InglêS Instrumental BáSico
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  • 1. Inglês Instrumental básico Passado Simples Rosa Sarmento
  • 2. Passado Simples
    • Uso
    • Fala de uma ação que já ocorreu, ou seja, algo finalizado, acabado.
    • We worked last night.
    • (Nós trabalhamos noite passado.)
  • 3. Forma 1
    • O passado simples tem a seguinte forma:
    • Verbos Regulares: são aqueles que preservam a forma do infinitivo apenas com o acréscimo do sufixo -ed no final:
    • work work ed
    • play play ed
  • 4. Forma 2
    • Existem alguns verbos que não seguem a regra anterior, são o verbos irregulares, pois a sua forma sofre ou não alguma alteração no passado:
    • be was / were
    • have had
    • do did
  • 5. Forma 3
    • Tanto os verbos regulares quanto irregulares usam o auxiliar did , na forma negativa e interrogativa para todas a pessoas:
    • The car stopped at the traffic light.
    • The car did not stop at the traffic light.
    • I worked yesterday.
    • Did you work yesterday?
    • Apenas o verbo to be não usa auxiliar:
    • I was at home last night.
    • I was not at home last night.
    • You were at school yesterday.
    • Were you at school yesterday?
  • 6. Particípios
    • Temos dois tipos de particípios em Inglês, os dos verbos regulares e o dos verbos irregulares;
    • O particípio dos verbos regulares é simples é a mesma forma do passado:
    • I repaired my computer last week. (passado)
    • I have repaired my computer.
  • 7. Forma Negativa e Interrogativa
    • Na forma negativa no presente perfeito, apenas acrescentamos o not depois do verbo auxiliar:
    • He has worked with this kind of program before. (Afirmativo)
    • He has not worked with this kind of program before.
    • Já na forma Interrogativa, invertemos o verbo auxiliar com o sujeito para formular perguntas:
    • I have printed the document. (Afirmativo)
    • Have you printed the document?
  • 8. Exercício
    • Complete as frases usando os verbos no passado simples ou no presente perfeito:
    • I ___________________ (not do) my test yet.
    • The program _______________ (detect) the errors last Tuesday.
    • Mike _____________ (read) a book about computer yesterday.
    • You _____________ (do) the homework.
    • I _____________ (finish) my work today.
    • ENIAC _____________ (be) the first computer system.
    • The students _____________ (study) C language last semester.
  • 9.
      • Agora passe as frases abaixo para a forma Negativa:
      • Lúcia played video games with Beto yesterday.
      • Microsoft released a new Widows version last year.
      • The children used the computer by themselves last night.
      • Mauro learned English at school.
      • We have studied Spanish yet.