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  • Good morning class, we are from j.ed.ka ( pronouced as Jedkah) and we are going to present to you our findings, and analyze it after sitting in a lecture without getting much attention from students and lecturer. We will then present some suggested solutions to some problems we observed.
  • Jaysen Edmund Kate Nm4210slides

    1. 1. Improving Learning Experience in Lecture Theaters <ul><li>NM4210 Assignment 3: Emotion Design Probe </li></ul>j.ed.ka Presented by: Edmund Lim, U061176X Kate Chieh, U040965J Jaysen Pang, U057031Y
    2. 2. Methodology and Framework <ul><li>Ethnography method were used to experience what students are going through during a lecture. </li></ul><ul><li>Interviews with lecturer and a couple of students were carry out using 6 sense-making process and 4 threads of experience </li></ul><ul><li>4-pleasure Analysis of students on the experience were included too </li></ul><ul><li>Study Lecture : GEK2020, Introduction to Film Art </li></ul>j.ed.ka
    3. 3. Observations j.ed.ka <ul><li>Time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every Monday at 2-4pm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4pm-6pm screening of films </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After lunch hours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Held in LT12 (capacity: 150) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 exit/entrance doors at 4 corners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resembles a mini cinema setting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LT12 located beside Coffee Club Express. </li></ul></ul>Influencers Front view of the inside of LT12
    4. 4. Observations j.ed.ka <ul><li>Environment/Situational Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilities of theater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chairs with cushion and a swivel table. Big enough for A4 size papers and stationeries. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theater is quite well furbished, sound proof, cool colors of green and light brown were used. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leg area in between rows of chairs is relatively small, those who are tall tend to feel a little discomfort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One might hit someone’s knee when laid back </li></ul></ul></ul>Influencers
    5. 5. Observations j.ed.ka <ul><li>Environment/Situational Factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theater is brightly lit, enough light for reading and writing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lights were dimmed before video playing even for a short while </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seems to be cold for most students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jacket is common among students </li></ul></ul></ul>Influencers
    6. 6. Observations j.ed.ka <ul><li>Lecturer (Dr Gilbert Yeoh, Associate Professor) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Male, probably in his 30s, glasses, shirt (sleeves folded) and pants, presentable looking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Friendly attitude, not stern looking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaks clearly, not firmly, with sincerity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses snapshots from films as examples for his points, dim lights when necessary </li></ul></ul>Influencers
    7. 7. Observations j.ed.ka <ul><li>Lecturer (Dr Gilbert Yeoh) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reiteration of points with film repeatedly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poses questions to crowd and he answer questions promptly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tend to repeat “er.. erm” continuously throughout the class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave 10mins of break after almost an hour of lecture </li></ul></ul>Influencers
    8. 8. j.ed.ka <ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dressed in casual clothing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brought in food and drinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some tend to come late from front and back doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some students have to sit on the stairs </li></ul></ul>Drinks and Food in Theater Observations Influencers Student sitting on the stairs
    9. 9. j.ed.ka <ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front row students seems to pay more attention to the lecturer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students behind tend to be distracted often; dozing off, chatting, checking phones, emails </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapter wires were seen laying on the floor at the back and on the stairs. </li></ul></ul>Students at the back dozing off Observations Influencers
    10. 10. j.ed.ka <ul><li>Students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students sitting at the back of the last row of seats, chatting and eating and drinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Silence when lecturer poses a question, respond mainly from the front rows. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occasionally, students laugh at lecturer’s jokes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need few minutes to settle down at the start and break of the lecture </li></ul></ul>Observations Influencers Students sitting behind, having a ‘picnic’
    11. 11. j.ed.ka Observations Influencers <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slides were pretty simple, no background image, black colour font, serif type. Use red colour to emphasize certain words. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microphone were used but voice is clear and loud enough even without the use of microphone </li></ul></ul>Power Point slide
    12. 12. j.ed.ka Observations Influencers <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use DVD player for film showing, have to change disc during lecture and seek to wanted scene </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible dimming of lights; front or back lights, even the brightness of the lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projector screen is sharp and big enough for all to see </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Interviews with students <ul><li>Anticipating (Before) </li></ul><ul><li>Respondent1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Especially adventurous and creative since multimedia elements are used </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer to be young and enthusiastic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respondent 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expected the use of films in showcasing knowledge </li></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    14. 14. Interviews with students <ul><li>Anticipating (During) </li></ul><ul><li>Respondent 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surprised that there was so much to learn about films (expected more from the films shown) </li></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    15. 15. Interviews with students <ul><li>Connecting and Interpreting </li></ul><ul><li>Respondent 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slides were a little boring and full of information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of pictures in slides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer is knowledgeable but not what he expected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Respondent 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sees the lecturer as competent and “cute” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power point slides are not eye catching which explain why some students fall asleep during lecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature is cold </li></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    16. 16. Interviews with students <ul><li>Reflecting </li></ul><ul><li>Respondent 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Likes the way films are shown in the lecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, the showing of films might give the impression that the course can be taken lightly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temperature should be set higher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More breaks as lecture is 4 hours long (including 2 hours of movie screening) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should change venue for the two hours of film screening as seats get uncomfortable after a while </li></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    17. 17. Interviews with students <ul><ul><li>Respondent 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Films have highlighted concepts that might be missed out unconsciously </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No con in showing films at all </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recounting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both respondents are satisfied with the lecture and would recommend it to their friends </li></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    18. 18. j.ed.ka
