Ubd – emphasis is on “backward design”, the practice of looking at the outcomes in order to design curriculum units, performance assessments, and classroom instruction. - to facilitate student understanding, teachers must explain the “big ideas” and essential questions as well as the requirements and evaluative criteria at the start of the class but this method only works for some topics. - students being able to explain, interpret, apply, have perspective, empathize and have self-knowledge.
CMO No. 59, s. 1996 – or the New General Education Curriculum (GEC) CMO No. 4, s. 1997 – Guidelines for Implementation of CMO No. 59 s. 1996. GEC-A and GEC-B.
This can be done also in collaboration with private enterprises (thru MOAs). The CA become automatic placement centers. Part of the two year training can include an immersion in the actual job sites. At the end of the two-year period, they are guaranteed a place/job in these private enterprises that they have concluded their interships.
K-12 Basic Education Curriculum
CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES INTHE IMPLEMENTATION OF K TO 12
TERMINOLOGY• K to12• Present 10• Add Kindergarten (K)• Add years 11, 12 = “Career Academy” (2) • Pre-College • Senior High School • Junior High School• K+6+4+2 = K to 12• BEC – Basic Education Curriculum• GEC – General Education Curriculum
PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM (BEC)• National Elementary School Curriculum • 1984 to 2002• New Secondary Education Curriculum • 1991-2002• Revised Basic Education Curriculum 2002• Secondary Education Curriculum -Understanding by Design Model 2010
ISSUES WITH PRESENT BEC• Insufficient mastery of basic competencies is common due to a congested curriculum. The 12 year curriculum is being delivered in 10 years.• High school graduates are younger than 18 years old and lack basic competencies and maturity. They cannot legally enter into contracts and are not emotionally mature for entrepreneurship / employment.• Other countries view the 10-year education cycle as insufficient.
GENERAL EDUCATION CURRICULUM (GEC)• GEC-A (63 units for humanities, social sciences and communications students)• GEC-B (51 units for non-HUSOCOM students)
ISSUES WITH PRESENT GEC• Heavier semestral load of students• No room for formation subjects• Increasing professional subjects• The variations in laboratory requirements pose practical problems for smaller colleges with just enough laboratories• Students not seeing the relevance of GEC subjects• Since only professional courses that need international accreditation are under the Washington and Bologna Accord, some courses should have lesser subjects.
THE CHALLENGE• Enhanced 10• Lessen drop outs• Decongest to improve learning• RBEC • Revised Basic Education Curriculum focused on just • English • Pilipino • Mathematics • Science • Makabayan • But it did not “decongest” the curriculum
THE CHALLENGE• Challenge for curriculum designers based on real feedback • Don’t just push up • Reduce – more time for independent work and study
PHASES OF IMPLEMENTATION 1. Universal kindergarten will be offered starting SY 2011-2012. 2. DepEd will begin unclogging the basic education curriculum in SY 2012-2013. 3. The enhanced 12-year curriculum will be implemented starting with incoming Grade 1 students of SY 2012-2013. 4. Incoming freshmen of SY 2012-2013 will be the first beneficiary of a free Senior High School education that will be made available by DepEd in public schools beginning SY 2016-2017. Electives to be offered in Senior HS (arts, music, tech-voch..etc)Source: Briefer prepared by the Department of Education, November 2, 2010
PROBLEMS WITH TRANSITION SCHEME• Logistical problems for administrators.• Textbooks and other materials are not yet developed and printed for Grades 11 and 12.• Increased drop-outs due to perceived irrelevance of going to Grades 11 and 12.
OUR PROPOSAL• Implement K to 12 on our own. Essentially, K to 12 is an addition of 2 years in Basic Education.• We plan for the content of K to 12 on our own.• We accept that performance standards are based on the: • Content of RBEC in 10 years • Set of College competencies now being articulated by CHED. • Competencies required for specific work.
• “It provides the professional and human education necessary for the practice of chosen careers either immediately after graduation or after further tertiary education, depending on the career chosen”• Completion is attested to by a certificate or diploma issued by or with permission of the DepEd
CAREER ACADEMY• Career Tracks • Achievement tests advisory • Tracks chosen by the pupils and their parents• Preparation for life • Work • Marriage life• Atmosphere: Young adults
SCHOOLS WITH GRADES 11 AND 12 CURRICULUM DEVELOPED• Ateneo de Naga University • Career Academy for Entrepreneurship Program• San Carlos University
WHAT TO GAIN FROM THE K TO 12?• Facilitate an accelerated economic growth.• Facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries.• A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development.• Several studies have shown that the improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by as much as 2%. Studies in the UK, India and US show that additional years of schooling also have positive overall impact on society.
CHALLENGE TO IMPLEMENT K TO 12 IN CEAP SCHOOLS• With existing colleges or high schools• Stand alone• Minus 2 would be attractive to many • Work would allow them • To help their families • To earn their way through college
CHALLENGE TO IMPLEMENT K TO 12 IN CEAP SCHOOLS• Plus 2 ensures better college experience • Better Tertiary-Level General Education • Better Professional Training • Will foster learning beyond the four walls of the classroom. Not just theory but applied knowledge.• Develop K to 12 curriculum in Basic Education