Rider S Manual F 650 Gs 2008

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Rider S Manual F 650 Gs 2008

  1. 1. Rider's Manual F 650 GS BMW Motorrad The Ultimate Riding Machine
  2. 2. Motorcycle data/dealership details Motorcycle data Dealership details Model Person to contact in Service department Vehicle identification number Ms/Mr Colour code Phone number Date of first registration Registration number Dealership address/phone number (com- pany stamp)
  3. 3. Details described or illustrated in this booklet may differ from the motorcycle's actual specifica- tion as purchased, the accessor- ies fitted or the national-market specification. No claims will be entertained as a result of such discrepancies. Dimensions, weights, fuel con- sumption and performance data are quoted to the customary tol- erances. The right to modify designs, equipment and accessories is reserved. Errors and omissions excepted. © 2007 BMW Motorrad Not to be reproduced either wholly or in part without written permission from BMW Motorrad, After Sales. Printed in Germany.
  4. 4. Important data for refuelling Fuel Recommended fuel grade 91 ROZ/RON, Regular unleaded Usable fuel capacity approx. 16 l Reserve fuel ≥4 l Tyre pressure Tyre pressure, front 2.2 bar, one-up, at tyre temperat- ure: 20 °C 2.2 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, at tyre temperature: 20 °C Tyre pressure, rear 2.5 bar, one-up, at tyre temperat- ure: 20 °C 2.9 bar, two-up and/or with lug- gage, at tyre temperature: 20 °C BMW recommends Order No. 01 41 7 712 281 *01417712281* *01417712281* 10.2007, 1st edition
  5. 5. Welcome to BMW BMW Motorrad dealer will gladly provide advice and assistance. We congratulate you on your choice of a motorcycle from We hope that you will enjoy rid- BMW and welcome you to the ing your BMW and that all your community of BMW riders. journeys will be pleasant and Familiarise yourself with your new safe. motorcycle so that you can ride it safely and confidently in all traffic BMW Motorrad. situations. Please read this Rider's Manual carefully before starting to use your new BMW motorcycle. It contains important information on how to operate the controls and how to make the best possible use of all your BMW's technical features. In addition, it contains information on maintenance and care to help you maintain your motorcycle's reliability and safety, as well as its value. If you have questions concerning your motorcycle, your authorised
  6. 6. Table of Contents You can also consult the index at 3 Status indicators . . . . . . . 21 Tyre pressure monitoring the end of this Rider's Manual if Standard status (ReifenDruck-Control) you want to find a particular topic indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 or item of information. Status indicators with on- Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 1 General instructions . . . . . 5 board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Status indicators with Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . 51 Abbreviations and symbols . . . . 6 tyre-pressure monitoring Emergency off switch (kill Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 (RDC) OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 switch) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Grip heating OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Warnings issued by the on- BMW Motorrad ABS OE . . . . . . 53 2 General views . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . 29 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 General view, left side . . . . . . . . 11 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 General view, right side . . . . . . 13 RDC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . 14 Anti-theft alarm Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Underneath the trim pan- warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 el . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 4 Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . 16 Ignition switch and steering Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . 17 lock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Electronic immobiliser Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 (EWS) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 5 Riding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Safety instructions . . . . . . . . . . . 62 Odometer and tripmeters . . . . 42 Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 On-board computer OE . . . . . . . 43 Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 Running in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
  7. 7. Riding off-road . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Rims . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Transmission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Chain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 Running gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Parking your motorcycle . . . . . 70 Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132 Refuelling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 Front-wheel stand . . . . . . . . . . 106 Wheels and tyres . . . . . . . . . . . 133 6 Engineering details . . . . . 73 Bulbs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 Electrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 Brake system with BMW Mo- Air filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 Frame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 torrad ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 Jump starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 Tyre pressure monitoring Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 Weights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 RDC OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 9 Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 Riding specifications . . . . . . . 138 7 Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 Care products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 11 Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 General instructions . . . . . . . . . . 80 Washing motorcycle . . . . . . . . 122 BMW Motorrad service . . . . . 140 Power socket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Cleaning easily damaged BMW Motorrad service Luggage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 quality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 Case OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 Paint care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123 BMW Motorrad Service Topcase OA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Protective wax coating . . . . . 124 Card: on-the-spot break- Laying up motorcycle . . . . . . 124 down assistance . . . . . . . . . . . 140 8 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Restoring motorcycle to BMW Motorrad service net- General instructions . . . . . . . . . . 92 use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141 Toolkit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 10 Technical data . . . . . . . 125 Maintenance work . . . . . . . . . . 141 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Troubleshooting chart . . . . . . 126 Confirmation of mainten- Brake system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Threaded fasteners . . . . . . . . 127 ance work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142 Brake pads . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129 Confirmation of service . . . . . 147 Brake fluid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 Coolant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Engine oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
