicates warnings that you must comply with for reas- ABS Anti-lock brake system ons of your safety and the safety Item of technical data. of others, and to protect your ASC Automatic Stability Con- motorcycle against damage. trol.
  11. 11. ESA Electronic Suspension find these features described in the basis of the data, illustrations Adjustment separate manuals. or descriptions in this manual. 1 Electronic Suspension Adjustment. Technical data 7 All dimensions, weights and RDC Tyre pressure control power ratings stated in the (ReifenDruck-Control) Rider's Manual are quoted to the standards and comply with the General instructions Equipment tolerance requirements of the When you ordered your BMW Deutsche Institut für Normung motorcycle, you chose various e.V. (DIN). Versions for individual items of custom equipment. This countries may differ. Rider's Manual describes option- al extras (OE) offered by BMW Currency and selected optional accessor- The high safety and quality ies (OA). This explains why the standards of BMW motorcycles manual may also contain de- are maintained by constant scriptions of equipment which z development work on designs, you have not ordered. Please equipment and accessories. note, too, that your motorcycle Because of this, your motorcycle might not be exactly as illus- may differ from the information trated in this manual on account supplied in the Rider's Manual. of country-specific differences. Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely If your BMW was supplied with rule out errors and omissions. equipment not described in We hope you will appreciate that this Rider's Manual, you will no claims can be entertained on
  12. 12. z 8 1 General instructions
  13. 13. General views General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2 9 General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 General views Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 z
  14. 14. z 10 2 General views
  15. 15. General view, left side 1 Adjuster, spring preload, 2 front ( 63) 11 2 Adjustment of windscreen ( 60) 3 Adjuster for headlight beam throw (underneath the in- General views strument panel) ( 69) 4 Clutch-fluid reservoir ( 116) 5 Type plate (on frame, be- hind side cover) 6 Seat lock ( 69) 7 Power socket ( 96) z 8 Adjuster for damping char- acteristic, rear suspension ( 64) 9 Engine-oil filler neck ( 110) 10 Engine oil level indicator ( 109)
  16. 16. z 12 2 General views
  17. 17. General view, right side 1 Adjuster for spring preload, 2 rear ( 63) 13 2 Fuel filler neck ( 84) 3 Brake-fluid reservoir, front ( 114) 4 Vehicle Identification Num- General views ber (VIN) (on steering-head bearing) 5 Air filter (behind right side panel) ( 132) 6 Brake-fluid reservoir, rear ( 115) z
  18. 18. Underneath the seat 2 1 Rider's Manual 14 2 Battery ( 135) 3 Toolkit, Payload table (in tool tray), Tyre pressures table (in tool tray) 4 Helmet holder ( 71) General views z
  19. 19. Handlebar fitting, left 1 Operating the odometer 2 ( 47), Operating the on- 15 board computer OE ( 49) 2 Operating the ABS OE ( 56), Operating ASC OE ( 58) General views 3 Operating ESA OE ( 66) 4 Horn 5 Flashing turn indicators, left ( 54), Hazard warn- ing flashers ( 55) 6 Headlight flasher and high- beam headlight ( 53) z
  20. 20. Handlebar fitting, right 2 1 Emergency off switch (kill 16 switch) ( 56) 2 Starter button ( 76) 3 Grip heating 4 Flashing turn indicators, right ( 55), Hazard warn- General views ing flashers ( 55) 5 Cancel button, flashing turn indicators ( 55), Pushbut- ton, cancel hazard warning flashers ( 56) z
  21. 21. Instrument cluster 1 Speedometer 2 2 Rev. counter 17 3 Telltale lights ( 20) 4 Multifunction display ( 20) 5 Ambient-light brightness General views sensor (for adapting the brightness of the instrument lighting) with anti- theft alarm (DWA) OE Anti-theft alarm telltale light z (see the instructions for use for the anti-theft alarm) 6 Operating the odometer ( 47), Operation of the clock ( 46)
  22. 22. Headlight 2 1 Low-beam headlight 18 2 High-beam headlight 3 Side light General views z
  23. 23. Status indicators Standard status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3 19 Status indicators with on-board com- puter OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 Status indicators with tyre pressure monitoring (RDC) OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Status indicators Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Warnings issued by the on-board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 ASC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 z RDC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Anti-theft alarm warnings OE . . . . . . . . . 39
