WHAT IS PAINTING?• Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface.• The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush but other objects can be used.• In art, the term painting describes both the act and the result of the action. However, painting is also used outside of art as a common trade among craftsmen and builders.• Paintings may have for their support such surfaces as walls, paper, canvas, wood, glass, lacquer, clay, leaf, copper or concrete, and may incorporate multiple other materials including sand, clay, paper, gold leaf as well as objects.
PAINTING STYLES and TECHNIQUES• FRESCO PAINTING - involves the application of paint to wet plaster. ( from Italian word = fresco or fresh) EXAMPLES : The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo, Nativity by Giotto, Annunciation by Fra Angelico• TEMPERA PAINTING – involves the use of powdered pigments mixed with egg yolk applied to a wooden panel covered with linen. It is a fast-drying method. EXAMPLES : Madonna and Child by Duccio, Madonna by Sasseta• OIL PAINTING -painting with pigments that are bound with a medium of drying oil—especially linseed oil. Oil, such as linseed, was boiled with a resin. It had a glossy and varnish-like effect.• EXAMPLES: Mona Lisa by Da Vinci, The Rape of Europa by Titian
• MURAL PAINTING – involved blowing colored pigments through tubes onto the canvas or walls.• OTHER TECHNIQUES: Enamel, Encaustic, Gouache, Grisaille, Watercolor painting.
PAINTING MEDIADRY MEDIA• PENCIL – cheap, easily available, easy to work with and can be erased. Graphite pencils or lead pencils have probably made more drawings than any other medium.
• METALPOINT - A metal point drawing is made by dragging a metal stylus over the surface of a prepared paper, leaving a mark much like a graphite pencil. Many metals such as copper, brass, silver, gold and platinum can be used to create a metal point drawing, each having unique characteristics. For the paper to be receptive to the metal, it first must be coated with a primer, otherwise the metal will not transfer. Metal point drawings are labor intensive and require great patience .
• CHARCOAL – Dark, soft and harsh lines. They are burned sticks of wood . It is used greatly for sketches and portraits.
• CHALK AND CRAYON – The main difference between them is the BINDER ( the substance that holds the pigment together). Chalk have nonfat binders while crayons have greasy, fat and wax binders. Chalks blend well and can be overlaid.
• PASTEL - is a painting medium in the form of a stick, consisting of pure powdered pigment and a binder. Pastel painting is fragile and easily smudged, its preservation requires protective measures.
LIQUID MEDIA• PEN AND INK – Uses pens and ink to create uninterrupted lines. A major variable in ink drawings is the thickness or thinness of lines.
• BRUSH AND INK – When ink is diluted in water and applied with a brush, the result is called a WASH.
• ENCAUSTIC - also known as hot wax painting, involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added. The liquid/paste is then applied to a surface— usually prepared wood, though canvas and other materials are often used. Wax gives a clear luminous effect.
• Fresco - (plural frescos or frescoes) paint is executed upon freshly laid lime plaster. Water is used as the vehicle for the pigment and, with the setting of the plaster, the painting becomes an integral part of the wall.
• OIL - painting with pigments that are bound with a medium of drying oil— especially linseed oil. Use of oil started with 15th century Netherlandish painter Jan van Eyck. The presence of oil makes the painting shiny and varnished. It dries slowly.
• GOUACHE – also known as waterpaint, splash or bodycolor. Gouache is a water based paint consisting of pigment to be used in an opaque painting method. Gouache differs from watercolor in that the particles are larger, the ratio of pigment to water is much higher . This makes gouache heavier and more opaque, with greater reflective qualities.
• WATERCOLOR - paints are made of pigments suspended in a water soluble vehicle. The traditional and most common support for watercolor paintings is paper; other supports include papyrus, fabric, wood, and canvas.
SYNTHETIC MEDIA• WATER-BASED ACRYLICS – most popular synthetic paint introduced in 1950s. Quick-drying and intense colors.
• THINNED DOWN ACRYLICS – synthetic paints that are shot through airbrushes and spray paint containers.
With all those media of art presented, we hope you can choosewhat medium will be suited for your painting. CHOOSE NOW AND PAINT RULE, KATRINA JAN ALEXA BUGWAC, SHARA MAEH HUMANITIES 1 ( 1:30-2:30pm)
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