  8. 8. General instructions Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1 5 Abbreviations and symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Technical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 General instructions Currency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 z
  9. 9. Overview Specific instructions on OE Optional extra 1 Chapter 2 of this Rider's Manu- how to operate, control, ad- The motorcycles are as- just or look after items of equip- sembled complete with 6 al will provide you with an initial ment on the motorcycle. all the BMW optional ex- overview of your motorcycle. All Indicates the end of an tras originally ordered. maintenance and repair work on the motorcycle is documented in item of information. OA Optional accessory Chapter 11. This record of the You can obtain option- Instruction. General instructions maintenance work you have had al accessories through performed on your motorcycle is your authorised BMW Result of an activity. a precondition for generous treat- Motorrad dealer; optional ment of goodwill claims. Reference to a page with accessories have to be When the time comes to sell more detailed informa- retrofitted to the motor- your BMW, please remember tion. cycle. to hand over this Rider's Manu- al; it is an important part of the Indicates the end of a EWS Electronic immobiliser motorcycle. passage relating to spe- (Elektronische Wegfahr- z cific accessories or items sicherung). Abbreviations and of equipment. symbols DWA Anti-theft alarm (Diebs- Tightening torque. tahlwarnanlage) Indicates warnings that you must comply with for reas- ABS Anti-lock brake system ons of your safety and the safety Item of technical data. of others, and to protect your RDC Tyre pressure control motorcycle against damage. (Reifendruck-Control)
  10. 10. Equipment Technical data When you ordered your BMW All dimensions, weights and 1 motorcycle, you chose various power ratings stated in the 7 items of custom equipment. This Rider's Manual are quoted to the Rider's Manual describes option- standards and comply with the al extras (OE) offered by BMW tolerance requirements of the and selected optional accessor- Deutsche Institut für Normung General instructions ies (OA). This explains why the e.V. Versions for individual manual may also contain de- countries may differ. scriptions of equipment which you have not ordered. Please Currency note, too, that your motorcycle The high safety and quality might not be exactly as illus- standards of BMW motorcycles trated in this manual on account are maintained by constant of country-specific differences. development work on designs, If your BMW was supplied with equipment and accessories. equipment not described in Because of this, your motorcycle this Rider's Manual, you will z may differ from the information find these features described in supplied in the Rider's Manual. separate manuals. Nor can BMW Motorrad entirely rule out errors and omissions. We hope you will appreciate that no claims can be entertained on the basis of the data, illustrations or descriptions in this manual.
  11. 11. z 8 1 General instructions
  12. 12. General views General view, left side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 2 9 General view, right side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Underneath the seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Underneath the trim panel . . . . . . . . . . . 15 General views Handlebar fitting, left . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Handlebar fitting, right . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 z
  13. 13. z 10 2 General views
  14. 14. General view, left side 1 Power socket ( 80) 2 2 Seat lock ( 59) 11 3 Engine-oil filler neck and oil dipstick ( 93) General views z
  15. 15. z 12 2 General views
  16. 16. General view, right side 1 Fuel filler neck ( 71) 2 2 Brake-fluid reservoir, rear 13 ( 97) 3 Vehicle Identification Num- ber (VIN) (on steering-head bearing), Type plate (on General views steering-head bearing) 4 Brake-fluid reservoir, front ( 96) 5 Coolant level indicator (be- hind side panel) ( 97), Coolant filler neck (behind side panel) ( 98) z 6 Adjuster for spring preload, rear ( 56) 7 Adjuster for damping char- acteristic, rear suspension ( 57)
  17. 17. Underneath the seat 2 1 Location of first-aid kit (OA) 14 2 Toolkit 3 Payload table 4 Table of tyre pressures 5 Helmet holder ( 60) 6 Rider's Manual General views 7 Tool for adjusting spring preload ( 56) z
  18. 18. Underneath the trim panel 2 1 Battery ( 116) 15 2 Air-filter housing ( 114) General views z
  19. 19. Handlebar fitting, left 2 1 Operating the on-board 16 computer OE ( 43) 2 Operating the ABS OE ( 53) 3 Horn 4 Flashing turn indicators, General views left ( 50), Hazard warn- ing flashers ( 51) 5 High-beam headlight and headlight flasher ( 49) z
  20. 20. Handlebar fitting, right 1 Emergency off switch (kill 2 switch) ( 52) 17 2 Starter button ( 65) 3 Grip heating OE ( 53) 4 Flashing turn indicators, right ( 50), Hazard warn- General views ing flashers ( 51) 5 Cancel button, flashing turn indicators ( 51), Pushbut- ton, cancel hazard warning flashers ( 52) z
  21. 21. Instrument cluster 2 1 Telltale lights ( 22) 18 2 Speedometer 3 Operation of the clock ( 42), Operation of the stopwatch OE ( 46) 4 Multifunction display General views ( 22) 5 Operating the odometer ( 42) 6 Telltale light, anti-theft alarm (OE), Sensor for instrument lighting, Warning light for z engine rpm OE ( 48) 7 Rev. counter The instrument-cluster lighting has automatic day and night switchover.
  22. 22. Headlight 1 Low-beam headlight 2 2 High-beam headlight 19 3 Side light General views z
  23. 23. z 20 2 General views
  24. 24. Status indicators Standard status indicators . . . . . . . . . . . 22 3 21 Status indicators with on-board com- puter OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Status indicators with tyre-pressure monitoring (RDC) OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Status indicators Standard warnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Warnings issued by the on-board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 ABS warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 RDC warnings OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 z Anti-theft alarm warnings OE . . . . . . . . . 38
  25. 25. Standard status Telltale lights Service-due indicator 3 indicators 22 Multifunction display Status indicators 1 High-beam headlight If the next service is due in less 2 Flashing turn indicators, left than one month, the date for the 3 Idle next service is shown briefly after 1 Clock ( 42) 4 Flashing turn indicators, the Pre-Ride Check completes. 2 Odometer and tripmeters right The month is shown as a two- z ( 42) digit number and the year as a four-digit number, with a colon as separator, so in this example the next service is due in March 2007.