    19. 19. <ul><li>Physio Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Chairs are not comfortable for the 4 hours lecture (Need) </li></ul><ul><li>Air-con is too cold (Appreciation) </li></ul><ul><li>Psycho Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge drawn from films (Need) </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture presentation by lecturer (Appreciation) </li></ul>Four Pleasures of Student j.ed.ka
    20. 20. <ul><li>Ideo Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Wanting to gain sufficient knowledge(Need) </li></ul><ul><li>Able to critique film (Appreciation) </li></ul><ul><li>Socio Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>Having a lecture with friends and dicussing on the elements showcased </li></ul>Four Pleasures of Student j.ed.ka
    21. 21. Interview with Lecturer <ul><li>Anticipating (Before) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hope to make students better appreciate the medium of films – both visual and audio elements – intelligently, imaginatively and creatively </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anticipating (During) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Students to look at original text after having their interest sparked by the film shown </li></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    22. 22. Interview with Lecturer <ul><li>Connecting, Interpreting and Reflecting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The use of multimedia make the conveying of message especially with regards to visual images easier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elicit interest in students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, when the film is on a novel adaptation, the film oversimplifies what I try to convey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students who walk into the LT late disturbs my train of thoughts and takes away students attention </li></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    23. 23. Interview with Lecturer <ul><li>Recounting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Would continue to use multimedia elements since it is a need in a film course </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Would definitely recommend other lecturers to do so if it suits their pedagogy </li></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    24. 24. j.ed.ka
    25. 25. Problems/Solutions Noted <ul><li>1) Students’ attention span </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Students are dozing off before break </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Frequent changing of media </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Solution(s) : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Break could be given at the 45mins mark instead. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer can also have some small exercise to wake everyone during break or during lecture. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instead of using just DVD, clips of video or pictures can be in slides to elaborate a point if it is possible </li></ul></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    26. 26. Problems/Solutions Noted <ul><li>2) Students’ expectations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the time it is one way communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Solution(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Although a few questions were posed to the students, only one will reply after a few minutes of silence. Could reward students if anyone answer it correctly. Some small exercises can be given to test students knowledge and learning process </li></ul></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    27. 27. Problems/Solutions Noted <ul><li>3) Entertainment value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture slides were noted to be rather dull. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Screening of Film after Lecture at 4pm is in the same theater </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Solution(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>More pictures or short clips of video can be played directly from PPT slides. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A shift to a more comfortable seats and a new venue can make watching film more enjoying. </li></ul></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    28. 28. Problems/Solutions Noted <ul><li>4) Noise’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture theater is a tad cold </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited space for leg, tend to hit someone knees when laid back </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Solution(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>decentralizing the air con control system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>replacing the air con with auto humid or temperature control ones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bigger leg space should be given. Taller students often feel uncomfortable </li></ul></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    29. 29. Problems/Solutions Noted <ul><li>4) Noise’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture theater is a tad cold </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited space for leg, tend to hit someone knees when laid back </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Late comers entering from the front doors is found to be distracting to both lecturer and students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Solution(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>decentralizing the air con control system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>replacing the air con with auto humid or temperature control ones </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bigger leg space should be given. Taller students often feel uncomfortable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 front doors can be locked when the lesson starts and open during break and when lesson ends </li></ul></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    30. 30. Problems/Solutions Noted <ul><li>5) Disruptive behaviour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No monitor for DVD playback. Lecturer have to look up to the screen to seek for the current moment. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Due to limited seats, students having a ‘picnic’ behind the lecturer theater, with water boiler and adapter around and chattering. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible Solution(s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor screen can be implemented to view what’s playing in DVD while facing the students </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shift to a bigger Lecture Theater </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer can actually organize the seats better. E.g. ask students that came early to sit at the back and those late comers in the front. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lecturer can also order students not to sit on the stairs. </li></ul></ul></ul>j.ed.ka
    31. 31. j.ed.ka Brownie Points Noted <ul><li>Dr Gilbert Yeoh </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He is able to structure his discussion points well </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competent in his knowledge of film art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He is able to control the technology provided well, dimming of lights when necessary, adjust volume etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He has a friendly attitude as he conducts his lecture </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. The End <ul><li>Thank you for viewing </li></ul>j.ed.ka