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Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
 

Unit 5 lsn 2 the tsars

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Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars Unit 5 lsn 2 the tsars Presentation Transcript

  • Overview - The Tsars
  • Overview - The Tsars
  • Overview - The Tsars Unit 5 Lesson 2
  • Why do we have to learn about a bunch of Russian Rulers who died long before the 20th Century in a class called 20th Century History?
  • I’m glad you asked...
  • I’m glad you asked... The objective is for YOU to be able to discern patterns in Russian history that continue into the 20th Century!
  • I’m glad you asked... The objective is for YOU to be able to discern patterns in Russian history that continue into the 20th Century! e.g. The relationship b/w the rulers and the peasants.
  • The Tsars (supreme rulers in Russia) were powerful, autocratic rulers
  • The Tsars (supreme rulers in Russia) were powerful, autocratic rulers Autocracy - Gov’t by one person w/ supreme, unlimited power.
  • Ivan IV ‘the Terrible’ 1547-1584
  • Ivan IV ‘the Terrible’ 1547-1584
  • Ivan the Terrible
  • Ivan the Terrible First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar
  • Ivan the Terrible First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar Made the Tsar’s position stronger than ever before
  • Ivan the Terrible First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar Made the Tsar’s position stronger than ever before Ranked nobles below himself
  • Ivan the Terrible First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar Made the Tsar’s position stronger than ever before Ranked nobles below himself Exiled and purged nobles who failed to give him abject obedience
  • Why was he so ‘terrible’?
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov The Dynasty begins...
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites First of a dynasty that would last until 1917
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites First of a dynasty that would last until 1917 Peasants became serfs - attached to the land, heavily taxed & forbidden to move
  • Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites First of a dynasty that would last until 1917 Peasants became serfs - attached to the land, heavily taxed & forbidden to move Peasant revolts common
  • Peter the Great
  • Peter the Great
  • Peter the Great
  • Peter the Great 1682 - 1725
  • Peter the Great 1682 - 1725 Brought Russia into the European sphere
  • Peter the Great 1682 - 1725 Brought Russia into the European sphere Dawn of the Russian Empire
  • Peter the Great 1682 - 1725 Brought Russia into the European sphere Dawn of the Russian Empire Autocratic state
  • Peter the Great 1682 - 1725 Brought Russia into the European sphere Dawn of the Russian Empire Autocratic state Creation of a ‘senate’ solely for tax collection
  • Incorporated the Church (Russian Orthodox) into gov’t as a tool of state
  • Incorporated the Church (Russian Orthodox) into gov’t as a tool of state Church led by a gov’t appointed official.
  • Catherine the Great
  • Catherine the Great
  • Catherine the Great
  • Catherine the Great 1762-1773
  • Catherine the Great 1762-1773 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered
  • Catherine the Great 1762-1773 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered Legalized the selling of serfs apart from the land.
  • Catherine the Great 1762-1773 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered Legalized the selling of serfs apart from the land. Major peasant uprising in 1773 - ruthlessly suppressed
  • Catherine the Great 1762-1773 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered Legalized the selling of serfs apart from the land. Major peasant uprising in 1773 - ruthlessly suppressed Under her rule, Russia became a major European power
  • Alexander I
  • Alexander I
  • Alexander I
  • Alexander I 1801-1825
  • Alexander I 1801-1825 Reformist - planned a constitution in secret.
  • Alexander I 1801-1825 Reformist - planned a constitution in secret. Considered ending serfdom
  • Nicholas I
  • Nicholas I
  • Nicholas I
  • Nicholas I 1825-1855
  • Nicholas I 1825-1855 Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to create a constitutional monarchy
  • Nicholas I 1825-1855 Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to create a constitutional monarchy ‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy & Nationality’
  • Nicholas I 1825-1855 Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to create a constitutional monarchy ‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy & Nationality’ loyalty unlimited power to Tsar, traditions of the Russian Orthodox Church and Russian nationalism
  • Nicholas I 1825-1855 Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to create a constitutional monarchy ‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy & Nationality’ loyalty unlimited power to Tsar, traditions of the Russian Orthodox Church and Russian nationalism Suppression of non-Russian people and religions
  • Alexander II
  • Alexander II
  • Alexander II
  • Alexander II Widespread desire for reform in the empire during Alexander II’s reign.
  • Alexander II Widespread desire for reform in the empire during Alexander II’s reign. A humanitarian movement attacked serfdom.
  • Alexander II Widespread desire for reform in the empire during Alexander II’s reign. A humanitarian movement attacked serfdom. In 1859, one-third of the Russian population was serfs.
  • Alexander II
  • Alexander II 1855-1881
  • Alexander II 1855-1881 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861 rather than wait for a revolution from the people.
  • Alexander II 1855-1881 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861 rather than wait for a revolution from the people. Practical, aware of the feelings of the times - able to bring about reform.
  • Alexander II 1855-1881 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861 rather than wait for a revolution from the people. Practical, aware of the feelings of the times - able to bring about reform. Followed a liberal course of action, but was assassinated by left-wing revolutionaries anyway... :(
  • Alexander III
  • Alexander III
  • Alexander III
  • Alexander III 1881-1894
  • Alexander III 1881-1894 Son of Alex II.
  • Alexander III 1881-1894 Son of Alex II. Very reactionary.
  • Alexander III 1881-1894 Son of Alex II. Very reactionary. Wanted a return to autocracy.
  • Alexander III 1881-1894 Son of Alex II. Very reactionary. Wanted a return to autocracy. Felt Russia could only be saved from chaos if it shut itself off from subversive influences of W. Europe.
  • Alexander III
  • Alexander III His tutor and advisor taught him, and his son Nicholas, to “fear freedom of speech and press and to hate democracy, constitutions, and the parliamentary system.” Revolutionaries hunted down Russification was carried out in the empire.
  • Nicholas II
  • Nicholas II
  • info on Nicholas II can be found in the textbook.
  • SOURCES All pictures are public domain taken from Wikimedia Commons.