Rider S Manual G 650 Xchallenge 2008

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Rider S Manual G 650 Xchallenge 2008

  1. 1. BMW Motorrad The Ultimate Riding Machine
  2. 2. Rider's Manual G 650 Xchallenge
  3. 3. Motorcycle data/dealership details Motorcycle data Dealership details Model Person to contact in Service department Vehicle identification number Ms/Mr Colour code Phone number Date of first registration Registration number Dealership address/phone number (com- pany stamp)
  4. 4. Details described or illustrated in this booklet may differ from the motorcycle's actual specifica- tion as purchased, the accessor- ies fitted or the national-market specification. No claims will be entertained as a result of such discrepancies. Dimensions, weights, fuel con- sumption and performance data are quoted to the customary tol- erances. The right to modify designs, equipment and accessories is reserved. Errors and omissions excepted. © 2007 BMW Motorrad Not to be reproduced either wholly or in part without written permission from BMW Motorrad, After Sales. Printed in Germany.
  5. 5. Important data for refuelling Fuel Recommended fuel grade 95 ROZ/RON, Super unleaded Usable fuel capacity 9.5 l Reserve fuel 2l Tyre pressures Tyre pressure, front 1.8 bar, one-up, tyre cold 1.9 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, tyre cold Tyre pressure, rear 2 bar, one-up, tyre cold 2.2 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, tyre cold BMW recommends Order No. 01 41 7 706 781 05.2007, 2nd edition *01407706780*
  6. 6. Welcome to BMW BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly provide advice and assistance. We congratulate you on your choice of a motorcycle from We hope that you will enjoy rid- BMW and welcome you to the ing your BMW and that all your community of BMW riders. journeys will be pleasant and Familiarise yourself with your new safe. motorcycle so that you can ride it safely and confidently in all traffic BMW Motorrad. situations. Please read this Rider's Manual carefully before starting to use your new BMW motorcycle. It contains important information on how to operate the controls and how to make the best possible use of all your BMW's technical features. In addition, it contains information on maintenance and care to help you maintain your motorcycle's reliability and safety, as well as its value. If you have questions concerning your motorcycle, your authorised
  7. 7. Table of Contents You can also consult the index at 4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Parking your motorcycle . . . . . 51 the end of this Rider's Manual if Ignition switch and steering Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 you want to find a particular topic lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 6 Engineering details . . . . . 55 or item of information. Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . 28 Brake system with BMW Mo- 1 General instructions . . . . . 5 Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 torrad ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Abbreviations and symbols . . . . 6 Emergency off switch (kill General instructions . . . . . . . . . . 60 Air Damping System . . . . . . . . . . 6 switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Power socket OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 BMW Motorrad ABS OE . . . . . . 33 Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Pneumatic pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 Air pressure in the Air Damp- Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 2 General views . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 ing System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Toolkit. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 General view, left side . . . . . . . . 11 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 General view, right side . . . . . . 13 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . 14 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . 15 Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . 16 Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . 44 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 3 Status indicators . . . . . . . 19 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Starting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Riding off-road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
  8. 8. BMW Motorrad auxiliary Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 BMW Motorrad front-wheel Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 stand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Rear-wheel drive . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Wheels and tyres. . . . . . . . . . . 114 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Number-plate carrier . . . . . . . 100 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 Riding specifications . . . . . . . 119 Washing motorcycle. . . . . . . . 104 11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Cleaning easily damaged BMW Motorrad service . . . . . 122 components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 BMW Motorrad service Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Protective wax coating . . . . . 106 BMW Motorrad Service Laying up motorcycle . . . . . . 106 Card: on-the-spot break- Restoring motorcycle to down assistance . . . . . . . . . . . 122 use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 BMW Motorrad service net- 10 Technical data . . . . . . . 107 work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . 108 Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . 123 Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . 109 Confirmation of mainten- Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 ance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 Confirmation of service . . . . . 129
  9. 9. General instructions Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1 5 Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Air Damping System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 General instructions Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 z
  10. 10. Overview Specific instructions on OE Optional extra 1 Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manu- how to operate, control, ad- The motorcycles are as- just or look after items of equip- sembled complete with 6 al will provide you with an initial ment on the motorcycle. all the BMW optional ex- overview of your motorcycle. All Indicates the end of an tras originally ordered. maintenance and repair work on the motorcycle is documented in item of information. OA Optional accessory Chapter 11. This record of the You can obtain option- Instruction. General instructions maintenance work you have had al accessories through performed on your motorcycle is your authorised BMW Result of an activity. a precondition for generous treat- Motorrad dealer; optional ment of goodwill claims. Reference to a page with accessories have to be When the time comes to sell more detailed informa- retrofitted to the motor- your BMW, please remember tion. cycle. to hand over this Rider's Manu- al; it is an important part of the Indicates the end of a ABS Anti-lock brake system motorcycle. passage relating to spe- z cific accessories or items Air Damping System Abbreviations and of equipment. This motorcycle has an air-filled symbols rear suspension system. This Air Tightening torque. Indicates warnings that you Damping System, as it is known, must comply with for reas- does not work in the same way ons of your safety and the safety Item of technical data. as a conventional steel-spring of others, and to protect your shock-absorber system. The de- motorcycle against damage. tailed description of this system starts on page ( 34).
