Culture in Indonesia
Alexander Kevin Tanaka - Andika Prasetyo - Arya Saca - David - Edbert Prathama -
Hernando Borosi - Leonardo Michael
Mongoloid Race from mainland China South China (South) that is called Yunan. They come and
spread from mainland China South to Southeast Asia. Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Filifina,
Malaysia and Indonesia.
These people spread out in two periods. The first period will be done by the nation that is called
Paleo Mongoloid. While the second period will be done by the Neo Mongoloid.
Evidence that there is a Mongoloid race that emerged in Indonesia can be seen from various cultures
found mainly in Central Sulawesi.
In addition the results culture in the form an ax square and axs oval that is left in a few the territory
of our State, Mongoloid race culture also left Toala. Cultural Toala came from South Sulawesi. These
Cultural left various asian arrow that is very specific forms.
It is found in jagged end of the 19th century, together with the characteristics of a race Veddoid.
Asian arrows from Toala appeared in 8,000 years ago. It was made in Maros was similar to the arrow
Indian North, only one side jagged and used to hunt.
Cultural Mongoloid that emerged in the area Central Sulawesi has shown how foreign culture that
receive the influence of cultural Mongoloid, Indonesian people also receive the effects of other
cultures especially in the South-East Asia. Cultural was also influence wide and leaving in a cultural
heritage and unphisical hindrance.
Early History of Culture Bacson-Hoabinh
Origin : India
Bacson-Hoabinh term was first used by French archaeologist
Madeleine Colani named in the 1920s.
Culture Bacson-Hoabinh thought to originate from the 10,000
BC-4000 BC, about 7000 years BC.
This culture takes place in the Holocene epoch.
Characteristic of stone tools culture Bacson-Hoabinh is
flakiness on one or two sides of the stone surface ± 1 times the
size of a fist, and often the whole into parts sharp edges.
Culture Bacson-Hoabinh is thought to have evolved in the
Mesolithic era. Mesolithic era cultural center in Asia was in two
places, namely in Bacson and the Hoabinh. Both places are
located in the region of Tonkin in Indochina (Vietnam). It is
used to show where the manufacture of stone tools typical to
characterize trimmed on one or two sides of the surface.
Spreading Culture Bacson-Hoabinh to Indonesia
The spread of culture in conjunction with Hoabinh Bacson-
displacement race melanesoid Papua into Indonesia
through the western and eastern roads.
They come in the archipelago by boat bercadik and live in
the east coast of Sumatra and Java.
Eventually, they withdrew to the region of Eastern
Indonesia and known as the Papuan race is in progress at
the time the Mesolithic culture that advocates the Mesolithic
culture is Papua melanesoid.
Papuan race is alive and living in caves (abris sous roche)
and left the hills shells or kitchen waste
(kjokkenmoddinger). Race to the Archipelago of Papua
melanesoid the Holocene era.
Relics of Bacson-Hoabinh Culture
Handheld ax found in the shells
of the hill is called the pebble or
ax Sumatra (Sumatralith)
according to the location of its
discovery is on the island of
Ingredients to make the ax
comes from the stone being
broken down. Besides pebble
found in kjokkenmoddinger ax
also found similar but shorter
shape (half circle) called Hache
Courte or hatchets. This ax to
grasp how to use it.
Around the area and
Sidorejo Nganding near
Ngawi, Madiun (East
Java) found hand-held
axes and tools of bone
and horn. The tools of
the bone shape is nothing
like a dagger and a
serrated cutting edge on
its side. The function is to
scrape yam and taro
from the soil, as well as
Axes of Bone and Horn
Tool in the form of small flakes of
stone tool called flakes or flakes
tool. Flakes in addition to the
usual stone also made of
beautifully colored stones like
calsedon. Flakes has a function as
a tool for skinning animals prey,
slicing meat, or cutting the
tubers. So it functions like a knife
in the present. Besides
discovered in Sangiran flakes
found in other areas such as
Pacitan, Gombong, Parigi,
Jampang Kulon, Ngandong
(Java), Lahat (Sumatra),
Batturing (Sumbawa), Cabbenge
(Sulawesi), Wangka, Soa,
Kjokkenmoddinger is garbage hills
shells with a diameter of up to 100
meters with a depth of 10 meters.
The relics found in Sumatra. The
scallop layer interspersed with soil
and ash. Place the scallops on a hill
discovery area with a height that is
almost equal to the present sea
level and at the regional Holocene
epoch is a coastline.
However, there are few places in
the present invention have been
under sea level. However, most of
the places the discovery of stone
tools along the coast has been
buried under the soil sediment, as
a result of the deposition process
that lasted several new
The Effect of Culture on the Hoabinh Bacson-
The main effect of culture on the development of culture
Hoabihn early Indonesian archipelago is associated with the
tradition of making stone tools.
Preparation of human life fittings made of stone. Stone used
for tools generally come from river gravel stones. The stone
tools have done a thorough flakiness technique on one or
two sides of the stone. The results indicate the diversity of
flakiness. There are oval, rectangle, triangle, and some of
them have shaped waist.
In terms of economy, culture supporter Hoabihn more
emphasis on hunting and gathering activities in the area
around the beach.
Early history of the Dong Son Culture
Origin : Vietnam
Dong Son culture is a Bronze Age culture that flourished in the
Valley of Song Hong, Vietnam. Culture is also grown in
Southeast Asia, including in Indonesia, from about 1000 BC to
Dong Son culture originated from Austronesian cultural
evolution. Itself has its genesis is searching Yue-tche is a nation
that is a barbaric people who appear in the southwest of China
around the 8th century BC.
Rapidly growing Chinese influence also affect the first Dong
Son culture over the colonial expansion of China that started
down to the borders of Tonkin.
