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Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
Biodiesel 101
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Biodiesel 101

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An introduction to biodiesel, a fast-growing, high-quality …

An introduction to biodiesel, a fast-growing, high-quality
American-made fuel.

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  • 1. Biodiesel 101 What Is Biodiesel? Ø General Definition: An introduction to Biodiesel is a domestic, renewable fuel for diesel engines biodiesel, a fast-growing, derived from natural oils, such as soybean oil, that meets high-quality the specifications of American Society of Testing & Materials (ASTM) D 6751. American-made fuel. Ø Additional Information: Biodiesel can be used in any concentration with petroleum- based diesel fuel in existing diesel engines with little or no modification. Biodiesel is not raw vegetable oil. It is produced by a chemical process that removes glycerin from the oil. Technical Edition 9/05
  • 2. What Is Biodiesel? Biodiesel is a domestic, renewable fuel for diesel engines derived from natural oils, such as soybean oil, that meets the specifications of American Society of Testing & Materials (ASTM) D 6751. Biodiesel can be used in any concentration with petroleum-based diesel fuel in existing diesel engines with little or no modification. Biodiesel is not raw vegetable oil. It is produced by a chemical process that removes glycerin from the oil.
  • 3. Rudolf Diesel Designed diesel engine in 1894 to run on peanut oil “The use of vegetable oils for engine fuels may seem insignificant today. But such oils may become in the course of time as important as petroleum and the coal tar products of the present time.” –1912
  • 4. Biodiesel Users Biodiesel Users Ø Some major customers include: •City ofof Philadelphia üCity Philadelphia •Florida Power && Light üFlorida Power Light •Hamilton Southeastern Schools, Ind. üHamilton Southeastern Schools, Ind. •Lambert-St. Louis International Airport üLambert-St. Louis International Airport •DelDOT, MODOT, NJDOT, others üDelDOT, MODOT, NJDOT, others •NASA üNASA •Omaha Public Power üOmaha Public Power •Town ofof Breckenridge üTown Breckenridge •U.S. Forest Service üU.S. Forest Service •U.S. Military üU.S. Military •U.S. Postal Service üU.S. Postal Service •More! üMore!
  • 5. Biodiesel Performance • Similar to petroleum diesel • Highest BTU content of any alternative fuel • High cetane (combustibility) ➡ minimum cetane of 47 ➡ higher than most #2 diesel
  • 6. Biodiesel Performance •High lubricity ➡ 2% biodiesel improves fuel lubricity by up to 66% ➡ protects, extends engine life •High flash point ➡ 260ºF vs. 125ºF for diesel ➡ safest fuel to use, handle, store
  • 7. Biodiesel Performance • 55 million miles of on-road use • Startup, range, cold weather performance similar to petroleum diesel • Fuel consumption, horsepower, torque, haulage rates similar to petroleum diesel
  • 8. Biodiesel & Clean Air • Safer to breathe • Less offensive exhaust • Reduces cancer-causing compounds by 80%–90% ➡compared to petroleum diesel exhaust
  • 9. Biodiesel & Clean Air • Reduces particulate matter in exhaust • leading cause of asthma • Lowers net carbon in biosphere • Fights global warming • Reduces components of smog, ozone, acid rain
  • 10. Biodiesel & Clean Air • Virtually free of sulfur and aromatics ➡sulfur is component of acid rain • Soy B100 reduces lifecycle CO² by 78% • Decreases most EPA-targeted emissions ➡including most greenhouse gases
  • 11. Biodiesel & Clean Air Emission Type B100 B20 B2 Total Unburned Hydrocarbons -67% -20% -2.2% Carbon Monoxide -48% -12% -1.3% Particulate Matter -47% -12% -1.3%
  • 12. Biodiesel & Environment • Made from renewable resources • Biodegrades four times faster than petroleum diesel • Will not harm fish • Less toxic than table salt and biodegrades as quickly as sugar (USDA)
  • 13. Biodiesel & Energy Balance • Highest energy balance of any fuel ➡ 3.2 units of energy gained per one unit of fossil fuel to produce • Petroleum diesel production creates negative energy balance ➡ only .88 unit of energy per one unit of fossil fuel to produce • One gallon of biodiesel could conserve four gallons of petroleum diesel
  • 14. Biodiesel & Energy Security • Petroleum imports projected to provide 70% of U.S. demand in 2025 ➡Up from 54% in 2002 • U.S. now consumes 20 million barrels of oil a day ➡10+ million imported
  • 15. Biodiesel Resources ` • National Biodiesel Board (NBB) ➡informationaland technical resources, videos, database ➡www.biodiesel.org ➡800/841-5849 • State Soybean Checkoff Boards ➡information, education, materials ➡www.unitedsoybean.org/who_states.cfm • United Soybean Board (USB) ➡Biobased Products Initiative (BPI) ➡www.unitedsoybean.org ➡800/989-8721 • American Soybean Association (ASA) ➡energy policy ➡www.soygrowers.com ➡800/688-7692

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