Image Size Generally you will want to shoot at the highest resolution possible with your camera. This means the “large” setting, at the highest quality. This will give you the most information and allow you to make the largest sharp prints. If you are posting the images on the web you may need to resize to a smaller resolution and file size.
The higher the number, the less light it takes to take the picture.
If you are in a low light situation, RAISE your ISO to avoid blur
Normally shoot at 200 or 400 (higher increases noise in shadow areas)
Camera Functions F-Stop : Aperture Size of the opening: controls light and how much appears to be in focus. Shutter Speed Speed of shutter opening and closing: determines stop action or blurred motion, as well as whether or not you need a tripod to avoid camera shake.
Depth of Field
Stop Action / Blured Motion Faster shutter speeds will stop the action. Slower shutter speeds allow the action to blur.
Panning : Moving the camera with the action
Shutter Speed and Water
Focal Length of Lens To Zoom or not to Zoom . . .that is a question.
Auto Mode When you use this setting, your digital camera automatically sets the exposure, the focus, and the flash. With auto mode, you may override the flash's automatic options and choose to turn the flash off, use fill flash, or red eye reduction.
Landscape Mode With landscape mode you can capture subjects that are a great distance away from you, such as mountains, city skylines, and expansive vistas. Sometimes a slow shutter speed is chosen automatically in landscape mode, so you should use a steady support, such as a tripod. Camera shake may blur your final image without that support.
Sports Mode Capture subjects that are on the move such as cars, athletes, and children, with this mode. Try panning when using this mode. Preset the exposure and focus by pressing the shutter button half-way down. When you're ready to take the picture, press the shutter button all the way down.
Night Mode Use this mode to capture night scenes or low light conditions. The flash will illuminate subjects that are close to the camera. A longer exposure will capture details in the background. It is a good idea to use a camera support such as a tripod or a flat surface.
How to make your Photographs Better
Get down on their level
Whether your subject is a child or someone seated, get down where you are level with their face.
If close is good . . .
Details make good Portraits
Background has to do with Vantage Point
Use light to create contrast
Pay attention to the edges of your frame.
Third lines & Power Points Don’t center the subject!
Diagonals for dynamic
Lead lines create depth
Foreground, Middleground, Background
Color contrast; value contrast
Place Subject Off-Center
Third Lines : NOT CENTER
Use Diagonals and Thirds
Place object on “Power Point” Power Points are where the third lines cross in the frame.
Lead Lines Diagonals and “S” curves give the eye a way to move through the picture. Often this is used to create depth within the image.
Lead Lines Again
Diagonals create depth and dynamic
Repeating Patterns and colors create rhythm
Simple Color Palettes can be effective
Framing the View
Place foreground objects in sky areas to avoid large blank areas.
Watch the Edge
Views and Details
Variety Context & Scale vs Color Impact vs Reflection
Vertical AND Horizontal
And again . . .
Sometimes the shot isn’t about what you thought it would be.
Sometimes the Shot . . .
Is where you least expect it.
With or Without? Both!
Sunrise isn’t always about the sun.
A Variety of Light is “Good” Light
Same Spot, Different Light
Shoot in “bad” weather
Use People For SCALE and for Interest
People and Repeating Pattern
Don’t Get Too Close : Above is good
Now back slowly away . . .
Sometimes it pays to stay INSIDE the car - and shoot through a sunroof.
Zoos and parks are great places to shoot “wildlife”
Shoot and keep shooting If you wait until you are “close enough”, the bird or animal will get away before you get your shot. Shoot, move in, shoot again, repeat until the creature runs away or you are at the edge of the safety zone.