Hitlers foreign policy

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  • Hitlers foreign policy

    1. 1. THE ROAD TO WORLD WAR
    2. 2. HITLER IN POWER
    3. 3. HITLER IN POWER
    4. 4. HITLER IN POWER 1933 - Hitler becomes Chancellor
    5. 5. HITLER IN POWER 1933 - Hitler becomes Chancellor Set out to overturn much of the T. of V.
    6. 6. Appeals for disarmament - refusal of other powers to disarm
    7. 7. Appeals for disarmament - refusal of other powers to disarm Hitler withdraws germany from the Disarmament Conference (1932-1934)
    8. 8. Appeals for disarmament - refusal of other powers to disarm Hitler withdraws germany from the Disarmament Conference (1932-1934) 1933 - Germany withdraws for the L. of N.
    9. 9. Appeals for disarmament - refusal of other powers to disarm Hitler withdraws germany from the Disarmament Conference (1932-1934) 1933 - Germany withdraws for the L. of N. Hitler clamied the right of Germany to build armed forces - No longer able to rely on Collective Security
    10. 10. Germany carries on ‘secretly’ building its armed foreces
    11. 11. Germany carries on ‘secretly’ building its armed foreces Few politicians in other countries objected, excepting W.C. :)
    12. 12. Germany carries on ‘secretly’ building its armed foreces Few politicians in other countries objected, excepting W.C. :) German non-agrerssion pact w/ Poland in 1934
    13. 13. Germany carries on ‘secretly’ building its armed foreces Few politicians in other countries objected, excepting W.C. :) German non-agrerssion pact w/ Poland in 1934 reduced fears of British & French
    14. 14. Germany carries on ‘secretly’ building its armed foreces Few politicians in other countries objected, excepting W.C. :) German non-agrerssion pact w/ Poland in 1934 reduced fears of British & French March 1935 - Hitler announces the existence of the Lufwaffe
    15. 15. Germany carries on ‘secretly’ building its armed foreces Few politicians in other countries objected, excepting W.C. :) German non-agrerssion pact w/ Poland in 1934 reduced fears of British & French March 1935 - Hitler announces the existence of the Lufwaffe Introduction of conscription - army to reach 550 000 men
    16. 16. ANGLO-FRENCH RESPONSE
    17. 17. ANGLO-FRENCH RESPONSE 1935 - Stresa Front - Italy, France & Britain
    18. 18. ANGLO-FRENCH RESPONSE 1935 - Stresa Front - Italy, France & Britain Failed to last as Brit. gov’t sympathized with German right to re-arm (not W.C.)
    19. 19. ANGLO-FRENCH RESPONSE 1935 - Stresa Front - Italy, France & Britain Failed to last as Brit. gov’t sympathized with German right to re-arm (not W.C.) 1935 - Anglo-German Naval Agreement
    20. 20. ANGLO-FRENCH RESPONSE 1935 - Stresa Front - Italy, France & Britain Failed to last as Brit. gov’t sympathized with German right to re-arm (not W.C.) 1935 - Anglo-German Naval Agreement Germany allowed parity in submarines & 35% of British surface fleet strength
    21. 21. ANGLO-FRENCH RESPONSE 1935 - Stresa Front - Italy, France & Britain Failed to last as Brit. gov’t sympathized with German right to re-arm (not W.C.) 1935 - Anglo-German Naval Agreement Germany allowed parity in submarines & 35% of British surface fleet strength Thus begins the policy of ‘appeasement’
    22. 22. ANGLO-FRENCH RESPONSE 1935 - Stresa Front - Italy, France & Britain Failed to last as Brit. gov’t sympathized with German right to re-arm (not W.C.) 1935 - Anglo-German Naval Agreement Germany allowed parity in submarines & 35% of British surface fleet strength Thus begins the policy of ‘appeasement’ Breaks up the ‘Stresa Front’ and alienates France & Italy from Great Britain
    23. 23. APPEASEMENT
    24. 24. THE RHINELAND
    25. 25. THE RHINELAND March 1936 - Hitler orders troops (a relatively small force) into the Rhineland
    26. 26. THE RHINELAND March 1936 - Hitler orders troops (a relatively small force) into the Rhineland Breach of Treaties of Versailles and Locarno
    27. 27. THE RHINELAND March 1936 - Hitler orders troops (a relatively small force) into the Rhineland Breach of Treaties of Versailles and Locarno Big risk for Hitler - German troops had been ordered to back down and withdraw if the French intervened
    28. 28. THE RHINELAND March 1936 - Hitler orders troops (a relatively small force) into the Rhineland Breach of Treaties of Versailles and Locarno Big risk for Hitler - German troops had been ordered to back down and withdraw if the French intervened British & French did nothing
    29. 29. THE ‘GOOSE-STEP’
    30. 30. APPEASEMENT
    31. 31. APPEASEMENT Important historical debate
    32. 32. APPEASEMENT Important historical debate Was appeasement the best policy to follow?