  26. 26. panied by the 'General' warning Status indicators with light showing yellow. The word on-board computer OE 3 "Service" remains permanently visible. Multifunction display 23 If the service-due indicat- or appears more than a month in advance of the actual due date or if the word "Service" Status indicators does not show permanently even If the motorcycle covers long dis- though a service is overdue, the tances in the course of the year, date stored in memory in the in- under certain circumstances it strument cluster is incorrect and might be necessary to have it must be set. This situation can serviced at a date in advance occur if the battery was discon- 1 Status-indicator panel of of the forecast due date. If the nected for a prolonged period of the on-board computer OE countdown distance to the odo- time. ( 43) z meter reading at which a service If you want to have the date set 2 Gear indicator ( 23) will be due is less than 1000 km, consult a specialist workshop, 3 Coolant temperature the distance is counted down in preferably an authorised BMW ( 24) steps of 100 km and is shown Motorrad dealer. 4 Fuel capacity ( 24) briefly after the Pre-Ride Check completes. Gear indicator If service is overdue, the due The gear engaged or N date or the odometer reading at for neutral appears on the which service was due is accom- display.
  27. 27. If no gear is engaged, the Status indicators Standard warnings 3 'neutral' telltale light also with tyre-pressure Mode of presentation lights up. 24 monitoring (RDC) OE Coolant temperature The horizontal bars above the temperature symbol indicate the coolant temperature. Status indicators Fuel capacity The horizontal bars above the fuel-pump symbol in- dicate the remaining quantity of Warnings are indicated by the fuel. The top bar is larger than warning lights 1 or by the 'Gen- 1 Temperature-compensated the others and the quantity of eral' warning light 2 showing in tyre-pressures OE ( 48) fuel it represents is correspond- combination with a text warning z ingly larger. or a warning symbol in the mul- When the fuel in the tank is tifunction display. The 'General' topped up the gauge briefly warning light shows red or yel- shows the original level, before low, depending on the urgency of the reading is updated. the warning.
  28. 28. The possible warnings are listed on the next page. 3 25 Status indicators Warning symbols 1 and 2 can appear on the multifunction dis- play. Text warnings such as 3, for example, appear in the odo- meter panel and are accompan- ied by warning-triangle symbol 4. z If two or more warnings occur at the same time, all the appropriate warning lights and warning sym- bols appear. You can call up text warnings to alternate with the odometer readings ( 42). The status of the 'General' warning light matches the most urgent warning.
  29. 29. Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 26 Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- Electronic immobiliser active ( 27) play EWS appears on the display. Status indicators Lights up Fuel down to reserve ( 27) Lights up red Flashes Coolant temperature too high ( 27) Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- Engine in emergency-operation mode play ( 28) z Flashes Insufficient engine oil pressure ( 28) Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- Bulb defective ( 28) play LAMP appears on the display.
  30. 30. Electronic immobiliser Lack of fuel can result in Continuing to ride when the active the engine misfiring and engine is overheated could 3 General warning light shows cutting out unexpectedly. Mis- result in engine damage. firing can damage the catalytic You must comply with the in- 27 yellow. converter; a hazardous situation structions below. Warning-triangle symbol can result if the engine cuts out Possible cause: appears on the display. unexpectedly. If the coolant level is too low. Do not run the fuel tank dry. EWS appears on the display. Status indicators Check the coolant level ( 97) Possible cause: Possible cause: If the coolant level is too low: The key being used is not au- The fuel tank contains no more Top up the coolant ( 98) thorised for starting, or commu- than the reserve quantity of fuel. nication between key and engine Possible cause: Reserve fuel electronics is disrupted. The coolant temperature is too Remove all other vehicle keys high. from the same ring as the igni- ≥4 l If possible, ride in the part-load tion key. range to cool down the engine. z Refuel ( 71) Use the reserve key. In traffic jams, switch off the Have the defective key re- Coolant temperature too engine, but leave the ignition placed, preferably by an au- high switched on so that the radiat- thorised BMW Motorrad dealer. or fan continues to operate. General warning light shows If the coolant temperature is Fuel down to reserve red. frequently too high, have the Warning light for fuel down The temperature symbol fault rectified as soon as pos- to reserve shows. flashes. sible by a specialist workshop,
  31. 31. preferably an authorised BMW gine runs in emergency operating Possible cause: 3 Motorrad dealer. mode. The engine-oil level is too low. You can continue to ride, but Check the engine oil level 28 Engine in emergency- bear in mind that the usual en- ( 93) operation mode gine power might not be avail- If the oil level is too low: General warning light shows able. Top up the engine oil ( 94) yellow. Have the fault rectified as quickly as possible by a Possible cause: Status indicators Engine symbol appears on specialist workshop, preferably The engine-oil pressure is insuffi- the display. an authorised BMW Motorrad cient. The engine is running in dealer. Riding when engine-oil emergency operating mode. pressure is low can result Engine power might be reduced Insufficient engine oil in engine damage. and this can cause hazardous pressure Do not continue your journey. situations, particularly if you at- Warning light for engine-oil tempt to overtake other road pressure flashes. Have the fault rectified as z quickly as possible by a users. The oil pressure in the lube-oil Engine power level might be system is too low. Stop immedi- specialist workshop, preferably lower than normal: adapt your ately and switch off the engine. an authorised BMW Motorrad style of riding accordingly. dealer. The insufficient oil pres- Possible cause: sure warning does not fulfil Bulb defective The engine control unit has dia- the function of an oil gauge. The General warning light shows gnosed a fault. In exceptional only way of checking whether yellow. cases, the engine stops and re- the oil level is correct is to check fuses to start. Otherwise, the en- with the oil dipstick.
