Motorcycle data/dealership details
Motorcycle data Dealership details
Model Person to contact in Service department
Vehicle identification number Ms/Mr
Colour code Phone number
Date of first registration
Registration number Dealership address/phone number (com-
Important data for refuelling
Recommended fuel grade 95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded
Usable fuel capacity 9.5 l
Reserve fuel 2l
Tyre pressure, front 1.8 bar, one-up, tyre cold
1.9 bar, two-up and/or with lug-
gage, tyre cold
Tyre pressure, rear 2 bar, one-up, tyre cold
2.2 bar, two-up and/or with lug-
gage, tyre cold
Order No. 01 41 7 706 781
05.2007, 2nd edition
Welcome to BMW BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly
provide advice and assistance.
We congratulate you on your
choice of a motorcycle from We hope that you will enjoy rid-
BMW and welcome you to the ing your BMW and that all your
community of BMW riders. journeys will be pleasant and
Familiarise yourself with your new safe.
motorcycle so that you can ride it
safely and confidently in all traffic BMW Motorrad.
Please read this Rider's Manual
carefully before starting to use
your new BMW motorcycle. It
contains important information on
how to operate the controls and
how to make the best possible
use of all your BMW's technical
In addition, it contains information
on maintenance and care to help
you maintain your motorcycle's
reliability and safety, as well as its
If you have questions concerning
your motorcycle, your authorised
Overview Specific instructions on OE Optional extra
1 Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manu-
how to operate, control, ad- The motorcycles are as-
just or look after items of equip- sembled complete with
6 al will provide you with an initial
ment on the motorcycle. all the BMW optional ex-
overview of your motorcycle. All
Indicates the end of an tras originally ordered.
maintenance and repair work on
the motorcycle is documented in item of information.
OA Optional accessory
Chapter 11. This record of the You can obtain option-
maintenance work you have had al accessories through
performed on your motorcycle is your authorised BMW
Result of an activity.
a precondition for generous treat- Motorrad dealer; optional
ment of goodwill claims. Reference to a page with accessories have to be
When the time comes to sell more detailed informa- retrofitted to the motor-
your BMW, please remember tion. cycle.
to hand over this Rider's Manu-
al; it is an important part of the Indicates the end of a ABS Anti-lock brake system
motorcycle. passage relating to spe-
z cific accessories or items Air Damping System
Abbreviations and of equipment.
This motorcycle has an air-filled
symbols rear suspension system. This Air
Indicates warnings that you Damping System, as it is known,
must comply with for reas- does not work in the same way
ons of your safety and the safety Item of technical data. as a conventional steel-spring
of others, and to protect your shock-absorber system. The de-
motorcycle against damage. tailed description of this system
starts on page ( 34).
Equipment Technical data
When you ordered your BMW All dimensions, weights and 1
motorcycle, you chose various power ratings stated in the 7
items of custom equipment. This Rider's Manual are quoted to the
Rider's Manual describes option- standards and comply with the
al extras (OE) offered by BMW tolerance requirements of the
and selected optional accessor- Deutsche Institut für Normung
ies (OA). This explains why the e.V. Versions for individual
manual may also contain de- countries may differ.
scriptions of equipment which
you have not ordered. Please Currency
note, too, that your motorcycle The high safety and quality
might not be exactly as illus- standards of BMW motorcycles
trated in this manual on account are maintained by constant
of country-specific differences. development work on designs,
If your BMW was supplied with equipment and accessories.
equipment not described in Because of this, your motorcycle
this Rider's Manual, you will
may differ from the information
find these features described in supplied in the Rider's Manual.
separate manuals. Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely
rule out errors and omissions.
We hope you will appreciate that
no claims can be entertained on
the basis of the data, illustrations
or descriptions in this manual.
Status indicators Telltale lights Standard warnings
3 Multifunction display Mode of presentation
1 Flashing turn indicators, left
2 Flashing turn indicators, Warnings are indicated by warn-
right ing lights 1.
2 Odometer, clock or battery
3 Idle The possible warnings are listed
voltage ( 28)
4 High-beam headlight on the next page.
Lights up Fuel down to reserve ( 22) 21
Lights up Insufficient engine oil pressure ( 22)
Lights up Coolant temperature too high ( 22)
Fuel down to reserve Insufficient engine oil Do not continue your journey.
3 Warning light for fuel down pressure Have the fault rectified as
to reserve lights up. Warning light for oil pres- quickly as possible by a
sure shows. specialist workshop, preferably
Lack of fuel can result in
The oil pressure in the lube-oil an authorised BMW Motorrad
the engine misfiring and
system is too low. Stop immedi- dealer.
cutting out unexpectedly. Mis-
ately and switch off the engine if
firing can damage the catalytic Coolant temperature too high
the warning light shows.
converter; a hazardous situation
The insufficient oil pres- Warning light for coolant
can result if the engine cuts out
sure warning does not fulfil temperature shows.