    33. 33. APPEASEMENT Important historical debate Was appeasement the best policy to follow? Generally associated with Neville Chamberlain - Actually pre-dates him, but he was in office during the crises.
    34. 34. APPEASEMENT Important historical debate Was appeasement the best policy to follow? Generally associated with Neville Chamberlain - Actually pre-dates him, but he was in office during the crises. Result of the overwhelming desire not to go to war again.
    35. 35. ANSCHLUSS
    36. 36. ANSCHLUSS Anschluss - UNION
    37. 37. ANSCHLUSS Anschluss - UNION Civil disorder in Austria - mostly a result of Nazi agitation
    38. 38. ANSCHLUSS Anschluss - UNION Civil disorder in Austria - mostly a result of Nazi agitation Austrian Chancellor (disputed) asked for German help to restore order
    39. 39. ANSCHLUSS Anschluss - UNION Civil disorder in Austria - mostly a result of Nazi agitation Austrian Chancellor (disputed) asked for German help to restore order German troops enter Austria in March of 1938 - Anschluss announced the following day.
    40. 40. Again, an explicit violation of the T. of V.
    41. 41. Again, an explicit violation of the T. of V. Reaction of European powers:
    42. 42. Again, an explicit violation of the T. of V. Reaction of European powers: Britain & France - Surprised and did nothing. Unwilling to risk war. ‘Fait Accompli’
    43. 43. Again, an explicit violation of the T. of V. Reaction of European powers: Britain & France - Surprised and did nothing. Unwilling to risk war. ‘Fait Accompli’ Italy - no longer allied with Britain & France - Empire in Africa
    44. 44. Again, an explicit violation of the T. of V. Reaction of European powers: Britain & France - Surprised and did nothing. Unwilling to risk war. ‘Fait Accompli’ Italy - no longer allied with Britain & France - Empire in Africa Churchill - Spoke out against appeasement.
    45. 45. “Europe is faced with a program of aggression, there is only one choice open, not only to us but to other countries, either to submit like Austria, or else take effective measures while time remains to ward off the danger... Where are we going to be in two years time, when the German army will certainly be much larger than the French army”
    46. 46. “Europe is faced with a program of aggression, there is only one choice open, not only to us but to other countries, either to submit like Austria, or else take effective measures while time remains to ward off the danger... Where are we going to be in two years time, when the German army will certainly be much larger than the French army” Winston Churchill Quoted in Tony Rea’s International Relations
    47. 47. CZECHOSLOVAKIA
    48. 48. CZECHOSLOVAKIA By summer of 1938, Hitler was in a much stronger position and growing confident
    49. 49. CZECHOSLOVAKIA By summer of 1938, Hitler was in a much stronger position and growing confident 3 million Germans living in the Sudetenland - including a strong Nazi Party
    50. 50. CZECHOSLOVAKIA By summer of 1938, Hitler was in a much stronger position and growing confident 3 million Germans living in the Sudetenland - including a strong Nazi Party Pressure on Czech gov’t led by Nazis to allow self-rule for Sudeten Germans
    51. 51. CZECHOSLOVAKIA By summer of 1938, Hitler was in a much stronger position and growing confident 3 million Germans living in the Sudetenland - including a strong Nazi Party Pressure on Czech gov’t led by Nazis to allow self-rule for Sudeten Germans Hitler supported the the Nazi party in Sudetenland and their aims
    52. 52. Sudetenland almost completely surrounded after Anschluss
    53. 53. Sudetenland almost completely surrounded after Anschluss Hitler seemed willing to go to war with Czechoslovakia over the Sudetenland
    54. 54. Sudetenland almost completely surrounded after Anschluss Hitler seemed willing to go to war with Czechoslovakia over the Sudetenland France had an alliance with Czechoslovakia & Britain had one with France... remember WWI?