  24. 24. Standard status Telltale lights Gear indicator 3 indicators The gear engaged or N 20 for neutral appears on the Multifunction display display. If no gear is engaged, the 'neutral' telltale light also lights up. Status indicators Engine temperature The horizontal bars below 1 Flashing turn indicators, left the temperature symbol 2 High-beam headlight indicate the engine temperature. 3 Idle 1 Clock ( 46) Service-due indicator 4 Flashing turn indicators, 2 Gear indicator ( 20) right z 3 Engine temperature ( 20) 4 Odometer and tripmeters Fuel capacity ( 47) The horizontal bars below 5 Fuel capacity ( 20) the fuel-pump symbol in- dicate the remaining quantity of fuel. When the fuel in the tank is topped up the gauge briefly shows the original level, before If the next service is due in less the reading is updated. than one month, the date for the
  25. 25. next service is shown briefly after the distance is counted down in preferably an authorised BMW the Pre-Ride Check completes. steps of 100 km and is shown Motorrad dealer. 3 Month and year are both shown briefly after the Pre-Ride Check as two-digit numbers with a line completes. Status indicators with 21 as separator, so in this example If service is overdue, the due on-board computer OE the next service is due in March 2007. date or the odometer reading at which service was due is accom- Status indicators panied by the 'General' warning light showing yellow. The word "Service" remains permanently visible. If the service-due indicator appears more than a month in advance of the actual due date or if the word "Service" does not 1 Status-indicator panel of z show permanently even though the on-board computer OE If the motorcycle covers long dis- a service is overdue, the date ( 49) tances in the course of the year, stored in memory in the instru- under certain circumstances it ment panel is incorrect and must might be necessary to have it be set. This situation can occur if serviced at a date in advance the battery was disconnected for of the forecast due date. If the a prolonged period of time. countdown distance to the odo- If you want to have the date set meter reading at which a service consult a specialist workshop, will be due is less than 1000 km,
  26. 26. Status indicators Standard warnings The possible warnings are listed 3 with tyre pressure Mode of presentation on the next page. 22 monitoring (RDC) OE Status indicators Warnings are indicated by the 1 Tyre-pressure readout OE 'General' warning light 1 show- ( 52) ing in combination with a warning z word, for example 2 or in com- The figures shown in the bination with one of the warning tyre-pressure readings are symbols 3. The 'General' warn- temperature-compensated (see ing light shows red or yellow, de- the section entitled "Engineering pending on the urgency of the details"). warning. If two or more warnings occur at the same time, all the appropri- ate warning lights and warning symbols appear, alternating with warning words as applicable.
  27. 27. Warnings, overview Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 3 Lights up yellow EWS ! appears on Electronic immobiliser active ( 24) 23 the display Lights up yellow FUEL ! appears Fuel down to reserve ( 24) on the display Status indicators Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- Engine in emergency-operation mode play ( 24) Flashes red Appears on the dis- Insufficient engine oil pressure ( 25) play Lights up red Appears on the dis- Insufficient battery charge current play ( 25) z Lights up yellow LAMPR ! appears Rear light bulb defective ( 25) on the display LAMPF ! appears Front light bulb defective ( 26) on the display Lights up yellow LAMPS ! appears Bulbs defective ( 26) on the display
  28. 28. Electronic immobiliser Lack of fuel can result in The engine is running in 3 active the engine misfiring and emergency operating mode. General warning light shows cutting out unexpectedly. Mis- Engine power might be reduced 24 firing can damage the catalytic and this can cause hazardous yellow. converter; a hazardous situation situations, particularly if you at- EWS ! appears on the display. can result if the engine cuts out tempt to overtake other road Possible cause: unexpectedly. users. The key being used is not au- Do not run the fuel tank dry. Engine power level might be Status indicators thorised for starting, or commu- Possible cause: lower than normal: adapt your nication between key and engine style of riding accordingly. The fuel tank contains no more electronics is disrupted. Possible cause: than the reserve quantity of fuel. Remove all other vehicle keys The engine control unit has dia- from the same ring as the igni- Reserve fuel gnosed a fault. In exceptional tion key. cases, the engine stops and re- Use the reserve key. fuses to start. Otherwise, the en- ≥4 l z Have the defective key re- gine runs in emergency operating placed, preferably by an au- Refuel ( 84) mode. thorised BMW Motorrad dealer. You can continue to ride, but Engine in emergency- Fuel down to reserve bear in mind that the usual en- operation mode gine power might not be avail- General warning light shows General warning light shows able. yellow. yellow. Have the fault rectified as FUEL ! appears on the display. Engine symbol appears on quickly as possible by a the display. specialist workshop, preferably
