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GENERAL LINGUISTIC
THE CONSTRUCTION OF WORDS DERIVATION &
INFLECTION

PRESENTED BY:
• LEIDY YURANI POVEDA
• EDUAR FERNEY G...
THE CONSTRUCTION OF WORDS
MORPHOLOGY

Structure

Word
formation

Morpheme
Morpheme

Smallest unit
of language

Sound unit

Meaning Unit
THE CONSTRUCTION OF WORDS
The words are formed in relation to elements of meaning or morphemes.
Morpheme is the most eleme...
CLASSIFICATION OF MORPHEMES
Free Morphemes- roots
If morpheme is able to appear as a Word by itself.

Bound Morphemes/ aff...
Stem (root, base): The morpheme to
which other morphemes are added

Stem

Free (e.g.teacher, dresses,unkind

Bound (e.g in...
Stem & Affix


Stem : Carries the basic meaning



Affixes /attachments carry additional, often gramatical meanings.

KI...
SUFFIXES ARE THE MOST COMMON E.G.


The past tense : matter of adding – ed to the stem;



The present participle is mad...
AFFIX


Prefix

e.g

Unhappy



Infix

e.g

Mother – in – law



Suffix

e.g

Happiness



Ablaut e.g. Sing Sang
DERIVATION & INFLECTION
Are two funtional categories of change in
morphology.
DERIVATION
Is the process of forming new
words.
Example.
Happiness, Unhappiness

INFLECTION
Is the modification suffering ...
AFFIXES


AFFIXES: Is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a
new word.



Undo: prefixe.



Looking. Suff...
suffixes


Suffixes: Is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.



Opened: where the suffix -ed marks the pas...
PREFIXES


If we add a prefixes we get adjectives un, nouns ness and
adverbs ly.



Adjective: unlike.



Noun: illness...
CO-EVALUATE
EDUAR FERNEY GIRALDO SANCHEZ
My partner was dedicated in the performance of work, we stayed in touch with chat...
THANK YOU VERY MUCH !
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COLLABORATIVE WORK - GENERAL LINGUISTIC

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Transcript of "Collaborative work leidy-poveda_&_eduar_giraldo[1] finish"

  1. 1. GENERAL LINGUISTIC THE CONSTRUCTION OF WORDS DERIVATION & INFLECTION PRESENTED BY: • LEIDY YURANI POVEDA • EDUAR FERNEY GIRALDO SANCHEZ
  2. 2. THE CONSTRUCTION OF WORDS MORPHOLOGY Structure Word formation Morpheme
  3. 3. Morpheme Smallest unit of language Sound unit Meaning Unit
  4. 4. THE CONSTRUCTION OF WORDS The words are formed in relation to elements of meaning or morphemes. Morpheme is the most elemental grammatical unit in the given language. A single word may be composed of one or more morpheme. • One morpheme :boy • Two morphemes: boyish • Three morphemes:disagreeable
  5. 5. CLASSIFICATION OF MORPHEMES Free Morphemes- roots If morpheme is able to appear as a Word by itself. Bound Morphemes/ affixes If morpheme can only appear as part of a larger, multomorphemic.
  6. 6. Stem (root, base): The morpheme to which other morphemes are added Stem Free (e.g.teacher, dresses,unkind Bound (e.g inept, unkempt)
  7. 7. Stem & Affix  Stem : Carries the basic meaning  Affixes /attachments carry additional, often gramatical meanings. KINDS OF AFFIXES  Suffixes: are attached to the end of the stem;  Prefixes: are attached to the front of the stem;  Infixes: are put in the middle of the Word;  Ablaut: Is a change in a vowel that carries extra meaning.
  8. 8. SUFFIXES ARE THE MOST COMMON E.G.  The past tense : matter of adding – ed to the stem;  The present participle is made by adding – ing:  The plural of noun is made by adding – s.
  9. 9. AFFIX  Prefix e.g Unhappy  Infix e.g Mother – in – law  Suffix e.g Happiness  Ablaut e.g. Sing Sang
  10. 10. DERIVATION & INFLECTION Are two funtional categories of change in morphology.
  11. 11. DERIVATION Is the process of forming new words. Example. Happiness, Unhappiness INFLECTION Is the modification suffering a lexeme to express its position. Example: Write, wrote, written. fat, fatter, fattest
  12. 12. AFFIXES  AFFIXES: Is a morpheme that is attached to a word stem to form a new word.  Undo: prefixe.  Looking. Suffixe.  Derivational: blessedness.  Inflectional: studied  Prefixes: A prefix is an affix which is placed before the stem of a word  Unhappy.  Immoral.  Preview.
  13. 13. suffixes  Suffixes: Is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word.  Opened: where the suffix -ed marks the past tense.  Goes: where the suffix es marks the third person singular.
  14. 14. PREFIXES  If we add a prefixes we get adjectives un, nouns ness and adverbs ly.  Adjective: unlike.  Noun: illness.   Adverb: frecuently.
  15. 15. CO-EVALUATE EDUAR FERNEY GIRALDO SANCHEZ My partner was dedicated in the performance of work, we stayed in touch with chat, cell phone and Skype. Similarly, we work on the activity at the same time and listen to the views and suggestions to improve the work. Contribution : 4 points On task: 4 points Total points: 16 Cooperation :4 points Communication: 4 points Your grade : 5 LEIDY POVEDA My classmate work responsibly in the realization of this presentation. We were in contact us through various means. We share experience and accept suggestions. Contribution : 4 points Cooperation :4 points On task: 4 points Communication: 4 points Total points: 16 Your grade : 5
  16. 16. THANK YOU VERY MUCH !
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