Do not run the fuel tank dry. the function of an oil gauge. The Continuing to ride when the
only way of checking whether engine is overheated could
Possible cause: The fuel tank the oil level is correct is to check
contains no more than the re- result in engine damage.
with the oil dipstick. You must comply with the in-
serve quantity of fuel.
Possible cause: Engine-oil level structions below.
z Reserve fuel too low. Possible cause: Coolant level too
Check the engine oil level low.
( 65) Check the coolant level ( 71)
If the oil level is too low: If the coolant level is too low:
Refuelling ( 52) Top up the engine oil ( 67) Topping up coolant ( 72)
If the engine oil level is correct: Possible cause: Radiator fan de-
Riding when engine-oil fective.
pressure is low can result
in engine damage.
If the radiator fan does not start ABS warnings OE
even though the coolant-temper-
Mode of presentation 3
ature warning light shows:
Have the fault rectified as 23
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably
an authorised BMW Motorrad
Possible cause: Insufficient cool-
If possible, ride in the part-load
range to cool down the engine. ABS warnings are indicated by
In traffic jams, switch off the ABS warning light 1.
engine, but leave the ignition The detailed descriptions start on
switched on so that the radiat- page ( 56), and you will find
or fan continues to operate. z
an overview listing the possible
If the coolant temperature is warnings on the next page.
frequently too high, have the
fault rectified as soon as pos-
sible by a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
24 Flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 25)
Lights up ABS deactivated ( 25)
Lights up ABS fault ( 25)
Self-diagnosis not completed ABS fault
ABS warning light flashes. ABS warning light shows. 3
The ABS function is not The ABS control unit has detec-
available, because self- ted a fault. The ABS function is
diagnosis did not complete. The not available.
motorcycle has to move forward You can continue to ride. Bear
a few metres for the wheel in mind that the ABS function
sensors to be tested. is not available. Bear in mind
Pull away slowly. Bear in mind the more detailed information
that the ABS function is not on situations that can lead to
available until self-diagnosis has an ABS fault ( 57).
completed. Have the fault rectified as
quickly as possible by a
ABS deactivated specialist workshop, preferably
ABS warning light shows. an authorised BMW Motorrad z
The rider has switched off the
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
Activate the ABS function
Ignition switch and Pre-ride check is performed. Locking handlebars
4 steering lock ( 47)
28 Keys with OE BMW Motorrad ABS:
You receive one master key and Turn the key to position 1.
one spare key. ABS self-diagnosis is
Ignition switch and steering lock, performed in addition to
tank filler cap lock and seat lock the checks outlined above.
are all operated with the same ( 48)
Switching off ignition
Switching on ignition Turn the handlebars all the way
z to the left
Turn the key to position 3,
while moving the handlebars
Ignition, lights and all function
circuits switched off.
Key can be removed.
Turn the key to position 2. Multifunction display
Turn the key to position 1. Lights switched off.
Side light and all function cir- Handlebars not locked. Selecting readings
cuits switched on. Key can be removed. Switch on the ignition.
Engine can be started.
If the motorcycle is to re-
main abroad for a lengthy 4
period, you can have the display
readouts changed from miles to 29
kilometres or vice versa, if neces-
sary. Under these circumstances
consult a specialist workshop,
preferably an authorised BMW
The display starts with the cur- Press and hold down button 1.
rent value and each time the but- The tripmeter is reset to zero.
ton is pressed it moves one step z
through the following sequence: Setting clock
Odometer (ODO) Switch on the ignition.
Tripmeter 1 (Trip I) You can make this adjust-
Tripmeter 2 (Trip II) ment only when the motor-
Clock cycle is at a standstill.
Select the clock.
Press button 1. Resetting tripmeter
Switch on the ignition.
Select the desired tripmeter.
The procedure is also termin-
4 ated if speed is greater than
Press and hold down button 1. When the hours reading is cor-
Hours reading 3 shows. rect wait briefly.
z Press button 1. Minutes reading 4 shows.
The hours reading increments Press button 1.
by one each time you press The minutes reading incre-
the button. ments by one each time you The battery-voltage reading 1
Press button 2. press the button. appears together with the battery
The hours reading decrements Press button 2. symbol 2.
by one each time you press The minutes reading decre-
the button. ments by one each time you Lights
press the button. Side light
When the minutes reading is The side lights switch on auto-
correct wait briefly. matically when the ignition is
The clock is now set and the switched on.
time appears on the display.