  29. 29. an authorised BMW Motorrad Top up the engine oil. the engine or the ABS. This can dealer. Possible cause: result in dangerous situations. 3 If possible, do not continue your Insufficient engine oil The engine-oil pressure is insuffi- journey. 25 pressure cient. Battery is not being charged. If General warning light Riding when engine-oil you continue to ride the motor- flashes red. pressure is low can result cycle the on-board electronics in engine damage. will drain the battery. Status indicators Oil-can symbol appears on the display. Do not continue your journey. Possible cause: Have the fault rectified as Alternator or alternator drive belt The oil pressure in the lube-oil quickly as possible by a defective system is too low. Stop immedi- specialist workshop, preferably Have the fault rectified as ately and switch off the engine. an authorised BMW Motorrad quickly as possible by a The insufficient oil pres- dealer. specialist workshop, preferably sure warning does not fulfil an authorised BMW Motorrad the function of an oil gauge. The Insufficient battery charge dealer. z only way of checking whether the current oil level is correct is to check the General warning light lights Rear light bulb defective oil sight glass. up red. General warning light shows Possible cause: yellow. Battery symbol appears on The engine-oil level is too low. the display. LAMPR ! appears on the dis- Check the engine oil level play. ( 109) A discharged battery can If the oil level is too low: render various systems un- available, for example the lights,
  30. 30. A defective bulb places complete set of spare bulbs if complete set of spare bulbs if 3 your safety at risk because possible. possible. it is easier for other users to Possible cause: Possible cause: 26 oversee the motorcycle. Low-beam headlight, high-beam A combination of the bulb de- Replace defective bulbs as headlight, side-light or turn-indic- fects described above has oc- soon as possible; always carry a ator bulb defective. curred. complete set of spare bulbs if Replacing low-beam/high-beam See the fault descriptions possible. Status indicators headlight bulb ( 125) above. Possible cause: Replacing parking-light bulb Rear light or brake light bulb de- ( 127) Warnings issued by the fective. Replacing turn indicator bulbs, on-board computer OE The LED rear light must be front and rear ( 128) replaced. Consult a specialist Mode of presentation workshop, preferably an author- Bulbs defective ised BMW Motorrad dealer. General warning light shows z yellow. Front light bulb defective LAMPF ! appears on the dis- LAMPS ! appears on the dis- play. play. A defective bulb places A defective bulb places your safety at risk because your safety at risk because it is easier for other users to it is easier for other users to oversee the motorcycle. oversee the motorcycle. Warnings issued by the on-board Replace defective bulbs as Replace defective bulbs as computer appear in panel 1. soon as possible; always carry a soon as possible; always carry a
  31. 31. The possible warnings are listed on the next page. 3 27 Status indicators z
  32. 32. Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 28 Appears on the dis- Engine-oil level too low ( 29) play Check Oil ap- pears on the dis- Status indicators play. Appears on the dis- Ice warning ( 29) play z
  33. 33. Engine-oil level too low Ice warning ABS warnings OE Oil-level symbol appears on Ice-crystal symbol appears Mode of presentation 3 the display. on the display. 29 Check Oil appears on the Possible cause: display. The air temperature measured Possible cause: at the motorcycle is lower than The electronic oil-level sensor 3 °C. Status indicators has registered an excessively low The ice warning does not oil level. Check the engine-oil mean that there is no risk level at the oil-level indicator the of black ice forming at measured next time you stop to refuel: temperatures above 3 °C. Check the engine oil level Always take extra care and think ABS warnings are indicated by ( 109) well ahead when temperatures ABS warning light 1. If the oil level is too low: are low; remember that the The way in which the ABS warn- Top up the engine oil ( 110) danger of black ice is particularly ing light indicates status can dif- z high on bridges and where the fer in some countries. Possible cause: road is in the shade. The oil sensor might be defective Possible national variant. if the "Check oil level" message Ride carefully and think well appears even though a check at ahead. the oil sight glass reveals that the The detailed descriptions relating oil level is correct. to BMW Motorrad Integral ABS Seek the advice of a specialist start on page ( 88), and you workshop, preferably an author- will find an overview listing the ised BMW Motorrad dealer. possible warnings on the next page.