  11. 11. Equipment Technical data When you ordered your BMW All dimensions, weights and 1 motorcycle, you chose various power ratings stated in the 7 items of custom equipment. This Rider's Manual are quoted to the Rider's Manual describes option- standards and comply with the al extras (OE) offered by BMW tolerance requirements of the and selected optional accessor- Deutsche Institut für Normung General instructions ies (OA). This explains why the e.V. Versions for individual manual may also contain de- countries may differ. scriptions of equipment which you have not ordered. Please Currency note, too, that your motorcycle The high safety and quality might not be exactly as illus- standards of BMW motorcycles trated in this manual on account are maintained by constant of country-specific differences. development work on designs, If your BMW was supplied with equipment and accessories. equipment not described in Because of this, your motorcycle this Rider's Manual, you will z may differ from the information find these features described in supplied in the Rider's Manual. separate manuals. Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely rule out errors and omissions. We hope you will appreciate that no claims can be entertained on the basis of the data, illustrations or descriptions in this manual.
  12. 12. z 8 1 General instructions
  13. 13. General views General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2 9 General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 General views Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 z
  14. 14. z 2 10 General views
  15. 15. General view, left side 1 Adjuster for damping char- 2 acteristic, front suspen- 11 sion (compression stage) ( 39) 2 Air Damping System ( 34) General views 3 Power socket OE ( 60) 4 Adjuster for damping char- acteristic, rear suspension ( 40) 5 Fore-and-aft tilt indicator ( 35) 6 Coolant-level indicator z ( 71)
  16. 16. z 2 12 General views
  17. 17. General view, right side 1 Seat lock ( 41) 2 2 Fuel filler neck ( 52) 13 3 Brake-fluid reservoir, front ( 69) 4 Adjuster for damping char- acteristic, front suspension General views (rebound stage) ( 38) 5 ABS fuses, behind the side panel ( 84) 6 Brake-fluid reservoir, rear ( 70) z
  18. 18. Underneath the seat 2 1 Air-filter box ( 92) 14 2 Toolkit ( 64) 3 Rider's Manual 4 Pneumatic pump ( 34) 5 Fuse box ( 84) 6 Oil dipstick and engine-oil General views filler neck ( 84) z
  19. 19. Handlebar fitting, left 1 Headlight flasher 2 2 Operating the ABS OE 15 ( 33) 3 Switch for flashing turn in- dicators ( 32) 4 Horn General views 5 High-beam headlight ( 31) z
  20. 20. Handlebar fitting, right 2 1 Emergency off switch (kill 16 switch) ( 32) 2 Starter button ( 46) General views z
  21. 21. Instrument cluster 1 Set the clock ( 29) 2 Reset the tripmeter ( 29) 17 2 Warning lights ( 20) Telltale lights ( 20) 3 Multifunction display ( 20) General views 4 Select readings ( 28) z
  22. 22. Headlight 2 18 General views 1 Low-beam and high-beam headlights 2 Side light z
  23. 23. Status indicators Status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3 19 Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Status indicators z
  24. 24. Status indicators Telltale lights Standard warnings 3 Multifunction display Mode of presentation 20 Status indicators 1 Flashing turn indicators, left 2 Flashing turn indicators, Warnings are indicated by warn- 1 Speedometer right ing lights 1. 2 Odometer, clock or battery 3 Idle The possible warnings are listed voltage ( 28) 4 High-beam headlight on the next page. z
  25. 25. Warnings, overview Meaning 3 Lights up Fuel down to reserve ( 22) 21 Lights up Insufficient engine oil pressure ( 22) Status indicators Lights up Coolant temperature too high ( 22) z
  26. 26. Fuel down to reserve Insufficient engine oil Do not continue your journey. 3 Warning light for fuel down pressure Have the fault rectified as to reserve lights up. Warning light for oil pres- quickly as possible by a 22 sure shows. specialist workshop, preferably Lack of fuel can result in The oil pressure in the lube-oil an authorised BMW Motorrad the engine misfiring and system is too low. Stop immedi- dealer. cutting out unexpectedly. Mis- ately and switch off the engine if firing can damage the catalytic Coolant temperature too high the warning light shows. Status indicators converter; a hazardous situation The insufficient oil pres- Warning light for coolant can result if the engine cuts out sure warning does not fulfil temperature shows. unexpectedly. Do not run the fuel tank dry. the function of an oil gauge. The Continuing to ride when the only way of checking whether engine is overheated could Possible cause: The fuel tank the oil level is correct is to check contains no more than the re- result in engine damage. with the oil dipstick. You must comply with the in- serve quantity of fuel. Possible cause: Engine-oil level structions below. z Reserve fuel too low. Possible cause: Coolant level too Check the engine oil level low. ( 65) Check the coolant level ( 71) 2l If the oil level is too low: If the coolant level is too low: Refuelling ( 52) Top up the engine oil ( 67) Topping up coolant ( 72) If the engine oil level is correct: Possible cause: Radiator fan de- Riding when engine-oil fective. pressure is low can result in engine damage.
  27. 27. If the radiator fan does not start ABS warnings OE even though the coolant-temper- Mode of presentation 3 ature warning light shows: Have the fault rectified as 23 quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer. Status indicators Possible cause: Insufficient cool- ing. If possible, ride in the part-load range to cool down the engine. ABS warnings are indicated by In traffic jams, switch off the ABS warning light 1. engine, but leave the ignition The detailed descriptions start on switched on so that the radiat- page ( 56), and you will find or fan continues to operate. z an overview listing the possible If the coolant temperature is warnings on the next page. frequently too high, have the fault rectified as soon as pos- sible by a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer.