The side lights place High-beam headlight Headlight flasher
a strain on the battery. 4
Do not switch the ignition
on for longer than absolutely 31
The low-beam headlight switches
on automatically when the igni-
tion is switched on.
The low-beam headlight Push full-beam headlight Press headlight flasher but-
places a strain on the bat- switch 1 up. ton 1. z
tery. Do not switch the ignition High-beam headlight switched The high-beam headlight is
on for longer than absolutely on. switched on until you release
necessary. Push full-beam headlight the button.
switch 1 down.
High-beam headlight switched
Turn indicators Push the turn-indicator button Do not operate the kill switch
4 Operating flashing turn
forward. when riding.
Flashing turn indicators The emergency off switch is a
32 indicators switched off. kill switch for switching off the
Turn indicator telltale light is engine quickly and easily.
Emergency off switch
Push turn-indicator button 1 to
Left-hand turn indicators - Switch in normal position:
switched on. operating position.
Telltale light for left-hand turn - Switch actuated: engine
indicators flashes. switched off.
Push the turn-indicator button 1 Emergency off switch (kill
to the right. switch) You cannot start the engine
Right-hand turn indicators unless the kill switch is in
switched on. Operating the kill switch the run position.
Telltale light for right-hand turn when riding can cause
indicator flashes. the rear wheel to lock and thus
cause a fall.
BMW Motorrad ABS OE ABS warning light remains switching the ignition off and
Deactivating ABS function
ON. then on again. 4
If you switch the ignition off 33
Switch on the ignition, or bring Activating ABS function then on again and the ABS
the motorcycle to a stop.
light comes back on, there is a
fault in the ABS.
Press and hold down ABS but-
Press and hold down ABS but-
ABS warning light goes out;
if self-diagnosis has not
ABS warning light starts to
completed it starts flashing.
Release the ABS button within
Release the ABS button within five seconds. Turn the mirror to the correct
five seconds. The ABS warning light remains position.
The ABS function is deactiv- off or continues to flash.
ated. The ABS function is activated.
Instead of pressing the ABS
button, you have the option of
Adjusting mirror arm Pneumatic pump Installing pneumatic pump
34 You can use the pump to check,
and if necessary correct, the
pressure in the Air Damping Sys-
tem ( 34) and in the tyres.
Remove the seat ( 41)
Slacken nut 1. Seat pneumatic pump 1 with
z Turn the mirror arm to the ap- pressure gauge 2 down in the
propriate position. holder.
Tighten the nut to the spe- Install the seat ( 42)
cified tightening torque, while
holding the mirror arm to en- Air pressure in the Air
sure that it does not move out Damping System
Air Damping System
Union nut, mirror This motorcycle has an air-filled
rear suspension system known
Remove pneumatic pump 1.
as the Air Damping System.
In this system, it is a volume of
air in an enclosed chamber, not
a steel spring, that absorbs the
shocks transmitted by the wheel Adjusting air pressure Air pressure and
to the suspension. It is essential to set the pressure temperature 4
Spring preload of the Air Damp- in the Air Damping System to When the Air Damping System is
ing System is adjusted to suit 35
suit the load carried on the mo- working hard to absorb shocks,
total weight (motorcycle plus torcycle. Increase air pressure the air inside the system be-
rider, plus luggage) by changing when the motorcycle is heavily comes warmer. This causes the
the air pressure in this system. loaded and reduce air pressure air to expand with the result that
You can use the valve on the Air
accordingly when the motorcycle ride height increases, a welcome
Damping System to reduce pres- is lightly loaded. effect for off-roading. In order
sure, or you can increase pres- You read the fore-and-aft tilt in- to ensure that air pressure is set
sure by connecting the pump to dicator by sitting on the seat in correctly, you must always check
this valve. such a way that you can keep and adjust the air pressure when
the motorcycle balanced with
the Air Damping System is cold,
Fore-and-aft tilt indicator
your feet, but the motorcycle in other words not immediately
The fore-and aft tilt indicator on is supporting as much of your after the motorcycle has been
the motorcycle has much the weight as possible. used for off-roading.
same function as a spirit level, BMW Motorrad recommends If extreme loads are imposed on
and indeed it is very similar in ap- setting the air pressure in the Air the system the increase in tem-
pearance to an ordinary bubble Damping System marginally high- perature can be severe, and un-
level. The air-pressure setting is er than would be necessary for der these conditions the effects
ideal when the fore-and-aft tilt the weight of the rider plus the of the increase in ride height can
indicator shows that the motor- expected weight of the load. You be perceived as uncomfortable.
cycle carrying rider and load is can then reduce the air pressure Under these exceptional circum-
horizontal. while sitting on the motorcycle. stances it is a good idea to let
Always check the air pressure air out of the system, using the
before riding off. level gauge to correct the motor-
cycle's fore-and-aft tilt ( 35).
