Careers in justice


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Description: There is a wide range of careers in the world of justice. Some are familiar to most people, but others are often overlooked or misunderstood.

In this activity, students get a chance to learn about all of the careers in the justice field.

Target Audience: High school students, especially those in Secondary Cycle Two.

Published in: Education
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Careers in justice

  1. 1. © 2012. These materials are the exclusive property of Éducaloi. Teachers in Quebec schools may use themfor non-commercial educational purposes. The documents must be used in their original form withoutmodification.Note that the law is constantly evolving. These documents were last updated July 1st, 2012.
  2. 2. . Did you say “Éducaloi”? MISSION Éducaloi is a non-profit organization whose mission is to inform Quebecers of their rights and obligations by providing quality legal information in everyday language. NEUTRALITÉ COLLABORATION
  3. 3. Career Info-Sheets1. Lawyer 8. Stenographer2. Police Officer 9. Legal Translator and Court3. Probation or Parole Officer Interpreter4. Legal Assistant 10. Judge5. Paralegal 11. Social Worker6. Court Usher 12. Correctional Officer7. Bailiff 13. Court Clerk 14. Notary
  4. 4. The same process for everyone! Get a CEGEP degree. Complete an undergraduate degree in law. (Depending on the program, it can take 3 or 4 years.) Pass the bar association exams in the province in which you want to practice. It might be necessary to take bar courses. (Generally 4 to 8 months of training.) Complete a 6-month articling period.
  5. 5. Crown Attorney In criminal Working on behalf of society, this lawyer law presents cases against people accused ofcrimes. He must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the accused is guilty. In Quebec the official name for a Crown attorney is Criminal and Penal Prosecuting Attorney.
  6. 6. Defence AttorneyThis is the accused’s lawyer. Her role is to defend her client by presenting evidence and raising doubts in the minds of the judge or jury so that her client is found not guilty.
  7. 7. International Lawyer Lawyers sometimes work for internationalorganizations ,such as the United Nations, theInternational Monetary Fund, the International Bureau for Children’s Rights and even multinational corporations.To practice in another country, a lawyer mustusually repeat part of his training in the new country.
  8. 8. Non-Traditional Lawyers Some lawyers who are very interested in social issues work for community organizations. They defend the interests of minorities, create socialassistance programs, inform citizens of their rights and help them with legal proceedings, write briefs forparliamentary commissions, provide legal information in plain language, etc. Lawyers sometimes put their skills to use in business, artistic or social sectors of society. You can findlawyers in universities, management and politics, and in the entertainment and communications fields.
  9. 9. TrainingGet a CEGEP diploma in Police Technology. (Offered in adozen CEGEPs across Quebec.)Afterwards, complete the training program at the Écolenationale de police du Quebec.To be admitted to this school, candidates must meetseveral criteria:  cannot have been found guilty of a criminal offence  hold a valid driver’s license  meet agility and strength standards  be in good physical condition  have good vision
  10. 10. Eligibility for the RCMPPeople who want to work as police officers with the RCMPmust:1) be Canadian citizens2) be at least 19 years old3) have a high school diploma4) have a valid driver’s license5) be of good character6) candidates selected by the RCMP must take a 24- week training program in Regina, Saskatchewan
  11. 11. The work of police officers falls into 4 general areas: 1- crime prevention 2- emergency intervention 3- investigation 4- coordination of police services Investigator This is the police officer in charge of a criminalinvestigation. The officer gathers evidence to try to find the person or people who committed a crime. During a trial, she works with the attorney presenting the case against the accused, since she knows the file so well.
  12. 12. Crime Prevention The main mission of the police is to maintain order,ensure public safety and make sure laws are respected. To do this, they:  organize information sessions  participate in community programs  develop partnerships with community organizations and institutions in their areaIn the movies or on television, we rarely see examples ofprevention in police work: a chase scene is more likely to make it onto TV than an officer patrolling a park.However, “keeping the peace” is still an important part of the work of police officers.
  13. 13. JudgeThis is the person who has authority over thecourtroom. The judge is the chief organizer of the trial process. She must enforce the rulesof evidence and explain legal concepts to the jury.
  14. 14. A School for Judges?To become a judge, a person must first be a lawyer for at least 10 years. Judges are named by the federal and provincial governments, which each have a different process for naming judges. The selection committee ensures that candidates:  have the professional skills required for the job  have an unblemished record as a lawyer  respect high standards of conduct since, in the eyes of the public, judges are a reflection of the justice system