  28. 28. Warnings, overview 3 Meaning 24 Flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 25) Lights up ABS deactivated ( 25) Status indicators Lights up ABS fault ( 25) z
  29. 29. Self-diagnosis not completed ABS fault ABS warning light flashes. ABS warning light shows. 3 25 The ABS function is not The ABS control unit has detec- available, because self- ted a fault. The ABS function is diagnosis did not complete. The not available. motorcycle has to move forward You can continue to ride. Bear Status indicators a few metres for the wheel in mind that the ABS function sensors to be tested. is not available. Bear in mind Pull away slowly. Bear in mind the more detailed information that the ABS function is not on situations that can lead to available until self-diagnosis has an ABS fault ( 57). completed. Have the fault rectified as quickly as possible by a ABS deactivated specialist workshop, preferably ABS warning light shows. an authorised BMW Motorrad z dealer. The rider has switched off the ABS system. with OE BMW Motorrad ABS: Activate the ABS function ( 33)
  30. 30. z 3 26 Status indicators
  31. 31. Operation Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . . 28 4 27 Multifunction display . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Operation Emergency off switch (kill switch) . . . . 32 BMW Motorrad ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 z Pneumatic pump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Air pressure in the Air Damping Sys- tem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
  32. 32. Ignition switch and Pre-ride check is performed. Locking handlebars 4 steering lock ( 47) 28 Keys with OE BMW Motorrad ABS: You receive one master key and Turn the key to position 1. one spare key. ABS self-diagnosis is Ignition switch and steering lock, performed in addition to tank filler cap lock and seat lock the checks outlined above. Operation are all operated with the same ( 48) key. Switching off ignition Switching on ignition Turn the handlebars all the way z to the left Turn the key to position 3, while moving the handlebars slightly. Ignition, lights and all function circuits switched off. Handlebars locked. Key can be removed. Turn the key to position 2. Multifunction display Turn the key to position 1. Lights switched off. Side light and all function cir- Handlebars not locked. Selecting readings cuits switched on. Key can be removed. Switch on the ignition. Engine can be started.
  33. 33. If the motorcycle is to re- main abroad for a lengthy 4 period, you can have the display readouts changed from miles to 29 kilometres or vice versa, if neces- sary. Under these circumstances consult a specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Operation Motorrad dealer. The display starts with the cur- Press and hold down button 1. rent value and each time the but- The tripmeter is reset to zero. ton is pressed it moves one step z through the following sequence: Setting clock Odometer (ODO) Switch on the ignition. Tripmeter 1 (Trip I) You can make this adjust- Tripmeter 2 (Trip II) ment only when the motor- Clock cycle is at a standstill. Battery voltage Select the clock. Press button 1. Resetting tripmeter Switch on the ignition. Select the desired tripmeter.
  34. 34. The procedure is also termin- 4 ated if speed is greater than zero. 30 Battery voltage Operation Press and hold down button 1. When the hours reading is cor- Hours reading 3 shows. rect wait briefly. z Press button 1. Minutes reading 4 shows. The hours reading increments Press button 1. by one each time you press The minutes reading incre- the button. ments by one each time you The battery-voltage reading 1 Press button 2. press the button. appears together with the battery The hours reading decrements Press button 2. symbol 2. by one each time you press The minutes reading decre- the button. ments by one each time you Lights press the button. Side light When the minutes reading is The side lights switch on auto- correct wait briefly. matically when the ignition is The clock is now set and the switched on. time appears on the display.
  35. 35. The side lights place High-beam headlight Headlight flasher a strain on the battery. 4 Do not switch the ignition on for longer than absolutely 31 necessary. Low-beam headlight The low-beam headlight switches Operation on automatically when the igni- tion is switched on. The low-beam headlight Push full-beam headlight Press headlight flasher but- places a strain on the bat- switch 1 up. ton 1. z tery. Do not switch the ignition High-beam headlight switched The high-beam headlight is on for longer than absolutely on. switched on until you release necessary. Push full-beam headlight the button. switch 1 down. High-beam headlight switched off.
  36. 36. Turn indicators Push the turn-indicator button Do not operate the kill switch 4 Operating flashing turn forward. when riding. Flashing turn indicators The emergency off switch is a 32 indicators switched off. kill switch for switching off the Turn indicator telltale light is engine quickly and easily. off. Emergency off switch Operation (kill switch) z Push turn-indicator button 1 to the left. Left-hand turn indicators - Switch in normal position: switched on. operating position. Telltale light for left-hand turn - Switch actuated: engine indicators flashes. switched off. Push the turn-indicator button 1 Emergency off switch (kill to the right. switch) You cannot start the engine Right-hand turn indicators unless the kill switch is in switched on. Operating the kill switch the run position. Telltale light for right-hand turn when riding can cause indicator flashes. the rear wheel to lock and thus cause a fall.