  34. 34. Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 30 Flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 31) Lights up ABS deactivated ( 31) Status indicators Lights up ABS fault ( 31) z
  35. 35. Self-diagnosis not with BMW Motorrad Integral ASC warnings OE completed ABS II OE Mode of presentation 3 ABS warning light flashes. Activate the ABS function 31 ( 57) Possible cause: ABS fault The ABS function is not ABS warning light shows. available, because self- Status indicators diagnosis did not complete. The Possible cause: motorcycle has to move forward a few metres for the wheel The ABS control unit has detec- sensors to be tested. ted a fault. The ABS function is Pull away slowly. Bear in mind not available. ASC warnings are indicated by that the ABS function is not You can continue to ride the ASC symbol 2 or off-road ASC available until self-diagnosis has motorcycle, but make due pro- symbol 3 in combination with completed. vision for the fact that the ABS 'General' warning light 1. function is not available. Bear z The detailed descriptions relating ABS deactivated in mind the more detailed in- to BMW Motorrad ASC start on ABS warning light shows. formation on situations that can page ( 90), and you will find lead to an ABS fault ( 89). an overview listing the possible Have the fault rectified as warnings on the next page. Possible cause: quickly as possible by a The rider has switched off the specialist workshop, preferably ABS system. an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
  36. 36. Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 32 Quick-flashes yel- Appears on the dis- ASC intervention ( 33) low play Quick-flashes yel- Appears on the dis- Off-road ASC intervention ( 33) low play Status indicators Slow-flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 33) Slow-flashes Self-diagnosis in off-road mode not completed ( 33) Appears on the dis- ASC deactivated ( 33) play z Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- ASC fault ( 34) play
  37. 37. ASC intervention flashes for longer than ASC in- Self-diagnosis in off-road General warning light quick- tervention lasts. This affords the mode not completed 3 flashes yellow. rider visual feedback on control Off-road ASC symbol slow- intervention even after the critical 33 ASC symbol appears on flashes. situation has been dealt with. the display. Possible cause: Self-diagnosis not Self-diagnosis did not complete, The ASC has detected a degree completed so the ASC function is not avail- of instability at the rear wheel Status indicators and has intervened to reduce ASC symbol slow-flashes. able. The engine must be run- torque. The warning light flashes ning and the motorcycle must for longer than ASC intervention reach a speed of at least 5 km/ Possible cause: lasts. This affords the rider visual h once in order for ASC self-dia- Self-diagnosis did not complete, gnosis to complete. feedback on control intervention so the ASC function is not avail- Pull away slowly. Bear in mind even after the critical situation able. The engine must be run- that the ASC function is not has been dealt with. ning and the motorcycle must available until self-diagnosis has reach a speed of at least 5 km/ z Off-road ASC intervention completed. h once in order for ASC self-dia- General warning light quick- gnosis to complete. ASC deactivated flashes yellow. Pull away slowly. Bear in mind ASC symbol appears on Off-road ASC symbol ap- that the ASC function is not the display. pears on the display. available until self-diagnosis has completed. Possible cause: The off-road ASC has detected The rider has switched off the a degree of instability at the rear ASC system. wheel and has intervened to re- duce torque. The warning light
  38. 38. with Automatic Stability Con- an authorised BMW Motorrad range, 'General' warning light 1 3 trol OE dealer. shows yellow. If the tyre pres- Activate the ASC function sure registered by the sensor is 34 RDC warnings OE outside the permissible tolerance ( 59) range, the 'General' warning light ASC fault Mode of presentation flashes red. The tyre-pressure readings are The detailed descriptions relating General warning light shows based on a reference tyre tem- to BMW Motorrad RDC start on yellow. Status indicators perature of 20 °C ( 93). page ( 92), and you will find ASC symbol appears on an overview listing the possible the display. warnings on the next page. Possible cause: The ASC control unit has detec- ted a fault. The ASC function and the off-road ASC function z are not available. You can continue to ride. Bear in mind that the ASC function is not available. Bear in mind Warning symbol 2 indicates a the more detailed information critical tyre pressure, and the cor- on situations that can lead to responding reading for the front an ASC fault ( 91). tyre pressure 3 or the rear tyre Have the fault rectified as pressure 4 flashes. quickly as possible by a If the critical value is close to the specialist workshop, preferably limit of the permissible tolerance