4 Remember to readjust accord-
ingly once the system has cooled
36 down again.
Lengthy periods of disuse
If it is going to be out of use for
more than two months, support
the motorcycle in such a way
that the wheels are not taking
Remove valve cap 1 from the Remove protective cap 4.
any weight, for example by lifting
Air Damping System valve.
it BMW Motorrad auxiliary stand.
z Check the air pressures before
removing the motorcycle from
the auxiliary stand. You can use
the pressure gauge on the pneu-
matic pump for this check.
Adjusting air pressure in
Air Damping System
Remove the pneumatic pump
( 34) Extend handle 5 and disengage
Install the seat ( 42) Open velcro fastener 2 and retainer 6 of the second piston.
turn pneumatic-pump hose 3
to the front.
Guide values, Air Damp-
ing System 4
6.7 bar (One-up, rider with
helmet and motorcycling
wear 85 kg)
with OA Passenger kit:
10.5 bar (Two-up 150 kg)
Connect threaded adapter 7 to Close retainer 6 of the second
valve 8, allowing the hose and piston, compress the pneumat-
pump to turn with the adapter. ic pump and retract handle 5. z
The pneumatic pump now has
an airtight connection to the
valve, and the valve is open.
Pressurise the Air Damping
System as per the guideline
Guide values, Air Damp- Remove threaded adapter 7
ing System from the valve.
6 bar (One-up, rider with hel-
met and motorcycling wear Install protective cap 4.
teristics of the telescopic forks.
4 The rebound-stage setting con-
trols the way the suspension re-
38 acts as it extends, whereas the
compression-stage setting influ-
ences compression of the front
forks under load.
The harder the setting, the more
the movement that the forks can
Turn pneumatic-pump hose 3 Continue to allow air to escape make to absorb surface irreg-
toward the pneumatic pump until the fore-and-aft tilt indicat- ularities is damped. When you
and close velcro fastener 2. or shows horizontal. choose a soft setting the forks
z respond all the more rapidly to
Sit on the motorcycle, hold it Screw the valve cap onto the
upright and allow as much of Air Damping System valve.
your weight as possible to rest Remove the seat ( 41) Adjusting rebound stage
on the motorcycle. Install the pneumatic pump for front wheel
Push in the valve pin, allow air ( 34)
to escape from the Air Damp- Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motor-
ing System and check the Damping
level. cycle on its stand.
Adjustment for front
You can use the point of suspension
the valve cap to push in the
You can fine-tune the suspension
to the road surface by adjusting
both the compression-stage and
rebound-stage damping charac-
adjusting screw in the + direc- Adjusting compression
tion. stage for front wheel 4
If you want softer damping, use
a screwdriver to turn the ad- 39
justing screw in the - direction.
Rebound stage, basic
Turn adjusting screw as far
You adjust the rebound-stage as it will go in the "+" dir-
characteristic by turning adjust- ection, then back it off 11
ing screw 1. clicks in the "-" direction. z
Adjust the compression stage
by turning adjusting screw 1.
If you want harder damping,
use a screwdriver to turn the If you want harder damping,
use a screwdriver to turn the
adjusting screw in the + direc- Adjusting damping for Tyres
4 tion. rear wheel Checking tyre pressure
If you want softer damping, use Make sure the ground is level
40 a screwdriver to turn the ad- Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motor- and firm and place the motor-
justing screw in the - direction. cycle on its stand. cycle on its stand.
Compression stage, basic
Incorrect tyre pressures im-
pair the motorcycle's hand-
Turn adjusting screw as far ling characteristics and increase
as it will go in the "+" dir- the rate of tyre wear.
ection, then back it off 11 Always check that the tyre pres-
clicks in the "-" direction. sures are correct.
At high road speeds, tyre
Adjustment for rear valves have a tendency to
suspension open as a result of centrifugal
The Air Damping System has Turn adjusting screw 1 to the force.
two settings so that it can be ad- horizontal position. Fit metal valve caps with rubber
justed to suit the type of surface Strong damping characteristic, seals and screw them on firmly
on which you intend riding. adjusting screw engages with to prevent sudden deflation.
You can turn the adjusting screw an audible click. Check tyre pressures against
any distance in either direction. Turn adjusting screw 1 to the the data below.
Weak damping characteristic, Tyre pressure, front
adjusting screw engages with
an audible click.
1.8 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
Beam throw and air
Tyre pressure, front
pressure in the Air 4
Damping System 41
1.9 bar (two-up and/or with Headlight beam throw is kept
luggage, tyre cold) constant when the air pressure
in the Air Damping System is
Tyre pressure, rear
adjusted to suit load.
