Overview - The Tsars
Overview - The Tsars
Overview - The Tsars
      Unit 5 Lesson 2
Why do we have to learn about a bunch of
Russian Rulers who died long before the
20th Century in a class called 20th
Centu...
I’m glad you asked...
I’m glad you asked...

The objective is for YOU to be able to
discern patterns in Russian history that
continue into the 2...
I’m glad you asked...

The objective is for YOU to be able to
discern patterns in Russian history that
continue into the 2...
The Tsars (supreme rulers in Russia)
were powerful, autocratic rulers
The Tsars (supreme rulers in Russia)
were powerful, autocratic rulers

Autocracy - Gov’t by one person w/
supreme, unlimit...
Ivan IV
‘the Terrible’
 1547-1584
Ivan IV
‘the Terrible’
 1547-1584
Ivan the Terrible
Ivan the Terrible
 First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
 First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar
 Made the Tsar’s position stronger than
 ever before
Ivan the Terrible
 First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar
 Made the Tsar’s position stronger than
 ever before
 Ranked...
Ivan the Terrible
 First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar
 Made the Tsar’s position stronger than
 ever before
 Ranked...
Why was he so ‘terrible’?
Mikhail I
Fyodorovich
 Romanov
Mikhail I
Fyodorovich
 Romanov
Mikhail I
Fyodorovich
 Romanov
The Dynasty begins...
Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov
Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov

 1613 - 1645
Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov

 1613 - 1645
 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites
Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov

 1613 - 1645
 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites
 First of a dynasty that would last u...
Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov

 1613 - 1645
 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites
 First of a dynasty that would last u...
Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov

 1613 - 1645
 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites
 First of a dynasty that would last u...
Peter
 the
Great
Peter
 the
Great
Peter the Great
Peter the Great
 1682 - 1725
Peter the Great
 1682 - 1725
 Brought Russia into the European
 sphere
Peter the Great
 1682 - 1725
 Brought Russia into the European
 sphere
 Dawn of the Russian Empire
Peter the Great
 1682 - 1725
 Brought Russia into the European
 sphere
 Dawn of the Russian Empire
 Autocratic state
Peter the Great
 1682 - 1725
 Brought Russia into the European
 sphere
 Dawn of the Russian Empire
 Autocratic state
 Crea...
Incorporated the Church (Russian
Orthodox) into gov’t as a tool of state
Incorporated the Church (Russian
Orthodox) into gov’t as a tool of state

Church led by a gov’t appointed official.
Catherine
the Great
Catherine
the Great
Catherine the Great
Catherine the Great
 1762-1773
Catherine the Great
 1762-1773
 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered
Catherine the Great
 1762-1773
 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered
 Legalized the selling of serfs apart from
 the land.
Catherine the Great
 1762-1773
 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered
 Legalized the selling of serfs apart from
 the land....
Catherine the Great
 1762-1773
 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered
 Legalized the selling of serfs apart from
 the land....
Alexander I
Alexander I
Alexander I
Alexander I

 1801-1825
Alexander I

 1801-1825
 Reformist - planned a constitution in
 secret.
Alexander I

 1801-1825
 Reformist - planned a constitution in
 secret.
 Considered ending serfdom
Nicholas I
Nicholas I
Nicholas I
Nicholas I
1825-1855
Nicholas I
1825-1855
Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to
create a constitutional monarchy
Nicholas I
1825-1855
Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to
create a constitutional monarchy
‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy ...
Nicholas I
1825-1855
Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to
create a constitutional monarchy
‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy ...
Nicholas I
1825-1855
Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to
create a constitutional monarchy
‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy ...
Alexander II
Alexander II
Alexander II
Alexander II

Widespread desire for reform in the
empire during Alexander II’s reign.
Alexander II

Widespread desire for reform in the
empire during Alexander II’s reign.
A humanitarian movement attacked
ser...
Alexander II