  39. 39. Warnings, overview Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 3 Lights up yellow Tyre symbol ap- Tyre pressure close to limit of permitted 35 pears on the dis- tolerance ( 37) play. The critical tyre pressure flashes. Status indicators Flashes red Tyre symbol ap- Tyre pressure outside permitted toler- pears on the dis- ance ( 37) play. The critical tyre pressure flashes. "--" or "-- --" Signal transmission disrupted ( 38) appears on the dis- z play Lights up yellow Tyre symbol ap- Sensor defective or system error pears on the dis- ( 38) play. "--" or "-- --" appears on the dis- play
  40. 40. Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 3 Lights up yellow RDC! appears on Battery of tyre-pressure sensor weak 36 the display ( 39) Status indicators z
  41. 41. Tyre pressure close Tyre pressure outside Correct the tyre pressure at the to limit of permitted permitted tolerance earliest possible opportunity. 3 tolerance General warning light Before you adjust tyre pres- 37 General warning light shows flashes red. sure, read the information yellow. on temperature compensation Tyre symbol appears on and adjusting pressure in the Tyre symbol appears on the display. section entitled "Engineering the display. details". The critical tyre pressure flashes. Status indicators The critical tyre pressure flashes. Possible cause: Have the tyre checked for Possible cause: Measured tyre pressure is out- damage by a specialist Measured tyre pressure is close side permitted tolerance. workshop, preferably an to the limit of permitted toler- Check the tyre for damage and authorised BMW Motorrad ance. to ascertain whether the mo- dealer. Correct the tyre pressure as torcycle can be ridden with the If you are unsure whether the stated on the inside cover of tyre in its present condition. motorcycle can be ridden with the Rider's Manual. If the motorcycle can be ridden the tyre in its present condition: z Before you adjust tyre pres- with the tyre in its present condi- Do not continue your journey. sure, read the information tion: Notify the breakdown service. on temperature compensation Incorrect tyre pressures im- Have the tyre checked for and adjusting pressure in the pair the motorcycle's hand- damage by a specialist section entitled "Engineering ling characteristics. workshop, preferably an details". If tyre pressure is incorrect it is authorised BMW Motorrad essential to adapt your style of dealer. riding accordingly.
  42. 42. Signal transmission Possible cause: Tyre symbol appears on 3 disrupted Wireless communication with the the display. "--" or "-- --" appears on RDC sensors has been disrupted. "--" or "-- --" appears on 38 the display. Possible causes include radio- the display. Possible cause: communication systems operat- Possible cause: ing in the vicinity and interfering The motorcycle has not yet ac- Motorcycle is fitted with wheels with the link between the RDC celerated past the threshold of not equipped with RDC sensors. control unit and the sensors. Status indicators approximately 30 km/h. The Fit wheels and tyres equipped RDC sensors do not start trans- Move to another location and observe the RDC readings. As- with RDC sensors. mitting signals until the motor- sume that a permanent fault Possible cause: cycle reaches a speed above this threshold for the first time has not occurred unless the One or two RDC sensors have ( 92). 'General' warning light comes failed. on to accompany the symp- Increase speed above this Have the fault rectified by a toms. Under these circum- threshold and observe the RDC specialist workshop, preferably z stances: readings. Assume that a per- an authorised BMW Motorrad manent fault has not occurred Have the fault rectified by a dealer. specialist workshop, preferably unless the 'General' warning light comes on to accompany an authorised BMW Motorrad Possible cause: the symptoms. Under these dealer. A system error has occurred. circumstances: Sensor defective or Have the fault rectified by a Have the fault rectified by a specialist workshop, preferably system error specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad an authorised BMW Motorrad General warning light shows dealer. dealer. yellow.
  43. 43. Battery of tyre-pressure Anti-theft alarm sensor weak warnings OE 3 General warning light shows 39 Mode of presentation yellow. RDC! appears on the display. This error message appears only briefly after the pre- Status indicators ride check completes. Possible cause: The integral battery in the tyre- pressure sensor has lost a sig- nificant proportion of its original capacity. There is no assurance Anti-theft alarm warnings 2 ap- of how long the tyre pressure pear in combination with 'Gener- control system can remain opera- al' warning light 1 showing after z tional. the Pre-Ride Check and relate to the capacity of the internal bat- Seek the advice of a specialist workshop, preferably an author- tery that supplies power to the anti-theft alarm. ised BMW Motorrad dealer. The possible warnings are listed on the next page.