Air-pressure adjustment might
2 bar (one-up, tyre cold) not suffice only if the motorcycle
is very heavily loaded. Under Screws 1 on left and right al-
2.2 bar (two-up and/or with these circumstances, headlight low the height of the headlight
luggage, tyre cold) beam throw has to be adjusted to be adjusted. This adjustment z
If tyre pressure is too low: to suit the weight carried by the should be carried out by a spe-
Correct tyre pressure. motorcycle. cialist workshop, preferably an
authorised BMW Motorrad deal-
Consult a specialist work-
Headlight shop, preferably an au-
Adjusting headlight for thorised BMW Motorrad deal-
er, if you are unsure whether
driving on right/driving on
left the headlight basic setting is Removing seat
correct. Make sure the ground is level
The motorcycle's headlight beam
is symmetric, so there is no need and firm and place the motor-
for modification if you intend rid- cycle on its stand.
ing in a country where the op-
posite rule of the road applies.
Place the seat, upholstered The seat engages with an aud-
4 side down, on a clean surface. ible click.
Check that the seat is secure.
42 Installing seat
Use the ignition key to turn
seat lock 1 counter-clockwise
z and hold it in this position.
If too much pressure is ap-
plied in the forward direc-
tion, there is a danger that the
motorcycle will be pushed off its
Always make sure that the
motorcycle is stable and firmly
Push seat 2 forward into
Lift seat 2 at the rear and re- mount 3.
lease the key. Firmly press down on the seat
Remove the seat. at the rear.
Safety instructions Settings of the spring-strut and Do not ride your motorcycle after
5 Rider's equipment
shock-absorber system consuming alcohol, drugs and/or
Imbalanced load medication.
44 Do not ride without the correct Loose clothing
clothing. Always wear: Insufficient tyre pressure Risk of poisoning
Helmet Poor tyre tread Exhaust fumes contain carbon
Motorcycling jacket and Etc. monoxide, which is colourless
trousers and odourless but highly toxic.
Gloves Correct loading Inhaling the exhaust fumes
Boots Overloading and imbal- therefore represents a
z anced loads can adversely health hazard and can even
This applies even to short jour-
neys, and to every season of the affect the motorcycle's handling. cause loss of consciousness with
year. Your authorised BMW Mo- Do not exceed the permissible fatal consequences.
torrad dealer will be glad to ad- gross weight and be sure to Do not inhale exhaust fumes.
vise you on the correct clothing comply with the instructions on Do not run the engine in an en-
for every purpose. loading. closed space.
Speed Alcohol and drugs High voltage
If you ride at high speed, always Even small amounts of Touching live parts of the
bear in mind that various bound- alcohol or drugs will ad- ignition system with the
ary conditions can adversely af- versely affect your perception engine running can cause electric
fect the handling of your motor- and your ability to assess situ- shock.
cycle: ations and make decisions, and Do not touch parts of the igni-
slow down your reflexes. Med- tion system when the engine is
ication can exacerbate these ef- running.
Catalytic converter Risk of fire Tampering with the
If misfiring causes unburned fuel Temperatures at the exhaust are control unit of the 5
to enter the catalytic converter, high. electronic engine- 45
there is a danger of overheating Flammable materials (e.g. management system
and damage. hay, leaves, grass, clothing Tampering with the engine
For this reason, observe the fol- and luggage, etc.) could ignite control unit can damage
lowing points: if allowed to come into contact the motorcycle and cause acci-
Do not run the fuel tank dry. with the hot exhaust pipe. dents.
Do not attempt to start or run Do not permit flammable materi- Do not tamper with the engine
the engine with a spark-plug als to come into contact with the
control unit. z
hot exhaust system.
Stop the engine immediately if Tampering with the engine
it misfires. Cooling would be control unit can result in
inadequate if the engine mechanical loads that the mo-
Use only unleaded fuel.
were allowed to idle for a lengthy torcycle's components are not
Comply with all specified main-
period with the motorcycle at designed to withstand. Damage
a standstill: overheating would caused in this way is not covered
Unburned fuel will destroy result. In extreme cases, the by the warranty.
the catalytic converter. motorcycle could catch fire. Do not tamper with the engine
Note the points listed for protec- Do not allow the engine to idle control unit.
tion of the catalytic converter. unnecessarily. Ride away imme-
diately after starting the engine.
Checklist Starting Starting engine.