  37. 37. BMW Motorrad ABS OE ABS warning light remains switching the ignition off and Deactivating ABS function ON. then on again. 4 If you switch the ignition off 33 Switch on the ignition, or bring Activating ABS function then on again and the ABS the motorcycle to a stop. light comes back on, there is a fault in the ABS. Mirrors Operation Adjusting mirrors z Press and hold down ABS but- ton 1. Press and hold down ABS but- ABS warning light goes out; ton 1. if self-diagnosis has not ABS warning light starts to completed it starts flashing. show. Release the ABS button within Release the ABS button within five seconds. Turn the mirror to the correct five seconds. The ABS warning light remains position. The ABS function is deactiv- off or continues to flash. ated. The ABS function is activated. Instead of pressing the ABS button, you have the option of
  38. 38. Adjusting mirror arm Pneumatic pump Installing pneumatic pump 4 Use 34 You can use the pump to check, and if necessary correct, the pressure in the Air Damping Sys- tem ( 34) and in the tyres. Operation Removing pneumatic pump Remove the seat ( 41) Slacken nut 1. Seat pneumatic pump 1 with z Turn the mirror arm to the ap- pressure gauge 2 down in the propriate position. holder. Tighten the nut to the spe- Install the seat ( 42) cified tightening torque, while holding the mirror arm to en- Air pressure in the Air sure that it does not move out Damping System of position. Air Damping System Union nut, mirror This motorcycle has an air-filled rear suspension system known Remove pneumatic pump 1. as the Air Damping System. 20 Nm In this system, it is a volume of air in an enclosed chamber, not a steel spring, that absorbs the
  39. 39. shocks transmitted by the wheel Adjusting air pressure Air pressure and to the suspension. It is essential to set the pressure temperature 4 Spring preload of the Air Damp- in the Air Damping System to When the Air Damping System is ing System is adjusted to suit 35 suit the load carried on the mo- working hard to absorb shocks, total weight (motorcycle plus torcycle. Increase air pressure the air inside the system be- rider, plus luggage) by changing when the motorcycle is heavily comes warmer. This causes the the air pressure in this system. loaded and reduce air pressure air to expand with the result that You can use the valve on the Air Operation accordingly when the motorcycle ride height increases, a welcome Damping System to reduce pres- is lightly loaded. effect for off-roading. In order sure, or you can increase pres- You read the fore-and-aft tilt in- to ensure that air pressure is set sure by connecting the pump to dicator by sitting on the seat in correctly, you must always check this valve. such a way that you can keep and adjust the air pressure when the motorcycle balanced with z the Air Damping System is cold, Fore-and-aft tilt indicator your feet, but the motorcycle in other words not immediately The fore-and aft tilt indicator on is supporting as much of your after the motorcycle has been the motorcycle has much the weight as possible. used for off-roading. same function as a spirit level, BMW Motorrad recommends If extreme loads are imposed on and indeed it is very similar in ap- setting the air pressure in the Air the system the increase in tem- pearance to an ordinary bubble Damping System marginally high- perature can be severe, and un- level. The air-pressure setting is er than would be necessary for der these conditions the effects ideal when the fore-and-aft tilt the weight of the rider plus the of the increase in ride height can indicator shows that the motor- expected weight of the load. You be perceived as uncomfortable. cycle carrying rider and load is can then reduce the air pressure Under these exceptional circum- horizontal. while sitting on the motorcycle. stances it is a good idea to let Always check the air pressure air out of the system, using the before riding off. level gauge to correct the motor-
  40. 40. cycle's fore-and-aft tilt ( 35). 4 Remember to readjust accord- ingly once the system has cooled 36 down again. Lengthy periods of disuse If it is going to be out of use for more than two months, support Operation the motorcycle in such a way that the wheels are not taking Remove valve cap 1 from the Remove protective cap 4. any weight, for example by lifting Air Damping System valve. it BMW Motorrad auxiliary stand. z Check the air pressures before removing the motorcycle from the auxiliary stand. You can use the pressure gauge on the pneu- matic pump for this check. Adjusting air pressure in Air Damping System Remove the pneumatic pump ( 34) Extend handle 5 and disengage Install the seat ( 42) Open velcro fastener 2 and retainer 6 of the second piston. turn pneumatic-pump hose 3 to the front.
