Summery - X - Striving for better Environment Part II


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Summery - X - Striving for better Environment Part II

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Summery - X - Striving for better Environment Part II

  1. 1. Striving For Better Environment Part – II Eco-efficiency can be achieved by 1. Use of alternative raw material 2. Shifting to renewable sources of energy ∙ Bagasse ∙ Ethanol 3. Technology that reduces pollution 4. Reusing and recycling waste Advantages of recycling are a. It conserves energy and raw materials. b. It saves space used in landfills. c. It protects environment by effective handling of waste materials. d. It reduces the cost of production.
  2. 2. 5. Durable goods ∙ Sustainable use of Resources The world today is talking about the development in industry, infrastructure, medicines, housing, etc. True development is one in which we achieve growth and rise in the standards of living without harming our environment. So the development and environment conservation should go hand in hand to achieve sustainable development. Sustainable use of resources is possible at all level i.e. at individual level, village as well as international level.
  3. 3. ∙ At individual level all of us can control usage of resources like – ∙ Objectives of sustainable development are – 1. Reduce pollution by using eco-friendly technology 2. Restrain the use of natural resources to ensure availability for the future generation. 3. Protection of environment 4. Social equality in accessing resources. 5. Continuous economic growth. To achieve the objectives of sustainable development, we should follow some simple steps.
  4. 4. ∙ Conservation of energy ∙ Conservation of water ∙ Conservation of Biological Resources ∙ Reduction in pollution ∙ Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle approach ∙ Population Control ∙ Consumerism ∙ Decision Making ∙ Enforcement of Acts, Laws and Policies The first conference on Human Environment (UNCHE) was held in Stockholm, Sweden from 5th June to 16th June 1972.
  5. 5. In this conference, an organization called United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was launched. India has environmental a rich protection tradition of since the Vedic period. People used to worship Sun, Moon, Agni, Vayu, some animals and trees. But population pressures, rapid industrialization and indiscriminate use of forests for fuel, power generation and irrigation resulted in large scale degradation of environment. India is the first country in the world that has Provided constitutional provisions for the protection and preservation of the environment.
  6. 6. Some specific provisions environmental protections in constitutional are. for our ∙ Directive Principles of State Policy - ∙ Fundamental Duties – ∙ Enforcement by Legislations – ∙ The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974 The Water Act defined water pollution and water quality standards. It prescribes penalties to the offenders. ∙ The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act was enacted by the
  7. 7. Parliament in 1981 for the control of air pollution and preservation of quality of air. The Environment (Protection) Act 1986 The Environment (Protection) Act 1986 came into force soon after the Bhopal Gas tragedy. Thereafter which a large number of laws came into existence as the problems began arising. Hazardous Waste (Handing and Silence zone Management) Rules, 1989 In order to manage hazardous waste, mainly solids, semi-solids and other industrial
  8. 8. wastes which are not covered by the Water and Air Acts. Ministry of Environment and forests, Government of India notified the Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules on July 28, 1989. The Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) Rules 2000 The increasing ambient noise levels in public places from various sources, industrial activity, construction activity, generator sets, loud speakers, public address systems, music systems, vehicular horns and other mechanical devices have serious effect on human health and the psychological well being of the people. Silence Zones –
  9. 9. A silence zone is defined by competent authorities as an area comparing not less than 100 meters around hospitals, educational institutions and courts. Consequences of any violation in silence zone – Whoever commits any of the following in the silence zones, shall be liable to be panelized under the provisions of the act. Bio-medical waste (management and Handling) Rules, 1998 Biomedical waste, if not handled properly is a potent source of diseases like AIDS, TB, Hepatitis and other bacterial disease causing serious threat to human health.
  10. 10. Therefore this waste needs prime attention for its safe and proper disposal. So the Government of India published Biomedical waste (Management and Handling) Rules on July 27, 1998 E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules 2011 The E-waste rules are applicable to all producers and consumers who manufacture, purchase, process, mobile phones, TVs, ACs, washing machines, etc. This rule came into effect in May 2011 and specifies that it is the responsibility of the producers and manufactures of electrical and electronic goods. The environment is a key subject that affects us all. Protection of the environment and
  11. 11. the move towards sustainable development remains a responsibility that must be shared between the public, governments and the private sector. Biological resources means plants, animals and microorganisms. The reasons for depletion of biological resources are: i. Population explosion To meet the increasing demands of growing population, there is a pressure on land for agricultural purposes. ii. Industrialization Increasing industries bring more land under settlements, roads and allied infrastructure. This causes environmental degradation. iii. Urbanization
  12. 12. Forests are cut down for urbanization. It should be the duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures. For more information visit or call 9011031155/9011041155