01 1 sri how to for mao esj sri - treelizer training compilation 2012-10-29

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01 1 sri how to for mao esj sri - treelizer training compilation 2012-10-29

  1. 1. Compilation of World-wide Information from Various SRI Supporting Entities SRI Training for the Agriculture Technicians of Lubao, Pampanga, Philippines Training held on October 29, 2012 in Cooperation with Lubao Mayor Mylyn Pineda Cayabyab Lubao MAO Department Head: Ms. Maria David Yovel East R&D President: Mr. James Amparo Materials Preparation / Training Conducted by: Ed San Juan edsanjuan@gmail.com
  2. 2. LGU–MAO Key Performance Indicators (KPI) Parameter Measured, which if met, means success1.2.3.
  3. 3. NEED TO FOCUS ON AGRICULTURE Lubao: Basic Data 90%Lubao’s Land Area is in Agriculture • Total Land Area : 15,577 Ha. • Area Planted : 13,970 Ha • 2010 Population : 150,843
  4. 4. MUNICIPAL AGRICULTURE OFFICE (MAO) AN IMPORTANT DEPARTMENT THAT CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE IN THE LIVES OF THE PEOPLE OF LUBAO
  5. 5. This Seminar / Workshop is NOT ABOUT A JOB
  6. 6. IT IS ABOUT LIFE YOUR LIFE MY LIFEOUR FARMERS’ LIVES
  7. 7. Judgement Day
  8. 8. Parable of the Talents
  9. 9. Seminar / Workshop Objectives• Give LIFE and HOPE to our poor Farmers – Help them out of the vicious circle of poverty• Share SRI System for farmer dissemination – Doing more with less using eco-friendly methodologies – Farmer Poverty Alleviation – Food Security – Care of Mother Earth: Mitigate Global Warming• LGU leadership: Ensuring Proper Implementation of SRI
  10. 10. SSIAAnother name / acronym for SRI adopted in Mindanao
  11. 11. SRIIncrease in Productivity of Land, Water, Labor and Capital
  12. 12. Started in the 1960’s in Madagascar Scientists and Researches spread SRI world-wideSRI World-wide Coordinator Dr. Norman Uphoff, Cornell Univ. SRI Philippines Coordinator: Obet Verzola SRI-Pilipinas
  13. 13. SRI Introduced by Farmers in KenyaOn Fri, Oct 26, 2012 at 6:06 AM, <Mxie@worldbank.org> wrote:Dear Ed,Thanks for the email. I came back today from Mwea irrigation scheme,the largest in Kenya. It is where the first SRI was introduced in 2009by two brave farmers there after they saw our toolkit.Today , there are over 3000 SRI farmers there, plus more from other schemesacross the country. The scaling up was due to mainly farmer to farmer learning,supported by local govt and agr. universities. I was with SRI farmers the wholeday, getting from them update on the progress. Very encouraging.Good luck in your sri training.Mei
  14. 14. INDONESIAN PRESIDENT INSPIRATIONAL SPEECH ON SRI
  15. 15. System of RiceIntensification (SRI) On–Farm Trials in Eastern Visayas
  16. 16. Basic Information Implementing Agencies • LGU-OMA, Baybay, Leyte • LGU-OMA, Jaro, Alang-alang, Leyte • City Agricultural Service Office (CASO) - Ormoc City • RDI Leyte Incorporated - Ormoc City & Naval, Biliran • Office of the Provincial Agriculturist (OPA) - Leyte • OPA, Naval, Biliran Province • OPA, Borongan, Eastern Samar • Babatngon & San Jorge Seed Farms – Leyte & Samar • CASO, Maasin City- Southern Leyte Province • CASO, Calbayog City – Northern Samar • Biliran National Agricultural College, Biliran Province • MASIPAG- Valencia, Ormoc The System of Rice Intensification
  17. 17. Basic Information Cooperating/Funding Agencies • Association Liaison Office (ALO/USAID) • Cornell Institute for Food, Agriculture and Development (CIIFAD) – Cornell University, USA • Leyte State University, Visca, Baybay, Leyte • Visca Foundation for Agricultural Research and Development (VIFARD) • Visayas Consortium Agricultural Research Program (ViCARP) • Eastern Visayas Integrated Agricultural Research Center (EVIARC) • Rural Development Institute (RDI) Leyte, Incorporated – NGO • OPA, Leyte The System of Rice Intensification