  32. 32. Warning-triangle symbol Replace the brake light and The ice warning does not appears on the display. rear light bulb ( 113) mean that there is no risk 3 Replacing turn indicator bulbs, of black ice forming at measured LAMP appears on the display. front and rear ( 111) temperatures above 3 °C. 29 A defective bulb places Always take extra care and think your safety at risk because Warnings issued by the well ahead when temperatures it is easier for other users to on-board computer OE are low; remember that the oversee the motorcycle. danger of black ice is particularly Status indicators Replace defective bulbs as high on bridges and where the soon as possible; always carry a road is in the shade. complete set of spare bulbs if Ride carefully and think well possible. ahead. Possible cause: Low-beam headlight, parking light, rear-light, brake-light or turn-indicator bulb defective. z Visually inspect to ascertain The ambient-temperature read- which bulb is defective. ing flashes. Replacing low-beam headlight bulb ( 108) Possible cause: Replacing high-beam headlight The air temperature measured bulb ( 109) at the motorcycle is lower than Replacing parking-light bulb 3 °C. ( 110)
  33. 33. ABS warnings OE 3 Mode of presentation 30 Status indicators ABS warnings are indicated by ABS warning light 1. The way in which the ABS warn- z ing light indicates status can dif- fer in some countries. Possible national variant. The detailed descriptions relating to BMW Motorrad ABS start on page ( 74), and you will find an overview listing the possible warnings on the next page.
  34. 34. Warnings, overview Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 3 Flashes Self-diagnosis not completed ( 32) 31 Lights up ABS deactivated ( 32) Status indicators Lights up ABS fault ( 32) z
  35. 35. Self-diagnosis not with BMW Motorrad ABS OE RDC warnings OE 3 completed Activate the ABS function Mode of presentation ABS warning light flashes. ( 54) 32 ABS fault Possible cause: ABS warning light shows. The ABS function is not available, because self- Status indicators Possible cause: diagnosis did not complete. The motorcycle has to move forward The ABS control unit has detec- a few metres for the wheel ted a fault. The ABS function is sensors to be tested. not available. Pull away slowly. Bear in mind You can continue to ride. Bear Warning symbol 1 indicates a that the ABS function is not in mind that the ABS function critical tyre pressure, and the cor- available until self-diagnosis has is not available. Bear in mind responding reading for the front completed. the more detailed information tyre pressure 2 or the rear tyre z on situations that can lead to pressure 3 flashes. ABS deactivated an ABS fault ( 75). ABS warning light shows. Have the fault rectified as If the critical value is close quickly as possible by a to the limit of the permiss- specialist workshop, preferably ible tolerance range, the reading Possible cause: an authorised BMW Motorrad is accompanied by the 'General' The rider has switched off the dealer. warning light showing yellow. If ABS system. the tyre pressure registered by the sensor is outside the per-
  36. 36. missible tolerance range, the 'General' warning light shows red. 3 The detailed descriptions relating 33 to BMW Motorrad RDC start on page ( 76), and you will find an overview listing the possible warnings on the next page. Status indicators z
  37. 37. Warnings, overview 3 Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning 34 Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- Tyre pressure close to limit of permitted play tolerance ( 36) The critical tyre pressure flashes Status indicators Flashes red Appears on the dis- Tyre pressure outside permitted toler- play ance ( 36) The critical tyre pressure flashes "--" or "-- --" Signal transmission disrupted ( 36) appears on the dis- play z Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- Sensor defective or system error play ( 37) "--" or "-- --" appears on the dis- play Lights up yellow Appears on the dis- Battery of tyre-pressure sensor weak play ( 37)
  38. 38. Telltale lights Status indicators Meaning RdC appears on Battery of tyre-pressure sensor weak 3 the display. ( 37) 35 Status indicators z
  39. 39. Tyre pressure close Tyre pressure outside Correct the tyre pressure at the 3 to limit of permitted permitted tolerance earliest possible opportunity. tolerance General warning light Have the tyre checked for 36 damage by a specialist General warning light shows flashes red. workshop, preferably an yellow. Warning-triangle symbol authorised BMW Motorrad Warning-triangle symbol appears on the display. dealer. appears on the display. If you are unsure whether the The critical tyre pressure flashes. Status indicators motorcycle can be ridden with The critical tyre pressure flashes. Possible cause: the tyre in its present condition: Possible cause: Measured tyre pressure is out- Do not continue your journey. Measured tyre pressure is close side permitted tolerance. Notify the breakdown service. to the limit of permitted toler- Check the tyre for damage and Have the tyre checked for ance. to ascertain whether the mo- damage by a specialist Correct the tyre pressure as torcycle can be ridden with the workshop, preferably an stated on the inside cover of tyre in its present condition. z authorised BMW Motorrad the Rider's Manual. If the motorcycle can be ridden dealer. Before you adjust tyre pres- with the tyre in its present condi- sure, read the information tion: Signal transmission on temperature compensation Incorrect tyre pressures im- disrupted and adjusting pressure in the pair the motorcycle's hand- "--" or "-- --" appears on section entitled "Engineering ling characteristics. the display. details". If tyre pressure is incorrect it is essential to adapt your style of riding accordingly.