5 Use the following checklist to Side stand
46 check important functions, set- You cannot start the motorcycle
tings and wear limits before you with the side stand extended and
ride off. a gear engaged. The engine will
Brakes switch itself off if you start it with
Brake-fluid levels, front and rear the gearbox in neutral and then
Clutch engage a gear before retracting
Clutch fluid level the side stand.
z Damping-characteristic adjust-
ment and air pressure in the Air Gearbox Kill switch in operating position
Damping System You can start the engine when (run).
Tyre-tread depth and tyre the gearbox is in neutral or if you Gearbox lubrication is en-
pressures pull the clutch with a gear en- sured only when the engine
Cases correctly installed and gaged. is running. Inadequate lubrica-
luggage secured tion can result in damage to the
At regular intervals:
Do not allow the motorcycle to
Engine oil level (every refuelling
roll for a lengthy period of time or
push it a long distance with the
Brake-pad wear (every third engine switched off.
Switch on the ignition.
Pre-ride check is performed.
with OE BMW Motorrad ABS: The engine starts.
Switch on the ignition. Consult the troubleshooting 5
Pre-ride check is performed. chart below if the engine re-
fuses to start. ( 108) 47
ABS self-diagnosis is
performed. ( 48)
The instrument cluster runs a
Wait until the warning light for test of the instruments and the
the coolant temperature stops warning lights and telltale lights
flashing. and the display when the igni-
Press starter button 1.
The idle actuator is posi- tion is switched on. This test is z
If ambient temperatures are known as the "Pre-Ride-Check".
tioned after you switch on
very low, you might find it Phase 1
the ignition. The coolant-tem-
necessary to open the throttle
perature warning light flashes All the telltale and warning lights
slightly when starting the engine.
if the idle actuator has not cor- are switched on briefly, along
At ambient temperatures below
rectly positioned before the pre- with all the segments of the mul-
0 °C, disengage the clutch after
ride check completes. In order tifunction display.
switching on the ignition.
to avoid subsequent problems,
wait for this process to complete If the engine fails to start Phase 2
before proceeding. even though the starter The tyre parameters stored in
turns, insufficient battery voltage the memory of the instrument
might be causing the problem. cluster appear briefly on the dis-
Recharge the battery before you play.
start the engine, or use jump The instrument cluster then
leads and a donor battery to reverts to its normal operating
If a warning light or telltale light few metres for the wheel sensors You can continue to ride. Bear
5 did not show as specified above to be tested. in mind that the ABS function
or if a segment or segments of Phase 1 is not available.
48 Have the fault rectified as
the multifunction display failed to Test of the diagnosis-compat-
light up: ible system components with quickly as possible by a
the motorcycle at a standstill. specialist workshop, preferably
Some malfunctions cannot
ABS warning light flashes. an authorised BMW Motorrad
be indicated if one of the
warning lights fails to show.
Make sure that all the warning
and telltale lights come on in the Phase 2 Running in
z Test of the wheel sensors as The first 1000 km
the motorcycle pulls away from While running in the motor-
Have the fault rectified as
rest. cycle, vary the throttle opening
quickly as possible by a
specialist workshop, preferably ABS warning light flashes. and engine-speed range fre-
an authorised BMW Motorrad quently.
dealer. Try to do most of your rid-
ABS self-diagnosis ing during this initial period on
ABS self-diagnosis OE completed twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoid-
BMW Motorrad ABS performs The ABS warning light goes ing high-speed main roads and
self-diagnosis to ensure its op- out. highways if possible.
erability. Self-diagnosis is per- If an indicator showing an ABS Exceeding the specified en-
formed automatically when you fault appears when ABS self-dia- gine speeds while running
switch on the ignition. The mo- gnosis completes: in will lead to increased engine
torcycle has to move forward a wear.
Keep to the specified engine km. You can compensate for Riding off-road
speeds for running in. this initial reduction in braking
Tyre pressures 5
During the running-in phase, efficiency by exerting greater
pressure on the levers. Tyre pressures reduced for 49
do not exceed the speed limits
New brake pads can ex- off-road riding impair the
specified for the various gears.
tend stopping distance by a motorcycle's handling character-
Maximum speeds during significant margin. istics on surfaced roads and can
running-in period lead to accidents.
Apply the brakes in good time.
Always check that the tyre pres-
max 35 km/h (1st gear) sures are correct.
max 55 km/h (2nd gear) z
New tyres have a smooth sur- Dirt or mud on brakes
max 75 km/h (3rd gear) face. This must be roughened by
riding in a restrained manner at When riding on loose sur-
max 95 km/h (4th gear)
various heel angles until the tyres faces or muddy roads, the
max 110 km/h (5th gear) brakes may fail to take effect
are run in. This running in pro-
No full-load acceleration. cedure is essential if the tyres are immediately because of dirt or
Avoid low engine speeds at full to achieve maximum grip. moisture on the discs or brake
Tyres do not have their full
Do not omit the first inspection Apply the brakes in good time
grip when new and there
after 500 - 1200 km. until the brakes have been
is a risk of accidents at extreme
Brake pads angles of heel.