Widespread desire for reform in the
empire during Alexander II’s reign.
A humanitarian movement attacked
ser...
Alexander II
Alexander II
 1855-1881
Alexander II
 1855-1881
 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861
 rather than wait for a revolution from the
 people.
Alexander II
 1855-1881
 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861
 rather than wait for a revolution from the
 people.
 Practic...
Alexander II
 1855-1881
 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861
 rather than wait for a revolution from the
 people.
 Practic...
Alexander III
Alexander III
Alexander III
Alexander III
 1881-1894
Alexander III
 1881-1894
 Son of Alex II.
Alexander III
 1881-1894
 Son of Alex II.
 Very reactionary.
Alexander III
 1881-1894
 Son of Alex II.
 Very reactionary.
 Wanted a return to autocracy.
Alexander III
 1881-1894
 Son of Alex II.
 Very reactionary.
 Wanted a return to autocracy.
 Felt Russia could only be sav...
Alexander III
Alexander III
 His tutor and advisor taught him, and his
 son Nicholas, to “fear freedom of speech
 and press and to hate ...
Nicholas II
Nicholas II
info on Nicholas II can be found in the
textbook.
SOURCES


All pictures are public domain taken from
Wikimedia Commons.
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
Unit 5 lsn 2   the tsars
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  • Transcript of "Unit 5 lsn 2 the tsars"