  15. 15. Notary“Prevention is the best remedy”. This could be the motto of notaries. Like lawyers, notaries act as legal advisorsin many different areas of law. However, unlike lawyers, notaries don’t play a role in legal disputes.Their special skills come in handy at many key moments in a person’s life.Take a look at a couple of examples…
  16. 16. Protection of Family Property Getting married, buying a property or starting a family raises a lot of legal issues.A notary has to foresee all lot of different scenarios when he prepares the legal documents that go along with these big life events. Notaries prepare:  marriage contracts  cohabitation agreements  wills  mandates in case of incapacity (instructions on who should take care of a person’s affairs if he becomes unable to look after himself due to illness or other circumstances)  an inventory of a person’s property and investments Documents prepared by a notary are official in the eyes ofthe law. This means it is very difficult to contest a notarizeddocument in court. This is why many contracts, like a deed of sale for a house, are often notarized.
  17. 17. Buying or selling real estate? Buying a house is a big step, so buyers usually consult a notary to make the transfer of property official. Banks and credit unions that lend money to home buyersusually require that the house be used as a guarantee that the loan will be paid. This guarantee is called a hypothec. The document containing the hypothec must be created by a notary. This is why notaries almost always play a role in the buying or selling of buildings or land.
  18. 18. Other Services Notaries also act for clients in these areas:  adoption  marriage  immigration  end of a civil union (civil union is a kind of marriage)  business mattersNotaries can also act as mediators to ensure that two people reach an agreement.Some notaries are also involved in financial and tax planning. These notaries know about Registered Education Savings Plans (RESPs) and Registered Retirement Savings Plans (RRSPs), etc.
  19. 19. Court Clerk Court clerks are like stage directors for the courtprocess: they make sure everything happens smoothly and on time.The tasks of a court clerk are divided into 3 time periods: before, during and after a trial.
  20. 20. Before the TrialAt this stage, the court clerk acts as an assistant for the judge. The court clerk might also have the following responsibilities:  deciding the date and time of a trial, after consulting with lawyers for both sides  planning any meetings or hearings that need to take place before a trial  making sure the court files are complete and meet all legal requirements (A court file is made up of documents. Often there are enough documens to fill several boxes…and the clerk has to make sure they are in order!)
  21. 21. The Day of theTrialFrom her desk in front of the judge, the court clerk: states the name of the case and the parties asks the lawyers to identify themselves takes minutes (an official summary of the various stages of a trial) take notes for the judge of the most important things that happen in court calls witnesses and ask them to swear or solemnly promise to “tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth” when lawyers want to present documents or objects to the judge, they first give them to the court clerk, who makes a note of what they are before handing them to the judge
  22. 22. How do you become a court clerk? There is no specific training to become a court clerk. However, a diploma in paralegal technology is oftenrequired, whether the job is with the Department of Justice or a municipal court in Quebec. Paralegals who want to become court clerks must take training programs offered by their employers to acquire the additional skills and knowledge required for the job.
  23. 23. Bailiff Who is knocking on the door? It might be abailiff delivering a court document. But the workof bailiffs is varied: they don’t just deliver court proceedings and seize property!Bailiffs’ clients (who are often lawyers) ask them to do a variety of tasks:  deliver court documents  carry out court decisions  write official reports of certain events  collect money owed
  24. 24. TrainingIn Quebec, there are legal requirements aboutwho can be a bailiff. An organization called the Chambre des huissiers de justice du Québec oversees the profession. Here are the requirements: a CEGEP diploma in paralegal technology a 4-week training program of the Chambre a 6-month internship passing a professional exam A long time ago in France, bailiffs use to wear uniforms and had to shave the tops of their heads.
  25. 25. Court UsherThis person makes sure the courtroom is readyfor the trial. When the judge arrives, he asks the audience to be quiet and says the famous phrase: “The court is now in session”. Training There is no particular program to become acourt usher. However, the Department of Justice and municipal courts in Quebec require at least a high school diploma. To learn the skills for this job, candidates complete a training program offered by their employer.
  26. 26. There are lots of other exciting legal careers…  Paralegal  Legal Translator  Stenographer  Corrections Officer  Probation Officer  …
  27. 27. - THE END -