  44. 44. Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 40 DWALO ! appears Anti-theft alarm battery weak ( 41) on the display Lights up yellow DWA ! appears on Anti-theft alarm battery flat ( 41) the display Status indicators z
  45. 45. Anti-theft alarm battery This error message appears weak only briefly after the pre- 3 DWALO ! appears on the dis- ride check completes. 41 play. Possible cause: This error message appears The integral battery in the anti- only briefly after the pre- theft alarm has lost its entire ori- ride check completes. ginal capacity. There is no assur- Status indicators ance that the anti-theft alarm will Possible cause: be operational if the motorcycle's The integral battery in the anti- battery is disconnected. theft alarm has lost a significant Seek the advice of a specialist proportion of its original capa- workshop, preferably an author- city. There is no assurance of ised BMW Motorrad dealer. how long the anti-theft alarm can remain operational if the motor- cycle's battery is disconnected. z Seek the advice of a specialist workshop, preferably an author- ised BMW Motorrad dealer. Anti-theft alarm battery flat General warning light shows yellow. DWA ! appears on the display.
  46. 46. z 42 3 Status indicators
  47. 47. Operation Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . . 44 Windscreen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 4 43 Electronic immobiliser (EWS) . . . . . . . . 45 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Operation On-board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Handlebars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Tyre pressure monitoring Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 z Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Electronic Suspension Adjustment Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 ESA OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Emergency off switch (kill switch) . . . . 56 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 BMW Motorrad Integral ABS OE . . . . . . 56 Front and rear seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Automatic Stability Control Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 ASC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Seat height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
  48. 48. Ignition switch and Switching on ignition Switching off ignition 4 steering lock 44 Keys You receive one master key and one spare key. Please consult the information on the electronic immobiliser (EWS) if a key is lost Operation or mislaid ( 45). Ignition switch and steering lock, tank filler cap lock and seat lock are all operated with the same Turn the key to position 1. Turn the key to position 2. z key. Side lights and all function cir- Lights switched off. cuits switched on. Handlebars not locked. with case OA Engine can be started. Key can be removed. with topcase OA Pre-ride check is performed. Electrically powered accessor- If you wish you can arrange to ( 77) ies remain operational for a lim- have the cases and the top- with BMW Motorrad Integral ited period of time. case fitted with locks that can ABS II OE The battery can be recharged be opened with this key as well. ABS self-diagnosis is via the socket. Consult a specialist workshop, performed. ( 77) preferably an authorised BMW with Automatic Stability Con- Motorrad dealer. trol OE ASC self-diagnosis is per- formed. ( 78)
  49. 49. Locking handlebars Turn the key to position 3, engine cannot be started with a while moving the handlebars key that has been barred. 4 slightly. Ignition, lights and all function In-key electronics 45 circuits switched off. The motorcycle's electronics Handlebars locked. exchange certain continuously Key can be removed. changing signals with the elec- tronics in the key; these signals Operation Electronic immobiliser are specific to your motorcycle and they are transmitted via the (EWS) ring aerial in the ignition lock. If the motorcycle is on the Protection against theft The ignition is not enabled for side stand, the surface of The electronic immobiliser helps starting until the key has been z the ground will determine wheth- protect your BMW motorcycle recognised as "authorised" for er it is better to turn the handle- from theft, and this enhanced se- your motorcycle. bars to the left or right. However, curity is at your disposal without A spare key attached to the motorcycle is more stable on any need for you to set paramet- the same ring as the ig- a level surface with the handle- ers or activate additional systems. nition key used to start the en- bars turned to the left than with The engine of a motorcycle fit- gine could "irritate" the electron- the handlebars turned to the ted with this electronic immobil- ics, in which case the enabling right. iser can be started only with the signal for starting is not issued. On level ground, always turn the keys that belong to the vehicle. The EWS warning appears in the handlebars to the left to set the You can also have your author- multifunction display. steering lock. ised BMW Motorrad dealer bar Always keep the spare key sep- Turn the handlebars to the full individual keys, for example if a arately from the ignition key. left or right lock position. particular key goes missing. The
  50. 50. Replacement and extra Switch on the ignition. 4 keys without on-board computer OE You can obtain replacement/extra without tyre pressure monitor- 46 keys only through an authorised ing (RDC) OE BMW Motorrad dealer. The keys are part of an integrated secur- ity system, so the dealer is un- der an obligation to check the Operation legitimacy of all applications for replacement/extra keys. If you Alternatively, repeatedly press want to have a lost key barred, button 2 until the total distance you have to bring with you all covered reading appears on z the other keys that belong to the display. the motorcycle. A key that has Repeatedly press button 1 until been barred can subsequently be the odometer reading appears cleared and reactivated for use. on the display. Clock Setting clock Attempting to set the clock while riding the motorcycle can lead to accidents. Set the clock only when the mo- torcycle is stationary.