    55. 55. Sudetenland almost completely surrounded after Anschluss Hitler seemed willing to go to war with Czechoslovakia over the Sudetenland France had an alliance with Czechoslovakia & Britain had one with France... remember WWI? By September it looked very much like another was would happen
    56. 56. British children evacuated from cities, trenched dug, & gas masks issued to citizens
    57. 57. British children evacuated from cities, trenched dug, & gas masks issued to citizens Most adults in Britain remembered WWI
    58. 58. British children evacuated from cities, trenched dug, & gas masks issued to citizens Most adults in Britain remembered WWI Evidence from Spanish Civil War of the destructive power of air bombardment
    59. 59. British children evacuated from cities, trenched dug, & gas masks issued to citizens Most adults in Britain remembered WWI Evidence from Spanish Civil War of the destructive power of air bombardment Chamberlain flies off to meet Hitler face-to-face
    60. 60. Chamberlain & Hitler agree to terms
    61. 61. Chamberlain & Hitler agree to terms all territory w/ more than 50% Germans would go to Germany
    62. 62. Chamberlain & Hitler agree to terms all territory w/ more than 50% Germans would go to Germany Hitler agrees to give Chamberlain time to convince the Czechs
    63. 63. Chamberlain & Hitler agree to terms all territory w/ more than 50% Germans would go to Germany Hitler agrees to give Chamberlain time to convince the Czechs Increased demands from Hitler
    64. 64. Chamberlain & Hitler agree to terms all territory w/ more than 50% Germans would go to Germany Hitler agrees to give Chamberlain time to convince the Czechs Increased demands from Hitler French PM and British parliament believe it is now time to stand up to Hitler.
    65. 65. “How horrible, fantastic, incredible, itis that we should be digging trenches and trying on gas masks here because of a quarrel in a far away country between people of whom we know nothing... I would not hesitate to pay even a third visit to Germany, if I thought it would do any good.”
    66. 66. “How horrible, fantastic, incredible, itis that we should be digging trenches and trying on gas masks here because of a quarrel in a far away country between people of whom we know nothing... I would not hesitate to pay even a third visit to Germany, if I thought it would do any good.” Neville Chamberlain International Realtions
    67. 67. THE MUNICH AGREEMENT
    68. 68. THE MUNICH AGREEMENT Four power conference in Munich (UK, France, Italy & Germany)
    69. 69. THE MUNICH AGREEMENT Four power conference in Munich (UK, France, Italy & Germany) What? no Czechoslovakia?
    70. 70. THE MUNICH AGREEMENT Four power conference in Munich (UK, France, Italy & Germany) What? no Czechoslovakia? Hitler gets Sudetenland w/o any vote
    71. 71. THE MUNICH AGREEMENT Four power conference in Munich (UK, France, Italy & Germany) What? no Czechoslovakia? Hitler gets Sudetenland w/o any vote Hitler signs ‘piece of paper’ - last territorial claim. HA.
    72. 72. THE PIECE OF PAPER
    73. 73. THE PIECE OF PAPER
    74. 74. THE PIECE OF PAPER “My good friends, this is the second time in our history that there has come back from Germany to Downing Street peace with honour... I believe it is peace for our time” International Relations
    75. 75. ASSESSING APPEASEMENT
    76. 76. WAS THE POLICY OF APPEASEMENT JUSTIFIED?
    77. 77. WAS THE POLICY OF APPEASEMENT JUSTIFIED? 1. Working with a partner
    78. 78. WAS THE POLICY OF APPEASEMENT JUSTIFIED? 1. Working with a partner 2. Find as many sources re: appeasement as you can.
    79. 79. WAS THE POLICY OF APPEASEMENT JUSTIFIED? 1. Working with a partner 2. Find as many sources re: appeasement as you can. 3. Make two lists in your notes:
    80. 80. WAS THE POLICY OF APPEASEMENT JUSTIFIED? 1. Working with a partner 2. Find as many sources re: appeasement as you can. 3. Make two lists in your notes: 1. Arguments criticizing Chamberlain
    81. 81. WAS THE POLICY OF APPEASEMENT JUSTIFIED? 1. Working with a partner 2. Find as many sources re: appeasement as you can. 3. Make two lists in your notes: 1. Arguments criticizing Chamberlain 2. Arguments in favour of appeasement
    82. 82. SOURCES 1. Rea, Tony & John Wright, International Relations 1914-1945. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997. 2. All pictures from Wikimedia Commons except ‘the Goose-Step’ from International Relations.

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