    1. 1. Overview - The Tsars
    2. 2. Overview - The Tsars
    3. 3. Overview - The Tsars Unit 5 Lesson 2
    4. 4. Why do we have to learn about a bunch of Russian Rulers who died long before the 20th Century in a class called 20th Century History?
    5. 5. I’m glad you asked...
    6. 6. I’m glad you asked... The objective is for YOU to be able to discern patterns in Russian history that continue into the 20th Century!
    7. 7. I’m glad you asked... The objective is for YOU to be able to discern patterns in Russian history that continue into the 20th Century! e.g. The relationship b/w the rulers and the peasants.
    8. 8. The Tsars (supreme rulers in Russia) were powerful, autocratic rulers
    9. 9. The Tsars (supreme rulers in Russia) were powerful, autocratic rulers Autocracy - Gov’t by one person w/ supreme, unlimited power.
    10. 10. Ivan IV ‘the Terrible’ 1547-1584
    11. 11. Ivan IV ‘the Terrible’ 1547-1584
    12. 12. Ivan the Terrible
    13. 13. Ivan the Terrible First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar
    14. 14. Ivan the Terrible First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar Made the Tsar’s position stronger than ever before
    15. 15. Ivan the Terrible First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar Made the Tsar’s position stronger than ever before Ranked nobles below himself
    16. 16. Ivan the Terrible First Russian ruler to call himself a Tsar Made the Tsar’s position stronger than ever before Ranked nobles below himself Exiled and purged nobles who failed to give him abject obedience
    17. 17. Why was he so ‘terrible’?
    18. 18. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov
    19. 19. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov
    20. 20. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov The Dynasty begins...
    21. 21. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov
    22. 22. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645
    23. 23. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites
    24. 24. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites First of a dynasty that would last until 1917
    25. 25. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites First of a dynasty that would last until 1917 Peasants became serfs - attached to the land, heavily taxed & forbidden to move
    26. 26. Mikhail I Fyodorovich Romanov 1613 - 1645 Elected to the throne by the Muscovites First of a dynasty that would last until 1917 Peasants became serfs - attached to the land, heavily taxed & forbidden to move Peasant revolts common
    27. 27. Peter the Great
    28. 28. Peter the Great
    29. 29. Peter the Great
    30. 30. Peter the Great 1682 - 1725
    31. 31. Peter the Great 1682 - 1725 Brought Russia into the European sphere
    32. 32. Peter the Great 1682 - 1725 Brought Russia into the European sphere Dawn of the Russian Empire
    33. 33. Peter the Great 1682 - 1725 Brought Russia into the European sphere Dawn of the Russian Empire Autocratic state
    34. 34. Peter the Great 1682 - 1725 Brought Russia into the European sphere Dawn of the Russian Empire Autocratic state Creation of a ‘senate’ solely for tax collection
    35. 35. Incorporated the Church (Russian Orthodox) into gov’t as a tool of state
    36. 36. Incorporated the Church (Russian Orthodox) into gov’t as a tool of state Church led by a gov’t appointed official.
    37. 37. Catherine the Great
    38. 38. Catherine the Great
    39. 39. Catherine the Great
    40. 40. Catherine the Great 1762-1773
    41. 41. Catherine the Great 1762-1773 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered
    42. 42. Catherine the Great 1762-1773 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered Legalized the selling of serfs apart from the land.
    43. 43. Catherine the Great 1762-1773 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered Legalized the selling of serfs apart from the land. Major peasant uprising in 1773 - ruthlessly suppressed
    44. 44. Catherine the Great 1762-1773 Had her husband (Peter III) murdered Legalized the selling of serfs apart from the land. Major peasant uprising in 1773 - ruthlessly suppressed Under her rule, Russia became a major European power
    45. 45. Alexander I
    46. 46. Alexander I
    47. 47. Alexander I
    48. 48. Alexander I 1801-1825
    49. 49. Alexander I 1801-1825 Reformist - planned a constitution in secret.
    50. 50. Alexander I 1801-1825 Reformist - planned a constitution in secret. Considered ending serfdom
    51. 51. Nicholas I
    52. 52. Nicholas I
    53. 53. Nicholas I
    54. 54. Nicholas I 1825-1855
    55. 55. Nicholas I 1825-1855 Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to create a constitutional monarchy
    56. 56. Nicholas I 1825-1855 Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to create a constitutional monarchy ‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy & Nationality’
    57. 57. Nicholas I 1825-1855 Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to create a constitutional monarchy ‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy & Nationality’ loyalty unlimited power to Tsar, traditions of the Russian Orthodox Church and Russian nationalism
    58. 58. Nicholas I 1825-1855 Reactionary - crushed a revolt that sought to create a constitutional monarchy ‘Autocracy, Orthodoxy & Nationality’ loyalty unlimited power to Tsar, traditions of the Russian Orthodox Church and Russian nationalism Suppression of non-Russian people and religions
    59. 59. Alexander II
    60. 60. Alexander II
    61. 61. Alexander II
    62. 62. Alexander II Widespread desire for reform in the empire during Alexander II’s reign.
    63. 63. Alexander II Widespread desire for reform in the empire during Alexander II’s reign. A humanitarian movement attacked serfdom.
    64. 64. Alexander II Widespread desire for reform in the empire during Alexander II’s reign. A humanitarian movement attacked serfdom. In 1859, one-third of the Russian population was serfs.
    65. 65. Alexander II
    66. 66. Alexander II 1855-1881
    67. 67. Alexander II 1855-1881 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861 rather than wait for a revolution from the people.
    68. 68. Alexander II 1855-1881 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861 rather than wait for a revolution from the people. Practical, aware of the feelings of the times - able to bring about reform.
    69. 69. Alexander II 1855-1881 Alexander abolished serfdom in 1861 rather than wait for a revolution from the people. Practical, aware of the feelings of the times - able to bring about reform. Followed a liberal course of action, but was assassinated by left-wing revolutionaries anyway... :(
    70. 70. Alexander III
    71. 71. Alexander III
    72. 72. Alexander III
    73. 73. Alexander III 1881-1894
    74. 74. Alexander III 1881-1894 Son of Alex II.
    75. 75. Alexander III 1881-1894 Son of Alex II. Very reactionary.
    76. 76. Alexander III 1881-1894 Son of Alex II. Very reactionary. Wanted a return to autocracy.
    77. 77. Alexander III 1881-1894 Son of Alex II. Very reactionary. Wanted a return to autocracy. Felt Russia could only be saved from chaos if it shut itself off from subversive influences of W. Europe.
    78. 78. Alexander III
    79. 79. Alexander III His tutor and advisor taught him, and his son Nicholas, to “fear freedom of speech and press and to hate democracy, constitutions, and the parliamentary system.” Revolutionaries hunted down Russification was carried out in the empire.
    80. 80. Nicholas II
    81. 81. Nicholas II
    82. 82. info on Nicholas II can be found in the textbook.
    83. 83. SOURCES All pictures are public domain taken from Wikimedia Commons.

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