  41. 41. Guide values, Air Damp- ing System 4 37 6.7 bar (One-up, rider with helmet and motorcycling wear 85 kg) with OA Passenger kit: Operation 10.5 bar (Two-up 150 kg) Connect threaded adapter 7 to Close retainer 6 of the second valve 8, allowing the hose and piston, compress the pneumat- pump to turn with the adapter. ic pump and retract handle 5. z The pneumatic pump now has an airtight connection to the valve, and the valve is open. Pressurise the Air Damping System as per the guideline values below. Guide values, Air Damp- Remove threaded adapter 7 ing System from the valve. 6 bar (One-up, rider with hel- met and motorcycling wear Install protective cap 4. 65 kg)
  42. 42. teristics of the telescopic forks. 4 The rebound-stage setting con- trols the way the suspension re- 38 acts as it extends, whereas the compression-stage setting influ- ences compression of the front forks under load. The harder the setting, the more Operation the movement that the forks can Turn pneumatic-pump hose 3 Continue to allow air to escape make to absorb surface irreg- toward the pneumatic pump until the fore-and-aft tilt indicat- ularities is damped. When you and close velcro fastener 2. or shows horizontal. choose a soft setting the forks z respond all the more rapidly to Sit on the motorcycle, hold it Screw the valve cap onto the surface irregularities. upright and allow as much of Air Damping System valve. your weight as possible to rest Remove the seat ( 41) Adjusting rebound stage on the motorcycle. Install the pneumatic pump for front wheel Push in the valve pin, allow air ( 34) to escape from the Air Damp- Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- ing System and check the Damping level. cycle on its stand. Adjustment for front You can use the point of suspension the valve cap to push in the You can fine-tune the suspension valve pin. to the road surface by adjusting both the compression-stage and rebound-stage damping charac-
  43. 43. adjusting screw in the + direc- Adjusting compression tion. stage for front wheel 4 If you want softer damping, use a screwdriver to turn the ad- 39 justing screw in the - direction. Rebound stage, basic setting, front Operation Turn adjusting screw as far You adjust the rebound-stage as it will go in the "+" dir- characteristic by turning adjust- ection, then back it off 11 ing screw 1. clicks in the "-" direction. z Adjust the compression stage by turning adjusting screw 1. If you want harder damping, use a screwdriver to turn the If you want harder damping, use a screwdriver to turn the
  44. 44. adjusting screw in the + direc- Adjusting damping for Tyres 4 tion. rear wheel Checking tyre pressure If you want softer damping, use Make sure the ground is level 40 a screwdriver to turn the ad- Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- and firm and place the motor- justing screw in the - direction. cycle on its stand. cycle on its stand. Compression stage, basic Incorrect tyre pressures im- setting, front pair the motorcycle's hand- Operation Turn adjusting screw as far ling characteristics and increase as it will go in the "+" dir- the rate of tyre wear. ection, then back it off 11 Always check that the tyre pres- clicks in the "-" direction. sures are correct. z At high road speeds, tyre Adjustment for rear valves have a tendency to suspension open as a result of centrifugal The Air Damping System has Turn adjusting screw 1 to the force. two settings so that it can be ad- horizontal position. Fit metal valve caps with rubber justed to suit the type of surface Strong damping characteristic, seals and screw them on firmly on which you intend riding. adjusting screw engages with to prevent sudden deflation. You can turn the adjusting screw an audible click. Check tyre pressures against any distance in either direction. Turn adjusting screw 1 to the the data below. vertical position. Weak damping characteristic, Tyre pressure, front adjusting screw engages with an audible click. 1.8 bar (one-up, tyre cold)
  45. 45. Beam throw and air Tyre pressure, front pressure in the Air 4 Damping System 41 1.9 bar (two-up and/or with Headlight beam throw is kept luggage, tyre cold) constant when the air pressure in the Air Damping System is Tyre pressure, rear adjusted to suit load. Operation Air-pressure adjustment might 2 bar (one-up, tyre cold) not suffice only if the motorcycle is very heavily loaded. Under Screws 1 on left and right al- 2.2 bar (two-up and/or with these circumstances, headlight low the height of the headlight luggage, tyre cold) beam throw has to be adjusted to be adjusted. This adjustment z If tyre pressure is too low: to suit the weight carried by the should be carried out by a spe- Correct tyre pressure. motorcycle. cialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad deal- Consult a specialist work- Headlight shop, preferably an au- er. Adjusting headlight for thorised BMW Motorrad deal- er, if you are unsure whether Seat driving on right/driving on left the headlight basic setting is Removing seat correct. Make sure the ground is level The motorcycle's headlight beam is symmetric, so there is no need and firm and place the motor- for modification if you intend rid- cycle on its stand. ing in a country where the op- posite rule of the road applies.
  46. 46. Place the seat, upholstered The seat engages with an aud- 4 side down, on a clean surface. ible click. Check that the seat is secure. 42 Installing seat Operation Use the ignition key to turn seat lock 1 counter-clockwise z and hold it in this position. If too much pressure is ap- plied in the forward direc- tion, there is a danger that the motorcycle will be pushed off its stand. Always make sure that the motorcycle is stable and firmly supported. Push seat 2 forward into Lift seat 2 at the rear and re- mount 3. lease the key. Firmly press down on the seat Remove the seat. at the rear.
  47. 47. Riding Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 5 43 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Riding Riding off-road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 z Parking your motorcycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
  48. 48. Safety instructions Settings of the spring-strut and Do not ride your motorcycle after 5 Rider's equipment shock-absorber system consuming alcohol, drugs and/or Imbalanced load medication. 44 Do not ride without the correct Loose clothing clothing. Always wear: Insufficient tyre pressure Risk of poisoning Helmet Poor tyre tread Exhaust fumes contain carbon Motorcycling jacket and Etc. monoxide, which is colourless trousers and odourless but highly toxic. Riding Gloves Correct loading Inhaling the exhaust fumes Boots Overloading and imbal- therefore represents a z anced loads can adversely health hazard and can even This applies even to short jour- neys, and to every season of the affect the motorcycle's handling. cause loss of consciousness with year. Your authorised BMW Mo- Do not exceed the permissible fatal consequences. torrad dealer will be glad to ad- gross weight and be sure to Do not inhale exhaust fumes. vise you on the correct clothing comply with the instructions on Do not run the engine in an en- for every purpose. loading. closed space. Speed Alcohol and drugs High voltage If you ride at high speed, always Even small amounts of Touching live parts of the bear in mind that various bound- alcohol or drugs will ad- ignition system with the ary conditions can adversely af- versely affect your perception engine running can cause electric fect the handling of your motor- and your ability to assess situ- shock. cycle: ations and make decisions, and Do not touch parts of the igni- slow down your reflexes. Med- tion system when the engine is ication can exacerbate these ef- running. fects.