  51. 51. with on-board computer OE The clock is now set and the or time appears on the display. 4 with tyre pressure monitoring Odometer and 47 (RDC) OE tripmeters Selecting readings Switch on the ignition. Operation Hold down the button. Hours reading 3 flashes. Press the button. z The hours reading increments Repeatedly press button 2 until by one each time you press the clock appears on the dis- the button. play. Hold down the button. In this case, the button in Minutes reading 4 flashes. the instrument cluster oper- Press the button. Press button 1. ates only the tripmeters. The minutes reading incre- ments by one each time you press the button. Either press and hold down the button or wait without pressing a button.
  52. 52. without on-board computer OE 4 without tyre pressure monitor- ing (RDC) OE 48 Operation The display starts with the cur- Press and hold down button 1. rent value and each time the but- The tripmeter is reset to zero. z ton is pressed it moves one step through the following sequence: If you prefer, you can use but- without on-board computer OE ton 2 for this purpose. Total distance covered Tripmeter 1 (Trip I) Resetting tripmeter Tripmeter 2 (Trip II) Switch on the ignition. Residual range (once fuel level Select the desired tripmeter. is down to reserve)
  53. 53. without tyre pressure monitor- Residual range the fuel-level reading nor the ing (RDC) OE without on-board computer OE residual-range readout can be 4 updated. 49 The calculated range is an approximate value. Con- sequently, BMW Motorrad re- commends that you should not try to use the full residual range Operation before refuelling. On-board computer OE If you prefer, you can use but- The residual-range readout in- Selecting readings z ton 2 for this purpose. dicates how far you can ride with Switch on the ignition. the fuel remaining in the tank. This reading is not displayed until fuel level has dropped to reserve. This distance is calculated on the basis of fuel level and average consumption. When refuelling after running on reserve, make sure that you top up the tank to a level above re- serve, as otherwise the sensor will not be able to register the Press button 1. new level. If the sensor cannot register the new level neither
  54. 54. Ambient temperature the temperature drops below this 4 threshold for the first time. 50 Average speed Operation The display starts with the cur- rent value and each time the but- When the motorcycle is at a z ton is pressed it moves one step standstill the heat of the engine through the following sequence: can falsify ambient-temperature reading 1. If the effect of the en- Average speed 1 is calculated Ambient temperature gine's heat becomes excessive, on the basis of the time elapsed Average speed -- temporarily appears on the since the last reset. Times Average consumption display. during which the engine was Range stopped are excluded from the Oil level If ambient temperature calculation. Tyre pressures (OE) drops below 3 °C a warn- ing appears, drawing your atten- Resetting average speed tion to the risk of black ice form- Switch on the ignition. ing. The display automatically Select average speed. switches from any other mode to the temperature reading when
  55. 55. the corresponding amount of fuel Range used. 4 Resetting average 51 consumption Switch on the ignition. Select average consumption. Operation Press and hold down button 1. Average speed is reset to zero. The description of the residual- Average consumption range function ( 49) also cov- z ers range readout 1. You can also view the range before the fuel level drops to reserve. A special average-consumption figure is used to calculate range; Press and hold down button 1. this figure is not necessarily the Average consumption is reset same as the value you can call to zero. up for viewing on the display. When the motorcycle is propped on its side stand the slight angle Average consumption 1 is cal- of inclination means that the culated by dividing the distance sensor cannot register the fuel covered since the last reset by level correctly. This is the reason why the range is calculated only
  56. 56. when the motorcycle is on the The preconditions for the oil level The most recently measured 4 move. check are as follows: level is displayed for 5 seconds The calculated range is only Engine at operating temperat- when you next switch on the ig- 52 an approximate reading. ure. nition. Consequently, BMW Motorrad Engine idling for at least 10 The oil-level sensor might recommends that you should not seconds. be defective if the "Check try to use the full range before Side stand retracted. oil level" message appears even refuelling. Make sure the motorcycle is Operation though the oil level in the oil upright. sight glass is correct. In this Oil level case, consult your authorised The readings mean: BMW Motorrad dealer. OK: Oil level is correct. z CHECK: Check the oil level the Tyre pressure next time you stop for fuel. monitoring RDC OE If you call up another read- Viewing tyre-pressure ing on the on-board com- readings puter, this symbol remains visible Switch on the ignition. until the sensor again registers a correct oil level. Oil-level indicator 1 gives you an indication of the engine oil ---: Oil level cannot be meas- level. You can call up this read- ured (conditions as stated above ing only when the motorcycle is not satisfied). at a standstill.