  40. 40. Possible cause: ing in the vicinity and interfering Possible cause: The motorcycle has not yet ac- with the link between the RDC Motorcycle is fitted with wheels 3 celerated past the threshold of control unit and the sensors. not equipped with RDC sensors. Move to another location and 37 approximately 30 km/h. The Fit wheels and tyres equipped RDC sensors do not start trans- observe the RDC readings. As- with RDC sensors. mitting signals until the motor- sume that a permanent fault cycle reaches a speed above this has not occurred unless the Possible cause: threshold ( 76). 'General' warning light comes One or two RDC sensors have Status indicators Increase speed above this on to accompany the symp- failed. threshold observe the RDC toms. Under these circum- Have the fault rectified by a readings. Assume that a per- stances: specialist workshop, preferably manent fault has not occurred Have the fault rectified by a an authorised BMW Motorrad unless the 'General' warning specialist workshop, preferably dealer. light comes on to accompany an authorised BMW Motorrad the symptoms. Under these dealer. Possible cause: circumstances: A system error has occurred. Sensor defective or z Have the fault rectified by a Have the fault rectified by a specialist workshop, preferably system error specialist workshop, preferably an authorised BMW Motorrad General warning light shows an authorised BMW Motorrad dealer. yellow. dealer. Possible cause: Warning-triangle symbol Battery of tyre-pressure Wireless communication with the appears on the display. sensor weak RDC sensors has been disrupted. "--" or "-- --" appears on General warning light shows Possible causes include radio- the display. yellow. communication systems operat-
  41. 41. Warning-triangle symbol Seek the advice of a specialist 3 appears on the display. workshop, preferably an author- ised BMW Motorrad dealer. 38 RdC appears on the display. This error message appears only briefly after the pre- ride check completes. Possible cause: Status indicators The integral battery in the tyre- pressure sensor has lost a sig- The text warning dWA appears, nificant proportion of its original accompanied by a warning-tri- capacity. There is no assurance angle symbol to indicate that this of how long the tyre pressure is a warning. monitoring system can remain operational. This error message appears z Seek the advice of a specialist only briefly after the pre- workshop, preferably an author- ride check completes. ised BMW Motorrad dealer. Possible cause: The integral battery in the anti- Anti-theft alarm theft alarm has lost its entire ori- warnings OE ginal capacity. There is no assur- ance that the anti-theft alarm will General warning light shows be operational if the motorcycle's yellow. battery is disconnected.
  42. 42. Operation Ignition switch and steering lock . . . . . 40 Mirrors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 4 39 Electronic immobiliser (EWS) . . . . . . . . 41 Spring preload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Damping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Odometer and tripmeters . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Tyres . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Operation On-board computer OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Headlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 Tyre pressure monitoring Seat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 (ReifenDruck-Control) RDC OE . . . . . . . 48 Helmet holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 z Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Turn indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 Hazard warning flashers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 Emergency off switch (kill switch) . . . . 52 Grip heating OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 BMW Motorrad ABS OE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 Clutch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Brakes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
  43. 43. Ignition switch and Switching on ignition Switching off ignition 4 steering lock 40 Keys You receive one master key and one spare key. Please consult the information on the electronic immobiliser (EWS) if a key is lost Operation or mislaid ( 41). Ignition switch and steering lock, tank filler cap lock and seat lock are all operated with the same Turn the key to position 1. Turn the key to position 2. z key. Side light and all function cir- Lights switched off. cuits switched on. Handlebars not locked. with case OA Engine can be started. Key can be removed. with topcase OA Pre-ride check is performed. Electrically powered accessor- If you wish you can arrange to ( 65) ies remain operational for a lim- have the cases and the top- ited period of time. case fitted with locks that can with BMW Motorrad ABS OE The battery can be recharged be opened with this key as well. Turn the key to position 1. via the on-board socket. Consult a specialist workshop, ABS self-diagnosis is preferably an authorised BMW performed in addition to Motorrad dealer. the checks outlined above. ( 66)
  44. 44. Locking handlebars Electronic immobiliser In-key electronics (EWS) The motorcycle's electronics 4 exchange certain continuously 41 Protection against theft changing signals with the elec- The electronic immobiliser EWS tronics in the key; these signals helps protect your BMW mo- are specific to your motorcycle torcycle from theft, and this en- and they are transmitted via the hanced security is at your dis- ring aerial in the ignition lock. Operation posal without any need for you to The ignition is not enabled for set parameters or activate addi- starting until the key has been tional systems. The engine of a recognised as "authorised" for Turn the handlebars all the way motorcycle fitted with this elec- your motorcycle. to the left tronic immobiliser can be started z Turn the key to position 3, A spare key attached to only with the keys that belong to while moving the handlebars the same ring as the ig- the vehicle. You can also have slightly. nition key used to start the en- your authorised BMW Motor- Ignition, lights and all function gine could "irritate" the electron- rad dealer bar individual keys, for circuits switched off. ics, in which case the enabling example if a particular key goes Handlebars locked. signal for starting is not issued. missing. The engine cannot be Key can be removed. The EWS warning appears in the started with a key that has been multifunction display. barred. Always keep the spare key sep- arately from the ignition key.