Avoid extreme angles of heel. The brake pads will wear
New brake pads must "bed more rapidly if you ride fre-
down" and therefore do not quently on unsurfaced tracks or
achieve their optimum friction poor roads.
levels during the first 500
Check the thickness of the brake
pads more frequently and replace Brakes the rider's full force applied to
5 the brake pads in good time.
How can stopping
the brake levers; under these cir-
cumstances the dynamic shift
50 Air pressure and damping distance be minimised? in load distribution cannot keep
characteristics Each time the brakes are applied, pace with the increase in de-
a load distribution shift takes celeration and the tyres cannot
The off-road settings for air
place with the load shifting for- transmit the full braking force to
pressure in the Air Damping
ward from the rear to the front the surface of the road. ABS has
System and the front and rear
wheel. The sharper the motor- to intervene to keep the front
shock-absorber damping char-
cycle decelerates, the more load wheel from locking; this increases
acteristics will impair the motor-
z cycle's handling characteristics
is shifted to the front wheel. The stopping distance.
higher the wheel load, the more
on surfaced roads. Descending mountain
braking force can be transmitted
If you have been off-roading, re-
without the wheel locking. passes
member to correct the air pres-
To optimise stopping distance, There is a danger of the
sure in the Air Damping System
apply the front brakes rapidly and brakes fading if you use
and the shock-absorber damping
keep on increasing the force you only the rear brakes when des-
characteristics before you return
apply to the brake lever. This cending mountain passes. Under
to surfaced roads.
makes the best possible use extreme conditions, the brakes
of the dynamic increase in load
Deactivatable ABS OE could overheat and suffer severe
at the front wheel. Remember damage.
You can deactivate the BMW to pull the clutch at the same
Motorrad Integral ABS for off- Use both front and rear brakes,
time. In the "panic braking situ- and make use of the engine's
roading ( 33). ations" that are trained so fre- braking effect as well.
quently braking force is applied
as rapidly as possible and with
Wet brakes Oil or grease on brakes pads more frequently and replace
After the motorcycle has Oil and grease on the brake
the brake pads in good time. 5
been washed, ridden discs and pads considerably 51
through water or ridden in diminish braking efficiency.
the rain, the brake discs and Especially after repair and main- motorcycle
pads might be wet and the tenance work, make sure that the Placing motorcycle on
brakes might not take effect brake discs and brake pads are side stand
immediately. free of oil and grease.
Apply the brakes in good time If the ground is soft or un-
until the brakes have dried out. Dirt or mud on brakes even, there is no guaran-
tee that the motorcycle will rest z
When riding on loose sur- firmly on the stand.
Salt on brakes faces or muddy roads, the
Always check that the ground
The brakes may fail to take brakes may fail to take effect
under the stand is level and
effect immediately if the immediately because of dirt or
motorcycle was ridden on salt- moisture on the discs or brake
covered roads and the brakes pads. Switch off the engine.
were not applied for some time. Apply the brakes in good time Pull the handbrake lever.
Apply the brakes in good time until the brakes have been Hold the motorcycle upright
until the salt layer on the brake cleaned. and balanced.
discs and brake pads has been Use your left foot to extend the
The brake pads will wear
removed. side stand fully.
more rapidly if you ride fre-
quently on unsurfaced tracks or The side stand is designed
poor roads. to support only the weight
Check the thickness of the brake of the motorcycle.
Do not lean or sit on the
motorcycle with the side stand On a gradient, the motor- Refuelling
5 extended. cycle should always face
Fuel is highly flammable. A
Slowly lean the motorcycle to uphill; select 1st gear.
52 naked flame close to the
the side until its weight is taken Lock the steering lock. fuel tank can cause a fire or ex-
by the stand and dismount to plosion.
the left. Removing motorcycle Do not smoke. Never bring a
If the motorcycle is on the
from side stand naked flame near the fuel tank.
side stand, the surface of Unlock the steering lock.
Fuel expands when hot.
the ground will determine wheth- From the left, grip the handle-
Fuel escaping from an
er it is better to turn the handle- bars with both hands.
z overfilled tank could make its way
bars to the left or right. However, Pull the handbrake lever. onto the rear tyre. This could
the motorcycle is more stable on Swing your right leg over the cause a fall.
a level surface with the handle- seat and lift the motorcycle to Do not fill the tank past the bot-
bars turned to the left than with the upright position. tom edge of the filler neck.
the handlebars turned to the Hold the motorcycle upright
right. and balanced. Fuel attacks plastics, which
On level ground, always turn the become dull or unsightly.
