XML technology makes things only worse. Nowadays we count 400 to 500 different incompatible XML vocabularies.
This problem is epidemic in the world today. Too many people implement a single data element in many different ways. We need to be able to break these down to realize what it is (semantics) and how best to represent it (structure). The ebXML Core Components methodology (CCTS v 2.0) constrains the way we look at data elements and contains a complete methodology for working with data dictionaries.
Main point: By breaking apart a set of documents into atomic “components” (also called Data Elements), and assigning properties and specific identifiers to each data element unit, you can start to compare multiple taxonomies at an atomic level. Patterns of compatibility start to emerge and a comprehensive mapping of data from one taxonomy to the other can be achieved. Adding in a universally unique identifier is a potentially giant leap forward to giving computers cognitive abilities. The process is more complex than it appears. There are factors that affect semantics such as “context”. Context needs to be explained.
eBusiness standards for Logistics planning and Transport e-logistics 2009
Consejo Económico y Social (ECOSOC) El Centro de las Naciones Unidas para la Facilitación del Comercio y el Comercio Electrónico gestiona actividades dedicadas a mejorar las capacidades de empresas y administraciones en todos los países (sea desarrollado, en desarrollo o con economía en transición), de intercambiar productos y servicios con eficiencia.
La CEPE de las Naciones Unidas (La Comisión Económica para Europa de la ONU) desarrolla, mantiene y promueve recomendaciones, normas, y instrumentos para la facilitación del comercio y el comercio electrónico.
Esta actividad se lleva a cabo a través de UN/CEFACT (Centro de las Naciones Unidas para la Facilitación del Comercio y el Comercio Electrónico), que está abierto a la participación de cualquier gobierno o organización.
The United Nations promotes trade for its potential to foster economic development and eradicate poverty.
UNECE develops trade-related recommendations, standards and tools
UNECE standards are open, technology neutral and free
Scope includes SMEs, developing and transition economies
Standards and the United Nations
UNITED NATIONS CENTRE FOR TRADE FACILITATION AND ELECTRONIC BUSINESS (UN/CEFACT) SIMPLE, TRANSPARENT AND EFFECTIVE PROCESSES FOR GLOBAL BUSINESS
The International Trade Transaction Process BUY SHIP PAY Seller Buyer Intermediary Authority The International Trade Transaction Process consists of integrated and coordinated flows of information, goods & payments
The International Trade Transaction Process BUY Establish Business Agreement Request Quotation Negotiate Agree Contract Order INVOLVES
Advise On Delivery
The International Trade Transaction Process SHIP Prepare for Export Export Transport Prepare for Import Import INVOLVES
Obtain Import/Export Licences etc
Provide Customs Declarations
Provide Cargo Declaration
Apply Trade Security Procedures
Clear Goods for Export/Import
Establish Transport Contract
Collect,Transport and Deliver Goods
Provide Waybills, Goods Receipts Status reports etc.
The International Trade Transaction Process PAY
The international supply chain covers Trade, Transport and Administrations BUY SHIP PAY Seller Buyer Intermediary Authority UNECE standards, recommendations and data models cover B2B, B2G and G2G B B-G-B B
Core Components Library All have different data elements! Too Many Standards – Complicating Data Exchange HR-XML EHD xCat UBL Rosettanet OTA IATA cXML E-construct CATXML SMDG PIDX GCI UNeDoc XAML Opentrans GML xCBL HL7 Acord CIDX xBRL BSML agXML VICS SWIFT Togaf Bolero
The Problem: Inconsistent definitions of the same data
Nickull, Duane A.
D. A. Nickull
Duane A. Nickull
Duane Allan Nickull
Nickull, Duane Allan
Mr. D. Nickull
Monsieur D.A. Nickull
Name of a Person
The Solution The Core Components Library of UN/CEFACT The foundation of the library is the definition of the formats and semantic content of data Each “Core Component” captures and defines the details of a concrete concept used in business or administration (for example: date)
UN/CEFACT Library of Core Components Reconciliation de Data Elements Normas Sectoriales XML SGML 1999 2004 2006 2008 EDIFACT eGov X12 XML etc. Existing Standards
Normas Sectorales XML SGML EDIFACT eGov X12 XML etc. Used as the basis for other standards UN/CEFACT Library of Core Components
“ A Single Window is a facility that allows parties involved in trade and transport to lodge standardized information and documents with a single entry point to fulfill all import, export, and transit-related regulatory requirements.
If information is electronic, then individual data elements should only be submitted once”.
UN/CEFACT Recommendation 33
Customs Customs Broker Port Authority Shipping Agent Freight Forw. Bank Cargo Terminal Inland Transport Exporter Border Insp. Serv. Harbour Master Steeved. Pool Customs Customs Broker Port Authority Shipping Agent Freight Forw. Bank Cargo Terminal Inland Transport Importer Border Insp. Serv. Harbour Master Steeved. Pool Shipowner Vessel Documentary processes associated to international commerce
Product and seller search Commerc Agreem. . Payment . . Land transport . Booking . . Vessel call and services Danger. goods . Entry of goods to the port Customs clearance . Bill of lading . Export manifest . Shipown. informat. system Vessel call and services Import manifest . Border inspect. services Cargo terminal instruct. Steevedorpool hiring Customs clearance . Exit of goods . . Border inspect. services Cargo terminal instruct. Steevedorpool hiring Danger. goods . Land transport . Documentary processes in international commerce Shipment instruct. .
