Helsinki was chosen as the site for the Olympic Gamesin 1940, but because of World War II these werecanceled. Instead, Helsinki was the site of the Olympic Gamesin 1952 (between 19 July and 3 August). The Helsinki OlympicGames symbolized for recovery after the Winter War.
The opening ceremonywas a tribute to theFinnish Paavo Nurmi.When the best runnerin the history of thatcountry coming to thestadiumas penultimate carrierof the Olympic torch,all theaudience exploded ofhappiness. ThenNurmi gave the torchto his fellow HannesKölehmainen, now 62,who lit the cauldron.
In this Olympics games all the Olympic family were met again,including Japan and Germany. The Soviet union after 40 years ofabsence, return . It does so under a halo of mystery created by thefamous Cold War. The athletes of the URSS, there were stayed inOtaniemi (is a site different of the others athletes that came from toothers countries). Their trainings were so insolated, for examplethey take them to use one lane lap pool just for them.
In Helsinki already was noted the world economic recovery,because they were built sports facilitiesand infrastructure for the occasion. The Olympic village wasbuilt on, Kappy, two kilometers from the Olympicstadium and swimming pool.To accommodate tourists and volunteers set up camp with acapacity of 6000 people on the island of Lauttarasi.This was the first final Olympic of basketball betweenAmericans and Russians first victory.
In this olympic games were participated: - 69 Countries. - 4407 Males. - 518 Females.There were: - 149 events and 17 sports.
Lis Hartel She was one of the first women allowed to compete against men in the equestrian dressage of Denmark. Despite being paralyzed below the knees after an attack of polio, Hartel, who had to be helped on and off her horse, won a silver medal.
Lars Hall Lars Hall, a carpenter from Sweden, became the first non-military winner of the modern pentathlon. Bob MathiasBob Mathias (USA-athletics) was the first person to win twosuccessive Olympic decathlon titles. After a first gold medalin 1948 when, as a 17-year-old, he became the youngest-ever winner of an Olympic track and field event, he set theworld record defending his title.
Frank Havens.In 1924, Bill Havens had been chosen to represent the United States in coxed eightsrowing, but declined in order to stay home with his wife, who was expecting theirfirst child. Twenty-eight years later, that child, Frank Havens, won a gold medal inthe Canadian singles 10,000m canoeing event.
Emil ZatopekEmil Zatopek of Czechoslovakia, the 10,000-meter champion in London, not only repeatedat 10,000 meters, but also won at 5,000 and inthe marathon-an event he had never runbefore. He also set Olympic records in eachrace Harrison Dillard Harrison Dillard of the U.S. won the 110-meter hurdles. In 1948, Dillard, the worlds best hurdler, failed to qualify for the hurdles and won the 100-meter dash instead.