  18. 18. Results of SRI on- Farm Trial Table 1. Computed Average Yield (t/ha) of SRI on-farm trials and non-SRI during the wet cropping season, June 2004-Sept. 2004, and December 2004-May 2005, under different locations in Eastern Visayas 2nd Cropping** Name of Farmer 1stCropping* Variety (Dec. 2004 – Cooperator & Location (July-October 2004) May 2005) Non-SRI SRI SRI (t/ha) (t/ha) (t/ha) PSB-RC 1. Angelina Cano 18 Baybay, Leyte 7.7 10.70 8.61 Mestizo 3 2. Benecia Okan M116 7.60 6.25 9.17 Ormoc City Bigante PSB- 3. Panfilo Ochea - - RC 18 Almeria, Biliran 10.50 14.0 12.0 NSIC 110 4. Edilberto Magallano Bigante 11.08 13.58 5.86 Marihilo,Maasin, Leyte The System of Rice Intensification
  19. 19. Results of SRI on- Farm continuation….. Name of Farmer Variety 1st Cropping* 2nd Cropping** Cooperator & Location (July-October 2004) (Dec. 2004 – May 2005) Non-SRI SRI SRI (t/ha) (t/ha) (t/ha) 5. Dario Pilapil PSB RC-80 Labrador, Ormoc 5.66 6.37 6.62 City 6. Juanito Poliquit RC-98 Patag, Baybay, Mestizo 3 4.75 6.25 7.33 Leyte - - 7 .Guadalupe Mesario Mestizo Biasong, Baybay, 116 7.60 8.30 9.0 Leyte Bigante Average 7.84 or 9.35 or 8.32 or 189.12 178.21 212.5 cav/ha cav/ha cav/ha * Wet Season ** Dry Season The System of Rice Intensification
  20. 20. Results of SRI on- Farm Trial Table 2. Computed Average Yield (t/ha) of SRI ‘spill-over adaptors’ during the dry cropping season, Dec.2004-May 2005, in Eastern Visayas Name of Farmer Variety Area (ha) Previous Non- SRI Co-operators and Location SRI Yield Yield (t/ha) (t/ha) 1. Ruperto Abreu Bigante 0.20 5.72 9.0 Maganhan, Baybay, Leyte 2. Policarpio Mabute SL-8H 0.06 2.64 4.23 Roxax V Quenco District, Calbayog City, Samar 3. Pancracio Petilos Mestizo 0.38 2.64 6.44 Biliran, Biliran 3 4. Saturno Andrin RC-82 0.10 6.0 8.5 Labrador, Ormoc City The System of Rice Intensification
  21. 21. Lubao or any town of Pampanga is not in the SRI Map of Success Stories. LUBAO SHOULD TAKE THE LEAD Advocacy • Alleviate the under-privileged from poverty • Food security for our country • Care of Mother Earth for the next generation YOU ARE IN A BETTER POSITION TO HELPLEAD AND GET INVOLVED: FOR BENEFIT OF YOUR CABALEN
  22. 22. SRI – PILIPINAS NEEDS HELP TODISSEMINATE THE SRI SYSTEM
  23. 23. Spread / Spray Organic Fertilizer
  24. 24. Mark the field with Grids using a Rake X Field is too wet for planting
  25. 25. WIDER WIDER SPACING SHORTER PHYLLOCHRON SPACING SHORTENS THE PHYLLOCHRONUPLB Study on SRI and Phyllochron by Ma. Lourdes S. Edano
  26. 26. Create ditches: helps intermittent irrigation and drying of soil
  27. 27. Ditches will help in draining water when SRI plot is beside a Non-SRI plot
  28. 28. Use of Certified SeedsHow can you determine Healthy Seeds? Select Good Seeds = Higher Harvest
  29. 29. How to Choose Healthy Seeds
  30. 30. Good Seeds Sink at Bottom Bad Seeds Float: Throw away
  31. 31. SRI System in Common SeedbedPlastic Sheet layered seedbed to limit root depth
  32. 32. SRI System in Common Seedbed How much seeds should we put in the seedbed?Spread 5 kg to 8 kg / hectare of good seeds on the Seedbed
  33. 33. Common Seedbed Method: SRI SystemAfter 2 days, apply fertilizer. Apply insecticide if needed
  34. 34. SRI System in Common Seedbed
  35. 35. Recommended SRI Seedbed Method “Dapog System: Easier, Less Labor. Can be done at homeFamily members can help: No cost for pulling out seedlings No need to prepare field seedbed and redo land prep
  36. 36. Seedling Media Preparation
  37. 37. COMMON METHOD: 20 to 30 days seedlings HOW DOES SRI DIFFER FROM THE COMMON METHOD?Common Rationale: To reduce mortality rate???