  57. 57. on the right is the rear tyre pres- Low-beam headlight sure. The tyre-pressure readings The low-beam headlight switches 4 are based on a reference tyre on automatically when you start temperature of 20 °C. -- -- 53 the engine. appears directly after the ig- nition is switched on, because When the engine is not the sensors do not transmit tyre running you can switch on pressures until the motorcycle the lights by switching on the ig- Operation accelerates to 30 km/h. nition and either switching on the high-beam headlight or operating Repeatedly press button 1 un- the headlight flasher. til the tyre-pressure readings Lights appear on the display. Side light High-beam headlight and z The side lights switch on auto- headlight flasher matically when the ignition is switched on. The side lights place a strain on the battery. Do not switch the ignition on for longer than absolutely necessary. The tyre pressures are shown, Press the top section of full- accompanied by the wording beam headlight switch 1. RDC P. The front tyre pres- sure is on the left; the reading
  58. 58. High-beam headlight switched Turn indicators 4 on. Switching on left flashing Move full-beam headlight 54 switch 1 to the centre position. turn indicators High-beam headlight switched Switch on the ignition. off. The turn indicators are can- Press the bottom section of celled automatically after full-beam headlight switch 1. you have ridden for approxim- Operation The high-beam headlight is ately 10 seconds, or covered a switched on until you release Immediately after switching distance of about 200 m. the button (headlight flasher). off the ignition, press and hold z down button 1 for the left turn Switching on parking indicators. lights Parking light switches on. Switch off the ignition. Switching off parking lights Switch the ignition on and then off again. Parking lights switched off. Press button 1 for the left- hand turn indicators. Left-hand turn indicators switched on. Telltale light for left-hand turn indicators flashes.
  59. 59. Switching on right Cancelling turn indicators warning flashers for longer than flashing turn indicators absolutely necessary. 4 Switch on the ignition. If you press a turn-indicat- 55 The turn indicators are can- or button with the ignition celled automatically after switched on, the turn-indicator you have ridden for approxim- function is activated instead of ately 10 seconds, or covered a the hazard warning flashers, and Operation distance of about 200 m. remains active until you release the button. The hazard warning flashers recommence flashing as Press cancel button 3. soon as the button is released. Flashing turn indicators z switched off. Turn indicator telltale lights are off. Hazard warning flashers Press button 2 for the right- Switching on hazard hand turn indicators. Right-hand turn indicators warning flashers switched on. Switch on the ignition. Simultaneously press button 1 for left turn indicators and but- Telltale light for right-hand turn The hazard warning flash- ton 2 for right turn indicators. indicators flashes. ers place a strain on the battery. Do not use the hazard
  60. 60. The hazard warning flashers Emergency off switch 4 are switched on. (kill switch) Left and right turn indicator 56 telltale lights flash. Switch off the ignition. The hazard warning flashers continue to operate. Left and right turn indicator Operation telltale lights are off. a Normal operating position Switching off hazard (run) warning flashers b Engine switched off. z 1 Emergency off switch (kill switch) You cannot start the engine unless the kill switch is in Operating the kill switch the run position. when riding can cause the rear wheel to lock and thus BMW Motorrad Integral cause a fall. ABS OE Do not operate the kill switch Deactivating ABS function when riding. Bring the motorcycle to a stop Press cancel button 3. The emergency off switch is a or, if the motorcycle is at a Hazard warning flashers kill switch for switching off the standstill, switch on the igni- switched off. engine quickly and easily. tion.
  61. 61. ABS warning light remains Activating ABS function ON. 4 The ABS function is deactiv- 57 ated, but the integral function remains active. Response with ABS deactivated Operation If you deactivate the ABS, the Press and hold down button 1 function is initially disabled for until the ABS warning light the front wheel only. If you sub- Press and hold down button 1 changes status. sequently apply the brakes by until the ABS warning light z ABS warning light shows. pulling only the handbrake lever, changes status. the Integral function ensures that ABS warning light goes out; with Automatic Stability Con- the rear wheel is also braked and if self-diagnosis has not trol OE ABS control remains active for completed it starts flashing. the rear wheel. ABS control for Release the ABS button within Initially, the ASC symbol the rear wheel is not deactivated two seconds. changes status. Press and hold until you depress the footbrake The ABS warning light re- down button 1 until the ABS lever. mains off or continues to warning light responds. Under these circumstances there is flash. no change in the ASC setting. The ABS function is activated. Release the ABS button within You also have the option of two seconds. switching the ignition off and then on again.

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