An extended side stand can
handlebars to the left to set the Wipe off plastic parts immediately
catch on the ground when
steering lock. if they come into contact with
the motorcycle is moving and
Turn the handlebars to full left lead to a fall.
or right lock. Retract the side stand before Leaded fuel will destroy the
Check that the motorcycle is moving the motorcycle. catalytic converter.
standing firmly. Use only unleaded fuel.
Sit on the motorcycle and use
your left foot to retract the side
Make sure the ground is level
and firm and place the motor-
cycle on its stand.
95 ROZ/RON (Super un-
Usable fuel capacity
Open fuel tank cap 1 with 2l
the ignition key by turning it Place the fuel tank cap in posi-
counter-clockwise. tion in the filler neck.
Remove the fuel tank cap. Close the fuel tank cap with
Refuel with fuel of the grade the ignition key by turning it
stated below; do not fill the clockwise.
tank past the bottom edge of
the filler neck.
Brake system with to turn and directional stability is registers the actual circum-
6 BMW Motorrad ABS OE is maintained irrespective of the stances, the system reacts in-
condition of the road surface. stantly and adjusts braking force
56 How does ABS work? accordingly to achieve optimum
The amount of braking force that What are the effects of braking.
can be transferred to the road surface irregularities?
depends on factors hat include Humps and surface irregularit- Rear wheel lift
the coefficient of friction of the ies can cause the wheels to lose Even under severe braking, a
road surface. Loose stones, ice contact temporarily with the road high level of tyre grip can mean
and snow or a wet road all have surface; if this happens the brak- that the front wheel does not
much lower coefficients of fric- ing force that can be transmit- lock up until very late, if at all.
tion than a clean, dry asphalt sur- ted to the road can drop to zero. Consequently, ABS does not in-
face. The lower the coefficient If the brakes are applied under tervene until very late, if at all.
of friction, the longer the braking these circumstances the ABS Under these circumstances the
distance. has to reduce braking force to rear wheel can lift off the ground,
If the rider increases braking ensure that directional stability and the outcome can be a high-
pressure to the extent that brak- is maintained when the wheels siding situation in which the mo-
z ing force exceeds the maxim- regain contact with the road sur- torcycle can flip over.
um transferrable limit, the wheels face. At this instant the BMW Severe braking can cause
start to lock and the motorcycle Motorrad ABS must assume an the rear wheel to lift off the
loses its directional stability; a fall extremely low coefficient of fric- ground.
is imminent. Before this situation tion, so that the wheels will con- When you brake, bear in mind
can occur, ABS intervenes and tinue to rotate under all imagin- that ABS control cannot be relied
adapts braking pressure to the able circumstances, because this on in all circumstances to prevent
maximum transferrable braking is the precondition for ensuring the rear wheel from lifting clear of
force, so the wheels continue directional stability. As soon as the ground.
What is the design riding conditions can lead to a What significance
baseline for BMW fault message being issued. devolves on regular 6
Motorrad ABS? Exceptional riding maintenance?
Within the limits imposed by Invariably, a technical sys-
physics, BMW Motorrad ABS en- Riding for a lengthy period with
tem cannot perform beyond
sures directional stability on any the front wheel lifted off the
the abilities dictated by its level
surface. The system is not op- ground (wheelie).
Rear wheel rotating with the
timised for special requirements In order to ensure that the BMW
that apply under extreme com- motorcycle held stationary by
Motorrad ABS is always main-
petitive situations off-road or on applying the front brake (burn-
tained in optimum condition, it
the track. out).
is essential for you to comply
Heating up with the motorcycle
strictly with the specified inspec-
Special situations on the centre stand or an auxil-
The speeds of the front and rear iary stand, engine idling or with
wheels are compared as one a gear engaged. Reserves for safety
means of detecting a wheel's Rear wheel locked for a lengthy
The potentially shorter braking
incipient tendency to lock. If the period, for example while des- z
distances which BMW Motorrad
system registers implausible val- cending off-road.
ABS permits must not be used
ues for a lengthy period the ABS as an excuse for careless riding.
If a fault message is issued on
function is deactivated for safety ABS is primarily a means of en-
account of exceptional riding
reasons and an ABS fault mes- suring a safety margin in genuine
conditions as outlined above, you
sage is issued. Self-diagnos- emergencies.
can reactivate the ABS function
is has to complete before fault Take care when cornering. When
by switching the ignition off and
messages can be issued.
on again. you apply the brakes on a corner,
In addition to problems with the the motorcycle's weight and
BMW Motorrad ABS, exceptional
momentum take over and even
6 BMW Motorrad ABS is unable to
counteract their effects.