  45. 45. Replacement and extra Switch on the ignition. Either press and hold down 4 keys button 1 or wait without press- You can obtain replacement/extra ing any button. 42 keys only through an authorised The clock is now set and the BMW Motorrad dealer. The keys time appears on the display. are part of an integrated secur- ity system, so the dealer is un- Odometer and der an obligation to check the tripmeters Operation legitimacy of all applications for Selecting readings replacement/extra keys. If you Switch on the ignition. want to have a lost key barred, you have to bring with you all Press and hold down button 1. with on-board computer OE z the other keys that belong to Hours reading 2 flashes. the motorcycle. A key that has Press button 1. been barred can subsequently be The hours reading increments cleared and reactivated for use. by one each time you press the button. Clock Press and hold down button 1. Setting clock Minutes reading 3 flashes. Press button 1. Attempting to set the clock The minutes reading incre- while riding the motorcycle If necessary, use button 1 to ments by one each time you can lead to accidents. switch from the stopwatch to press the button. Set the clock only when the mo- the odometer. torcycle is stationary.
  46. 46. Tripmeter 1 (Trip I) On-board computer OE Tripmeter 2 (Trip II) Selecting readings 4 Tyre pressures (OE) Switch on the ignition. 43 Warnings, if applicable Resetting tripmeter Switch on the ignition. Select the desired tripmeter. Operation Press button 2. z Press button 1. Press and hold down button 2. The tripmeter is reset to zero. The display starts with the cur- rent value and each time the but- ton is pressed it moves one step through the following sequence: Total distance covered
  47. 47. Ambient temperature the temperature drops below this 4 threshold for the first time. 44 Average speed Operation The display starts with the cur- rent value and each time the but- When the motorcycle is at a z ton is pressed it moves one step standstill the heat of the engine through the following sequence: can falsify the ambient-temper- ature reading. If the effect of the Average speed is calculated on Ambient temperature the basis of the time elapsed engine's heat becomes excess- Average speed ive, -- temporarily appears on since the last reset. Times Average consumption the display. during which the engine was Range stopped are excluded from the If ambient temperature drops be- calculation. low 3 °C the temperature dis- play flashes to draw your atten- Resetting average speed tion to the risk of black ice form- Switch on the ignition. ing. The display automatically Select average speed. switches from any other mode to the temperature reading when
  48. 48. the corresponding amount of fuel Range used. 4 Resetting average 45 consumption Switch on the ignition. Select average consumption. Operation Press and hold down button 1. Average speed is reset to zero. The range readout indicates how Average consumption far you can ride with the fuel re- z maining in the tank. The figure is calculated from the level of fuel in the tank and a postulated average consumption, stored in memory, that is not always the Press and hold down button 1. same as the average that can be Average consumption is reset viewed on the display. to zero. The system cannot tell exactly how much fuel is on board when the tank is completely full. Under Average consumption is calcu- these circumstances the display lated by dividing the distance shows a minimum-range figure covered since the last reset by accompanied by a > symbol. A more accurate figure for range is
  49. 49. shown as soon as the fuel level Stopwatch back temporarily to the odometer 4 can be measured exactly. reading. Similarly, the stopwatch When refuelling after running on continues timing if you temporar- 46 ily switch off the ignition. reserve, make sure that you top up the tank to a level above re- serve, as otherwise the sensor Operating stopwatch will not be able to register the new level. If the sensor cannot Operation register the new level neither the fuel-level reading nor the range readout can be updated. You can switch from the odo- The calculated range is only z meter reading to a stopwatch. an approximate reading. The readout is in hours, minutes, Consequently, BMW Motorrad seconds and tenths of a second, recommends that you should not with dots as separators. try to use the full range before If you want to use the stopwatch If necessary, use button 1 to refuelling. as a lap timer, you can operate switch from the odometer to it by means of the INFO button the stopwatch. on the handlebar fitting instead of using button 2. If you set the controls so that the stopwatch is operated by means of the INFO button, you must use button 2 to operate the on-board computer. The stopwatch continues to time in the background if you switch
  50. 50. Using stopwatch as Lap- ON: Stopwatch operated by Timer means of the INFO button on 4 the handlebar fitting. OFF: Stopwatch operated by 47 means of button 2 in the in- strument cluster. To confirm the setting, press button 1 and button 2 at Operation the same time and hold Press button 2 while the stop- them down until the reading watch is stopped. changes. The stopwatch begins timing The settings are accepted and Press button 1 and button 2 the display returns to its most z in tenths of a second from the at the same time and hold time originally shown. recent reading. them down until the reading The most recent setting is re- Press button 2 while the stop- changes. watch is running. tained if you do not confirm the FLASH (redline warning) ap- new settings. The stopwatch shows the pears, along with ON or OFF. stopped time. Press button 2. Press and hold down button 2. LAP (Lap-Timer) appears, The stopwatch is reset and along with ON or OFF. shows 0.00.00.0. Repeatedly press button 1 until the reading shows the mode you want.
