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Copyright

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    • 1. Copyright and Fair Use in the Digital Classroom © 2008 Tim Chase
    • 2. Right of Replication & Performance <ul><li>… the owner of copyright … has the exclusive rights to do and to authorize any of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) to reproduce the copyrighted work </li></ul><ul><li>(3) to distribute copies </li></ul><ul><li>(4) to perform the copyrighted work publicly </li></ul>http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html
    • 3. But if I Cite the Sources? <ul><li>“Some people mistakenly believe it's permissible to use a work (or portion of it) if an acknowledgment is provided. For example, they believe it's okay to use a photograph in a magazine as long as the name of the photographer is included. This is not true.” </li></ul>http://fairuse.stanford.edu/Copyright_and_Fair_Use_Overview/chapter9/9-b.html#2
    • 4. End of Story <ul><li>If Title 17 did not include a fair use clause, then “exclusive rights” would be the end of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>Not one bit of song, image, or movie could ever be copied and/or retained, and </li></ul><ul><li>Not one bit of song, image, or movie could be played or viewed publicly in the classroom without prior, written authorization. </li></ul>Not Quite!
    • 5. Fair Use <ul><li>the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction … for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. </li></ul>http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html
    • 6. Whew! <ul><li>That means we can replicate anything we want in any amount we want in the name of Educational Fair Use! </li></ul>Not Quite!
    • 7. Fair Use 4 Factors <ul><li>(1) the purpose … is for nonprofit educational purposes; </li></ul><ul><li>(2) the nature of the copyrighted work; </li></ul><ul><li>(3) the amount … of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; </li></ul><ul><li>(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. </li></ul>http://www.copyright.gov/title17/92chap1.html
    • 8. Fair Use 2 Factors (for Education) <ul><li>(1) the purpose … is for nonprofit educational purposes; </li></ul><ul><li>(2) the nature of the copyrighted work; </li></ul><ul><li>(3) the amount … of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; </li></ul><ul><li>(4) the effect of the use upon the potential market … value of the copyrighted work. </li></ul>http://fairuse.stanford.edu/Copyright_and_Fair_Use_Overview/index.html
    • 9. DMCA <ul><li>No person shall … descramble a scrambled work, decrypt an encrypted work, or otherwise avoid, bypass, remove, deactivate, or impair a technological measure, without the authority of the copyright owner </li></ul>http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode17/usc_sec_17_00001201----000-.html
    • 10. Fair Use vs. DMCA <ul><li>Other Rights, Etc., Not Affected. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Nothing in this section shall affect rights, … including fair use, under this title.” </li></ul><ul><li>DMCA’s anti-decryption provision is also subject to Educational Fair Use exemptions . </li></ul>http://www4.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode17/usc_sec_17_00001201----000-.html
    • 11. How Much Use is “Fair”? <ul><li>No laws govern Fair Use. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines do exist, though many insist from the outset that they are merely “rules of thumb” </li></ul><ul><li>CONFU Guidelines . . . failed. </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is no line. Don’t look for one.” </li></ul>http://www.utsystem.edu/OGC/intellectualProperty/confu.htm
    • 12. How Much Use is “Fair”? <ul><li>4.2.1 Motion Media: Up to 10% or 3 minutes (whichever is less) </li></ul><ul><li>4.2.3 Music, Lyrics, and Music Video: Up to 10%, or 30 seconds </li></ul><ul><li>4.2.4 Illustrations and Photographs: Up to 10% or 15 images </li></ul>http://www.utsystem.edu/ogc/intellectualproperty/ccmcguid.htm A Line! We must have a line!!
    • 13. Caution vs. Freedom <ul><li>Please be careful! </li></ul><ul><li>Please use digital media in your classroom! </li></ul><ul><li>You are personally liable! </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching without media is irresponsible! </li></ul><ul><li>Be wise. </li></ul>
    • 14. Be Cautious! <ul><li>Be wise. </li></ul>Be Free!
    • 15.  

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