PCS Shipping Agent Freight Forw. Bank Cargo Terminal Inland Transport Exporter Border Insp. Serv. Harbour Master Customs Customs Broker Port Authority Shipping Agent Freight Forw. Bank Cargo Terminal Inland Transport Importer Border Insp. Serv. Harbour Master Steeved. Pool International System Shipowner Vessel PCS International electronic commerce scenario The need of a logistic community system Customs Broker Customs Steeved. Pool Port Authority << Port Community Systems are the implemented solution at Ports >>
.. essentially as a political / organizational concept to:
Simplify the submission of information from trade to government
Exchange information between government agencies
Deliver information and approvals from government to trade within a country
Extend information exchange across borders, where this is agreed
Base informations exchange on international standards
Implementation of Paperless Trade & Single Window ECE Standards for Single Windows (sample) Electronic Documents Supply Chain Data Model Documentation simplification Business Process Analysis ECert, Cross Border Invoice, Material Safety Sheet Core Component Library UN Layout Key UN Recommendations on Codes UN Modelling Methodology (UMM)
Digital Trade and Transportation Network – Hong Kong DTTN Sellers Buyers Freight Forwarders Carriers/Portals (Inttra, GTNexus) Banks and Financial Institutions Service Providers for Government & Agencies Terminals Inspection Agencies Insurance Institutions Value Added Service Providers (e.g. Tradelink) Regional / Global Service Providers (e.g. PAA) Information provided by Axway Inc. Message Routing Services Information Security Services Portal Services Message Transformation Services Statistical and Analytical Reporting Services Data Inheritance Services
The purpose of the Internationa l Trade & Business Processes Group (TBG) is to be responsible for the simplification of international trade procedures, business and governmental process analysis, and best practices, using the UN/CEFACT Modelling Methodology where appropriate to support the development of trade facilitation and electronic business solutions. This purpose is demonstrated through:
Identification, simplification, harmonisation and alignment of public and private sector practices, procedures and information flows relating to international trade transactions both in goods and related services;
Specification of common business and governmental processes and reference models;
Harmonization of cross-industry business and governmental processes;
Documentation of business and governmental requirements;
Raise awareness of work of the International Trade & Business Processes Group (TBG).
Members of this group primarily are process, procedure and modelling experts in the international trade and e-business arenas. The group combines business domain and information experts to ensure crossdomain harmonization, especially at the industry implementation level.
4. Geographical Focus
The focus is global.
5. Delegated Responsibilities
The TBG is empowered in accordance with agreed procedures to:
Establish working-groups and supporting teams as required;
Approve project proposals via the Forum Coordination Team (FCT);
Follow UN/CEFACT Open Development Process;
Collaborate with other UN/CEFACT Groups and the CSG on implementation of the TBG work plan;
Present draft proposals and/or recommendations to the UN/CEFACT plenary;
Cooperate and establish liaisons with other groups and organizations as required.
Participants in the working group shall provide resources for their own participation. The existence and functioning of the working group shall not require any additional resources from the UN/ECE secretariat, except for secretarial resources, website support and maintenance of the various web-servers, which will be made available by the UN/CEFACT secretariat, or by the Service Provider appointed by the UNECE. Participants in the TBG shall be required to provide the resources required for their own attendance in the work of the TBG. In order to support the ongoing work of the TBG, the following resources are required to be provided either by the UN/CEFACT Secretariat or by the appointed UN/CEFACT Services Provider:
Provision of Secretariat for the TBG. To cover consolidation, preparation, distribution and maintenance of official and working documents, including minutes and lists related to the meetings and the work of the group;
Maintenance of logs and records of membership of the TBG;
Coordination and distribution of relevant information and documents;
Establishing and maintaining the TBG public Web site pages with appropriate links, document download facilities, and items of interest;
Establishing and maintaining the TBG public and private list servers.
Members of TBG are primarily process, procedure and modelling experts in the international trade, governmental and e-business arenas. The group combines business domain and information experts to ensure cross-domain harmonization, especially at the industry implementation level. There are three ways of obtaining TBG membership:
1. Each UN/CEFACT Head of delegation may designate expert(s) to the TBG Working Group(s). Members are registered with the TBG Secretariat.
2. Experts that are registered as members of any standing TBG Working Group are automatically members of the TBG. TBG Working Groups report at least twice a year their membership to the TBG Secretariat.
3. In addition membership is open to any other experts meeting the profile for membership as specified in section 3.1 of the TBG Procedures and Organisation and who wish to register their membership with the TBG Secretariat. An expert shall become a member of TBG by sending by mail notice of intention to participate, and the Domain Working Group they desire to affiliate with, to the TBG Secretariat that shall notify the TBG leadership (Chair and Vice Chairs) of this request. Membership begins immediately after the TBG Secretariat has acknowledged this notice.