  38. 38. Seedlings Transplanted before third leaf sproutsSRI Method: 8 to 12 days depending on variety
  39. 39. After Transplanting, Rice Plant needs 5 to 7 days to recoverIf transplanted after 30 days, plants have only 8 to 10 days leftSRI: 10 days Transplant - Plants have 30 days to produce tillers
  40. 40. SHORTER SEEDLING AGE = MORE PRODUCTIVE TILLERS
  41. 41. Innovative Transplanting: Plant Young Seedlings
  42. 42. COMMON METHOD: Hours before transplanting COMMON METHOD At times roots cleaned to take out soil
  43. 43. COMMON METHOD: Hours before transplanting HOW DOES SRI DIFFER FROM THE COMMON METHOD? At times roots cleaned to take out soil
  44. 44. Innovative Transplanting:Less than 30 Minutes from uprooting to transplanting Reduces plant stress and mortality rate Plants will grow faster
  45. 45. What do you notice in the SRI MethodSeedling uprooted in the field for immediate planting – Minimal Stress Seeling uprooted with soil – Minimal Stress
  46. 46. Plant one seedling at each intersection 80% to 90% Seed Cost Reduction
  47. 47. Don’t Push Seedlings in from above Slows down growth
  48. 48. Transplanting Younger Seedlings
  49. 49. Start with a 25 cm by 25 cm Spacing
  50. 50. Fertile soil, spacing of 30 cm to 40 cm can increase yield
  51. 51. WIDER WIDER SPACING SHORTER PHYLLOCHRON SPACING SHORTENS THE PHYLLOCHRONUPLB Study on SRI and Phyllochron by Ma. Lourdes S. Edano
  52. 52. With wide spacing, plants get a lot of sunlight and air Allows roots and tillers to grow profusely
  53. 53. Begin the cycle 10 days after transplantingModify the cycle based on the plant and soil condition
  54. 54. Keep the soil moist but not saturated Allow air into the soil for root and soil organism growthShift to continuous irrigation when panicle starts to appear Keep 1 cm to 2 cm of water in the field
  55. 55. Stop irrigation 1 week to 2 weeks before harvest For the soil to dryTo allow the plant to transfer nutrients into the grain
  56. 56. With intermittent irrigationRoots grow deeper and plants grow larger and healthier More resistant to drought
  57. 57. SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR INTERMITTENT IRRIGATION AND FERTILIZERS THEIR EFFECT ON PLANTS AND OUR ENVIRONMENT
  58. 58. Ram Pump Operates without Fuel or Electricity
  59. 59. Ram Pump In Action
  60. 60. Weeds decomposed to feed plants Wee 10 – 12 days after transplanting Repeat 2 – 3 times every 10 – 12 daysSoil aeration with rotary weeding can add 1 to 2 tons / ha.
  61. 61. NGO’s trains for farmers on how produce organic fertiliers
  62. 62. IRRI Study on Organic Fertilizer
  63. 63. IRRI Study on Organic Fertilizer
  64. 64. IRRI Study on Organic Fertilizer?
  65. 65. IRRI Study on Organic Fertilizer My personal opinion: SHOULD BEUse chemical fertilizer to complement organic fertilizer only if necessary
  66. 66. Treelizer Organic Fertilizer Effect on Plants in the verge of dying after being submerged in Floods NO Chemical Fertilizer Used To Restor Plant Health• Plants recovered and grew healthy – San Pedro Palcarangan, Lubao • Honorable “Judge” Morales – Harvest - Before: 46.5 Cavans, After: 49 Cavans – Weight of 1 Full Sack - Before: 53.5 Kilos, After: 57 Kilos • Mario Bagang – Harvest - Before: 50 Cavans, After: 56 Cavans – Weight of 1 Full Sack - Before: 49 Kilos, After: 55.5 Kilos • Ernesto Manalang – Sought help for his dying rice plant, applied Treelizer, plants now growing healthy – Have not harvested to-date – San Pablo I, Lubao • Norma Morales: Wanted to stop using her chemical fertilizer after using Treelizer • Virginia Baluyut: Plant flourished after Treelizer, while other adjacent plants died – San Antonio, Floridablanca • Ernesto Laxamana: reported a 23% yield increase from 17 cavans to 21 cavans• Tungro Infestation – San Pedro, Floridablanca • Maximo Manalac: Reported Tungro affected only the sides of his plot while the adjacent plots were totally affected. Plants became disease-resistant with Treelizer by making it healthy.
