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  • 1. Biobased Materials ResearchHistory of BioproductsBiobased materials are not necessarily new.Mother nature provided our first biobasedmaterials: (cotton, lacquers, rubber, wood)The advent of synthetic polymer chemistryallowed us to prepare new materials frompetroleum feedstocks which would be cheapwith tailored functionality. We able to makethings only limited by our imagination.Now we are looking back to nature for ourmaterials. We have a better understandingand appreciation of biobased feedstocks withthe ready availability of chemicalcharacterization that allows us to use thesebiobased feedstocks in place of petroleumbuilding blocks. BUSINESS SENSITIVE 1
  • 2. Biobased Materials ResearchThe Need for Alternatives• To meet future demand of chemicals & materials, biobased resources will compliment the existing petroleum supplies.• Currently, biobased materials for product use is very low (~2%).• In the future this is projected to be much more significant (~50%). BUSINESS SENSITIVE 2
  • 3. Biobased Materials ResearchCritical Components of Biobased Development Feedstock Technology Application • Cost • Chemistry/ • Market • Availability Engineering • Improved • driven by need to Convert Performance • coproduct of Feedstock another process BUSINESS SENSITIVE 3
  • 4. Biobased Materials ResearchBioproduct Success Factors• The success of new biobased materials relies upon the three factors: Economics -price • Economics & -market Performance are generally required Performance elements. Success often means matching/ Factors exceeding petroleum • Environmental version aspects are typically valued as added benefit. Environmental Issues -sustainability -health BUSINESS SENSITIVE 4
  • 5. Biobased Materials ResearchSoybeans: Chemical Building Blocks Soybean Feedstock • Protein • Oil • CarbohydratesCoatings Toners Adhesives Foams Additives Lubricants -Paints -Polyurethane -Soft -Polyols-Powder -PF/UF -Rigid -PlasticizersCoatings -Pigment Dispersants -Acrylate PSA’s -Processing Aids -Extenders -Fillers BUSINESS SENSITIVE 5
  • 6. Biobased Materials ResearchDevelopment Philosophies Petrochemical Drop-In Novel Biobased Chemicals • Break a biobased feedstock all • Selectively functionalize or the way down to a petro-derived simplify a biobased feedstock to molecule create a useful chemical • More chemical transformations • Fewer chemical transformation needed needed • No application development • More application development needed (ready market) needed • No ability to use novel • Many times unique products properties of biobased molecule functions are discovered BUSINESS SENSITIVE 6
  • 7. Biobased Materials ResearchPetroleum Refinery vs. Biorefinery• Petroleum enters a refinery as crude oil & exits as various products – the majority as fuels & the remainder as specialty chemicals.• Something similar is needed for a “biorefinery” where a biobased feedstock is harvested and then is broken out into various products. BUSINESS SENSITIVE 7
  • 8. Biobased Materials ResearchBiorefinery: Biodiesel Production• Biodiesel production results in Glycerin as a main co-product.• Biodiesel expansion will flood markets with a large, low-cost supply glycerin. soybeans biodiesel + glycerin (coproduct) BUSINESS SENSITIVE 8
  • 9. Biobased Materials ResearchBiorefinery: Biodiesel Production• Biodiesel production glycerin biodiesel (coproduct) results in Glycerin as a main co-product.• Biodiesel expansion will flood markets with a large, low-cost supply glycerin. soy meal soy oil soybeans BUSINESS SENSITIVE 9
  • 10. Biobased Materials ResearchBiorefinery: Biodiesel Production• Effectively utilizing glycerin for value- glycerin added applications will further support (co-product) biobased products from soybeans. BUSINESS SENSITIVE01
  • 11. Biobased Materials ResearchBiorefinery: Biodiesel Production• Battelle has been foams adhesives coatings successful in developing two R&D100 award winning technologies based on glycerin: - de-icing fluid - reactive polyol which can be used in de-icing fluid polyol foams, coatings & adhesives glycerin BUSINESS SENSITIVE11
  • 12. Biobased Materials ResearchCommercialization Model DISCOVERY DEVELOPMENT COMMERCIALIZATION Technology Product Marketing Manufacture, R&D Scale-Up Development Sales, & Distribution Development Development & Service Plan Marketing $250K – $750K – $2M– $10M– $100M– $1.5M $2M $10M $100M $500M Battelle + Farmer Advocacy Groups Battelle + Licensees Licensees BUSINESS SENSITIVE21