  49. 49. Catalytic converter Risk of fire Tampering with the If misfiring causes unburned fuel Temperatures at the exhaust are control unit of the 5 to enter the catalytic converter, high. electronic engine- 45 there is a danger of overheating Flammable materials (e.g. management system and damage. hay, leaves, grass, clothing Tampering with the engine For this reason, observe the fol- and luggage, etc.) could ignite control unit can damage lowing points: if allowed to come into contact the motorcycle and cause acci- Riding Do not run the fuel tank dry. with the hot exhaust pipe. dents. Do not attempt to start or run Do not permit flammable materi- Do not tamper with the engine the engine with a spark-plug als to come into contact with the cap disconnected. control unit. z hot exhaust system. Stop the engine immediately if Tampering with the engine it misfires. Cooling would be control unit can result in inadequate if the engine mechanical loads that the mo- Use only unleaded fuel. were allowed to idle for a lengthy torcycle's components are not Comply with all specified main- period with the motorcycle at designed to withstand. Damage tenance intervals. a standstill: overheating would caused in this way is not covered Unburned fuel will destroy result. In extreme cases, the by the warranty. the catalytic converter. motorcycle could catch fire. Do not tamper with the engine Note the points listed for protec- Do not allow the engine to idle control unit. tion of the catalytic converter. unnecessarily. Ride away imme- diately after starting the engine.
  50. 50. Checklist Starting Starting engine. 5 Use the following checklist to Side stand 46 check important functions, set- You cannot start the motorcycle tings and wear limits before you with the side stand extended and ride off. a gear engaged. The engine will Brakes switch itself off if you start it with Brake-fluid levels, front and rear the gearbox in neutral and then Riding Clutch engage a gear before retracting Clutch fluid level the side stand. z Damping-characteristic adjust- ment and air pressure in the Air Gearbox Kill switch in operating position Damping System You can start the engine when (run). Tyre-tread depth and tyre the gearbox is in neutral or if you Gearbox lubrication is en- pressures pull the clutch with a gear en- sured only when the engine Cases correctly installed and gaged. is running. Inadequate lubrica- luggage secured tion can result in damage to the gearbox. At regular intervals: Do not allow the motorcycle to Engine oil level (every refuelling roll for a lengthy period of time or stop) push it a long distance with the Brake-pad wear (every third engine switched off. refuelling stop) Switch on the ignition. Pre-ride check is performed. ( 47)
  51. 51. with OE BMW Motorrad ABS: The engine starts. Switch on the ignition. Consult the troubleshooting 5 Pre-ride check is performed. chart below if the engine re- fuses to start. ( 108) 47 ( 47) ABS self-diagnosis is Pre-ride check performed. ( 48) The instrument cluster runs a Wait until the warning light for test of the instruments and the Riding the coolant temperature stops warning lights and telltale lights flashing. and the display when the igni- Press starter button 1. The idle actuator is posi- tion is switched on. This test is z If ambient temperatures are known as the "Pre-Ride-Check". tioned after you switch on very low, you might find it Phase 1 the ignition. The coolant-tem- necessary to open the throttle perature warning light flashes All the telltale and warning lights slightly when starting the engine. if the idle actuator has not cor- are switched on briefly, along At ambient temperatures below rectly positioned before the pre- with all the segments of the mul- 0 °C, disengage the clutch after ride check completes. In order tifunction display. switching on the ignition. to avoid subsequent problems, wait for this process to complete If the engine fails to start Phase 2 before proceeding. even though the starter The tyre parameters stored in turns, insufficient battery voltage the memory of the instrument might be causing the problem. cluster appear briefly on the dis- Recharge the battery before you play. start the engine, or use jump The instrument cluster then leads and a donor battery to reverts to its normal operating start. mode.
  52. 52. If a warning light or telltale light few metres for the wheel sensors You can continue to ride. Bear 5 did not show as specified above to be tested. in mind that the ABS function or if a segment or segments of Phase 1 is not available. 48 Have the fault rectified as the multifunction display failed to Test of the diagnosis-compat- light up: ible system components with quickly as possible by a the motorcycle at a standstill. specialist workshop, preferably Some malfunctions cannot ABS warning light flashes. an authorised BMW Motorrad be indicated if one of the dealer. Riding warning lights fails to show. Make sure that all the warning and telltale lights come on in the Phase 2 Running in z Test of the wheel sensors as The first 1000 km pre-ride check. the motorcycle pulls away from While running in the motor- Have the fault rectified as rest. cycle, vary the throttle opening quickly as possible by a specialist workshop, preferably ABS warning light flashes. and engine-speed range fre- an authorised BMW Motorrad quently. dealer. Try to do most of your rid- ABS self-diagnosis ing during this initial period on ABS self-diagnosis OE completed twisting, fairly hilly roads, avoid- BMW Motorrad ABS performs The ABS warning light goes ing high-speed main roads and self-diagnosis to ensure its op- out. highways if possible. erability. Self-diagnosis is per- If an indicator showing an ABS Exceeding the specified en- formed automatically when you fault appears when ABS self-dia- gine speeds while running switch on the ignition. The mo- gnosis completes: in will lead to increased engine torcycle has to move forward a wear.