  67. 67. TREELIZER Reduces Greenhouse Gases• Micro-nutrient from Plants No decomposition of Organic matter - no methane emission• Reduces the use Chemical Fertilizers by 50%• Reduces Chemical Fertilizers by 1 bag / season• Until the farm no longer needs chemical fertilizers
  68. 68. Note: Because FPA doesnot have a classification for a liquid soil conditioner / foliar, the company was forced to choose one classification to expeditethe issuance this certificate
  69. 69. TREELIZER Reduces Greenhouse Gases• Micro-nutrient No decomposition of Organic matter - no methane emission• Reduces the use Chemical Fertilizers by 50%• Reduces Chemical Fertilizers by 1 bag / season• Until the farm no longer needs chemical fertilizers
  70. 70. ORGANIC TREELIZER► With proper application, performs ThREE Functions:  Soil conditioner: balances Soil pH  Promotes Growth: plant and roots  Helps the plant become insect, pest, and disease resistant► Benefits:  Reduced farm input cost  Increased farm yield  Increase of grain weight  In some cases, reduced harvest time.  Versatile: Applicable to rice, corn, veggie, root & ornamental plants
  71. 71. VERY ECONOMICAL / EASY TO USEOnly 1 liter is used for 1 plantingseason – from seed soaking, landprep, plant care up to harvestTreelizer to Water Mix Ratio: Land Prep: 1:160 Plant Care: 1:1067Cost of Treelizer Is more than offsetby the savings from chemicalfertilizersTreelizer nutrients is absorbed by theplant in less than 10 sec: no need forsticker when applied to plants:
  72. 72. Plants absorb TREELIZER micro-nutrients in less than 10 seconds.
  73. 73. WITH NOTREELIZER TREELIZER
  74. 74. Treelizer President: James Amparo
  75. 75. OBSERVE STALK SIZE
  76. 76. Squash
  77. 77. Tomato
  78. 78. Green Leafy Vegetable called“Petchay” in the vernacular
  79. 79. (Small Green Beans) NO WITH TREELIZERTREELIZER
  80. 80. Sitaw (String Beans ) Harvest Time Before: Every 3 daysIncreased Size and Production of With TREELIZER: Everyday Chili Pepper Chili Pepper Harvest time reduced from 50-60 days to just 40 days
  81. 81. Island Rose, Tagaytay, Cavite, PhilippinesMost Modern Commercial Rose Plantation According to its Agriculturist, Engr. Francis Librando: With Treelizer, rose stems grew longer and Rose production increased.
  82. 82. Resistance to changing practices and customs
  83. 83. Farmer: “To See is to Believe” make Demo-Farms Necessary
  84. 84. Training and Effective Information Dissemination is Critical
  85. 85. Good DrainageImportant SRI Element: Good on-farm water management Delivery of Water When Needed Controlled Water Intake Coordination with NIA crtical
  86. 86. Constraints: Farmers at the mercy of Planters SRI Dapog System: Easier, can be done at homeFamily members can help, reduces out-of-pocket labor cost Eliminates payment for pulling out seedlings from the field No need to repeat land preparation for field seedbed
  87. 87. Constraints: Farmers at the mercy of Planters Farmers’ fear: being strict will force planters to leave Organize family members: “bayanihan” Less seedling to plant means lesser labor cost
  88. 88. SRIPresents a New Window of Opportunity Alleviate Farmers from Poverty Food Security Increase Irrigation Water Availability Reduction of Greenhouse Gases
  89. 89. NEXT STEPS: Agricultural-Technicians• Organize SRI Model Farms: Select farmers who are willing - – To try new ways to improve their yields – Industrious farmers• Set aside other farmers for the meantime – “To see is to believe” attitude – Industrious but unwilling to change his ways – Lazy out of frustration, don’t give up on them – They will catch up if they see a future after seeing SRI results• Forget the lazy ones without reason, not worth our effort
  90. 90. NEXT STEPS• Conduct SRI Training in four (4) batches of 20 participants each: – Nov 5: 8am to 12pm – Nov 5: 1pm to 5pm – Nov 6 : 8am to 12pm – Nov 6: 1pm to 5pm• MAO / Agri-Techs to assign farmers to a batch• Invite Irrigation Coordinators of barangays to attend SRI Training Sessions
  91. 91. NEXT STEPS: Agricultural-Technicians• Prepare a Project Schedule• Organize 1 or 2 demo-farms in each bgy: One plot/pitak is enough• Train and Guide farmer in SRI• Assist farmer in the field and monitor progress• Record results• Present results to the MAO – Problems / Issues / Solutions – Farm yield, production cost and farm income – Outstanding loans / interest on loans – Family size and dependents
  92. 92. NEXT STEPS: Municipal Agriculture Officer• Reviews and approves Agri-techs’ Schedule• Coordinate with and seek assistance from NIA• Assist Agri-techs in developing solutions to issues• Conduct weekly progress reports with Agri-techs• Conducts field visits and interview farmers• Reports monthly to the Mayor – Problems / Issues Encountered – Solutions implemented – Farm yields, production cost and net income
  93. 93. Thank you for your kind attention May we succeed to helping ourpoor farmers out of poverty for the Greater Glory of God Amen

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