  51. 51. Redline warning Activating redline warning them down until the reading 4 changes. The settings are accepted and 48 the display returns to its most recent reading. The most recent setting is re- tained if you do not confirm the new settings. Operation Tyre pressure The redline warning indicates Press button 1 and button 2 monitoring z that engine revolutions have at the same time and hold (ReifenDruck-Control) reached the rev. counter's red them down until the reading RDC OE segment. The anti-theft alarm changes. telltale light 1 flashes red to in- Selecting RDC readings FLASH (redline warning) ap- dicate that the engine is red- pears, along with ON or OFF. Switch on the ignition. lining. Repeatedly press button 1 until The signal remains active un- the reading shows the mode til you shift up or reduce engine you want. speed. You can activate or deac- ON: Redline warning activated. tivate the redline warning. OFF: Redline warning deactiv- ated. To confirm the setting, press button 1 and button 2 at the same time and hold
  52. 52. right is the rear tyre pressure. Low-beam headlight -- -- appears directly after the The low-beam headlight switches 4 ignition is switched on, because on automatically when you start the sensors do not transmit tyre 49 the engine. pressures until the motorcycle accelerates to 30 km/h. When the engine is not running you can switch on Indicates a reading for tyre the lights by switching on the ig- Operation pressure. nition and either switching on the high-beam headlight or operating Repeatedly press button 2 un- the headlight flasher. til the tyre-pressure readings Lights appear on the display. Side light High-beam headlight z The side lights switch on auto- matically when the ignition is switched on. The side lights place a strain on the battery. Do not switch the ignition on for longer than absolutely necessary. Press the top section of full- The tyre-pressure readings al- beam headlight switch 1. ternate with the odometer read- High-beam headlight switched ing. The front tyre pressure is on. on the left; the reading on the
  53. 53. Move full-beam headlight down button 1 for the left turn 4 switch 1 to the centre position. indicators. High-beam headlight switched Parking light switches on. 50 off. Press the bottom section of Switching off parking full-beam headlight switch 1. lights The high-beam headlight is Switch the ignition on and then switched on until you release off again. Operation the button (headlight flasher). Parking lights switched off. Press button 1 for the left- Switching on parking Turn indicators hand turn indicators. lights Left-hand turn indicators z Switching on left flashing Switch off the ignition. switched on. turn indicators Telltale light for left-hand turn Switch on the ignition. indicators flashes. The turn indicators are can- celled automatically after Switching on right you have ridden for approxim- flashing turn indicators ately 10 seconds, or covered a Switch on the ignition. distance of about 200 m. The turn indicators are can- celled automatically after you have ridden for approxim- ately 10 seconds, or covered a Immediately after switching distance of about 200 m. off the ignition, press and hold
  54. 54. Cancelling turn indicators warning flashers for longer than absolutely necessary. 4 If you press a turn-indicat- 51 or button with the ignition switched on, the turn-indicator function is activated instead of the hazard warning flashers, and Operation remains active until you release the button. The hazard warning Press button 2 for the right- flashers recommence flashing as hand turn indicators. Press cancel button 3. soon as the button is released. Right-hand turn indicators Flashing turn indicators z switched on. switched off. Telltale light for right-hand turn Turn indicator telltale lights are indicators flashes. off. Hazard warning flashers Switching on hazard warning flashers Switch on the ignition. Simultaneously press button 1 for left turn indicators and but- The hazard warning flash- ton 2 for right turn indicators. ers place a strain on the battery. Do not use the hazard
  55. 55. The hazard warning flashers Emergency off switch 4 are switched on. (kill switch) Left/right turn indicator telltale 52 lights flash. Switch off the ignition. The hazard warning flashers continue to operate. Left and right turn indicator Operation telltale lights are off. a Normal operating position Switching off hazard (run) warning flashers b Engine switched off. z 1 Emergency off switch (kill switch) You cannot start the engine unless the kill switch is in Operating the kill switch the run position. when riding can cause the rear wheel to lock and thus cause a fall. Do not operate the kill switch when riding. Press cancel button 3. The emergency off switch is a Hazard warning flashers kill switch for switching off the switched off. engine quickly and easily.
  56. 56. Grip heating OE 4 53 Operation 2 Heating off. Press and hold down ABS but- 3 50 % heat output (one dot ton 1. 1 Grip-heating switch visible) ABS warning light starts to z 4 100 % heat output (three show. The handlebar grips have two- dots visible) Release the ABS button within stage heating. Grip heating can be activated only when the en- five seconds. gine is running. BMW Motorrad ABS OE ABS warning light remains ON. The increase in power con- Deactivating ABS function sumption caused by the Switch on the ignition, or bring The ABS function is deactiv- grip heating can drain the bat- the motorcycle to a stop. ated. tery if you are riding at low en- gine speeds. If the charge level is low, grip heating is switched off to ensure the battery's start- ing capability.