  53. 53. Keep to the specified engine km. You can compensate for Riding off-road speeds for running in. this initial reduction in braking Tyre pressures 5 During the running-in phase, efficiency by exerting greater pressure on the levers. Tyre pressures reduced for 49 do not exceed the speed limits New brake pads can ex- off-road riding impair the specified for the various gears. tend stopping distance by a motorcycle's handling character- Maximum speeds during significant margin. istics on surfaced roads and can running-in period lead to accidents. Riding Apply the brakes in good time. Always check that the tyre pres- max 35 km/h (1st gear) sures are correct. Tyres max 55 km/h (2nd gear) z New tyres have a smooth sur- Dirt or mud on brakes max 75 km/h (3rd gear) face. This must be roughened by riding in a restrained manner at When riding on loose sur- max 95 km/h (4th gear) various heel angles until the tyres faces or muddy roads, the max 110 km/h (5th gear) brakes may fail to take effect are run in. This running in pro- No full-load acceleration. cedure is essential if the tyres are immediately because of dirt or Avoid low engine speeds at full to achieve maximum grip. moisture on the discs or brake load. pads. Tyres do not have their full Do not omit the first inspection Apply the brakes in good time grip when new and there after 500 - 1200 km. until the brakes have been is a risk of accidents at extreme cleaned. Brake pads angles of heel. Avoid extreme angles of heel. The brake pads will wear New brake pads must "bed more rapidly if you ride fre- down" and therefore do not quently on unsurfaced tracks or achieve their optimum friction poor roads. levels during the first 500 Check the thickness of the brake
  54. 54. pads more frequently and replace Brakes the rider's full force applied to 5 the brake pads in good time. How can stopping the brake levers; under these cir- cumstances the dynamic shift 50 Air pressure and damping distance be minimised? in load distribution cannot keep characteristics Each time the brakes are applied, pace with the increase in de- a load distribution shift takes celeration and the tyres cannot The off-road settings for air place with the load shifting for- transmit the full braking force to pressure in the Air Damping ward from the rear to the front the surface of the road. ABS has Riding System and the front and rear wheel. The sharper the motor- to intervene to keep the front shock-absorber damping char- cycle decelerates, the more load wheel from locking; this increases acteristics will impair the motor- z cycle's handling characteristics is shifted to the front wheel. The stopping distance. higher the wheel load, the more on surfaced roads. Descending mountain braking force can be transmitted If you have been off-roading, re- without the wheel locking. passes member to correct the air pres- To optimise stopping distance, There is a danger of the sure in the Air Damping System apply the front brakes rapidly and brakes fading if you use and the shock-absorber damping keep on increasing the force you only the rear brakes when des- characteristics before you return apply to the brake lever. This cending mountain passes. Under to surfaced roads. makes the best possible use extreme conditions, the brakes of the dynamic increase in load Deactivatable ABS OE could overheat and suffer severe at the front wheel. Remember damage. You can deactivate the BMW to pull the clutch at the same Motorrad Integral ABS for off- Use both front and rear brakes, time. In the "panic braking situ- and make use of the engine's roading ( 33). ations" that are trained so fre- braking effect as well. quently braking force is applied as rapidly as possible and with
  55. 55. Wet brakes Oil or grease on brakes pads more frequently and replace After the motorcycle has Oil and grease on the brake the brake pads in good time. 5 been washed, ridden discs and pads considerably 51 through water or ridden in diminish braking efficiency. Parking your the rain, the brake discs and Especially after repair and main- motorcycle pads might be wet and the tenance work, make sure that the Placing motorcycle on brakes might not take effect brake discs and brake pads are side stand Riding immediately. free of oil and grease. Apply the brakes in good time If the ground is soft or un- until the brakes have dried out. Dirt or mud on brakes even, there is no guaran- tee that the motorcycle will rest z When riding on loose sur- firmly on the stand. Salt on brakes faces or muddy roads, the Always check that the ground The brakes may fail to take brakes may fail to take effect under the stand is level and effect immediately if the immediately because of dirt or firm. motorcycle was ridden on salt- moisture on the discs or brake covered roads and the brakes pads. Switch off the engine. were not applied for some time. Apply the brakes in good time Pull the handbrake lever. Apply the brakes in good time until the brakes have been Hold the motorcycle upright until the salt layer on the brake cleaned. and balanced. discs and brake pads has been Use your left foot to extend the The brake pads will wear removed. side stand fully. more rapidly if you ride fre- quently on unsurfaced tracks or The side stand is designed poor roads. to support only the weight Check the thickness of the brake of the motorcycle. Do not lean or sit on the
  56. 56. motorcycle with the side stand On a gradient, the motor- Refuelling 5 extended. cycle should always face Fuel is highly flammable. A Slowly lean the motorcycle to uphill; select 1st gear. 52 naked flame close to the the side until its weight is taken Lock the steering lock. fuel tank can cause a fire or ex- by the stand and dismount to plosion. the left. Removing motorcycle Do not smoke. Never bring a If the motorcycle is on the from side stand naked flame near the fuel tank. Riding side stand, the surface of Unlock the steering lock. Fuel expands when hot. the ground will determine wheth- From the left, grip the handle- Fuel escaping from an er it is better to turn the handle- bars with both hands. z overfilled tank could make its way bars to the left or right. However, Pull the handbrake lever. onto the rear tyre. This could the motorcycle is more stable on Swing your right leg over the cause a fall. a level surface with the handle- seat and lift the motorcycle to Do not fill the tank past the bot- bars turned to the left than with the upright position. tom edge of the filler neck. the handlebars turned to the Hold the motorcycle upright right. and balanced. Fuel attacks plastics, which On level ground, always turn the become dull or unsightly. An extended side stand can handlebars to the left to set the Wipe off plastic parts immediately catch on the ground when steering lock. if they come into contact with the motorcycle is moving and fuel. Turn the handlebars to full left lead to a fall. or right lock. Retract the side stand before Leaded fuel will destroy the Check that the motorcycle is moving the motorcycle. catalytic converter. standing firmly. Use only unleaded fuel. Sit on the motorcycle and use your left foot to retract the side stand.