Observers (guests) are welcome to attend TBG meetings, and are encouraged to participate.
Purpose of the Group and specific technical issues to be addressed
develop the eBusiness standards for Logistics planning and Transport. This covers operational movements of goods, administrative and governmental requirements and safety and security of freight movements.
elaborate and maintain the Business Process Models, the Business Transaction Models, the semantics and the contents in a syntax neutral way that they fulfil the requirements of the Transport / Logistics communities, capitalizing on asset of EDIFACT directories, to be used within the XML technical architecture.
It approves, based on the syntax neutral business transactions, the corresponding UN/CEFACT syntax solutions provided by the UN/CEFACT Forum Technical Support Groups (ATG; ICG), which include: Business Object libraries and XML Schemas. The aim is also to provide to Users a migration path from EDIFACT models and messages to these new technologies. For this purpose, the Group is actively participating in the UN-CEFACT/OASIS ebXML initiative in developing the Business Processes and Core Components for the Transport domain.
TBG3 keeps also its original role of identifying EDIFACT standard message requirements for the transfer of transport data and to develop and maintain United Nations Standard Messages (UNSM’s) for transport and logistics purposes for example: IFTM series –International Forwarding and Transport Messages-,IFCSUM –International Forwarding Consolidation Summary -,Coxxx series –Containers Movements Messages- and relevant Codes lists including UN Recommendations.
The Group consists of representatives from all modes of transport, shippers and different parties and activities involved in the transport chain over the world, be it from national delegations or international organizations.
within the framework of the UN/CEFACT Forum Transport projects, to develop and maintain Business Models and related United Nations Messages (UNSM’s) and XML DTDs/Schemas in a way that they fulfil the requirements of the user communities and the best business practices of the Transport/Logistics sector,
to coordinate changes and ensure that the procedures agreed upon by UN/CEFACT Forum are followed
to take care that model and message documentation and lay-out meets the quality standards specified by the Forum
to coordinate the views from the various regions into the UN/CEFACT TBG process in order to achieve global standards
to develop through its Sub-Group ITIGG (International Transport Implementation Guidelines Group) the recommendations for harmonization of implementation guidelines for EDIFACT Transport messages and XML Schemas and encourage all organizations to endorse ITIGG rules
to monitor and participate actively in the wider developments of other Electronic Commerce technologies : Web-EDI, Electronic Forms, XML/EDI, Web services, RFID, Electronic Seals…etc in order to assess the impact on the Transport Industry and to ensure that new standards being developed meet the requirements of the sector.
in order to accomplish above tasks, to utilize the modelling methodology and tools as recommended and supported by UN/CEFACT TMG.
collaborate with other Forum TBG’s as and when required
TBG3 meets on a regular basis at the frequency of the worldwide UN/CEFACT Forum meetings (generally twice a year)
TBG3 also liaises with WCO - World Customs Organisation-, relevant ISO (especially TC154, TC204, TC 104, TC8), UNTDED-ISO 7372 Joint Maintenance Agency, OASIS/UBL, CEN Committees and International Transport Organizations: IATA (International Air Transport Association), ICS (International Chamber of Shipping ), IMO (International Maritime Organisation), UIC (International Union of Railways ), IRU (International Road Union ), FIATA Freight Forwarders (Federation Internationale des Auxiliaires de Transport et Assimiles) , SMDG (User Group for Shipping Lines and Containers Terminals), PROTECT, ANSI X12I (Transport Group) and other relevant parties, to ensure that all developments are properly monitored and coordinated and that working arrangements regarding the division of work items are made where necessary.
Is a working group made up of representatives from all Port Community stake holders. It is tasked with defining procedures to simplify and speed up the information interchange processes between companies and the authorities involved in the maritime transport of goods by implementing and extending the Electronic Data Interchange(EDI) to all documentary processes required of the community's member companies and organisations.
The creation of Portic Barcelona, SA was approved in 1997 as a set of information system services exclusively for the Barcelona port logistics community and its clients. The challenge: to facilitate and speed communication and the exchange of documents. The speed of goods clearance depends to a large extent on the agility of certain documentary circuits that are used for the exchange of over 40 different documents among a variety ofagents: authorities, shipping agents, forwarding agents, customs brokers, ship owners, etc.
Meets every six weeks, establishes the guidelines and general objectives for, monitors and approves the results of the different working groups in operation at any given time.
These working groups are improvement teams with between 4 and 19 members set up on an ad hoc basis to tackle specific problems or procedures. The TF appoints a manager or chair for each group and further more assigns each one an expert organisation and IT consultant.
The working group analyses the problem and current procedure, proposes solutions and improvements or even redesigns or invents a new procedure, gradually enhancing coordination and the impact of new technologies on documentary and commercial interactions.
The groups' conclusions are written up and submitted to the TF for approval. The TF, in turn, submits them to Port Authority Board.
Implementation is handled by the different agents involved in the procedure at hand and monitoring is conducted through the TF itself.
Also of note is the TF role as an opinion group with regard to the dynamics, impact and regulation of new technologies in the port logistics sector, both locally and at the national and international levels.