  57. 57. Activating ABS function If you switch the ignition off The adjusting screw is 4 then on again and the ABS indexed and is easier to light comes back on, there is a turn if you push the clutch lever 54 fault in the ABS. forward. Span between handlebar grip Clutch and clutch lever increases. Adjusting clutch lever Turn adjusting screw 1 Operation Attempting to adjust the counter-clockwise. clutch lever while riding the Span between handlebar grip motorcycle can lead to accidents. and clutch lever decreases. Press and hold down ABS but- Do not attempt to adjust the z ton 1. clutch lever unless the motor- Brakes ABS warning light goes out; cycle is at a standstill. Adjusting handbrake lever if self-diagnosis has not Changing the position of completed it starts flashing. the brake-fluid reservoir can Release the ABS button within allow air to penetrate the brake five seconds. system. The ABS warning light re- Do not twist the handlebar fitting mains off or continues to or the handlebars. flash. Attempting to adjust the The ABS function is activated. brake lever while riding the Instead of pressing the ABS motorcycle can lead to accidents. button, you have the option of Turn adjusting screw 1 clock- Do not attempt to adjust the switching the ignition off and wise. then on again.
  58. 58. brake lever unless the motorcycle Mirrors Adjusting mirror arm is at a standstill. Adjusting mirrors 4 55 Operation Push protective cap 1 up over Turn adjusting screw 1 clock- Turn the mirror to the correct the threaded fastener on the z wise. mirror arm. position. The adjusting screw is in- Slacken nut 2. dexed and is easier to turn Turn the mirror arm to the ap- if you push the handbrake lever propriate position. forward. Tighten the nut to the spe- cified tightening torque, while Span between handlebar grip holding the mirror arm to en- and handbrake lever increases. sure that it does not move out Turn adjusting screw 1 of position. counter-clockwise. Span between handlebar grip Mirror to clamping ele- and handlebar lever decreases. ment 20 Nm
  59. 59. Push the protective cap over Adjust the damping characteristic 4 the threaded fastener. to suit spring preload. 56 If you want to increase spring Spring preload preload, use the tool from the Setting on-board toolkit to turn knob 2 It is essential to set spring pre- clockwise. load of the rear suspension to If you want to reduce spring Operation suit the load carried by the mo- preload, use the tool from the torcycle. Increase spring preload on-board toolkit to turn knob 2 when the motorcycle is heavily Remove on-board toolkit 1. counter-clockwise. loaded and reduce spring preload Basic setting of spring z accordingly when the motorcycle preload, rear is lightly loaded. Turn the adjusting screw Adjusting spring preload counter-clockwise as far as it for rear wheel will go (Full load of fuel, with Remove the seat ( 59) rider 85 kg) Your motorcycle's hand- ling will suffer if you do not match the spring-preload and damping-characteristic settings.
  60. 60. Adjusting damping for rear wheel 4 57 Operation Stow on-board toolkit 1. If you want to increase damp- Install the seat ( 60) ing, turn adjusting screw 1 You adjust the damping char- clockwise. z Damping acteristic by turning adjusting If you want to reduce damping, Damping screw 1. turn adjusting screw 1 counter- clockwise. Damping must be adapted to suit the surface on which the motor- Basic setting of rear-sus- cycle is ridden and to suit spring pension damping charac- preload. teristic An uneven surface requires Turn adjusting screw as far softer damping than a smooth as it will go clockwise, then surface. back it off 2 turns. (Full load An increase in spring preload of fuel, with rider 85 kg) requires firmer damping, a re- duction in spring preload re- quires softer damping.
  61. 61. Tyres Headlight 4 Checking tyre pressure Tyre pressure, front Adjusting headlight for 58 Make sure the ground is level driving on left/driving on 2.2 bar (one-up, at tyre tem- and firm and place the motor- right perature 20 °C) cycle on its stand. If the motorcycle is ridden in a 2.2 bar (two-up and/or with Incorrect tyre pressures im- country where the opposite rule luggage, at tyre temperature pair the motorcycle's hand- of the road applies, its asymmet- Operation 20 °C) ling characteristics and increase ric low-beam headlight will tend the rate of tyre wear. Tyre pressure, rear to dazzle oncoming traffic. Always check that the tyre pres- Have the headlight set accord- sures are correct. ingly by a specialist workshop, z 2.5 bar (one-up, at tyre tem- preferably an authorised BMW At high road speeds, tyre perature 20 °C) Motorrad dealer. valves have a tendency to open as a result of centrifugal 2.9 bar (two-up and/or with Headlight beam throw and force. luggage, at tyre temperature spring preload Fit valve caps with rubber seals 20 °C) Headlight beam throw is gener- and screw them on firmly to pre- If tyre pressure is too low: ally kept constant when spring vent sudden deflation. Correct tyre pressure. preload is adjusted to suit load. Check tyre pressures against Spring preload adjustment might the data below. not suffice only if the motorcycle is very heavily loaded. Under these circumstances, headlight beam throw has to be adjusted

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