  57. 57. Make sure the ground is level and firm and place the motor- Recommended fuel grade 5 cycle on its stand. 53 95 ROZ/RON (Super un- leaded) Usable fuel capacity Riding 9.5 l z Reserve fuel Open fuel tank cap 1 with 2l the ignition key by turning it Place the fuel tank cap in posi- counter-clockwise. tion in the filler neck. Remove the fuel tank cap. Close the fuel tank cap with Refuel with fuel of the grade the ignition key by turning it stated below; do not fill the clockwise. tank past the bottom edge of the filler neck.
  58. 58. z 5 54 Riding
  59. 59. Engineering details Brake system with BMW Motorrad 6 ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 55 Engineering details z
  60. 60. Brake system with to turn and directional stability is registers the actual circum- 6 BMW Motorrad ABS OE is maintained irrespective of the stances, the system reacts in- condition of the road surface. stantly and adjusts braking force 56 How does ABS work? accordingly to achieve optimum The amount of braking force that What are the effects of braking. can be transferred to the road surface irregularities? depends on factors hat include Humps and surface irregularit- Rear wheel lift the coefficient of friction of the ies can cause the wheels to lose Even under severe braking, a Engineering details road surface. Loose stones, ice contact temporarily with the road high level of tyre grip can mean and snow or a wet road all have surface; if this happens the brak- that the front wheel does not much lower coefficients of fric- ing force that can be transmit- lock up until very late, if at all. tion than a clean, dry asphalt sur- ted to the road can drop to zero. Consequently, ABS does not in- face. The lower the coefficient If the brakes are applied under tervene until very late, if at all. of friction, the longer the braking these circumstances the ABS Under these circumstances the distance. has to reduce braking force to rear wheel can lift off the ground, If the rider increases braking ensure that directional stability and the outcome can be a high- pressure to the extent that brak- is maintained when the wheels siding situation in which the mo- z ing force exceeds the maxim- regain contact with the road sur- torcycle can flip over. um transferrable limit, the wheels face. At this instant the BMW Severe braking can cause start to lock and the motorcycle Motorrad ABS must assume an the rear wheel to lift off the loses its directional stability; a fall extremely low coefficient of fric- ground. is imminent. Before this situation tion, so that the wheels will con- When you brake, bear in mind can occur, ABS intervenes and tinue to rotate under all imagin- that ABS control cannot be relied adapts braking pressure to the able circumstances, because this on in all circumstances to prevent maximum transferrable braking is the precondition for ensuring the rear wheel from lifting clear of force, so the wheels continue directional stability. As soon as the ground.
  61. 61. What is the design riding conditions can lead to a What significance baseline for BMW fault message being issued. devolves on regular 6 Motorrad ABS? Exceptional riding maintenance? conditions: 57 Within the limits imposed by Invariably, a technical sys- physics, BMW Motorrad ABS en- Riding for a lengthy period with tem cannot perform beyond sures directional stability on any the front wheel lifted off the the abilities dictated by its level surface. The system is not op- ground (wheelie). of maintenance. Rear wheel rotating with the Engineering details timised for special requirements In order to ensure that the BMW that apply under extreme com- motorcycle held stationary by Motorrad ABS is always main- petitive situations off-road or on applying the front brake (burn- tained in optimum condition, it the track. out). is essential for you to comply Heating up with the motorcycle strictly with the specified inspec- Special situations on the centre stand or an auxil- tion intervals. The speeds of the front and rear iary stand, engine idling or with wheels are compared as one a gear engaged. Reserves for safety means of detecting a wheel's Rear wheel locked for a lengthy The potentially shorter braking incipient tendency to lock. If the period, for example while des- z distances which BMW Motorrad system registers implausible val- cending off-road. ABS permits must not be used ues for a lengthy period the ABS as an excuse for careless riding. If a fault message is issued on function is deactivated for safety ABS is primarily a means of en- account of exceptional riding reasons and an ABS fault mes- suring a safety margin in genuine conditions as outlined above, you sage is issued. Self-diagnos- emergencies. can reactivate the ABS function is has to complete before fault Take care when cornering. When by switching the ignition off and messages can be issued. on again. you apply the brakes on a corner, In addition to problems with the the motorcycle's weight and BMW Motorrad ABS, exceptional
  62. 62. momentum take over and even 6 BMW Motorrad ABS is unable to counteract their effects. 58 Engineering details z
  63. 63. Accessories General instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 7 59 Power socket OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Accessories z

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