That's the main source of art Dongson growing up who won
the Han Dynasty occupation of Tonkin in the year 111 BC.
Dong Son bronze culture is a culture that is in Southeast Asia.
Development of the Dong Son culture to Indonesia
The discovery of the objects of the Dong Son culture is very
important because metal objects found in Indonesia are
generally patterned Dong Son, and not influenced by the
culture of India and China metal.
Dong Son culture has very large influence on the
development of bronze culture in Indonesia. In fact no less
than 56 nekara have been found in several parts of
Indonesia and most nekara found in Sumatra, Java, South
From the discovery of objects Dong Son culture, it is known
how to make a print using the lost wax technique is to
create shapes from wax, then wax it in the dressing with
clay and burned until there is a hole in the clay.
Arts Culture Dongson
It is apparent from the artifacts of daily life or
equipment is very complicated rituals. Bronze is the
material of choice. Objects such as ax with sheath, the
tip of the spear, dagger, plowshares, three-legged strut
to form a rich and beautiful.
The household pottery and vases, scales and eyes
spinning head, jewelry including bracelets of bones
and shells, beads of glass and others.
Religion and Belief Dong Son culture
From the motifs found in nekara often touted as nekara rain, displayed
shamans or shamans-shaman who sometimes masquerades as a
horned animal, shows the influence of China or more away society
influence the steppe region. If the shape is symbolized as hunting, then
there is another symbol showed agricultural activities that
mataharidan frog (symbol of water). Actually, this nekara itself is
associated with the agricultural cycle. By relying on the influence of
the magic, it sounded nekara lightning to cause noise associated with
the arrival of rain.
In nekara, which are often stored in the tomb visible motive boat filled
with people who dressed and hooded feathers. It may describe the
ghost of a dead man who sailed to heaven that lies somewhere in the
east horizon vast ocean. In ancient societies, life is often equated with
birds and maybe since that period until now still do the shaman
during the Dong Son culture which is disguised as pastors bird that
can fly to the kingdom of the dead to obtain knowledge about the
Relics of the Dong Son Culture
Nekara are objects made of bronze
shaped like a cormorant that is
prone or some sort kerumbung
waisted in its central part and the
top closed. On the wall there nekar
berrbagai decoration, such as lines
and crooked lurusa, gyre-gyre,
stars, home, boat, and painting
scenes such as the hunting and the
people who are doing the dance
ceremony. Nekara bronze found in
many Bali, island of Sumba Sengean
close, Selayar Island, Sumatra,
Bread, Leti, Alor (East Nusa
Tebggara), and Kei Islands.
According to research nekara only
used during ritual ceremonies.
Bronze vessel shaped like a
pot but Slim and Gepeng.
Vessel found in Kerinci (West
Sumatra) and Madura. Both
have similar ornately carved
and very beautiful form of
geometry images and gyre-
gyre like the letter "j". The
vessel could be found in
Madura there are also images
of peacocks and deer in
Triangle Box. Not known for
certain functions of this object.
Form of statues
describe such people are
dancing, riding a horse,
holding a bow and arrow.
Areas where the
discovery of such statues
in the area Bangkina
(Riau), Lumajang, Bogor
Shoes ax or funnel ax is made
of bronze that its funnel-
shaped top. Ax ax mouthpiece
also called shoe as part of its
funnel shape is used to place a
wooden rod that looks like a
rectangle shape of the foot.
Funnel ax found in South
Sumatra, Java, Bali, Central
Sulawesi, South Sulawesi,
Selayar Island, and the area
around Lake Sentani, Papua.
Bronze jewelry, among
others, shaped bracelets,
necklaces, earrings, and
cinin. In general, these
jewelry items are not
ornate carvings. Found
many relics, among others
in Anyer (Banten),
Plawangan near Central
Java Gilimanuk (Bali), and
Culture Bacson-Hoabinh Dongson
Definition Stone culture which made
Bronze culture which made
Materials Fist-sized stones Metal Materials (Generally
copper, iron and bronze)
Origin India Vietnam
Period 10.000 BC – 4.000 BC 1.000 BC – 1 BC
Tools Function Household appliance:
For animal skinning, slicing
meat, and peel and cut tuber
Stone grave, for people who
As a means of supporting
human life. Tool Dong Son
culture results can be used for
household appliances, as tools
for hunting and breeding or
· As a tool for the needs of
ceremony / ritual
· For jewelry
· As a means to demonstrate
The term Bacson-Hoabinh first used in the 1920s by a French
archaeologist Madeleine Colani named.
Culture Bacson-Hoabinh were in two places, namely in the
Mountains Rising Dragon Bacson and in both there is a place
name in the Tonkin Indochina (Vietnam). The culture that
evolved during the Holocene in the Mesolithic era.
Characteristic of stone tools culture Bacson-Hoabinh is flakiness
on one or two sides of the stone surface ± 1 times the size of a
fist, and often the whole into parts sharp edges.
The spread of culture Bacson-Hoabinh to Indonesia along with
the displacement race melanesoid to Indonesian Papua. In
The tools of cultural heritage in the form of Hoabinh Bacson-
cell axes, ax of bone and horn, flakes and kjokkenmoddinger.
Dong Son culture was first developed in the Song Hong
Basin or the Ma River, Vietnam.
It is estimated that this culture took place in 1500 BC-500
BC. Dong Son culture grown in Southeast Asia, including
in Indonesia, from about 1000 BC to 1 BC.
Dong Son is the first time the center of bronze culture in
Southeast Asia. Stylish bronze Dong Son culture is
widespread in Southeast Asia and the Indonesian
archipelago. This is evident from the similarity of
decorative motifs and materials he used.
The tools of cultural heritage in the form of nekara
Dongsong, bronze vessels, bronze statues, axes funnel,
and bronze jewelry.